haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

中考专题-形容词和副词用法总结及练习

发布时间:2013-12-13 16:32:33  

形容词和副词用法总结及练习

一、形容词的用法:

(一)概念:形容词修饰名词,说明事物或人的性质或特征,通常可将形容词分

成性质形容

词和叙述形容词两类,其位置不一定都放在名词前面。

1. 直接说明事物的性质或特征的形容词是性质形容词。

【难点】

2. 叙述形容词只能作表语,所以又称为表语形容词,这类形容词大多数以a开头的形容词都属于这一类。例如:afraid, asleep, awake,alone等。

(二)形容词的种类

1. 品质形容词:英语中大量形容词属于这一类,他们表示人或物的品质,如:

The play was boring. 那出戏很枯燥乏味。

You have an honest face. 你有一张诚实的脸。

2. 颜色形容词有少数表示颜色的形容词,如:

She had on a blue coat. 她穿了一件蓝色的外套。

3. -ing 形容词:有大量现在分词正在或已经变为形容词,如:

4. –ed形容词:它们是由它们的过去分词变过来的,一般有被动意义,多数为品质形容词,如:

She looked tired.

5. 合成形容词: warm-hearted 热心的, heart-breaking 令人心碎的

(三)形容词的用法和在句中的位置

1、形容词在句中主要可用作:

1)定语:

What a fine day!

2)表语:

She looks happy.

3)宾语的补语(构成合成宾语):

Do you think it necessary? 你认为这有必要吗?

4)状语:

He arrived home, hungry and tired. 他又饿又累的回到家里。

2、形容词在句中的位置:有的形容词放在被修饰的名词之前,称为前置形容词;少数形容词放在被修饰的名词之后,称为后置形容词。

1)当名词被多个前置形容词修饰时,形容词之间有一个先后顺序问题。一般规则为:

(限定词)→一般描绘性形容词→表示大小、长短、高低的形容词→表示年龄、新旧的形容词→表示国籍、地区、出处的形容词→表示物质、材料的形容词→(名词)。如:

There is a famous fine old stone bridge near the village.

村子附近有一座著名的漂亮的古代石桥。

【重点】

2)当形容词词组相当于一个定语从句时,或形容词用来修饰somebody, something, anything, nothing 等的时候,便会出现后置形容词。如:

The boy interested in music is my brother. 对音乐赶兴趣的那个男孩是

第 1 页 共 18 页

我弟弟。

Do you have anything interesting to tell us? 你有什么趣闻告诉我

们吗?

二、副词的用法:

(一)概念:用以修饰动词、形容词或其他副词的词叫做副词。例如: not

(不),here(这里),now(现在)。不少副词同时也可用作介词或其它词类。如:

Have you read this book before? (副词,作时间状语) 你以前读过这本书吗?

He will arrive before ten o’clock. (介词,before ten o’clock 是介词短语,作时间状语)他将在10点钟前到达。

(二)副词的种类

1、时间副词有三类:always, often, usually, sometimes, never, ever, hardly等一般位于系动词、情态动词和助动词之后,实之前义动词

1)表示发生时间的副词:

It’s beginning to rain now! 现在开始下雨了!

2)表示频繁程度的副词,也称频度副词always, often, usually, sometimes, never, ever, hardly等一般位于系动词、情态动词和助动词之后,实之前义动词:

She often changes her mind. 她常改变主意。

3)还有一些其他表示时间的副词:

He has just had an operation. 他刚动过手术。

2、地点副词:

1)有不少表示地点的副词:

She is studying abroad. 她在国外留学。

2)还有一些部分与介词同形的副词。它们与介词同形,跟宾语的是介词,否则是副词:

①用作介词:

Stand up! 起立!

②用作副词:

A cat climbed up the tree. 猫爬上了树。

3)以where 构成的副词也是地点副词:

It’s the same everywhere. 到处都一样。

【重点】

3、方式副词

1)英语中有大量方式副词,说明行为方式(回答how的问题):

How beautifully your wife dances. 你夫人舞跳的真美。

2)还有相当多的副词,表示某些情绪:

She smiled gratefully. 她感激的笑了笑。

3)还有一些以-ly结尾的副词,表示动作发生的状况:

He left the town secretly. 他悄然离开了这座城市。

【重点】

4、程度副词和强调副词

1)程度副词可修饰动词,表示―到某种程度‖: Is she badly hurt? 她

第 2 页 共 18 页

伤得重吗?

