1. 支持 2. 建议 3. 调查 4. 大量,充足
5. 选择 6. 事实 7. 勇气 8. 进步
9. 原因 10.用途,价值 11.交流
1. 吵架 2. 打扰 3. 拒绝 4. 提供
5. 成功 6. 接受 7. 允许 8. 获得
9. 答复,回答 10.对付,处理 11 .复习
1. 严格的 2. 有价值的 3.青少年的
4.空闲的,多余的 5. 值得
(adv.) 1. 几乎不
1. I just cannot decide when to do my homework and when to spend time on my hobbies.
Can you please teach me how to achieve a balance between the two?
e.g. 1) Simon不知道该做什么。
Simon doesn’t know _______________________________ .
Simon doesn’t know_______________________________ .
2) Sandy 想知道去哪里征求意见。
Sandy wants to know _______________________________advice.
Sandy wants to know _______________________________ advice.
_______________________________the information is!
_______________________________ information it is!
e.g. 1) 他们认为约翰是最好的演员。
They consider John _______________________________the best actor.(把这句变为简单句)
They _______________________________ .
I _______________________________the article on star signs（把这句变为复合句）
1. Some common teenage problems
●getting too many tests and exams ●not having enough sleep
●too noisy home ●no communication with family members
●having no close friends ●feel tired in class
2. How to solve the problems
●solve by yourself ●ask somebody else for help
from time to time _____________________
make a lot of noise
in_____________________ deal hand _____________________
offer sb. some suggestions_____________________ _____________________
be of great value _____________________ _____________________
be crazy about_____________________ plenty of_____________________ stay out late_____________________ trouble_____________________
into next quarrel
make a list of_____________________ day_____________________
tell the truth_____________________ with_____________________
reply to_____________________ suffer from_____________________ keep fit_____________________ 【重点词汇与句型】 1. reply/answer
reply（n.&v.） reply to(sb. /sth. ) answer(n.&vt.) answer (sb. /sth. ) 2. consider
consider 名词/代词/动名词。 consider 从句或“疑问词 不定式”。
consider sb./sth .(as) 形容词/名词。其中，as可以省略。 consider it 形容词/名词 不定式短语。 consider 宾语从句。 3. deal with/do with
固定用法 What to do with sth /How to deal with sth 4. suffer/suffer from 5. offer
offer sb sth =offer sth to sb
1．--Remember __________ (tell) him about it before he goes away.
--Sure, I will.
2．All of us know __________ (walk) is good for our health after meals.
3．--Would you like __________ (go) shopping with me?
--Yes, I feel like __________ (do) it.
4．--Would you mind ___________ (wait) a few minutes? -- No, not at all.
5．I am sorry to have kept you _________ (wait) so long.
6．--Would you please _________ (show) me the way to the nearest post office? --I’ll be glad to.
7．--Do you often hear John ___________ (sing) in his room?
--Listen! Now he can hear him ___________ (sing) in his room.
8．--How long did it take you _________ (do) the maths problem?
--About half an hour.
9．The man was often seen ____________ (draw) by the lake.
10. --Can you come out ___________ (play) football with me? --OK. I’ll coming.
1．--What kind of music do you like? --All kinds. But now I can’t decide ________.
A. what to listen B. what to listen to
C. which music to listen D. how to listen to
2．How happy everyone ________ each other again!
A. meets B. are meeting C. is to meet D. met
3．The doctor did what he could ________ that child.
A. save B. to save C. saved D. saving
4．He asked me ________ early.
A. whether to start B. whether starting
C. whether we start D. if to start
5．The teacher told Tom __________ be late any more.
A. don’t try to B. not to try C. to try not to D. to try not
例如：Many people speak Chinese.
例如：Chinese is spoken by many people. 主语English是动词
过去完成时：had been + spoken
例如：Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。（不知道是谁偷的）
This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。
例如：The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。
This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。
Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。
（3）把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语，将主格改为宾格。例如： All the people laughed at him. → He was laughed at by all people.
They make the bikes in the factory. → The bikes are made by them in the factory.
He cut down a tree. → A tree was cut down by him.
We can repair this watch in two days.
→This watch can be repaired in two days.
They should do it at once.
→It should be done at once.
1.He made the boy work for two hours yesterday.
2.Mother never lets me watch TV .
→I am never let to watch TV by mother.
3.Jack gave Peter a Christmas present just now.
→（1）A Christmas present was given to Peter by Jack just now. →（2）Peter was given a Christmas present by Jack just now.
It is(was)well known that......众所周知
It is(was)taken for granted that......被视为当然
It must be remembered that......务必记住......
It mustn’t be forgotten that......千万别忘记......
show ,pass, give sb.sth.=show, pass .give sth. to sb. buy, get, sing sb. sth.=buy, get, sing sth. for sb. My uncle gave me a new dictionary yesterday．
make/see/hear/watch sb. do sth. =sb. be made/seen/heard/watched to do sth. The boss made her work for sixteen hours a day．
（ ）1．The Olympic Games ___________every four years.
A are held B were held C．are holding D．will ho1d
（ ）2. In the art show，a lot of enjoyment _ _to foreign friends by the Chinese paintings．
A． is giving B is given C will give D has given
（ ）3. Today Chinese is becoming more and more popular. It _________in. many schools around the world.
A. teaches B. is teaching C. has taught D. is taught
（ ）4. Ba Jin, one of the greatest writers in China, ________as "People's Writer".
