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五种基本句型完成句子练习

发布时间:2013-12-14 09:36:54  

《英语五种基本句型》完成句子练习

一、主系表结构

【结构】主语+连系动词+表语

【说明】连系动词种类有:

1. be动词;

2. 感官类系动词feel, look, sound, seem, taste, smell等;

3. 转变类系动词become, go, turn, get,grow, fall等;

4. 状态类系动词keep, remain, stay, lie, stand等;

5. 结果类系动词prove, turn out等;

用作表语的有:名词、代词、形容词、副词、不定式、v. -ing形式(短语)、v.-ed形式(短语)、介词短语、从句等。

1. After the earthquake, people surviving it tried to rescue those ______________________ in buildings.

地震之后,幸存下来的人们尽力去挽救那些困在建筑里的人。

2.Everywhere you went after the flood, everything ___________________. (ruin) 洪水过后你所到之处,满目苍夷。

3.I finally __________________ after going through a hard time. (calm)

在经历种种困苦之后,我终于平静下来了。

4. It seemed ____________________________. (end)

看起来会议好像结束了。

5.What we should do in senior 3 is _________________________.(make)

在高三我们要做的是充分利用时间。

二、主谓结构

【结构】主语+谓语(不及物动词)(+状语)

【说明】 这类句型中,谓语动词后可以不跟任何成分,但在多数情况下跟有状语性质(如:时间状语、地点状语、方式状语、结果状语等)的修饰语.

1 Ever since I was a child , I ___________________________.(settle)

自从我是孩子以来,我一直住在这儿。

2.I _____________________ from the bad cold these days. (recover)

这几天,我在逐步从重感冒中恢复。

3 It will be a year ___________________________. (graduate)

再过一年,我就高中毕业了。

4 Some students have difficulty in learning English, but by no means ___________________ (give) 有些学生学习英语很困难,但我们决不能轻言放弃。

5 The plan ___________________ at the meeting yesterday is hard to carry out. (come0 昨天会上提出的方案很难实施。

三、主谓宾结构

【结构】主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语(+状语)

【说明】 1、一些及物动词加介词构成的短语相当于及物动词。宾语可以是动宾或介宾 1

2、可以用宾语的有:名词、代词、不定式、v.-ing形式和从句等。

1. It was the first time that I __________________________ in the class.( burst)

这是第一次我在班上放声大哭

2 Hardly had I heard her voice ______________________ her.(recognize)

我一听到她的声音我就认出了她。

3 _________________________ is my parents’ health. (care )

我最关心的是我父母的健康。

4 He _____________________________ reading a book for nearly 2 hours.(bury)

他专注的看了将近2个小时的书。

5 Our school requests that _________________________ to use cellphone in the class.(allow) 学校要求学生上课不许用手机。

四、双宾语结构

【结构】主语+谓语(及物动词)+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物)

【说明】双宾语结构只能跟在下面三类及物动词后面

1. give, tell, teach, write, lend, hand, show, offer, send, pay, allow, award, bring等。此类动词后的间接宾语可用介词to 引导的短语来表示。

2. buy, do, get, fetch, save, make, sing, choose等。此类动词后的间接宾语可用介词for引导的短语来表示。

3. ask, answer, take, cost等。此类动词后的宾语一般不能改变形式。

1.The headmaster . (award)

校长授予他一等奖。

2.It _____________________ to persuade him to ring back.(take)

花了我十分钟说服他回电话。

3.I wonder whether you can . (spare)

给我抽出你宝贵的几分钟时间

4. can you ________________________ about this film(offer)

你能提供我一些关于这部电影的信息吗

5. Please before I leave . (answer)

在我离开之前,请回答我一个问题。

五、复合宾语结构

【结构】主语+谓语(及物动词)+复合宾语(宾语+宾语补足语)

【说明】1、此类句型中的复合宾语是由宾语+宾语补足语构成的,宾语和宾语补足语之间存在着逻辑上的主谓关系或动宾关系。

2、可以作宾语补足语的有:名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式、v.-ing形式和v.-ed形式等。

3 可以带复合宾语的有:感官动词 see, hear, feel, notice……

使役动词 have, let , make,….