[说明] 这类副词除修饰动词外,还可修饰形容词(a)或另一副词(b):

a. fairly simple 相当简单 quite correct 完全正确

b. wonderfully well 好极了 do it very quickly 干得很快

【重点】

2)much 是一个特殊的程度副词,它可以:

a. 修饰形容词等:

I’m not much good at singing. 我唱歌不太好。

b. 修饰比较级:

You sing much better than me. 你比我唱的好多了。

Their house is much nicer than ours. 他们的房子比我们的好多

了。

【重点】

5. 疑问副词和连接副词

1)疑问副词: 疑问副词用来引导特殊问句:

how: How is your grandmother? 你奶奶身体好吗?

where: Where does she come from? 她是哪儿人?

when: When can you come? 你什么时候能来?

why: Why was he so late? 他为什么来得这么晚?

2)连接副词: 连接副词意思和词形都和疑问副词一样,但都引导从

句或与不定式连用:

how: Do you know how to start this machine? 你知道这台机器怎样

启动吗?

where: I don’t know where he lives. 我不知道他住在哪儿。(引导宾

语从句)

when: Tell me when you’ll be ready. 告诉我你什么时候准备好。(引导宾语从句)

why: That’s why I came round. 这就是我来的原因。(引导表语从句)

6. 一些其它类型的副词,如表示方向的副词:

Let’s go inside. 咱们到里面去。

Take two steps forward. 向前走两步。

(三)副词的位置

1. 副词修饰动词时,通常可以放在句首、句中或句末。如:

Usually I do my homework in the evening. (句首) 通常我晚上做家庭作业。 I often get up at six. (句中) 我常在6点起床。

Please speak slowly. (句末) 请慢慢说。

2. 副词修饰形容词或副词时,通常放在形容词或副词的前面如:

These flowers are quite beautiful. (在形容词前) 这些花相当漂亮。

He works very hard. (在副词前)他工作很努力。

▲ 但也有例外,如:She is old enough to go to school. (在形容词后)她已到了上学的年龄。

3. 按一般规则, 既有地点状语又有时间状语时,地点状语应放在时间状语之前。如:

We had a meeting in the classroom yesterday afternoon. 我们昨天下午在

第 3 页 共 18 页

教室开了一个会。

He watched TV at home last night. 他昨晚在家看电视。

[说明] ①形容词一般修饰名词,副词一般修饰动词、形容词或副词。②一

些形容词后加上-ly可以变成副词,如slow-slowly, quick-quickly,

careful-carefully等。

【基础练习】

(一)用所给词的正确形式填空

1. The Greens are They have decided to move to another place.

2. The panda has been

3. I like her dress. It looks very 4. Don’t feel be 5. The 6. It’s 7. It’s a

8. The children in China are living a 9. It was an 10.He felt very in bed.

11.We all had a very

(二)选择最佳答案

( )1. These oranges taste_______.

A. good B. well C. to be good D. to be well

( )2. I can’t pay ________ as he asked for.

A. a as high price B.as a high price C.as high price D.as

high a price

( )3. — We are going to see a film this evening . Why not go with us ? — I have to do many things this evening . I’m _______ , you see .

A. free B. glad C. sorry D. busy

( )4. —Mum, Bill is coming to dinner this evening.

—OK. Let’s give him

A. something different B. different anything

C. anything different D. different something

( )5.The

A. ill B. sick C. illness D. sickness

( ) 6. The day is bright and _______ . Let’s go for a walk .

A. sunny B. dark C. cloudy D. windy

( ) 7. Look ! _______ beautiful that lake is !

A. What B. How C. How a D. What a

( ) 8. ---I won't go to the Great Wall tomorrow.

--- I won't, ______.

第 4 页 共 18 页

A. neither B. either C. too D. also

( ) 9. He likes to do some reading in the morning, I like it, _____.

A. too B. either C. neither D. also

( ) 10.That maths problem is ______ difficult ______ nobody can work it out.

A. too; to B. very; that C. so; that D. very; but

( ) 11. —What’s on the desk?

—It’s

A. a new green bag B. new green bag C. a green mew bag D. a bag new green

( ) 12. The night was very ___, so he had to take off his shoes ___.

A. quiet; quietly B. quite; quickly C. late; quick D. quite; quietly

( ) 13. He____ to school to clean his classroom.

A. always comes early B. comes always early

C. always early comes D. come always earlier

( ) 14. I got up____today.

A. later B. more lately C. lately D. late

( ) 15. Alice___goes to school at seven.

