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十八种特殊的反义疑问句

发布时间:2013-12-14 12:40:40  

英语18种特殊的反意疑问句

1.祈使句。祈使句后一般加上will you或won't you构成反意疑问句,用will you 多表示“请求”,用won't you 多表示提醒对方注意。例如:

Look at the blackboard, will you/ won't you?看黑板,好吗?

Let引导的祈使句有两种情况:

1)Let's...,后的反意疑问句用shall we或shan't we。例如:

Let's go home, shall we/ shan't we? 回家吧,好吗?

还可以用may I来表示征求对方的同意或许可。

2)Let us/me...后的反意疑问句用will you或won't you。例如:

Let me have a try, will you/won't you? 让我试一试,行吗?

2.感叹句。感叹句后加反意疑问句时,其反意疑问句需用be的一般现在时态的否定形式。例如:

What fine weather, isn't it? 多好的天气啊,是吧?

3. 当陈述部分谓语动词是need, dare, used to,且这些词被用作实义动词时,其反意疑问句需用do的适当形式。 He needs help, doesn't he?他需要帮助,是吗?

4.陈述部分主、谓语是I am...时,反意疑问句用aren't I 或am't I ,而不是am not I (可用am I not)。例如: I'm working now, am't I? 我在工作,是吗?

5.陈述部分的主语是everything, nothing, anything或something 时,反意疑问句的主语应用代词it。例如: Something is wrong with my radio, isn't it? 我的收音机出毛病了,是吧?

6.陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 时, 其反意疑问句的主语需用复数代词they。例如:

Everyone is here, aren't they? 大家都到了,是吗?

No one knows about it, do they? 没有人知道这件事,对吗?

7.陈述部分的主语是指示代词this或that时,反意疑问句的主语用it,当陈述部分的主语是指示代词these或those时,其反意疑问句的主语用they。例如:

This is a plane, isn't it? These are grapes,aren't they? 这些是葡萄,是吗?

8.陈述部分的主语是不定代词one时,反意疑问句的主语可以用one,也可用you(美式英语用he)。例如: One should be ready to help others, shouldn't one? 每个人都应该乐于助人,是吧?

9.当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。例如:

He is never late for school, is he? 他上学从不迟到,是吗?

10.当陈述部分所含的否定词是通过加前缀或后缀构成的,其后的反意疑问句依然用否定结构。例如: It is unfair, isn't it? 这不公平,是吧?

11.含有否定含义的词在陈述部分作动词的宾语时,其反意疑问句用肯定结构,也可以用否定结构。例如: You got nothing from him, did you? 你从他那儿什么也没得到,是吗?

12.当陈述部分主语是从句、不定式(短语)、动词-ing形式时,反意疑问句的主语应该用it。例如:

What you need is more important, isn't it?你需要的东西更重要,是吧?

13.当陈述部分含I think (believe, suppose...)that... 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如:

I don't think he will come, will he? 我认为他不会来,对吗?

14.have(has)不是表示“有”的意思,并在句中做谓语时,其反意疑问句的助动词要用do, does, did。例如: They had a meeting just now,didn't they? 他们刚才开了个会,是吗?

15.陈述部分有have to 时,其反意疑问句要用助动词的否定形式。例如:

You have to water the vegetables every day, don't you?你每天都要浇菜,对吧?

16.陈述部分是there be句型时,其反意疑问句中要用there。例如:

There was a hospital here, wasn't there? 过去这儿有家医院,是吗?

17.陈述部分有had better时,反意疑问句中要用hadn't。例如:

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We had better go to school at once, hadn't we? 我们现在最好马上去上学,好吗?

18.当陈述部分含有情态动词must时,我们便要分析一下must的含义。如果must 作“一定;要;必须”讲,反意疑问句须用mustn't或needn't;而当must作推测意义“一定是;必定”讲时,反意疑问句则需根据must后的动词原形选用相应的形式。例如:

He must work hard at physics, mustn't he? Tom must be at home,isn't he?

反意疑问句的回答

在回答的时候, 如果是前肯后否的句子,思维和中国人相同;如果是前否后肯的句子,思维正好同中国人相反: He is a student, isn't he? (他是个学生,不是吗?)

Yes, he is.(是的,他是学生) No, he isn't.(不是,他不是学生)

He doesn't like playing football, does he?(他不喜欢踢球,是吗?)

Yes, he does.(不是,他喜欢踢球) No, he doesn't.(是的,他不喜欢踢球)

I am not a teacher, am I? (我不是一名老师,是吗?)

