When I got to the cinema, the film ________________ for five
例如：They lifted the heavy rock without much effort.
His efforts were seen by everyone present.
[拓展] put one’s effort into?把精力放到?上； make an effort to do sth努力做某事； do sth. with(without) effort费力（毫不费力）地做某事 Daniel made great success in his research because he put his e______ into it.
2) enter用作动词，意为“进入”其名词形式为entrance（入口）。 同义句转换
Knock at the door before you go into the teacher’s office.
Knock at the door before ____________ the teacher’s office.
3)be made into; be made of; be made from; be made in
----It looks nice on you.
A is made in B is made for C is made of D is made by
① 可以用by， before等构成的表示过去时间的短语来表示。 By the end of the match, they had kicked two goals.
Had you reached the airport before seven o’clock yesterday?
② 可以用when, before, until等引导的从句来表示。 When the door bell rang, I had got up.
My mother hadn’t found the dog until last night.
③由for或since引导的、表示一段时间的短语或从句, 表示从过去某一时间开始，持续到过去另一时间的动作或状态。 The meeting had been on for half an hour when we got there. Had you sister worked in the company since it opened in 2006? ④ 还可以通过宾语从句或上下文暗示。
Millie remembered that she had read the book.
5) should, ought to, had better, have to和must
ought to意为“应该，应当”，相当于should，有时语气略重，它常表示来自外界的规则与义务，含有“照理，应当”之意，没有强迫的意思； ought to do否定结构为ought not to do sth.
had better意为“最好?;还是?为好”，常用于客气地劝告或建议； had better do sth.否定结构为 had better not do sth.
He was an experienced car salesman.
[拓展]experienced可构成短语be experienced in?，意为“在?方面有经验”，后接名词、代词或v-ing做宾语。
Daniel has much experience in fixing cars.
Daniel _______ quite _______in fixing cars.
7) This person is wanted for murder!此人因谋杀而被通缉。
这是一个被动语态的句子。 be wanted for?在此意为“因?而被通缉”。 be wanted on有人打电话给 You are wanted on the phone.有人打电话找你。
8）He was last seen leaving his office in New Town at about 7;00 p.m.
see sb doing sth的被动语态形式为be seen doing sth,意为“被看到正在做某事”，而see sb do sth的被动语态结构为be seen to do sth,意为“被看到做了某事”。
例1：He was last seen _______ in his office at about 7:15 p.m.
A work B working C to work D worked
例2：---Do you often hear Tom ______ in the next room?
---No, but he is often heard _____ the guitar in the garden outside.
A sing, to play B to sing, play C sing, play D singing; play
confirm意为“证实”,强调证明了某事是一个事实；prove意为“证明”。例如： This matter has been confirmed already.
I can prove he was here just now.
②happen, take place
Great changes have ______________ in this area since 2012.
③break into; break down
break down (车辆、电脑等)坏了，抛锚
The old computer ________(break) down easily, so I had to restart it again and again.
That _________ happened yesterday. A ______ ______ a boy.
11. It seemed to me that the robber was quite familiar with the bank.
familiar用作形容词,意为“熟悉的”；常构成：be familiar with sth.对某事物熟悉； be familiar to sb.为某人所熟悉。例如：
The Great Wall is familiar to all Chinese people.
例题：Hang Hong’s beautiful voice is _______ us.
A pleased with B interested in C familiar to D famous for
12.I don’t dare to go out alone at night now. There’s a risk of getting killed.
1)dare用作实义动词时，有人称和数以及时态的变化； dare to do sth.意为“敢做某事”，don’t dare to do sth.意为“不敢做某事”。
例题：I _____ go out alone at night because there’s a risk of being killed.
A don’t have to B don’t dare to C have to D don’t dare
2)dare用作情态动词时，后跟动词原形，主要用于疑问句、否定句和条件句中。 例：①How dare she do things like that to me!
②----Dare you catch the mouse?
----I daren’t do that.
③If you dare say that to our teacher, I would vote for you.
3)risk用作名词，意为“危险，风险”，常用于a risk of sth./doing sth.结构， at the risk of doing sth
例题; The fireman saved the little baby at the ______(风险)of losing his life.
13.in his mid-thirties
英语中表达“某人几十岁”时可用“in+形容词性物主代词+基数词的复数”。 例题：（2012江苏苏州中考）My grandma is in her________(八十多岁)， but she can still take care of herself.
14. Tom was very shocked when he was charged with robbery.
I was shocked by his wickedness.
例题：I was so ______(shock) that I couldn’t believe my eyes. 与人连用时用 shocked, 与物连用用shocking,意为“令人震惊的”。 她的故事很让人震惊。 Her stories can be rather shocking.
1. I _______(clean) the clothes before you came back.
2. She _________(leave) already when you arrived.
3. _______ they ________(know) this before you told them?
4.We _________(not tell) you before you knew it.
5.She came after we ______(wait) for her for half an hour.
6. I said I ________(have) lunch already.
7.She told us she ________(not be) to Beijing yet.
8.I wondered if they _________(live) in Nangjing for three years.
9.Did you say I _______(pass) the exam already?
10. He asked how many books I _______(read) already?
11. “Are you interested in this？”he said.
He _______ _______ I was interested in _______.
12. “Don’t tell him the news.” She said.
She told me _______ _______ ______ him the news.
13. “I took it home with me.” she said.
She said that _______ _______ _______ it home with her.
14. “Stop making so much noise, children.” He said.