A. usual B. usually C. hard D. a little

三、形容词的比较等级:

(一)形容词的比较级和最高级的构成

1

2. 原级 比较级 最高级 useful more useful most useful difficult more difficult most difficult delicious more delicious most delicious

【重点】

3.有几个形容词的比较级和最高级属于不规则变化。

原级 比较级 最高级

good/well better best

bad/ill worse worst

many/much more most

little less least

第 5 页 共 18 页

far farther farthest

old older oldest

(二) 形容词比较级的用法

1.形容词的比较级可以单独使用:

Be more careful next time. 下次小心点。

Which book is better? 哪本书更好?

2.也可以和than连用,表示两者相比,than后可以跟:

a. 名词或代词:

He is older than me / I . 他年龄比我大。

b. 动名词:

Skiing is more exciting than skating. 滑雪比滑冰更刺激。

c. 从句:

I was a better singer than he was. 我唱歌比他好。

(三) 形容词比较级的修饰语

1.形容词比较级前可加much, a lot, a bit, a little, slightly之类表示程度的状语:

He’s feeling much better today. 他感到今天好多了。

2.也可在比较级前any, no, some, even, still这类词:

Do you feel any better today? 你今天感觉好一点了吗?

3.比较级前还可加其他表示数量的词:

My sister is ten years younger than me. 我妹妹比我小十岁。

【难点】

(四)形容词比较级的特殊用法

1.和more有关的词组 :

1) the more…the more… 越……就越……。例如:

The harder you work,the greater progress you'll make. 越努力,进步越大。

2) no more than 与?一样。例如:

The officials could see no more than the Emperor.

官员们看到的和皇帝一样多。

3) more than 超过,不只是。例如:

There are more than two thousand people in the hall.

2.和less有关的词组

1) less than 不到… 不太:

It was ready in less than a week.

2) no less than 多达 不少于

No less than 2 million people came. 至少来了2百万人。

3) more or less 基本上 大体上 大约

The work is more or less finished. 这项工作基本上完成了。

3.还有as + 形容词或副词原级 + as

1) not ?so/as?as。例如:

He cannot run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

2) 当as… as 中间有名词时采用以下格式:

①as +形容词+ a +单数名词/;

第 6 页 共 18 页

②as + manymuch +名词。例如:

This is as good an example as the other is. 这个例子和另外一个一样好。

I can carry as much paper as you can. 你能搬多少纸,我也能。

3) 表示倍数的词或其他程度副词做修饰语时,放在as的前面。例如: This room is twice as big as that one. 这房间的面积是那间的两倍。

Your room is the same size as mine. 你的房间和我的一样大。

(五) 形容词最高级用法

1.the + 最高级 + 比较范围

1)形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,例如:

The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world. 撒哈拉沙漠是世界上最大的沙漠。

[说明] 形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常"。例如:

It is a most important problem. =It is a very important problem. 这是个很重要的问题。

◎ 注意:使用最高级要注意将主语包括在比较范围内。

(错) Tom is the tallest of his three brothers.

(对) Tom is the tallest of the three brothers.

2) 下列词可修饰最高级,by far, far, much, mostly, almost。例如: This hat is nearly / almost the biggest. 这帽子差不多是最大的了。

◎ 注意:序数词通常只修饰最高级。例如:

Africa is the second largest continent.非洲是第二大洲。

3) 最高级的意义有时可以用比较级表示出来。例如:

Mike is the most intelligent in his class. 或者:

Mike is more intelligent than any other students in his class.

(六)形容词最高级的特殊用法

1. 形容词最高级可用作表语,这时定冠词the 可以省略。

例句:I think her plan is best. 我认为她的计划最好。

2.形容词最高级还可和at 构成许多短语作状语,如 at best, at least, at most等。

例句:I’ll be with you at latest by ten. 我最迟十点钟就来陪你。

【基础练习】

( ) 1 Your room is _______ than mine.

A. three time big B. three times big

C. three times bigger D. bigger three times

( ) 2 When spring comes, it gets_______.

A. warm and warm B. colder and colder

C. warmer and warmer D. shorter and shorter

( )3 ______ he read the book, _______ he got in it.

A. The more; the more interesting B. The less; the more interesting

C. The more; the more interested D. More; more interested

第 7 页 共 18 页

( )4 I like______ one of the two books.

A. the older B. oldest C. the oldest D. older

( ) 5 Which do you like _______, tea or coffee?

A. well B. better C. best D. most

( ) 6 This work is _______ for me than for you.

A. difficult B. most difficult C. much difficult D. more difficult

( ) 7 Who jumped_______of all?

A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the most far

( ) 8 Li Lei is_______ student in our class.

A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest

( ) 9 Tom is one of _______ boys in our class.

A. tallest B. taller C. the tallest B. the tall

( ) 10 English is one of_______ spoken in the world.

