Unit 4 Topic 2
第一部分 听力 (20分)
1._____ 2._____ 3._____ 4._____ 5._____
( )6.The car was invented in 1895.
( )7.The light bulbs are used for helping us see in the dark.
( )8.Tom thinks the most useful invention is the mobile phone.
( )9.They are battery-operated(电池驱动的) cars.
( )10.Jane wants to be an inventor.
15.light bulb E.1876
( )16.Why are machines so important to people?
A.They can help us do things better and faster.
B.Without the machines, people can do nothing.
C.The machines can work with people.
( )17.What is a printing machine used for?
B.Printing books, magazines and newspapers.
( )18.Which sentence is NOT true according to the passage?
A.The computer is a good machine.
B.All the people use computers.
C.Machines are widely used throughout the world.
( )19.When was the computer invented?
A.Not long ago. B.Long before. C.In recent years. 1
( )20.How fast does a computer count?
A.It counts as fast as a man does.
B.It counts very fast.
C.It counts millions of times faster than a man does.
第二部分 基础知识运用 (55分)
( )1.Students _____ their hair when they are at school.
A.don?t allow to dye(给??染色) B.are not allowed to dye
C.aren?t allowed to dying D.aren?t allowed dying
( )2.When was _____ umbrella _____?
A./; invented B.a; discovered C.an; discovered D.the; invented
( )3.The cleaners make a great contribution to _____ the city clean.
A.kept B.keeping C.keep D.be kept
( )4.—Did you go to Jim?s birthday party?
—No, I _____.
A.am not invited B.wasn?t invited
C.haven?t invited D.didn?t invited
( )5.The dream of flying up into space has _____.
A.come true B.come into being
C.come back D.come in
( )6.Do you know for _____ that it was made in 1980?
A.certain B.certainly C.sure D.doubt
( )7._____ you finish your homework, you can go out to play.
A.As well as B.Unless C.As long as D.As far as
( )8.—It?s _____ that you have been to Shanghai alone.
—Yes, that?s right.
A.said B.reported C.know D.certain
( )9.Computers are very useful. For example, they can _____ sending e-mails.
A.be used to B.be used with C.be used for D.be used as
( )10.—I saw Lucy go to Miss Zhang?s home just now.
—Yes, she is often seen _____ Miss Zhang with her housework.
A.help B.to help C.helps D.helping Ⅱ.情景交际。(5分)
A: What a nice camera! B: It was invented by Joseph Nicephore Niepee.
A: Oh, I see.
B: In 1827.
A: What?s this in English?
B: It?s called an English Learning Machine.
B: It may be made of steel.
B: It is used for helping us to improve our English.
Do you like bubble gum(泡泡糖)? Do you know when it was ?
In the 1870s, an American discovered bubble gum. name was Thomas Adams. He wanted to find the use for a chicle(一种树胶). Chicle is a Spanish for sticky water that comes from one kind of Mexican tree.
Mr. Adams wanted to make rubber chicle. He worked in his home while he tried to find a way to make the chicle become stronger. He had a son name was Horatio. He also helped his father now and then.
One day, young Horatio began to chew(咀嚼) the chicle while he watched his father work. It did not very good, but Horatio enjoyed chewing it. Then the young boy began to blow bubbles with the new chicle which his father had made. Mr. Adams had discovered bubble gum .
Mr. Adams gave up trying to find a way to make rubber. new gum that he had made. He thought people might like the taste, too.
He was ( )16.A.created B.create C.discovered D.discover
( )17.A.Her B.My C.Your D.His
( )18.A.word B.meaning C.sentence D.idea
( )19.A.of B.from C.with D.to
( )20.A.whom B.which C.whose D.who
( )21.A.taste B.sound C.look D.smell
( )22.A.by mistake B.by accident C.in time D.for example
( )23.A.Instead of B.Because of C.Instead D.Because
( )24.A.another B.other C.the other D.others
( )25.A.good B.true C.right D.fine
Cars will run on solar power(太阳能) or electricity and will be much cleaner. They will be much safer. For example, if you are too close to another car or if you are driving dangerously, your car will slow down by itself.
Because there won?t be any spare land, new cities will have to be built in the sea. Some cities on water will have two levels. People will live on the upper level; the lower level will be used for traffic, shops and factories.
Biotechnology(生物技术) will make food better and healthier. Plants that are not affected by insects or illnesses will be developed. The taste of fruit and vegetables will be better and food will be kept longer.
New technology will be used to make TVs that are only 5cm thick. They will have pictures that are as clear as photos. Electrical appliances(电器) will be quieter and will be controlled by computer, they will also use 50% less power.
Using products of genetic engineering(基因工程产品), many new ways to cure(治愈) illnesses will be successful. Cures will be found for the flu and the common cold. However, some new illnesses will appear.
( )26.Cars using solar power or electricity will cause fewer accidents and less pollution.
( )27.People will be able to live in the new cities in the sea.
( )28.Biotechnology will help divide food into two groups: better food and healthier food.