其他 find, think, help, keep……

1. I find my new classmates. (get)

我觉得很难和我的新同学相处。

2. The workers there treat us as their friend, 2

这些工人没有把我们当成他们的朋友一样,这使我们很不安。

3. Last weekend, my parents 上周,我的父母帮我打包行李。

4.The door was too old, then the owner asked a worker to (paint) 门太旧了,房主叫工人把它漆成红色。

5 what he said and did finally ____________________________. (make)

他的所说所做最终使我改变了想法。

6 it’s a waste of water ___________________________ when you wash your hands.(run) 当你洗手时一直让水流是水的浪费。

7 when my mother returned home, she _____________________________.(find)

当我妈妈回家时发现钱包不见了。

8 There is no need ___________________________________your ideas.(persuade)

没有必要说服她听从你的观点。

六、长短句分析

1. He heard the discussion of the children of the family about what they might get for the Christmas. (2013完型)

2. A stressful journey to work gets your blood pressure climbing. (2012 湖北阅读)

3. A 140—year—old letter written by a lady calling for her to be allowed to study medicine at st Andrews University has been discovered by researchers. (2012 湖北阅读)

4 After all, isn’t accumulating memories a way of preserving the past?(2013 阅读A)

5. The qualification, which ran from 1877 until the 1930s, gave women access to university education in the days before they were admitted as students. (2012 湖北阅读)

6. The harder they look at their lives, the more they acknowledge their big difference in circumstance and basic nature.(2013阅读B)

7.One way children seek more attention from parents is by making themselves different from their siblings, particularly if they are close in age. (2012 湖北阅读)

8. Mrs. Almond went pale when I explained she would have to be on treatment for the next six months to ensure that she was full recovered.(2013阅读D)

9. Maybe that explain why the percentage of people in Finland taking diet pills doubled between 2001 and 2005, and doctors even offer surgery of removing fat inside and change the shape body.(2013阅读C)

10. A German study suggests that people who were too optimistic about their future actually faced greater risk of disability or death within 10 years than those pessimists who expected their future to be worse.(2013阅读E)

句子结构的考点:

一 在完成句子中的应用

1 ________________________ wherever you go is the price you pay for being famous.(recognize) 出名付出的代价是不管你走到哪里,都会被人认出来。(课时达标检测unit2 9)

分析:在分析此题的语法考点时,就是分析句子结构找主干,所以一定要注意定状补对你的干

扰。这句里的“wherever you go”就是地点状语,我们可以这样调整一下语序 3

“______________ is the price you pay for being famous wherever you go.所以这个题的语法考点就是缺主语。

2 I think in English study it is your attitude, not your teachers _____________________ the key role.(play)

我认为在学习英语过程起关键作用的不是老师而是你的态度。

分析:在句子it is your attitude, not your teachers _____________________ the key role中,首先要对“it“敏感”,”it”一般只有两个考点,形式主语或强调句型。此句为强调句型,所以去掉它句子可以简化为“your attitude ,not your teachers_______________________ the key role. 句子就是考谓语。

所以在完成句子中分析主干时,注意定状补或句型对主句的中断和干扰,分析句子结构时可以把它们直接划掉,就很容易知道此句语法考点。

二 在作文中的运用

很多同学在写作文时,一般习惯汉语怎么说,英语怎么写,也就是缺乏英语思维,换句话说,不擅长抓主干。

如:我非常喜欢英语。“I very much like English“ .

此句主干“主谓宾”I like English。状语后置“I like English very much ”。

如:我看见一个穿红颜色衣服的女孩。 I saw a girl was dressed in red.

错误在于这个句子有两个谓语“saw, was dressed in”; 而句子主干是

“我看见一个女孩” I saw a girl.

“一个穿红颜色衣服的”对“女孩”修饰,定语

所以我们在写作时,先翻译主干,也就是“一个人做了什么事”“一件事情发生”至于以某种方式,什么时候,什么地方是状语都可以后置。“……..的”,定语修饰名词,放在名词前(单个形容词)或后(分词短语或定语从句)。

三,作文训练

请以“包容’为主题写一篇作文,以事例来说明你对包容

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