A. the important languages B. the most important languages

C. most important language D. the most important language

( )11. Most of the woods _______ been taken good care of.

A. are B. is C. has D. have

( )12 I'm not ________ to lift the heavy box.

A. short enough B. enough tall C. health enough D. strong enough

( )13 Which is_______, Li Lei or Wu Tong?

A. strong B. strongest C. stronger D. the strongest

( )14 Do you have _______ to tell us?

A. something new B. new something C. anything new D. new anything

( ) 15. Most of the people in Guangdong are getting ______.

A. more and rich B. more rich and more rich

C. richer and richer D. rich and rich

四、副词的比较等级:

(一)概念:副词和形容词一样,也有原级、比较级和最高级三个等级。其构成

方式有规则变化和不规则变化两种情况。规则变化的一般规律是:单音节词的比较级和最高级在词尾加-er或-est; 多音节词以及-ly结尾的副词(early除外),前面加more

或most.。不规则的变化式只能采用―各个击破‖的办法去记忆。

1

第 8 页 共 18 页

2

1、单独使用:

Try to do better next time. 下次争取干好一点。

He’ll come back sooner or later. 他迟早会回来的。

Please speak more slowly. 请讲慢一点。

2、和than一起使用:

He swims better than I do. 他游泳游得比我好。

Can you do any better than that? 你能不能干的好一些?

He arrived earlier than usual. 他到的比平时早。

3、比较级前可有状语修饰:

You must work much faster. 你必须大大加快干活的速度。

Can you come over a bit more quickly? 你能稍稍快点来吗?

4. as…as和not so…as结构

这两个结构也可结合副词使用:

1) as…as 可用在肯定句中,表示 ―像…一样‖,后面的副词要用原级: She can run as fast as a deer. 她能跑的像鹿一样快。

2)在否定句中,as…as和so…as都可以用:

I don’t go there as much as I used. 我现在到那里不象过去那么多了。 I didn’t do as(so) well as I should. 我做的不如我应做的那么好。

3)这种句子中也可以有一个表示程度的状语:

She can read twice as fast as he does. 她阅读的速度比他快一倍。

(三)副词最高级的用法:副词最高级可修饰动词,前面多数不带定冠词the:

He laughs best who laughs last. (谚语) 谁笑在最后谁笑的最好。

Of the four of us, I sang (the) worst. 我们四人中我唱的最差。

(四)副词比较级和最高级的一些特殊用法:副词比较级和最高级还可用在一些

特别结构或短语中。

1)more and more 越来越…:

It rained more and more heavily. 雨下得越来越大了。

She went farther and farther away. 她越走越远了。

2)the more…the more 越…,越…:

The more I work, the more I accomplish. 我干得越多,完成的就越多。

3)had better 最好:

We’d better not disturb him. 我们最好不要打扰他。

What had we better do? 我们最好怎么办?

第 9 页 共 18 页

英语中考考纲基础知识练习(形容词和副词)

A卷

选择填空:

1.Peter looked ___ when he learned that he hadn’t passed the final exam.

A, sadly B, sad C, happily D, happy

2.Jack did badly at the school sports meeting. I did even ___.

A, worse B, worst C, more bad D, more badly

3.Billy, is your mother cooking meat in the kitchen? It smells so ___!

A, well B, badly C, nice D, pretty

4.The car stopped so ___ that the bus behind almost ran into it.

A, closely B, immediately C, suddenly D, soon

5.We must finish cleaning the office ___.

A, as soon as possible B, as quickly as soon

C, as possible as soon D, as soon as possibly

6.What she said this time sounds ___.

A, pleasantly B, nicely C, friendly D, truly

7.I didn’t work ___ my brother when I was young.

A, as hard as B, harder C, hardest D, hardly

8.I’m going to move ___. It’s too noisy in our neighbourhood.

A, somewhere quiet B, quiet somewhere C, anywhere D, quiet anywhere

9.Last year, 15 typhoons (台风) hit China and Khanun was ___.

A, strong B, strongest C, stronger D, the strongest

10.It’s a good habit to keep the classroom ___ all the time.

A, cleanly B, clearly C, clear D, clean

11.When class was over, our maths teacher came into the classroom and said, ―Please stay at your seat. I have got ___ to announce.‖

A, nothing important B, important something

C, important nothing D, something important

12.In the exam, the ___ you are, the ___ mistakes you’ll make.

A, less careful, fewer B, more careful, less C, less careful, few D, more careful, fewer

13.What is ___ joke you have ever heard?