Yes, I am.(不是, 我是一名老师。) No, I am not.(是的,我不是一名老师。)

对反意疑问句的回答,无论问题的提法如何,如果事实是肯定的,就用yes,事实是否定的,就要用no。要特别注意陈述句部分是否定结构,反意疑问句部分用肯定式提问时,回答yes或no与汉语正好相反。这种省略回答的yes要译成“不”,no要译成“是”。

例 ---He likes playing football, doesn’t he? 他喜欢踢足球,不是吗?

---Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. ,是 他喜欢。/ 不 他不喜欢。

---His sister didn’t attend the meeting, did she? 他妹妹没有参加会议,是吗?

---Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. 不,她参加了。/ 是的,她没参加

若be动词后是never//few//little,后面的动词仍用肯定形式

反意疑问句的几点特殊情况

反意疑问句的构成有以下几点特殊情况须注意:

1.当陈述句的主语是everyone, everybody, someone, somebody时,简短问句中的主语通常用they。如果陈述句的主语是非人称的复合词,如everything, something, anything, 则简短问句中相应的人称代词是单数的中性词it。例如: Somebody borrowed my coat yesterday, didn’t they?

Nobody came, did they?

Everyone thinks they’re the center of the universe, don’t they?

Nothing can stop us now, can it?

2.当陈述句是表示存在的句子时,简短问句用there 作形式主语。例如:

There isn’t a book on the table, is there? There’s something wrong, isn’t there?

There won’t be any trouble, will there?

3.如果陈述句中包含有如下的否定或半否定词, 如seldom, hardly, never, rarely,little, few, nowhere, nothing,则简短问句通常用肯定形式。但如果陈述句中仅包含有否定前缀,则简短问句中用否定形式。例如:

He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he? The rules are invariable, aren’t they?

He seldom pays more attention to his pronunciation, does he?

He hardly knows anything about computer, does he?

Tom has little knowledge of how to spend money, does he?

4.陈述句中是I am时,简短问句则用aren’t I。例如:

I am an excellent English speaker, aren’t I? I am late, aren’t I ?

5.陈述句中是非限定人称代词one时,正式文体中,简短问句的主语为one,而非正式文体中用you。例如: One must be honest, mustn’t one?

6.含有宾语从句的主从复合句的反意疑问句中,简短问句一般反映主句中主、谓之间的关系。但如果主句是I think, I suppose, I believe, I suspect, I imagine 等时,则简短问句反映的是that从句中主语与谓语之间的关系。例如: They agreed that the United States shouldn’t make a war on Iraq, didn’t they?

I suppose (that) he is serious, isn’t he?

注意:否定词移位的情况,如: I don’t suppose (that) he is serious, is he?

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7.如果陈述句的谓语动词是have (当 “拥有”讲时), 简短问句可用have形式或用do形式。例如:

You have a nice house, haven’t/don’t you?

但如果陈述句是否定形式时,简短问句中动词的选择则由陈述句中的动词形式而定。例如:

He hasn’t a house of his own, has he? He doesn’t have a house of his own, does he?

如果陈述句中的动词 have 表示“经历,遭受,得到,吃”的意思时,则简短问句中的动词用 do的形式。例如: You often have headaches, don’t you?

8.当陈述句的动词是ought to时,英国英语中简短问句用ought,而美国英语中则用should。

9.陈述句中的动词是used to时,简短问句可用used 的形式或did的形式。例如:

The Smiths used to live in the countryside, usedn’t / didn’t they?

He didn’t use/used to tell lies, did he?

10.陈述句中动词为needn’t时,简短问句通常用 need。例如:

You needn’t do it if you don’t want to, need you?

You needn’t have told him the news, need you?

11.陈述句中must后动词的类属和时态不同,反意疑问句也不同。例如:

The food must be good, isn’t it?

You must have read the book last month, didn't you?

You must see the doctor, needn’t you?(must表必要性,故用needn’t)

You mustn’t do that again, must you?(must表示“不可以”)

12.当陈述部分是一祈使句时,简短问句则通常为 won’t you, would you, can you, can’t you, could you等,使语气婉转、客气。如果陈述部分的祈使句中含有第 一人称时,如Let’s do something, 则简短问句为 shall we?例如: Do sit down, won’t you? Shut up, can you?

在否定的祈使句后, 只能用will you。例如: Don’t forget, will you?

13.当遇到宾语从句时候.一般反主句.但是以 I think I believe. Isuppose ....开头的反从句

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