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发布时间:2013-12-12 16:32:36  

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1.一般现在时 2.一般过去时 3.现在进行时 4.一般将来时 5.过去进行时 6.现在完成时


意义:表示经常性或习惯性的动作,客观真理, 客观存在,常与every day (month,week,year), sometimes, often, usually, always, seldom, never, on Sunday,once a week(day...),at times(有时候)连用。这些时间状语都与频率有关。 结构:肯定:用动词原形或动三单表示 否定: don’t/doesn’t + V.原 疑问:Do/Does+ 主语+ V.原?

意义:表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内 所发生的动作或情况,常与yesterday, yesterday afternoon, the day before yesterday, last night/week/month/year, …days/years ago, in 2003,just now, in the past等时间状语连用。 结构:肯定:用动词过去式表示 否定:didn’t + V.原 疑问:Did+ 主语+ V.原?

意义:表示将来的动作或状态,常与tomorrow, next week(year,...)连用。 结构: 肯定:① will + V.原 ② be(am, is, are) going to + V.原 否定: ① will+ not + V.原 ② be(am, is, are) + not going to + V.原 疑问: ① Will+主语+ V.原+…? ② be(Am, Is, Are) going to + V.原+…?

意义: 表示正在发生或者进行的动作,常与 now, right now, look, listen, these days等 词连用。 结构:肯定:助动词be (am/is/are) + V.-ing 否定:am/is/are +not + V.-ing 疑问: Am/Is/Are +主语+V.-ing?

①should +V原;can+V原 ②Why not / Why don’t you/we+ V原; ③It’s a good idea to do. sth. ④What about /How about +V-ing ⑤Try to do /Try not to do /Let’s try to… ⑥Remember to… ⑦Don’t forget to…

常与at this/that time yesterday,from9:00 to 10:00 yesterday, all the morning, when (引导一般过去时),while(引导过去进行 时)等时间状语连用。 结构: 肯定:was/were + V.-ing 否定:was/were + not + V.-ing 疑问: Was/Were +主语+V.-ing?

意义:表示在说话之前已经完成或刚完成的动 作, 常与already,yet,never,before,ever, in the past/last few years, recently, twice, for+一段时间(for two years), how long, since+时间点(since two years ago)等时 间状语连用。 结构:肯定:have/has+过去分词 否定 :have/has+ not +过去分词 疑问: Have/Has+主语+过去分词?


过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过 去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生 的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是 影响;一般过去时常与具体的时间状语连用。 试比较:I saw this film yesterday.(强调看 的动作发生过了,不涉及现在) I have seen this film. (强调对现在的影响, 电影的内


2.过去进行时和一般过去时的区别: 两者都是过去发生的事情,但过去进行时侧 重表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或所处 的状态,强调动作的连续进行,而一般过去 时则表示单纯的过去事实,例如: They were building a house last month. (上个月正在建造,建造好与否不知) They built a new house last month. (上 个月建造好了,动作已经完成)

①should +V原;can+V原 ②Why not / Why don’t you/we+ V原; ③It’s a good idea to do. sth. ④What about /How about +V-ing ⑤Try to do /Try not to do /Let’s try to… ⑥Remember to… ⑦Don’t forget to…

结构:陈述句+简略的一般疑问句〔助动词/情态 动词或系动词be+主语(代词)〕? 肯定 否定 否定 肯定 ▲特殊情况: 1.祈使句 + will you?(但 Let’s…,shall we?) 2.I am…, aren’t I? 3.There is(isn’t)…, isn’t(is)there? 4. I don’t think he will come, will he?(和从 句中的主谓保持一致)

(feel, look, sound, smell, taste)+形容词

①How do I get to…? ②Can you tell me the way to…? ③Where is… ④Where can I …? ⑤Go straight ahead. ⑥It is opposite… ⑦It’s between… ⑧Go across… ⑨Go along… ⑩Turn left / right into… ⑾It’s on / at the corner of…

(一)动词不定式的形式:to + V原 (二)动词不定式的用法: 1.做主语:It is +形容词+(for / of sb.)to do sth.( 主语) 2.做宾语:①want to do ②offer to do ③agree to do ④decide to do ⑤hope to do ⑥need to do 3.做定语:①a new plan to help pandas ②have enough to eat ③have enough place to live in ④a long way to go 4.做表语:The Chinese government’s plan is to provide more nature reserves for the panda. Her job is to feed the animals. His dream is to be a scientist. 5.做状语:(用于be+形容词+不定式): I am afraid to tell her. She was happy to see her friend. They were surprised to see me.

①What’s the weather like today? It’s sunny / rainy / windy / snowy / stormy/cold/hot/cool/warm toady. ②What will the weather be like tomorrow / next week…? It will be / may be / might be sunny / rainy / windy / snowy / …tomorrow / next week.

1.It may/might be + adj.( 形容词)
2.It may/might + V原 + … 3.It will probably + V原 + … 4.it is possible to do sth.

情态动词没有人称和数的变化,不能单独作谓语,其 后必须跟上实义动词原形。 肯定:can/may/must + V原 否定:can/may/must + not + V原 疑问: Can/May/Must + 主语 + V原+…? ▲ 特殊情况: May + 主语 + V原+…?

Yes,主语 + may./ No,主语 + mustn’t. Must + 主语 + V原+…?

Yes,主语 + must. / No, 主语 + needn’t/can’t.

1.on the left/right 2. ne

xt to 3. opposite 4.on the corner of 5.between…and…

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