A, more funny B, the more funny C, the most funny D, the funniest

14.This kind of material feels ___ silk.

A, differently from B, the same to C, different as D, different from

15.A recent survey showed that Jingjing and Huanhuan were ___ among the five Olympic mascots (吉祥物).

A, popular B, more popular C, most popular D, the most popular

16.A: Is there ___ in today’s newspaper?

B: Yes. Shenzhou VI has been sent up into space successfully.

A, nothing new B, anything new C, new nothing D, new anything

17.Visitors in the orchard can eat as ___ fruit as they want.

A, many B, more C, much D, most

18.All of us were very ___ when we heard the ___ news.

第 10 页 共 18 页

A, excited, exciting B, excited, excited C, exciting, exciting D, exciting, excited

19.Eddie, my best frind ___ Ben.

A, is as high as B, works as careful as

C, doesn’t sing as beautifully as D, writes more better than

20.Tom never does his homework ___ Alice. So he makes more mistakes.

A, as carefully as B, so careful as C, less carefully than D, more careful than

21.Water pollution is one of ___ in our country.

A, serious problem B, the more serious problems

C, most serious problems D, the most serious problems

22.The pizza was too small, so she decided to look for ___ to eat.

A, large something B, something else C, something other D, other something

23.We are too tired and hungry. So our steps are getting ___.

A, slow and slower B, slower and slowest

C, slower and slower D, more and more slowly

24.Most children in our kindergarten like to play with Barbie girls. They look so ___. A, nicely B, happily C, beautifully D, lovely

25.In winter, Chinese students like to kick the Jianzi (毽子) to keep themselves ___. A, warm B, warmly C, cold D, coldly

26.In order to keep healthy, you should eat ___ fast food, ___ fresh vegetables and take enough excises.

A, fewer, fewer B, fewer, more C, less, more D, less, fewer

27.Don’t worry, My sister is ___ to take care of little Betty.

A, enough carefully B, enough careful C, carefully enough D, careful enough

28.Of all the students in our class, Jack is ___.

A, taller B, tallest C, the tallest D, very tall

29.In order to get full marks, Tim always does his lessons very ___.

A, more carefully B, most carefully C, much carefully D, carefully

30.A: Is there ___ in today’s newspaper?

B: Yes. It says that President Hu Jintao has reached Washington.

A, anything important B, any important thing

C, important anything D, any thing important

词性变换:

1.I don’t like him and it would be ______________ of me to do the opposite. (honest)

2.Our holidays in Thailand were really ______________ and unforgettable. (enjoy)

3.The government is doing everything possible to help those ______________ people after the earthquake. (home)

4.Put on the glasses so that you can see the word on the blackboard ______________. (clear)

5.The war made millions of people ______________. (home)

6.What is the most ______________ animal in the forest? (power)

7.It is ______________ to travel by train than by air. (cheap)

8.It is ______________ for him to finish the job in two hours. He is so slow. (possible)

9._________, over 28,000 civilians (平民) lost their lives during the three-year war in

第 11 页 共 18 页

Iraq. (sad)

10.I feel quite comfortable at home when it is raining ______________ outside. (heavy)

11.Jack is such a ______________ fellow, for he always leaves this or that at the office. (forget)

12.It is not ______________ to eat food with Sudan I (苏丹红1号). (safely)

13.Lily is ______________ enough to get the prize in the 2006 Shanghai Junior High School English Contest. (luck)

14.We’d better drive our cars ______________ on rainy days. (slow)

15.One starry night, when the seven little dwarfs went back home from work, they found something ______________ at once. (usual)

B卷

1.I’m shortsighted and I can’t see the words on the notice board ____.

A, clear B, clearly C, carefully D, good

2.Jean works hard but she doesn’t work ____ Mary.

A, as harder than B, as hard than C, as harder as D, as hard as

3.This is ____ book in our library.

A, the most interesting B, most interesting C, the more interesting D, more interesting

4.Do you think maths is ____ important than English?

A, very B, as C, more D, quite

5.They got a Christmas tree and it was ____ ours.

A, so tall as B, so taller as C, as tall as D, as taller as

6.Tom failed in the exam. He looked ____.

A, happy B, sadly C, upset D, lovely

7.A taxi doesn’t run as ____ as an underground train.

A, fast B, faster C, fastest D, more fast

8.Yangpu Bridge is one of ____ in the world.

A, bigger bridge B, the biggest bridge C, the biggest bridges D, bigger bridges

9.‖I’ve got an A for my history,‖ Judy said ____.

A, sadly B, sad C, happily D, happy

10.I think the song in the film ―Titanic‖ is ____ one of all the movie songs.