A. is regarded B. has regarded C. is regarding D. regards
（ ）5. Usually computers _________to search the Internet.
A. use B. are using C. are used D. used
（ ）6.一Did you hear that water in Tai Lake smelt terrible?
一Yes．In fact，it ____.That's all because of the people and the factories around．
A． polluted B was polluted C has polluted D．was po11ute
（ ）7. ---I feel very happy that I ____to be the host. ---Congratulations!
A. choose B. am chosen C. was chosen D. haven chosen
（ ）8. Many trees and flowers ______ in our school last year，and they made our school a beautiful garden．
A．plant B．planted C．have planted D．were planted
He has turned off the light.他已把灯关了。(动作结束于过去，但说明的是现在的情况--灯现在不亮了。)
I have spent all of my money.(含义是:现在我没有钱花了.)
Jane has laid the table.(含义是:现在桌子已经摆好了.)
Mary has been ill for three days.
Mary has been ill since three days ago.
for + 时间段(for two years) since two years ago
since + 时间点 since 2008
since he came here.
so far(目前;迄今为止) up to now=till now=by now到现在为止；直到现在
by the end of this year 到今年年末 【by the end of…到…末/结束】
by the end of this month到本月末
during the last (past) few years 在过去的几年中
in the last (past) months 在过去的几个月中
all the time 总是；一直 recently 最近 these days 近几天
1.have been(to)与have gone( to)的区别：
前者可与once ,never,several times等连用，后者则不能。
如： They have been to Beijing twice.他们去过北京两次。
He has gone to Beijing . 他去北京了。
2.短暂性动词不能和表一段时间的时间状语连用。如：come, go, arrive, reach, hear, close, leave, begin, start, lose, buy, fall, join, die, get up等。但如果要保留表一段时间的时间状语，必须将动词改为延续性动词。
如： fall asleep (ill) →be asleep (ill) get to know→ know
begin,(start)→ be on open →be open buy→ have get up→ be up die→ be dead go out→ be out come→ be in close→be closed arrive→be here join→be in, be a +名词 finish( end )→be over
leave, move →be away borrow →keep
go to school→be a student catch(a cold)→ have(a cold)
begin to study→study come back→be back
put on→wear 或be on
如：He has been a soldier for three years.他参军三年了。
His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世二年了。
The film has been on for 5 minutes.电影已开始五分钟了。
We have studied English for three years. 我们（开始）学英语已三年了。
1、Both his parents look sad. Maybe they _______what’s happened to him .
Ａ. knew Ｂ. have known Ｃ. must know Ｄ. will know
2、He has _______ been to Shanghai, has he?
Ａ. already Ｂ. never Ｃ. ever Ｄ. still
3、Have you met Mr. Li ______？
Ａ. just Ｂ. ago Ｃ.before Ｄ.a moment ago
4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year .
Ａ. is writing Ｂ.was writing Ｃ.wrote Ｄ.has written
5、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .
Ａ. was; studying Ｂ. will; study
Ｃ. has; studied Ｄ. are; studying
6.—Our country ______ a lot so far .
—Yes. I hope it will be even ______.
Ａ. has changed ; well Ｂ. changed; good
Ｃ. has changed ; better Ｄ. changed; better
1、He has never surfed, （改成反意疑问句）
have they been here?
3、The old man _________ last year.
He for a year. (die) （动词填空）
4、This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换)
This factory ________ for twenty years.
5、Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)
Miss Gao ________ _______ ________ ________ an hour.
6、Her mother has been a Party member for three years .（同义句）
Her mother _______ the Party three years ________.
7、The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换)
_______ two years ________ the Green family moved to France.
Once there was a king who offered a prize to the artist who would paint the best picture of peace. Many artists The king looked at all the pictures. But there
were only two he really liked, and he had to choose them.
One picture was of a lake. The lake was a perfect mirror for peaceful high mountains all around it. Overhead was a blue sky with white soft clouds. All that saw this picture it was a perfect picture of peace.
The other picture had , too. But these were rugged (崎岖的) and bare (光秃的). Above was an angry sky, from which rain fell and in which lightning played. Down the side of the mountain was a waterfall This did not look peaceful . But when the king looked closely, he saw behind the waterfall a bush in the crack (裂缝) in the rock. In the bush a mother bird had built her nest (鸟窝). She sat on her nest, watching the running water.
After the king compared the two pictures he chose the second picture explained, "Peace does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble, or hard work. Peace means when facing unhappy situations, you can still be calm in your 1. A. argued B. invited C. tried D. invented
2. A. between B. except C. within D. through
3. A. calm B. round C. small D. deep
4. A. announced B. thought C. doubted D. promised
5. A. lakes B. clouds C. mirrors D. mountains
6. A. at all B. at last C. at once D. at present
7. A. lying B. growing C. dying D. moving
8. A. actively B. carefully C. angrily D. widely
9. A. so B. but C. or D. And
10. A. voice B. world C. heart D. view
【作文】 . There are some differences between a Chinese class and an American class.Let’s have a look.In China,students call their teachers with “Mr” or “Miss”. In class they always listen to teachers and take notes carefully.If they want to give their own ideas,they put up their hands first. However,in America ,students sit around the desks,face to face.They have pretty relaxed classes.They can even drink coffee or
juice during classes.Also,they can speak up in classroom freely.Different countries have different cultures.But I think Chinese class is better.We should be strict in our s