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名词单复数讲解及练习

发布时间:2013-12-14 11:41:30  

名词单复数

(1)名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词,不可数名词没有单复数,一律看作单数。

(2)可数名词的单数前什么时候用a,什么时候用an?

以元音音标(或音素)开头的用an。

以辅音音标(或音素)开头的用a。

注意:我们看的是音标(或音素),而不是元音字母。

一、选择a或an或不填(用/表示)

_____ orange pen

(3)可数名词的变化规则:

①一般在词尾加s,如:books,bags,fruits。

②以s、x、ch、sh结尾的名词加es,如:class----classes, box----boxes

③以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i再加es,读[iz];如:baby —— babies 以元音字母加y结尾的名词直接在词尾加s。如:boys/ days

元音字母:a, e, i, o, u

④以f、fe结尾的名词变f、fe为ves, 如:wolf 狼——wolves wife(妻子)—wives life(生命)— lives knife —knives ⑤以o结尾的名词除了tomato/ potato/hero+es 外,其他的加s

如:zoo——zoos photo——photos

(4)名词复数的不规则变化:

man—men男人

woman—women 女人

tooth —teeth 牙齿

foot —feet 脚

mouse —mice 老鼠

child —children 孩子

(5)单复同形的名词有:

Chinese 中国人Japanese 日本人

sheep 绵羊 deer 鹿 fish 鱼 people 人们

注意:fish①当一条鱼讲时,单复数同形,如three fish.

②当各种各样的鱼讲时,即强调鱼的种类时,要加es

如:all kinds[kaindz] of fishes .各种各样的鱼

③当鱼肉讲时,不可数。

(6)以下词常为不可数名词,他们的复数形式就是他们本身。

water(水) milk(牛奶) tea(茶) rice(米饭) orange(橙汁)juice(果汁)bread(面包)

Text 1 名词(总分100分)

一、请写出下列词的复数形式,没有复数形式的请划出 / 。(1’*50=50’)

knife watch___________tomato____________day____________ book____________ dress____________ sheep___________tea_____________ box___________ juice__________water____________ milk___________

二、单项选择 (1’*10=10’)

( )1. The __ in our yard are very beautiful.

A. cloth B. water C. flowers

( )2. Tom is one of the Chinese _____ in our school.

A. boy B. boys C. boies

( )3. A cat has four ____ , doesn't it?

A. foots B. feet C. feets

( )4. There are three ____ and five _____ in the room.

A. American, Japanese B Americans, Japanese C. American, Japanese

( )5. Can you see nine ____ in the picture?

A. fish B. book C. horse

( )6. The _____ has two______.

A. boy; watch B. boy; watches C. boys; watch

( )7. The _____ are flying back to their country.

A. Germany B. Germanys C. Germans

( )8. The girl brushes her _____ every day before he goes to bed.

A. tooths B. teeth C. teeths

( )9.I saw many _____ in the street.

A. peoples B.people C.people’s

( )10.The green sweater is his _________.

A.brother B.brothers C.brother’s

三、选择填空 (1’*10=10’)

( )1. They come from different ______

A. country B. countries C. a country D. countrys

( )2. How many ______ do you see in the picture?

A. tomatos B. tomatoes C. tomato D. the tomato

( )3. They are______.

A . woman teachers B. women teachers

C. women teacher D. woman teacher

( )4. Would you like _______ ,please?

A. two glass of water B. two glasses of water

C. two glass of waters D. two glasses of waters

( )5. Most of ______ live in _______.

A. Germans, German B. German, Germen

C. Germen, Germany D. Germans, Germany

( )6. There are some ______ in these _______.

A. knifes pencil-boxes B. knives pencils-box

C. knives pencil-box D. knives pencils-boxes

( )7. ______ like ______ by air.

A. Greens, travelling B. The Green, traveling

C. The Greens, travel D. The Greens, traveling

( )8. I wonder why ______ are interested in action films(武打片).

A. the people B. people C. peoples D. the peoples

( )9. There is no ______ in the plate.

A. apples B. oranges C. rice D. eggs

( )10.My uncle has three _______.

A.child B.childs C.children D.childrens

四.填入所给名词的正确形式(2’*10=20’)

1. I have two____________ (knife)

2. There are many ___________ here. (box)

3. There are many ___________ on the road. (bus)

4. A few ___________ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The ______________ are playing football now. (child)

6. Please take two _______________ for me. (photo)

7. I like the red ________________.(tomato)

8. Would you please clean your _____________ now? (tooth)

9. Do you want some _________? (milk)

10. There are ten __________ _________in our school. (woman teacher)

一、写出下列名词的复数形式

1、orange 2、class 3、、

5、、shelf 、bed 、

9、family 10、toy 、foot 、13、14、、woman 、knife 、sheep

18、、、、、leaf______

二、选择填空

( )1.I can see three ________ in the zoo.

