一. 时态种类? ( 16种 )
?Continuous ?Perfect ?Perfect Continuous
?Past ?Future ?Past Future
二. 安徽《考试说明》 所例时态考察项目
1.一般现在 (do/does) 2.一般过去 (did) 3.一般将来 (am/is/are going to do) (will do) (am/is/ are (about) to do) 5.现在进行 6.过去进行 7.将来进行 (am/is/are doing) (was/were doing) (will be doing)
4.过去将来 (was/were going to do) (would do) (was/ were (about)to do)
8.现在完成 (have/has done) 9.过去完成 (had done) 10.现在完成进行(have/has been doing)
注意: (1) Would you please give him the paper the D moment he_______? (when/before/after/if/unless/…) A.will arrive B.arrived C.is arriving D.arrives C (2)Be quick! The plane ______ at 5. We have only 10 minutes left. (安排,计划好的内容-时刻表中) A. will take off B. is taking off C. takes off D. is going to take off
We have 3 meals a day./He can speak English. The sun rises in the east./They are teachers.
Fish will die without water./Spring will come again. He is going to visit the famous musician. Look at the dark clouds! It is going to rain.
注意： ----Tom, Lucy is in hospital because of her bad cold. B ----Really? Then I ___ see her this afternoon. A. am going to B.will C. am about to D. saw be going to 指计划，打算要做某事； be about to do 表即将发生的动作，句中不可用表未来 时间的状语，但可与when时间状语从句连用。 He was about to leave when he heard someone call him.
Look! He is playing computer games. He was crying when I saw him. I will be having my driving test at 8 tomorrow morning. 注意: B (1) You ________ football after school. Why not do your homework first? (always/ often/continually/constantly) A. always play B.are always playing C. have played D.played (2)Ladies and gentleman, please fasten your seat belts. B The plane_____ .( come/go/leave/fly/take off/stay/arrive) A. will take off B. is taking off C has taken off D.took off
定义: 1)动作发生在过去，对现在仍有某种影响/结果 She has lost her wallet. I have corrected the spelling mistake. 2)过去开始持续到现在的动作或状态 He has worked here for over 20 years. It has rained for 3 days. 时间 ever,never,already, just, before,yet , lately, 状语: recently, since, so far, up to/till now, in the past/last few days, for + 一段时间等, We have reviewed 2 books so far. Great changes have taken place in our city in the past few years.
1.--Have you seen the film? A --Yes, I_____ it three times when I was in college. A.saw B. had seen C.have seen D.was seeing 2.--Tom, I’m afraid I can’t go to the cinema with you. --But you ______ me you would. C A.had told B. h
ave told C.told D.tell
3.--Does you brother serve in the army? --No, not now. But he _____ in the army for 8 years. D A.would serve B. has served C. was serving D. served
(He studied in Beijing for 2 years./He will study in Beijing for 2 years. He has studied /has been studying in Beijing for 2 years.)
1)表示一个动作始于过去, 持续到现在, 并强调现在还在 进行,而且有可能延续下去. (突出“一直”) It has been raining for 3 days. (It has rained for 3 days.) -- Where is Mother? D -- She is in the kitchen. She _____ the housework all the morning. A. is doing B. was doing C.has done D.has been doing 2)表示动作刚刚结束.
--Hi, Tom. You look tired. --Yes, I ______ the room all the afternoon. C A. painted B.had painted C. have been painting D. have painted
1.--I called you many times last night, but I couldn’t get through. D --Oh, my brother _______ on the phone all the time. A.has talked B.has been talking C.talked D.was talking 2. Ever since Jack won the first prize in the match, his D telephone _________ with people’s congratulating on his success. A.has rung B. rung C.was ringing D. has been ringing
1) 要有一个明确/显的过去的动作作参照物. B The moment I got home, I found I _____ my jacket on the playground. A.left B.had left C.have left D. was leaving
C 2) By the end of last week, we _____ 5,000 yuan. A.raised B.have raised C.had raised D.were raising (by then/before 2000/by the end of+过去时间 )
1.I will go with you as soon as I finish my job. = have finished 2.This /It is the first/second …time +that +have/has done was + had done 3.Hardly had I got home when the rain poured down. No sooner than
B 4.Oh, she is here! I ____ she would come tomorrow. A. am thinking B. had thought C. have thought D. think ( 表示愿望,打算一类的词,如: hope ,expect,mean, intend,want, think, suppose等,其过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的愿望或意图)
1.--Will you please repeat you idea? C --Certainly. But I think it certain you _____ you attention. A.don’t pay B. didn’t pay C. weren’t paying D.aren’t paying
2.--Why is Mary so sad? B --She _____ her watch _____ just now. A.has,stolen B.had,stolen C.has,stealing D.had, stealing 3.--I am sorry, but there is no smoking in the room. B --Oh, I _____ that. Sorry, I won’t again. A.don’t know B.didn’t know C.won’t know D. haven’t known
4.I can guess you were in a hurry. You ____ your sweater inside out. D A. had worn B.wore C. were wearing D.are wearing 5.You’d better not call the manager between 7 and 8 this C evening, for he _____ an important meeting then. A. will have B.would have C.will be having D.will have had A 6.We have done things we ought not to have done and _____ undone things we ought to have done. A. left B. leave C. will leave D. l
7.--Would you have helped her had it been possible? C --Yes, but I _____busy with my work. A.had been B.am C.was D. have been
8._____six years since I began studying English. B A. They have been B. it is (It is /has been +…+ since +did) C. It was D. There are 9. "Where ______ the recorder? I want to use it ." "I _____ it B right here. But now it's gone. " A. did you put/have put B. have you put/put C. had you put/was putting D. were you putting/have put B 10. Don't come tonight. I would rather you _____ tomorrow. A. come B. came C. will come D. coming would rather (+that) + sb+ did/ had done A 11. I don't know when he ______, but when he ______, I'll let you know. A. will come/comes B. comes/will come C. comes/comes D. will come/will come
巩固练习-----翻译句子: 1.到去年底,那位老人已经在这小屋里住了10年了。 By the end of last year, that old man had lived in the small house for ten years. 2.昨天晚上8点钟，我们在看电视。 We were watching TV at eight yesterday evening. 3.我弄丢了那支钢笔，不得不用铅笔写字。 I have lost my pen, so I have to write with a pencil. 4.史密斯先生2：00就来了。 Mr. Smith has (already) been here since two o’clock.
5.看云！天要下雨了。 Look at the clouds. It is going to rain. 6.约翰逊先生自从他大学毕业以来一直教了20 年化学。 Mr. Johnson has taught/ has been teaching chemistry for 20 years ever since he graduated from university.
7.当我在街上看到简时，她总是朝我微笑。 When I see Joan in the street, she always smiles at me. 8.1999年他去了北京5次。 He went to Beijing five times in 1999.