Look after yourself
Unit2 You should always go with someone.
fever 发烧 流行感冒 flu knee 膝盖 wound 伤口 miss 不在 trip 绊倒 improvement 改善 迎面而来的 oncoming 长沙发 couch expert 专家 require 需要 健康的 fit
数量 重量 影响 厨灶 电击 打 高兴的 呼吸 癌症 修理
amount weight effect cooker shock hit glad breathe cancer fix
Six rules for a safe and healthy life
Thanks to improvements in both health care and personal safety, most people are living healthier, longer lives. Someone who is born today can expect to live 25 years longer than someone who was born in the 19th century. It’s even thought that in the future more and more people will celebrate their hundredth birthday. Here are six rules for a healthy life.
1 Be careful! It’s dangerous out there! We all know that we shouldn’t run across the road in front of the oncoming traffic, or cycle too close to cars. But we’re not sure about how to stay safe in the countryside. When you’re out walking, you should always go with someone, and tell your parents where you’re planning to go .Remember! Climbing may mean falling,what goes up must come down. Safety rules and advice are there to help you, not to
2 Don’t be a couch potato! Sure, it’s comfortable to sit on the couch and watch. But experts say you should walk at least 10,000 steps every day to keep fit. In the past, people’s jobs required more physical effort. When farmers were working in the fields, they were keeping fit at the same time. Think about it : do you get the same amount of exercise today as they did in the past.
3 Watch your diet! It’s important to eat plenty of the right things, above all , fruit, vegetables, and to see fast food or sweets as something very special– maybe just now and then. The wrong diet means you’ll put on weight, one of the fastest ways to an unhealthy life.
4 Rest up while you can! When we were babies, we slept for much of the day—if our patents were lucky! Teenagers don’t need as much sleep but it’s important to get about eight hours’ sleep. At weekends, you’ve got more time, so use it not just for your friends, but for rest, too.
5 Don’t worry. Be happy! Many doctors believe that happiness is important for our general health. If you’re worried about something , talk to your parents or your teacher.
6 Say no … to smoking and drugs! Yes , you knew I was going to say this! But it’s so important. More teenagers damage their health through smoking and talking drugs than any other danger. Think about the effect on your family and friends, and think about its effect on you and your health. Happy living !
Phrases in unit2
期望做某事 expect to do sth stay /keep safe 保持安全 在…方面的影响 the effect on… watch your diet 注意饮食习惯 put on weight 增重 lose weight 减肥 eight hours’ sleep 8小时睡眠 剥夺生生活的乐趣 make life less fun
got a wound in his leg and he may get a fever but it’s nothing serious. 他腿受了点伤，可能会发烧，但没什 么大事儿。
这里nothing serious 表示“不很严 重，没什么大事儿 Eg: Don’t worry! Nothing serious!
2 . Say no … to smoking and drugs! 拒绝吸烟与毒品！ 这里say no / yes to … 表示 “向… 说 ‘不/行’”， 即“拒绝/ 同意”。 Eg: Did you say yes to (=accept) her invitation? 你接受她的邀请了么？ Their offer was so good that I couldn’t say no. 他们提出的条件很好，我无法拒绝。
3 Think about the effect on your family and friends… 考虑一下它给你的家庭和朋友带来的 影响吧… .
这里effect是名词，意思是“影响、结果、 效果”。后面常接介词on. Eg: The accident had a huge effect on her life.
