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过去进行时

发布时间:2013-12-13 15:36:10  

过去进行时的定义

过去进行时常表示 过去某一时刻或过去 某一阶段内正在进行 的动作。

(一)过去进行时 动词 的构成: B:I was leaving for school when Wenchuan Earthquake happened. was/were+现在分词
过去 现在
将来

Summary:

1. 过去进行时的构成:
I / He / She / It
We / You / They

was were

+ 动词-ing

结 构

肯定 句 否定 句 疑 问 句

主语+be(was, were)+现在分词+其他。 如:My son was learning English in US last year. 主语+be (was, were) not+现在分词+其他。 如:It was not raining then. 一般疑问句:Be (Was, Were)+主语+现在分词 +其他? 特殊疑问句: 1.疑问词+be(was , were)+现在分词+其他? (疑问词 做主语) 2.疑问词+be(was , were)+主语+现在分词+其 他?

V-ing 变化规则: 1)一般加 ing . 如: play----playing 玩 watch----watching 看 以不发音的e 结尾,去e 加ing. 如: take----taking 拿 make----making 做 come---coming 来 live----living 居住 双写最后一个字母的单词要特殊记忆。如: run----running 跑 cut----cutting 切 swim----swimming 游泳 sit----sitting 坐 get----getting 获得 shop----shopping 购物 stop-----stopping 停止 win----winning 赢 put----putting 放 forget----forgetting 忘记 begin----beginning 开始

Add –ing to the following verbs.

1. ask — asking
look — looking carry — carrying

2. close — closing
take — taking

ride — riding

3. swim — swimming 4. put — putting

get — getting
sit — sitting

begin — beginning travel— travelling

(二):过去进行时的用法: 1.过去进行时常表示过去某一时刻或过 去某一阶段内正在进行的动作。 1.昨天的这个时候我正在做 作业。 过去某一时刻 I was doing my homework at that time yesterday. 2.昨晚我一直在看电视。 过去某一阶段内 I was watching TV last night. 强调过程 I watched TV last night. 强调过去的事实

2.过去进行时可表示一个动作发生时,另一 个动作正在进行。 一般过去式 过去进行时 当我到家时,她正在做饭。 When (当...... 时侯) I came home, she was cooking dinner.

3.过去进行时可表示一 个动作正在进行 (用过去进行时)另一个动作突然发生 (用一般过去式) 。 1.你在和老师谈话时我看见了你。 While (When)you were speaking to the teacher, I saw you. while―当...... 时侯”和进行时连用并且连用 的动词要用付延续性动词)

2.我正在做饭,就在那时她敲门了。 I was cooking when(就在那时)she knocked at the door. when=and then就在那时 when当...... 时侯 4.过去进行时可表示两个动作同时进行.

当我在看电视时,我母亲在做饭。 While I was watching TV,my mother was cooking.

Exercises
1.昨天早上9点钟你在干什么? ?What were you doing at 9 o’clock yesterday morning? 2.不明飞行物起飞时,小明正在骑自行车. XiaoMing was ridi

ng his bike when the UFO took off. 3.那时,他们正在做家庭作业. They were doing their homework at that time. 4.今早给你打电话的时候你正在干什么?

What were you doing when I called you up this morning?
5.当他正睡觉的时候他梦见了UFO.

While he was sleeping ,he dreamed about UFO.

was doing came 1.I ___________ my homework when Mike _________ last night. (昨天晚上迈克来的时候我正在写作业。) was watching came 2.While Ann ____________TV, her father __________home. (安正在看电视时,她父亲回来了。)[哦,赶快关电视啦!] knocked 3.What were you doing when I ____________at the door? (我敲门(knock)的时候你在干什么?) wasn't cleaning went 4.She ________________the room when I _________to see her. (我去看她的时候她不是在打扫房间。) was spending 5.I _____________my vocation England this time last summer. (去年夏天的这个时候我正在英国渡假(spend one’s vocation)。)

6.Mary ___________while Peter _______________the piano. was dancing was playing
(Mary在跳舞,而Peter在弹钢琴。) were reading went into 7.They _____________the newspaper when I __________the room. (我走进屋子时他们正在看报纸。) were doing 8.What _______ you _________at five yesterday afternoon?

(昨天下午5点你在做什么?) were preparing 9.The students ___________ _for their lessons when Mr.Black prepare for entered the classroom.
(Black先生走进教室的时候学生们正在准备功课。) was talking 10.The teacher _____________to some parents when I saw her. (我见到老师的时候她正在和家常谈话。)[哎,回家可能要挨揍 了,哇……]

用所给动词的适当形式填空
1.I______ was playing(play) computer games at ten last night. 2.Jim’s family ______ were having (have) supper when I came in. 3.It was raining _______ (rain) hard at this time yesterday. was making 4.What ____you ____(do) while I____ (make) a doing were model plane. 5.He was ___just leaving _____(leave) when the telephone rang. 6.wewere having ________(have) a P.E class at four yesterday .