He _____ the children ______ ______ making so much noise.
15. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.”
The teacher said that the sun _______ in the east and ______ down in the west.
1. I will give you a call _______(立即) when I get there.
2. At the scene of the crime, no one wants to say anything to break the _______(silent).
3. Zhang Ziyi and Gong Li are her favourite __________(演员).
4. The car ________(产业) in our country has greatly developed these years.
5. Audrey Hepburn is one of ________(Hollywood) all-time greatest actresses.
6. In the film Always, Audrey played the role ______ an angel.
A of B in C off D on
7.By the time I got there, the football match _______ already _______.
A has, finished B was; finished C had; finished D /; finished
8.The old man lived alone all his life and he _______ a rainy winter evening.
A passed away in B past away in C passed away on D past away on
9.I like the novel very much. It always __________ me _______ the happiest days when I was young.
A reminds; of B reminds; to C thinks; of D helps; with
10. The lady has devoted much of her time ________ South China tigers.
A to protect B to protecting C protected D protects
11.-----Why not _______ John a toy car for his birthday?
-----Good idea! He is crazy about cars.
A buy B buying C to buy D buys
12.-----Jason is too stubborn sometimes.
----I quite _______. But he’s always friendly to others.
A accept B argue C agree D admire
13.-----Can I walk across the road now, mum?
----No, you _______. You have to wait until the light turns green.
A couldn’t B shouldn’t C mustn’t D needn’t
14.-----Shall we have a cup of coffee?
A Cood idea B Thank you C That’s OK D Me too
15.-----What a heavy rain! Will it last long?
----- __________. We’re getting into the rainy season now.
A Of course not B I’m afraid not C That’s impossible D I’m afraid not
16.For everyone’s safety, we _______ always remember the law against driving after drinking.
A could B should C might D would
17. Why not ________ an English club to practice _________English？
A join; speaking B to join; speaking C join, to speak D to join, to speak
18. You look quite tired. You’d better _______a good rest.
A stop to have B stop having C to stop to have D to stop having
19.The girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous, for she _______ before.
A didn’t fly B hasn’t flown C hadn’t flown D wasn’t flying
20. ------What did Jack ask you just now?
---- He wanted to know how long _______ when I reached the cinema.
A had the film been on B the film had started C the film had lasted
D had the film ended
21.I had to stay at home because it was raining _________(heavy) outside.
22.It’s well-known that no ________(指纹) are the same in the world.
23. He has been charged with ______(rob) the bank of golden watches.
24._________(小偷)often appear in crowded places, such as buses and shops.
25. The coats and trousers with blood were those ________(murder).
26. ________(几个)days later, people began to work as usual.
27.Susan said she _______(喜欢) water to milk in the past.
28. An agreement seems to be impossible because most of the people are ________ it.
A for B against C to D with
29.In a traditional Chinese wedding, the newly married couple are usually__________ in red.
A worn B had C dressed D put
30.He was ________ with breaking _______ several computer system.
A charging; on B to charge; in C charged, into D charges, to
31.How can I _______ well with my classmates?
A work on B hold on C get along D keep along
32.When I was walking in the street, I saw a plane _______ over my head.
A flies B flying C flew D fly
33.Seeing these old ladies get on the bus, _________(几个) students offered them their seats.
34. It will be a dangerous trip. Are you sure you want to take the _________(风险)？
35.Follw me, guys! Close your eyes, open you arms and _________(breath) deeply.
36. As a citizen, we mustn’t do anything __________(违反) the law.
37.Tom was seen _________(jump) into the river and help the child out.
38.-----Is Tom in the next room?
----Well, it’s hard to say. But I heard him _______loudly when I passed by just now.
A speak B to speak C spoken D speaking
39.I wonder ________.
A if Dr Ma still works on the ORBIS plane
B how much does the tallest man in the world weigh
C when Audrey Hepburn had entered the film industry
D that Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon
40. -----Oh, the traffic is so heavy!
---- Let’s change _______ way to the airport.
A other B others C the other D another
41.I saw Li Ming _______ near the river on my way home.
A plays B playing C to play D played
42.----Simon, I wonder __________.
------ Last Saturday.
A when the foreign visitors arrived
B when did the foreign visitors arrive
C when the foreign visitors will arrive
D when will the foreign visitors arrive
43. I can’t find my watch, but it must be _______ in this room.
A everywhere B nowhere C anywhere D somewhere
44.-----What does your brother look like?
A He likes watching TV
B He is a worker in a factory
C He is very tall and strong
D He plays basketball every day
45. “_______ you’ve made! But you should work still harder,” the teacher said to the boy.
A What a big mistake B How big mistakes C What great progress D How great progress
Do you know Sweden？It l 1_ in the north of Europe．It is the fourth largest country in Europe with an a 2_ of 450, 000 square kilometers and the population of about 8.5 million. Over one third of them live in the three largest cities, namely Stockholm, Goteborg and Malmo. More than half of Sweden is c 3_ with trees. It is one of the r 4_ countries in the world. About 100 years ago Sweden became industrialized. Today less than one third of the people are f 5_.
Sweden is the country where the famous Nobel Prizes are awarded. Many people who have been to Stockholm, the c 6_ of Sweden, must have visited the places where Nobel Prizes are awarded.
The first language of Sweden is Swedish. English is the first f 7_ language in schools. Many middle-school students can s 8_ two or three languages. Most of the Swedish people，men and women, o 9_ and young, can speak English. So there is no p 10_ to speak with them in English．