A monkeys B monkeyes C monkey

( )2.The pig has four ______. A. foot B. feet C. foots

( )3.My two brothers are both ______.

A. policeman B. policemans C. policemen

( )4.I can see ten _____ in the picture. A. sheep B. dog C. pig

( )5.The _____ has three______.

A. boys, watches B. boy, watch C. boy, watches

( )6.Can you see _______on the plate? A. bread B. breads C. breades

( )7.The girl often brushes her_____ before she goes to bed.

A. tooth B. tooths C. teeth

( )8.Mr Black often drink some _________.

B. A. milk B. milks C.milkes

( )9.There are some _____on the floor.

A. child B. water C. books

( )10..Lucy will show us some new ____ of hers.

A. photo B. photos C. photoes

( )11. I drank two ______.

A. bottles of water B. bottle of water C. bottles of waters

( )12.The cat eats two _____last night.

A. mouses B. mice C. mouse

( )13.I need a pen and some _____. A. books B. desk C. chair

( )14、A. are photoes B. are photos C. is a photo D. is photos

( in the river.

A. is ,fish B. are, fishs C. is, fishs D. are ,fish

( the box.

A. is watch B. are watches C. are watch D. is watches

( twice a day.

A .our tooth B. our tooths C.teeth D.our teeth

( )18.Our _____ room is near the reading room.

A.teacher B.teacher’s C.teachers

( )19.Tom and Jim are ___.

A:friends B:friend C:brother D:sister

( )20.How many_____do they have?

A:picture B: pictures C:a picture

三、用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空: 1> There are three ______(chair) in the classroom. 2>These _______(tomato) are red.

3>My brother looks after two ______(baby)

4> My father likes to eat _______(potato).

5>Chinese ______(people)like to eat noodles. 6>I have a lot of ______(toy) in my bedroom.

7>I help my mother wash ______(dish) in the kitchen. 8>I have two ______(pencil-box).

9>There are some ______(bus)in the street.

10>Peter has eight _____(foot).

11>Linda has three _______(tooth).

12>There are some ______(child) in the garden. 13>My uncle and father are _____(man).

14>Tom and King are _____(boy).

二、练习题。

<一>、写出下列名词的复数形式

1、、、4、、、

7、、、10、、12、13、、、16、、、19、、、<二>、选择填空

1、 A. are photoes B. are photos

C. is a photo D. is photos

2. made in Shanghai.

A. is B .are C .were D .has

3. in the group.

A. Japanese, Germen B Japaneses, Germen

C. Japanese,German C.Japanese, Germans

4. That’aart book.

A. an B. a C. the D are

already.

A. two bread B. two breads

C. two pieces of bread D. two piece of bread

.

A. six boxes of apples B. six boxes of apple

C. six box of apples D. six boxs of apples

in the river.

A. is ,fish B. are, fishs

C. is, fishs D. are ,fish

in the box.

A. is watch B. are watches

C. are watch D. is watches

twice a day.

A .our tooth B. our tooths

C.teeth D.our teeth

10.The _____ meeting room is near the reading room.

A.teacher B.teacher’s C.teachers’ D.teachers

11. In Britain _____ are all painted red.

A.letter boxes B.letters boxes

C.letter box D.letters box

1)选择填空

1. They come from different ______

A. country B. countries C. a country D. countrys

2. How many ______ do you see in the picture?

A. tomatos B. tomatoes C. tomato D. the tomato

3. They are______.

A . woman teachers B. women teachers

C. women teacher D. woman teacher

4. Would you like _______ ,please?

A. two glass of water B. two glasses of water

C. two glass of waters D. two glasses of waters

5. Most of ______ live in _______.

A. Germans, German B. German, Germen

C. Germen, Germany D. Germans, Germany

6. There are some ______ in these _______.

A.knifes…pencil-boxes B.knives…pencils-box

C.knives…pencil-box D.knives…pencils-boxes

7. ______ like ______ by air.