A, the most beautiful B, most beautiful C, a beautiful D, much more beautiful

11.The little baby looks ____.

A, lovely B, carefully C, heavily D, sadly

12.Her cousin can draw ____ an artist.

A, as well as B, not so well as C, as better as D, as good as

13.Jinmao Tower is ____ building in Shanghai.

A, high B, tall C, highest D, the tallest

14.30,000 dollars is a large amount of money, but it’s ____ than we need.

A, far more B, very much C, far less D, very little

15.Mr Smith thought the Century Park was the second ____ in Shanghai.

A, large B, larger C, largest D, very large

第 12 页 共 18 页

16.I think Yao Ming, the famous basketball player, will be ____ new star in NBA. A, hot B, hotter C, hottest D, the hottest

17.Shanghai Waihuan Tunnel is already open to traffic, so it will take us ____ time to go to Pudong International Airport.

A, a few B, fewer C, a little D, less

18.A: What delicious cakes! B: They would taste ____ with butter.

A, good B, better C, bad D, worse

19.Among all the teachersin this school, Miss Tao is one of ____.

A, young B, younger C, the youngest D, the most young

20.Thanks to Mrs Lin! With her help, we finished our work an hour ____.

A, late B, later C, early D, earlier

21.The light music sounded very ____. I enjoyed every minute of it.

A, well B, beautiful C, wonderfully D, boring

22.A: In our English study reading is more important than speaking, I think.

B: I don’t agree. Speaking is ____ reading.

A, as important B, so important as C, the most important D, the same as

23.A: Mum, the Chinese medicine tastes so ____. I don’t want to take it.

B: But, dear, it is good for you.

A, good B, terribly C, terrible D, well

24.Where is today’s newspaper? Is there ____ in today’s newspaper?

A, important something B, something important

C, important anything D, anything important

25.Simon looks ____ today and smiles ____ all the time.

A, happy, happy B, happily, happily C, happy, happily D, happily, happy

26.It’s ____ to send an e-mail than a regular mail.

A, much more quickly B, quick C, more quickly D, much quicker

27.The price of these dictionaries is ____ than before.

A, much cheaper B, more expensive C, much higher D, more higher

28.Bob has ____ to tell you.

A, something important B, anything important

C, important something D, important nothing

29.She is looking ____ at her lovely son.

A, happy B, happily C, happiness D, happier

30.The old soldier lived all by himself. Even though he was ____, he was not ____ at all.

A, alone, lonely B, alone, alone C, lonely, alone D, lonely, lonely

词性变换:

1.On hearing the great news that Beijing has won the birds of 2008 Olympic Games, The crowds at Tian An Men Square began to cheer ______________. (excite)

2.Never give your name, address, telephone number, e-mail address or pictures to a ______________ in online chat. (strange)

3.I haven’t seen you for a long time. You look much ______________ (health)

4.Mum has bought a lot of ______________ food from the supermarket nearby. (freeze)

第 13 页 共 18 页

5.I won’t do business with such a(n) ______________ man. (honest)

6.The man was still ______________ when he was sent to the hospital. (life)

7.He went to Canada several years ago. Now he is a ______________ citizen. (Canada)

8.Drinking too much fruit juice can be ______________ to children’s teeth. (harm)

9.We have very ______________ weather here, especially in the winter. (change)

10.The test was so difficult that half of the class made ______________ marks than usual. (bad)

11.A lot of young students from different countries go to France for their _________ study. (far)

12.We should save ______________ expenses. (necessary)

13.Some parents choose ______________ presents for their children. (education)

14.In addition, E-mail can provide (提供) information ______________. (automatic)

15.Travelling by train is much cheaper and far more ______________ than a trip by air. (enjoy)

C卷

1.The turcky tastes ____ the chicken.

A, as better as B, much better than C, as well as D, the best to

2.I like Chinese because it sounds ____.

A, wonder B, wondering C, wonderful D, wonderfully

3.E-mailing is much ____ than long distance calling.

A, cheap B, cheaper C, cheapest D, the cheapest

4.Your advice sounds ____. We’ll all take your advice.

A, well B, carefully C, wonderful D, correctly

5.Nick didn’t do very ____ in the final exam, but his scores are ____ than last year’s A, good, better B, bad, worse C, well, worse D, well, better

6.The sand-storm from the north yesterday seemed to become ____ in recent years. A, bad B, badly C, the worse D, worse

7.The leading actor felt ____ when he saw a lot of people cheering him.

A, happy B, happily C, angrily D, lovely

8.If you decide on the date to leave Shanghai, please tell me ____ possible.

