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时态语法专项复习

发布时间:2013-12-13 11:31:18  

高考语法专项复习

时态(Tense)

一. 时态种类? ( 16种 )
?Simple
?Continuous ?Perfect ?Perfect Continuous

?Present
?Past ?Future ?Past Future

二. 安徽《考试说明》 所例时态考察项目
1.一般现在 (do/does) 2.一般过去 (did) 3.一般将来 (am/is/are going to do) (will do) (am/is/ are (about) to do) 5.现在进行 6.过去进行 7.将来进行 (am/is/are doing) (was/were doing) (will be doing)

4.过去将来 (was/were going to do) (would do) (was/ were (about)to do)

8.现在完成 (have/has done) 9.过去完成 (had done) 10.现在完成进行(have/has been doing)

1.一般时态

三. 重点时态及考查点复习

A. 一般现在时态

注意: (1) Would you please give him the paper the D moment he_______? (when/before/after/if/unless/…) A.will arrive B.arrived C.is arriving D.arrives C (2)Be quick! The plane ______ at 5. We have only 10 minutes left. (安排,计划好的内容-时刻表中) A. will take off B. is taking off C. takes off D. is going to take off

We have 3 meals a day./He can speak English. The sun rises in the east./They are teachers.

B.一般将来时态

Fish will die without water./Spring will come again. He is going to visit the famous musician. Look at the dark clouds! It is going to rain.
注意: ----Tom, Lucy is in hospital because of her bad cold. B ----Really? Then I ___ see her this afternoon. A. am going to B.will C. am about to D. saw be going to 指计划,打算要做某事; be about to do 表即将发生的动作,句中不可用表未来 时间的状语,但可与when时间状语从句连用。 He was about to leave when he heard someone call him.

2. 进行时态
Look! He is playing computer games. He was crying when I saw him. I will be having my driving test at 8 tomorrow morning. 注意: B (1) You ________ football after school. Why not do your homework first? (always/ often/continually/constantly) A. always play B.are always playing C. have played D.played (2)Ladies and gentleman, please fasten your seat belts. B The plane_____ .( come/go/leave/fly/take off/stay/arrive) A. will take off B. is taking off C has taken off D.took off

3.完成时态
A.现在完成时态
定义: 1)动作发生在过去,对现在仍有某种影响/结果 She has lost her wallet. I have corrected the spelling mistake. 2)过去开始持续到现在的动作或状态 He has worked here for over 20 years. It has rained for 3 days. 时间 ever,never,already, just, before,yet , lately, 状语: recently, since, so far, up to/till now, in the past/last few days, for + 一段时间等, We have reviewed 2 books so far. Great changes have taken place in our city in the past few years.

考点: 一般过去时态与现在完成时态的区别
1.--Have you seen the film? A --Yes, I_____ it three times when I was in college. A.saw B. had seen C.have seen D.was seeing 2.--Tom, I’m afraid I can’t go to the cinema with you. --But you ______ me you would. C A.had told B. h

ave told C.told D.tell

3.--Does you brother serve in the army? --No, not now. But he _____ in the army for 8 years. D A.would serve B. has served C. was serving D. served
(He studied in Beijing for 2 years./He will study in Beijing for 2 years. He has studied /has been studying in Beijing for 2 years.)

B.现在完成进行时态
1)表示一个动作始于过去, 持续到现在, 并强调现在还在 进行,而且有可能延续下去. (突出“一直”) It has been raining for 3 days. (It has rained for 3 days.) -- Where is Mother? D -- She is in the kitchen. She _____ the housework all the morning. A. is doing B. was doing C.has done D.has been doing 2)表示动作刚刚结束.
--Hi, Tom. You look tired. --Yes, I ______ the room all the afternoon. C A. painted B.had painted C. have been painting D. have painted

考点: 过去进行时态与现在完成进行时态的区别
1.--I called you many times last night, but I couldn’t get through. D --Oh, my brother _______ on the phone all the time. A.has talked B.has been talking C.talked D.was talking 2. Ever since Jack won the first prize in the match, his D telephone _________ with people’s congratulating on his success. A.has rung B. rung C.was ringing D. has been ringing

C. 过去完成时态
1) 要有一个明确/显的过去的动作作参照物. B The moment I got home, I found I _____ my jacket on the playground. A.left B.had left C.have left D. was leaving
C 2) By the end of last week, we _____ 5,000 yuan. A.raised B.have raised C.had raised D.were raising (by then/before 2000/by the end of+过去时间 )

另外, 完成时态还需注意:
1.I will go with you as soon as I finish my job. = have finished 2.This /It is the first/second …time +that +have/has done was + had done 3.Hardly had I got home when the rain poured down. No sooner than
B 4.Oh, she is here! I ____ she would come tomorrow. A. am thinking B. had thought C. have thought D. think ( 表示愿望,打算一类的词,如: hope ,expect,mean, intend,want, think, suppose等,其过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的愿望或意图)

四.

小试牛刀

1.--Will you please repeat you idea? C --Certainly. But I think it certain you _____ you attention. A.don’t pay B. didn’t pay C. weren’t paying D.aren’t paying
2.--Why is Mary so sad? B --She _____ her watch _____ just now. A.has,stolen B.had,stolen C.has,stealing D.had, stealing 3.--I am sorry, but there is no smoking in the room. B --Oh, I _____ that. Sorry, I won’t again. A.don’t know B.didn’t know C.won’t know D. haven’t known

4.I can guess you were in a hurry. You ____ your sweater inside out. D A. had worn B.wore C. were wearing D.are wearing 5.You’d better not call the manager between 7 and 8 this C evening, for he _____ an important meeting then. A. will have B.would have C.will be having D.will have had A 6.We have done things we ought not to have done and _____ undone things we ought to have done. A. left B. leave C. will leave D. l

eaving

7.--Would you have helped her had it been possible? C --Yes, but I _____busy with my work. A.had been B.am C.was D. have been

8._____six years since I began studying English. B A. They have been B. it is (It is /has been +…+ since +did) C. It was D. There are 9. "Where ______ the recorder? I want to use it ." "I _____ it B right here. But now it's gone. " A. did you put/have put B. have you put/put C. had you put/was putting D. were you putting/have put B 10. Don't come tonight. I would rather you _____ tomorrow. A. come B. came C. will come D. coming would rather (+that) + sb+ did/ had done A 11. I don't know when he ______, but when he ______, I'll let you know. A. will come/comes B. comes/will come C. comes/comes D. will come/will come

巩固练习-----翻译句子: 1.到去年底,那位老人已经在这小屋里住了10年了。 By the end of last year, that old man had lived in the small house for ten years. 2.昨天晚上8点钟,我们在看电视。 We were watching TV at eight yesterday evening. 3.我弄丢了那支钢笔,不得不用铅笔写字。 I have lost my pen, so I have to write with a pencil. 4.史密斯先生2:00就来了。 Mr. Smith has (already) been here since two o’clock.

5.看云!天要下雨了。 Look at the clouds. It is going to rain. 6.约翰逊先生自从他大学毕业以来一直教了20 年化学。 Mr. Johnson has taught/ has been teaching chemistry for 20 years ever since he graduated from university.
7.当我在街上看到简时,她总是朝我微笑。 When I see Joan in the street, she always smiles at me. 8.1999年他去了北京5次。 He went to Beijing five times in 1999.


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