( )29.Electrical appliances will save 50% of power because they are controlled by computer.
( )30.Genetic engineering can help doctors to cure illnesses.
In 1826, a Frenchman named Niepee needed pictures for his business. But he was not a good artist. So he invented a very simple camera soon. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden. That was the first photo.
The next important date in the history of photography was in 1837. In that year, Daguerre, another Frenchman, took a picture of his reading room. He used a new kind of camera in a different way. In his pictures you could see everything very clearly, even the smallest thing. This new way of taking photos was called a Daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre?s way. Travelers brought back wonderful photos from all around the world, and people took pictures of famous buildings, cities and mountains. In about 1840, photography was developed. Then photographers could take pictures of people and moving things. That was not simple. The photographers had to carry a lot of films(胶卷) and other machines. But this did not stop them. For example, some in the United States worked so hard.
Mathew Brady was a famous American photographer. He took many pictures of great people. The pictures were unusual because they were very lifelike(栩栩如生的).
Photography also became one kind of art by the end of the 19th century. Some photos were not just copies(复制品) of the real world. They showed feelings, like other kinds of art.
( )31.The first photo taken by Niepee was a picture of _____.
A.his business B.his house C.his garden D.his camera
( )32.The Daguerreotype was _____.
A.a Frenchman B.a way of taking photos
C.a kind of camera D.a good artist
( )33.If a photographer wanted to take pictures of moving things in the year of 1840, he had to
A.watch lots of films
B.buy an expensive camera
C.take many films and something else with him
D.ask a lot of people to help him
( )34.Mathew Brady was good at taking photos of _____.
A.moving people B.animals C.plants D.great people
( )35.This passage tells us _____.
A.how photography was developed
B.how camera was invented C.how to show your ideas and feelings in pictures D.how to take pictures in the world
Get ready! Five, four, three, two, one, blast off(发射)! With the last words, five rockets flew up into the sky.
These were not real rockets taking off, though. They were model rockets made by students from Beijing No. 65 Middle School. Using the science knowledge they had learned in class, the students built the rockets all by themselves.
Last week, students also from different schools in Beijing came to No. 65 Middle School to show off their good work at the opening of “Love Science Month”. It runs from the middle of October to mid-November.
Besides rockets, students also showed off robots, model cars and other machines they had made. “Love Science Month” is very popular, for students can learn and have fun at the same time. On Monday, students from No. 35 Middle School saw some real airplanes at Beijing Aviation Museum(北京航空博物馆). They were very excited.
“I have seen the biggest plane here and the one that flies highest,”said junior(初级的) student Zhong Zhenping.“I have learned a lot about planes here. I will study hard and become a pilot when I grow up.”he said.
There will be many other interesting science activities this month. Students will study space and the history of spaceflight, and also take part in competitions.
These will include making models of buildings, cars and planes.
With Yang Liwei becoming China?s first spaceman, students now want to know more about the science behind sending people into space.
Tu Yuanhua, a teacher from Dongcheng Student Science and Technology Center said, “ShenzhouⅤhas made students more interested in science. Through ?Love Science Month?, they are learning a lot about it.”
36.What rockets did the students make?
37.Who helped the students build the rockets?
38.What other things did the students show off?
39.What does Zhong Zhenping want to be when he grows up?
40.What has made students more interested in science?
第三部分 写作 (25分)
1.The scientists have done a lot of e________ before cloning the sheep.
2.The young s________ is waiting for his master to have dinner.
3.It?s used for sending s________ or spaceships into space.
4.It?s said that Edison made more than one thousand i________ during his life.
5.The first c________ sheep was named Dolly.
6.He ________ (behave) very badly to the guests.
7.Her childhood ________ (recorder) in the diaries of those years.
8.Yesterday I bought three ________(toothbrush) for each member of my family.
9.We hope everyone will ________ (contribution) to the earthquake fund.
10.Knife is used for ________(cut) things.
The computer in 1946. The first computer was as as a room. Now some computers are as small as television sets. Some computers can even smaller than a book. About 20 years ago, the computer was a strange machine in China. Not many people it and said yes to it.
11.________ 12.________ 13.________ 14.________ 15.________
生词提示: 汽车automobile，运输transportation，货物goods，大量large quantities of
听 力 材 料
Unit 4 Topic 2
1.W: When was the digital camera invented?
M: It was invented in 1975.
2.W: What?s this in English?
M: It?s a toothbrush. It?s made of plastic.
3.W: Where was the mobile phone made?
M: It was made in America.
4.W: Who invented the light bulb?
M: The light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison.
5.W: What?s an English Learning Machine used for?
M: It?s used for helping us to improve our English.
6.W: When was the car invented?
M: It was invented in 1885.
7.W: What are the light bulbs used for?
M: They are used for helping us see in the dark.
8.W: Tom, what do you think is the most useful invention?
M: I think the most useful invention is the mobile phone.
9.W: What are those?
M: Oh, they are tiny computers.