A, as fast as B, as quickly as C, as swiftly as D, as soon as

9.The price of the flats in the housing estates (住宅区) located in the center of Shanghai must be very ____.

A, big B, huge C, high D, expensive

10.People prefer to send e-mail than to post letters because e-mail are much ____ than letters.

A, fast and convenient B, faster and convenient

C, fast and more convenient D, faster and more convenient

11.He hasn’t got a very ____ voice, but he sings very ____.

A, good, well B, good, good C, well, well D, well, good

12.The Mars is far ____ to us than the Pluto (冥王星). We wish we could live on it one day.

第 14 页 共 18 页

A, close B, closer C, closest D, the closest

13.Nowadays, more and more people do enough excise to keep their ____ well. A, healthy B, health C, unhealthy D, healthily

14.The girl looks as ____ as a film star.

A, lovely B, beautifully C, carefully D, swiftly

15.In the exam, the ____ you are, the ____ mistakes you’ll make.

A, carefully, little B, more careful, fewer

C, more careful, less D, more carefully, fewer

16.The turkey smelt ____ the chicken wings.

A, as delicious as B, as deliciously as C, much delicious than D, more deliciously than

17.Our class teacher looked ____ and said to us ____. ―Stop talking.‖

A, angry, angry B, angrily, angry C, angrily, angrily D, angry, angrily

18.Canada, Australia and New Zealand are ____ countries.

A, English-spoken B, spoken-English C, English-speaking D, speaking-English

19.The room wasn’t ____ for the doctor to operate on the lady.

A, quite a clean B, enough clean C, clean enough D, much a clean

20.A: My CD is seven yuan. What about yours?

B: Only five yuan. It’s ____ than yours.

A, less B, cheaper C, lower D, smaller

21.The food not only looks nice but also smells ____.

A, good B, well C, lovely D, delicious

22.Jane has a ____ voice. She sang ____ at the party last night.

A, good, beautiful B, wonderful, beautifully C, well, nicely D, sweet, great

23.Are you ____ to reach the picture on the top of the blackboard?

A, very tall B, so tall C, too tall D, tall enough

24.I like ____ fruits ____ peaches and apples.

A, so, as B, as, as C, such, as D, many, as

25.She is feeling ____ better than before.

A, much, more B, far C, even more D, more

26.Is Mr Smith ____ the man?

A, so strong as B, more strong than C, stronger than D, much stronger as

27.Tom looked ____ when he heard the good news.

A, happily B, upset C, happy D, luckily

28.Please listen as ____ as possible so that you won’t make any mistakes.

A, careful B, much carefully C, more carefully D, carefully

29.In my opinion, the Summer Palace looks ____ than Bei Hai Park.

A, beautiful B, more beautiful C, beautifully D, more beautifully

30.It ____ for him to recite the text.

A, seems easy B, seems easily C, seem easy D, seem easily

词性变换:

1.They were ______________ in my culture and they asked me a lot of questions. (interest)

2.It is ______________ to teach a man to fish than to give him fish. (good)

第 15 页 共 18 页

3.If you are _______________ of confidence, you’ll be happy all the time. (fill)

4.We are sure that China can hold the Olympic Games in 2008 ______________. (succeed)

5.What a ______________ day it is today! Shall we have a picnic on the beach? (sun)

6.The doctor told me to take ____________ training for at least 30 minutes every day. (physics)

7.”Why are the birdies (小鸟) in the nest all looking at their mother ______________?” asked little Joe. (hungry)

8.The doctor said there was no ______________ cure (治疗方法) for Aids at present. (certainly)

9.Many students go abroad to ______________ their studies. (far)

10.Please close the windows. It is raining ______________. (heavy)

11.I was very ______________ to believe him and lend him the money. (fool)

12.The serious earthquake left thousands of people ______________. (home)

13.The old man looks ______________ though he is over 80. (health)

14.The weather in Shanghai is quite ______________ this year. (change)

15.It’s really exciting that Shengzhou VI landed ______________ at last. (safe)

D卷

1.Your idea sounds much ___ than his.

A, interesting B, interested C, more interesting D, more interested

2.In my opinion, Tim doesn’t write English ___his sister.

A, as clear as B, so clear as C, more clearly as D, as clearly as

3.Simon is a fast runner. John runs even faster. But Liu Xiang runs ___.

A, faster B, a bit faster C, fast D, fastest

4.Shanghai is my hometown. It is one of ___ in China.

A, the biggest city B, the biggest cities C, a biggest city D, the big city

5.Their English songs sounded ___. I think they must get the first prize.