用法：经常性的和习惯性的动作 常用时间状语 ： usually,sometimes,in spring,
every day,in the morning 动词构成 ：动词原型. work 动词+S.（主语是第三人称单数）works 否定构成 ： don’t+动原 doesn’t+动原 一般疑问构成及简答：Do+主语+动原+其它？Yes,I do. Does+主语+动原+其它？No,he doesn’t. 特殊疑问举例 ：What do you often do on Sundays? Where does he live? 注意： start,leave,go,come等的一般现在时可表示 按 规定要发生的未来动作，如列车将离开。客观真理在 从句中也用一般现在时
用法：说话时正在进行的动作或当 前一段时间正在进行的动作 常用时间状语 ：now,these days 动词构成 ： am/is/are+现在分词(--ing) am/is/are working 否定构成 ： am/is/are+not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答：Am/Is/Are+主语+现在分词 + 其它？Yes,I am(he is.) No,they aren’t 特殊疑问举例：What are you doing now? Who is flying a kite there? 注意：go,come,leave.arrive,return,die等的进 行
用法：将来会出现或发生的动作 常用时间状语：this evening,tomorrow,next month, in a few minutes,at the end of this term 动词构成: 1,will/shall+动原 2,am/is/are going to+动词原型 3,sm/is/are(about)+动词不定式 4,am/is/are+coming等现在分词 以work为例:will/shall work am/is/are going to work am/is/are(about) to work am/is/are coming/leaving… 否定构成：will/shall not… am/is/are not… 特殊疑问句举例:What will you do tomorrow? When are we going to have a class meeting? 备注：在if条件或as soon as等时间状语从句中用一般现在 时代替一般将来时。
常用时间状语：yesterday,last night,two days ago, in 2000,at that time,before liberation，when 等引导的含 过去时的句子。 动词构成：动词过去时（--ed） worked/used to work 否定构成：didn’t+动原 didn’t work used not(didn’t use) to work 一般疑问构成及简答举例：Did+主语+动原+其它
？ 特殊疑问句举例：What did he do yesterday? When did he get up this morning? 备注：He has opened the door.（表示过去“开门”的动作对现在的 影响是门还开着）He opened the door.(不能确定门现在是否开着)
用法: 1、发生在过去的动作且对现在仍有影响的动作， 强调对现在的影响.2、从过去一直延续到现在的动作 常用时间状语：already,just,never,before,recently,in the past few years,ever,so far,since+过去的点时 间,for+段时间 动词构成：have/has+过去分词(--ed) have/has worked 否定构成：have/has not+过去分词 一般疑问构成： Have/Has+主语+过去分词…? 特殊疑问句举例：What have you done recently? How long has he lived in Beijing? 备注：暂时性动词不能与for…, since…,How long…等 表示段时间 的短语同时使用。
用法：过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在发生 的动作 常用时间状语：at this time yesterday,at that time, at ten o’clock yesterday或when引导的从句 动词构成： was/were+现在分词(--ing) 以work为例：was/were working 否定构成： was/were not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答举例: Was/Were+主语+现在分词+其它？ Yes,I was No,I wasn’t 特殊疑问句举例： What were you dong this time yesterday? Where was he standing when the teacher came in?
用法：从过去某时间来看将要发生的动作或状态， 常用于宾从 常用时间状语：the next week等 动词构成： 1、would/should+动原 2、 was/were going to+动原 3、was/were(about) to+动原 以work为例：would/should work was/were going to work was/were(about) to work 否定构成：would/should not… was/were not… 一般疑问构成：常用if或whether引导宾从 特殊疑问句举例：He asked what they would do the next week.
用法：1、过去某时间或动作之前完成的动作或状态(过去 的过去)。2、过去某一时间的动作延续到过去另一时间 常用时间状语： by that time,by the end of… , when/before+ 从句，said/knew/asked的宾从中 动词构成:had+过去分词(--ed) 以work为例： had worked 否定构成:had not+过去分词 一般疑问构成：Had+主语+过去分词+其它？ Yes,I had. No,I hadn’t. 特殊疑问句举例： How many English words had you learned by the end of last term?