The Past Continuous tense

1. the form: was/were +ving 2. the uses: was/ were + doing +过去某一具体时刻 过去进行时 + while +过去进行时 过去进行时 + when + 一般过去时 一般过去时+ when/while + 过去进行时

延续性动词:指动作可以延续一段时间, 而不是瞬间结束。 如:work、study、drink、eat等。

非延续性动词:指动作极为短暂,瞬间结 束如:start、begin、jump、knock等。

1. 当从句中的谓语动词是 持续性的动作时, 用while, when或as 引导。

?Eg:I was drawing the picture when my

friend came.
?Jone was talking with his classmates when teacher called him.

当从句中的谓语动词表示瞬间动作时,不可用while。 Eg : He was on the point of leaving when someone knocked at the door.

如果谈论两个

长动作,最常用的是while。

Eg:While John was sitting biting his nails,I was working out a plan to get us home.

如果表示两个短动作或事件 同时发生,常用as或just as, 也可用when。

Just as he caught the ball, there was a tearing sound
当他抓住球的时候,有一种撕裂的声音。

were playing The children __________(play) football at four yesterday afternoon.
was sleeping The baby __________ (sleep) when the mother came back. 完成下列句子

was cutting my hair 1)The Barber ________________(在给我理 发)at this time yesterday.

were buying souvenirs 2) They _____________________ (在买纪念品)when the UFO arrived.
were singing 3)The boys and girls_____________(在唱歌)

last night.
were playing basketball 4)You __________________(在打篮球)yesterday afternoon, weren’t you? doing was 5) What _______ Tom_____(在做什么)at noon

yesterday?

Fill in the blanks with the proper tenses. 1.They __________ (read) at eight yesterday were reading evening. 2.I ________ (do) my homework at that time when was doing you called me. Were 3._____ you sweeping (sweep) the floor while your _______ was cooking mother _________(cook) ? 4.We weren't talking (not talk) with each other yesterday morning. doing 5. What were you _____(do) at eight last night? ___

6. I was working (work) from six to eight every evening two years ago. saw 7. She was walking (walk) home when she _____(see) her old friend. had 8. I was reading (read) a novel when I ______(have) a sudden idea. was playing (play) football with them at seven 9. Colin _________ yesterday evening.

Were 9.____ they helping ____(help) you with your English from 810 last night ? were listening (listen) to the music while 11. We they were dancing (dance) . 12. My son was brushing (brush) his teeth when I called _______(call) him.

(四) 、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别 过去进行时着重描述当时正在持续进 行的动作,它的特点是:暂时,持续 和未完成,强调过程;一般过去时表 示发生过的动作或存在的状态,即表 示动作发生过,或者已经结束了,强 调事实或结果。 1.She wrote a letter to her friend last night. 她昨晚给她的朋友写了封信(信写完了) 2.She was writing a letter to her friend last night.她昨晚一直在给她的朋友写信。 (信不一定写完)

二、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别 1、过去进行时着重描述当时正在持续进行的动作,它的特点 是:暂时,持续和未完成,强调过程;一般过去时表示发生过 的动作或存在的状态,即表示动作发生过,而且已经结束了, 强调结果。 D 1)Shirley __________ a book about China last year but I don't know whether she had finished it. A.has written B.wrote

C.had written D.was writing
C 2)Mary __________ a dress when she cut her finger.

A.made

B.is making

C.was making D.makes was

making表示正在做衣服的过程,如用made则表示这一动作 已结束,做衣服的动作已结束与cut her finger就没有联系.

wrote 3)He ___________(write) a letter,then went to bed.

wrote表示动作已结束,做另一件事,如用was writing就与went to bed在逻辑上相矛盾。
2、过去进行时侧重表示动作延长的时间长度; 一般过去时表示过去某时发生过某事,侧重说 明事实。 was writing He _____________all night last night(生动的 描写,他一直写……)

wrote He ________ something last night.(说明他写 了……的事实)

wasn't working (not work) 1.He ____________ at that time. came 2.When the teacher _____ (come) were talking in, they _________ (talk) loudly. 3.What _____ you ______ (read) did read were reading last night?

Exercises

returned 4.His mother _______ (return) was doing while he _________ (do) his homework. was watching 5.My father ___________ (watch) TV while my mother _________ was cooking (cook).

注:下列几类动词通常不用过去进行时。

①表示状态的动词be;
②感官动词:feel,hear,see,smell,taste等; ③表示思维或心理状态的动词:believe(认 为),forget,consider,know,remember, hope,wish,want等; ④表示所属关系的动词:belong,have,own, hold(容纳)等

用动词的适当形式填空(一般现在时、过去时、 将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时) 1. She __________ (do) her homework this was doing time yesterday. is helping 2. The teacher _________ (help) his students with their lessons now. makes 3. He __________ (make) progress every day. 4. She _____________ (read) a story-book at was reading seven yesterday evening. 5. It ____________ (rain) hard now. is raining 6. The students _________ (get) ready for the are getting

7.They _________ (visit) the science museum will visit next Monday. are playing 8.Look, they __________ (play) video games. were doing 9.We __________ (do) some cleaning at that time. like Do the students _____ (like) learning 10.______ English? Did you ______ (have) a good time last have 11._____ Sunday?

studying 12. Was he ________ (study) English from 7 ____ to 9 last night? is singing 13. Listen, she ________ (sing). isn’t working 14. He ________________ (not work) in the factory these days. 15. It’s eight o’clock. The students are having (have) an English lesson. _____________


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