A, well B, wonderful C, sweetly D, wonderfully

6.It is ___ to work out this maths problem. You needn’t ask others.

A, very easily B, easy enough C, enough easily D, enough easy

7.I don’t like buying clothes. I like to spend money collecting stamps ___.

A, too B, either C, also D, instead

8.I ran ____ than Maria in the 400-metre race.

A, much fast B, more fast C, much faster D, more faster

9.Simon is a fast runner. John runs even faster. But Liu Xiang runs ____.

A, faster B, the fastest C, fast D, fastest

10.Mary used to be the tallest girl in Class Two. But now Alice is ____ than Mary. A, tall B, taller C, tallest D, the tallest

11.I think Liu Xiang, the famous runner, will be ____ star in Asia and in the world as well.

A, hot B, hotter C, hottest D, the hottest

12.Their English songs sound ____. I like them.

A, well B, wonderful C, sweetly D, wonderfully

第 16 页 共 18 页

13.I’m sure he can run ____ to win the first prize.

A, enough fast B, fast enough C, too fast D, so fast

14.That’ll be ____ important lecture, you mustn’t miss it.

A, such a B, such an C, a such D, so an

15.Since China has been a member nation of WTO, English is ____ useful than before.

A, far B, most C, more D, very

16.Rose caught a ____ cold and has been ____ ill for days.

A, bad, bad B, bad, badly C, badly, bad D, badly, badly

17.Supermarkets are necessary. People can spend ____ time finding things they want, but they usually spend ____ money than they want.

A, less, less B, less, more C, fewer, less D, fewer, more

18.Of all the actresses, she speaks English ____.

A, the most fluent B, most fluently C, better D, the most beautiful

19.The green tea smells ____. I like it.

A, wonderfully B, wonderful C, well D, beautifully

20.It is not easy to learn English well. We need to practise as ____ as possible. A, soon B, more C, much D, harder

21.In China families are becoming ____ with ____ children.

A, small, few B, smaller, fewer C, smallest, fewest D, smaller, less

22.Why does she look so ____? Did she hail in the exam again?

A, interested B, exciting C, unhappy D, surprised

23.The boss tried to finish the work with ____ money and ____ people.

A, less, fewer B, fewer, few C, few, less, D, little, less

24.Mike went to school today because he felt ____.

A, enough well B, good enough C, enough good D, well enough

25.I’m sorry I’m late. There is ____ with my bike.

A, anything wrong B, something wrong C, wrong anything D, wrong something

26.What’s the matter with Tom? He looks ____.

A, unhappy B, hungrily C, sadly D, happily

27.Now Mr. Brown drives much ____ than he did two years ago.

A, careful B, carefully C, more careful D, more carefully

28.Is there ____ in today’s newspaper?

A, something new B, new something C, any new things D, anything new

29.Which is ____, cotton, wood or iron?

A, heavier B, heaviest C, the heaviest D, the most heaviest

30.In my opinion, Tim doesn’t write English ____ his sister.

A, as clear as B, so clear as C, more clearly as D, as clearly as

31.A: Is there ____ in today’s newspaper?

B: Yes. It says that a new Pope () has been elected already.

A, anything important B, any important thing

C, important anything D, any things important

32.He spoke ____ for everyone in the class to hear.

A, enough loud B, loud enough C, louder enough D, enough louder

第 17 页 共 18 页

33.Your idea sounds much ____ than his.

A, interesting B, interested C, more interesting D, more interested

34. Ships come and go on the river ____ boats.

A, as noisy as B, noisier than C, as noisily as D, much noisily than

35.The train travels at top speed. The underlined part means ____.

A, the best B, the tallest C, the fastest D, the farthest

36.Do you think it is a ____ mistake?

A, ordinary B, common C, unusual D, generally

37.The man in black is nearly eighty but still busy and lively.

A, young B, dull C, active D, foolish

38.The trip was ____ , and everyone on the ship was ____.

A, pleased, pleased B, pleasant, pleasure C, pleased, pleasant D, pleasant, pleased

词性变换:

1.I’m afraid that I can’t afford (负担) such an ______________ cell phone. (expense)

2.Dogs can help blind people walk across the street ______________. (safe)

3.Please read the test paper ______________ before you do it. (careful)

4.There are ______________ than 200 passengers on his plane. (much)

5.Here is a ______________ present for your birthday. (love)

6.He is not as ______________ to us as his sister. (friend)

7.You ______________ helped me a lot. Thank you very much indeed. (real)

8.The little girl was so ______________ when she saw the traffic accident. (frighten)

第 18 页 共 18 页

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com