10.M: What are you going to be when you grow up, Jane?
W: I want to be an inventor.
Boys and girls, there are some famous inventions that have changed our lives. Now let me tell you some. The camera was invented in 1827. From then on people can take nice pictures. The telescope was invented in 1609. People can see things far away with it. The TV was invented in 1927. It is a wonderful invention. It brings the outside world nearer to us. The car was invented in 1885. People can travel all over the country by car. The telephone was invented in 1876. This invention makes it possible to talk with friends on the other side of the world. The light bulb was invented in 1870.
Now machines are widely used all over the world. Why are machines so important and necessary to us? Because they can help us do things better and faster.
A washing machine helps us wash clothes quickly. A printing machine helps us print a lot of books, magazines, newspapers and many other things quickly. Bicycles, cars, trains and planes are all machines. They help us travel faster than on foot.
The computer is a wonderful machine. It was invented not long ago. It not only keeps messages but also counts millions of times faster than a man does.
参 考 答 案 及 解 析
Unit 4 Topic 2
Ⅰ.1.C 2.A 3.D 4.E 5.B
Ⅱ.6.F 7.T 8.T 9.F 10.T
Ⅲ.11.D 12.C 13.A 14.E 15.B
Ⅳ.16.A 17.B 18.B 19.A 20.C
Ⅰ.1.B allow跟复合宾语的结构是allow sb. to do sth. 在被动语态中的结构是be allowed to do sth. dye v.表示“给??染色”，print v.表示“印刷”。
2.D invent v.“发明，创造(指世间原来没有的东西)”, 其被动语态是be invented; discover v.“发现（世间本来就存在，后被人类所发现的东西）”，其被动语态是be discovered; 另外伞在这里是特指。
3.B make contributions to+n./v-ing 意为“为??作贡献”。
5.A 根据题意考查短语come true“实现”。
6.A for certain“确切地”。
7.C as long as“只要??”。
8.A It?s said …“据说/听说”。
9.C be used to “被用来做某事”；be used for“被用来做什么”；be used as“被用作”；故选C。
10.B 主动句中see后的不定式作宾语补足语省去to，但在被动句中应将to加上。 Ⅱ.11.B 12.E 13.C 14.G 15.F
Ⅲ.16.C 根据第二段第一句话可知。create v. “创立，创造”；discover v. “发现，发觉”。
22.B by mistake“错误地”；by accident“偶然地”；in time“及时”；for example“例如”。根据题意选B。
24.B another表示“再一，又一”；other表示“另一些”；the other表示“另一个”，用于 one … the other结构中；others作名词表示其他人或物。因此选B。
26.T 从阅读文章开头可知太阳能或电能的汽车将干净得多，安全系数增大。 8
27.T 由句子Because there won?t be any spare land, new cities will have to be built in the
29.F 由阅读可知家用电器将会减少噪音, 由电脑控制, 同时所需电力可以节省50%。但
本句意为: 由于电脑控制, 电器将减少50%的电力使用。不符文意, 故错误。
30.T 由句子Using products of genetic engineering, many new ways to cure illnesses will be successful.可知使用基因工程产品，许多新的方法可以治疗疾病。故本句正确。
31.C 从第一段He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden.一句中可 知Niepee拍的第一张照片是他的花园，故C项是正确答案。
32.B 从第二段结尾This new way of taking photos was called a Daguerreotype.一句中可知 Daguerreotype是一种摄影的新方式，故B项是正确答案。
33.C 从第三段Then photographers could take pictures … a lot of films and other machines.
34.D 从第四段得知Mathew Brady比较擅长拍摄伟人的照片，照片拍摄得栩栩如生。
36.They made model rockets. 在文章第二段They were model rockets made by students from Beijing No.65 Middle School. 一句中可找到该答案。
37.No one, they built the rockets all by themselves. 在文章第二段结尾可知学生们用在课堂 上所学的知识自己制造了这些火箭。
38.They showed off robots, model cars and other machines they had made. 学生们除了展示 火箭模型还展出了他们制造的机器人、汽车模型和其他的机器。
39.He wants to become a pilot. 在北京航空博物馆参观后, 钟镇平表示要努力学习, 长大 后成为一名飞行员。
40.ShenzhouⅤ. 在文章的结尾处可知“神舟五号”的发射成功使学生们对自然科学更加 感兴趣了。
Ⅰ.（A）1.experiments 2.servant 3.satellites 4.inventions 5.cloned
（B）6.behaved 7.was recorded 8.toothbrushes 9.contribute 10.cutting
Ⅱ.11.most important 12.was invented 13.large 14.be made 15.understood
The automobile has become one of the most important means/ways of transportation in the world since it was invented. The automobile has completely changed the lifestyles of almost all the people in the world.
In the past, animals like horses and camels were used for traveling and transporting goods. Automobiles are more comfortable and faster. Automobiles have also made it possible for us to transport large quantities of goods and people at the same time.
Besides, the invention of the automobile has provided jobs for millions of people all over the world.