A. Greens, travelling B. The Green, traveling

C. The Greens, travel D. The Greens, traveling

8. I wonder why ______ are interested in action films(武打片).

A. the people B. people C. peoples D. the peoples

9. There is no ______ in the plate.

A. apples B. oranges C. rice D. eggs

2).填入所给名词的正确形式

1. I have two_____ (knife)

2. There are many _____ here. (box)

3. There are many _____ on the road. (bus)

4. A few _____ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The _____ are playing football now. (child)

1)写出下列名词的复数形式。

1.bag _______ 2.orange _______ 3.family _______

4.wish _______ 5.shelf _______ 6.knife _______

7.key _______ 8.baby _______ 9.tooth _______

10.foot _______ 11.woman _______ 12.sheep _______

13.Japanese _______ 14.potato _______ 15.radio _______

16.child _______ 17.fish _______ 18.photo _______

19.Frenchman _______ 20.man doctor _______ 21.watch _______

22. bus _______ 23. sheep _______ 24. foot _______

2)选择填空

1. They come from different ______

A. country B. countries C. a country D. countrys

2. How many ______ do you see in the picture?

A. tomatos B. tomatoes C. tomato D. the tomato

3. They are______.

A . woman teachers B. women teachers

C. women teacher D. woman teacher

4. Would you like _______ ,please?

A. two glass of water B. two glasses of water

C. two glass of waters D. two glasses of waters

5. Most of ______ live in _______.

A. Germans, German B. German, Germen

C. Germen, Germany D. Germans, Germany

6. There are some ______ in these _______.

A.knifes…pencil-boxes B.knives…pencils-box

C.knives…pencil-box D.knives…pencils-boxes

7. ______ like ______ by air.

A. Greens, travelling B. The Green, traveling

C. The Greens, travel D. The Greens, traveling

8. I wonder why ______ are interested in action films(武打片).

A. the people B. people C. peoples D. the peoples

9. There is no ______ in the plate.

A. apples B. oranges C. rice D. eggs

10. _______ are good for our health.

A. Tomatos B. Tomatoes C. Tomato

11. I like to eat cake with ______.

A. cherries B. cherry C.cherrys

12. ______ and ______ are not friends.

A. Foxs…wolfs B. Foxes…wolfs C. Foxes…wolves

13. These are the ______ of our national ______.

A. photos … heroes B. photoes … heroes C. photos … heros

14. The ______ are running on the ______.

A. deer … grasses B. deers … grass C. deer … grass

15. I was so hungry and I ate two ______.

A. bowls of noodle B. bowls of noodles C. bowl of noodles

3).填入所给名词的正确形式

1. I have two_____ (knife)

2. There are many _____ here. (box)

3. There are many _____ on the road. (bus)

4. A few _____ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The _____ are playing football now. (child)

4)请用括号中名词的复数形式填空

1 Look at those _______. (child)

2 I can see a __________ standing near the door. (policeman)

3 Do you want some ________ for dinner? (potato)

4 In autumn, you can see a lot of _______ on the ground.(leaf)

5 He has two _______.One is blue , the other is yellow.( box)

6 Two ________ live in this building .( family )

5)选择正确的词形

1 How many (radioes, radios) can you see?

2 There are 36 (boys, boies) in my class.

3 Look at those (sheeps, sheep).

4 I don’t want (a, an) old cup.

5 Give me that (box, boxes), please.

6)将以下单复数句进行转换

1 This is a knife. ______________________________________ 2 That is a tomato. ______________________________________ 3 That child is very good._____________________________________ 4 These are mice. ______________________________________ 5 Those are children. ______________________________________

1、I want three A、pieces B、piece of C、pieces of

2、Do you want to drink much A、a milk B、milk C、milks

3、This is room. It’s very big.

A、Lily and Lucy’s B、Lily’s and Lucy’s C、Lily’s and Lucy

4、We visited A、Tom B、Toms C、Tom’s 5、Do you want some A、a potato B、potatoes C、potatos

6、In autumn,you can see a lot of A、leaf B、leafs C、leaves 7、My sister has two ,the other is new.

A、a watch B、watchs C、watches

8、Best wishes to you for A、Teacher’s B、Teachers’ C、Teacher

9、Many children like to go to the A、Children B、Children’s C、Childrens’

五、完型填空

Passage 1

I am girl. I am twelve. I name is Zhang Hua. I am in am Row Five. Jim is English boy. He is eleven. He and I in the same class. He is my friend . We good friends. is my teacher, Miss Gao. ( )1.A. an

( )2.A. at

( )3.A. I B. the B. in C. × D. a C. and D. or C. He D. You B. My

( )4.A. Grade One, Class One B. grade one, class one.

C. Class One, Grade One D. class one , grade one

( )5.A. at

( )6.A. an

( )7.A. is

( )8.A. are B. or B. a C. in C. the C. be D. and D. × D. are D. be

D. You

D. You B. am B. am B. This B. I C. is C. He C. She ( )9.A. What ( )10.A.He

Passage 2

is Liu Fang? Oh, they are over .

( )1.A. one B. two C. three D. four

( )2.A. my

( )3.A. they

( )4.A.They B. your B. we B. My

B. He’s

B. look

B. Its C. our C. They C. His C. We C. is D. we D. We D. Their D. Their D. are ( )5.A. They’re ( )6.A. see ( )7.A. We C. They’re D. These

( )8.A. She

( )9.A.Who

( )10.A. here B. That C. He B. He C. She B. at C. there D. Who D. That D. in

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