1.The police found that the house ___and a lot of things___. A. has broken into; has been stolen B. had broken into; had been stolen C. has been broken into; stolen D. had been broken into; stolen
2.Tom didn't go to hear the singer because he___ him. A. heard B. would hear C. has heard D. had heard
3.---Why didn't you come to the party? -----I___ to come, but one of my friends came to see me just then. A. wanted B. was wanting C. had wanted D. had been wanted
4.Sorry,I've eaten up the food. I___ that he wouldn't be back. A. think B. was thinking C. had thought D. thought
5. ----I’m sorry to keep you waiting
. ----Oh,not at all.I ___ here only a few minutes. A.have been B.had been C.was D.will be
6.Shirley ___ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it. A.has written B.wrote C.had written D.was writing
7.---Can I join the club, Dad? ---You can when you ___ a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got
8.When we got to his home, we learned he ___ for almost an hour. A.went B. had gone C. had been away D. has gone
9.---Do you know when she ___? ---No, but I’ll tell you as soon as she ___. A.will come; comes B.comes; will come C.will come; will come D.comes; comes
10.I don’t think Jim saw me; he ___ into space. A.just stared B.was just staring C.has just stared D.had just stared
11. ---Do you know when she ___? ---No, but I’ll tell you as soon as she ___. A.will come; comes B.comes; will come C.will come; will come D.comes; comes
12.---Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday? ---I ___, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had B. would C. was going to D. did
13.The price ___,but I doubt whether it will remain so. A.went down B.will go down C.has gone down D.was going down
14.--- Can I help you, sir? --- Yes, I bought this radio here yesterday, but it ___. A.didn’t work B.won’t work C.can’t work D.doesn’t work
7.---Did you meet John here at the university? ----No, we___ when I started college. A.have already met B.already met C. would meet D. had already met
15.The reporter said the UFO _____east to west when he saw it. A.traveled B.was traveling C. had been traveling D. was to travel
16.We were all surprised when he made it clear that he ___ office soon. A.leaves B.would leave C.left D.had left
17.When I got to the cinema, the film____ for five minutes. A. had began B. was on C. has begun D. had been on shown
18.---Hey, look where you are going! ---Oh, I’m terribly sorry._____. A.I’m not noticing B.I wasn’t noticing C.I haven’t notice D.I don’t notice
19.Class ___ by the time I ____ there, so I took a seat in the back. A. has begun, get B. had begun, got C. began, got D. begins, get
29.The last time I ___ Jane she ___ cotton in the fields. A.had seen; was picking B.saw; picked C.had seen; picked D.saw; was picking
1.My brother isn't at home right now.He has gone ___________(go)to Beijing.He___________(be) there many tines.He _________ has been won't be (not be) back until next week. had gone 2.When I got home,my mother__________(go)out for a walk. finished 3.He____________(finish)his composition just now. 4.By the end of next month,all our lessons______________ will be finished (finish). Does 5. ______she _____(do) morning exercises every day? do
has been built 6.In the part few years,another bridge _____________ (build)over the Changjiang River.
7.She________ (watch)TV while she______________ watched was washing (wash) her clothes.
would give 8
.He said he_________ (give)her the present as soon as she ________(come)back. came
is singing 9.Listen!Someone____________(sing)in the next room. 10.Our teacher told us the earth_______(go) around goes the sun.
Ⅱ.单项选择 1.Sorry,I____to help you at ten.I was busy at the momen C A.won't come B.can't come C.didn't come D.shouldn't come 2.He_______this pen for five years.He______it in 1997. D A.has bought,bought. B.bought,bought C.has kept,has bought D.has had,bought 3.She_________apples in her garden when I_________to B see her yesterday. A.picked，went B.was picking， went C.picked，was going D.was picking，was going 4.I don 't know if my friend_________.If he _________,I'll C let you know. A.comes,comes B.comes, will come C.will come,comes D.will come,will come 5.John said he_________ supper.He was quite full. A A.had had B.was haring C.had D.has eaten
6.There_________two meetings tomorrow afternoon. (A) A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have (D) 7.It______3 years since I______to No.1 Middle School. A.is,come B.is,have come C.was,came D.is,came 8.Father_________when I _________yesterday morning. (B) A.still slept,got up B.was still sleeping,got up C.is sleeping,got up D.sleeps,get up (D) 9.Kate_________to bed until her mother_________back. A.won't go,come B.hadn't gone came C.went,came D.didn't go,came (B) 10.His brother_________from home for a long time. A.has left B.has been away C.left D.will leave
A 11.It_________7 hours to go to Nanjing by train. A.takes B.is taking C.has taken D.took 12.—How much do you want? —I think ten dollars_________ enough. A A.is B.are C.has been D.have been 13.There'll be an important talk tomorrow morning. _________ on time. A A.Do come B.Don't come C.Do to come D.Not to come 14.Though we tried our best.We_________at last. D A.won B.beat C.were won D.were beaten 15.Why do you keep_________these new words? B A.forget B.forgetting C.to forget D.forgot