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9A unit 3 复习

发布时间:2013-12-14 13:44:32  

【基础词汇】

一.词汇 (n.)

1. 支持 2. 建议 3. 调查 4. 大量,充足

5. 选择 6. 事实 7. 勇气 8. 进步

9. 原因 10.用途,价值 11.交流

(v.)

1. 吵架 2. 打扰 3. 拒绝 4. 提供

5. 成功 6. 接受 7. 允许 8. 获得

9. 答复,回答 10.对付,处理 11 .复习

(adj)

1. 严格的 2. 有价值的 3.青少年的

4.空闲的,多余的 5. 值得

(adv.) 1. 几乎不

【语法】

1. I just cannot decide when to do my homework and when to spend time on my hobbies.

Can you please teach me how to achieve a balance between the two?

(总结特殊疑问词加动词不定式的用法以及和宾语从句的转换)

e.g. 1) Simon不知道该做什么。

Simon doesn’t know _______________________________ .

Simon doesn’t know_______________________________ .

2) Sandy 想知道去哪里征求意见。

Sandy wants to know _______________________________advice.

Sandy wants to know _______________________________ advice.

2. 句子的种类(陈述句/疑问句/感叹句/祈使句)

e.g. 这是多么重要的信息啊!

_______________________________the information is!

_______________________________ information it is!

3. 简单句的基本类型。

e.g. 1) 他们认为约翰是最好的演员。

They consider John _______________________________the best actor.(把这句变为简单句)

They _______________________________ .

2) 我觉得这篇关于星座的文章有意思。

I _______________________________the article on star signs(把这句变为复合句)

___________________________________ .

【有关青少年问题的相关内容】

1. Some common teenage problems

●getting too many tests and exams ●not having enough sleep

●too noisy home ●no communication with family members

●having no close friends ●feel tired in class

2. How to solve the problems

●solve by yourself ●ask somebody else for help

【短语总结】

from time to time _____________________

with_____________________

make a lot of noise

in_____________________ deal hand _____________________

offer sb. some suggestions_____________________ _____________________

be of great value _____________________ _____________________

hear

on from

time sb.

be crazy about_____________________ plenty of_____________________ stay out late_____________________ trouble_____________________

get the

into next quarrel

make a list of_____________________ day_____________________

tell the truth_____________________ with_____________________

reply to_____________________ suffer from_____________________ keep fit_____________________ 【重点词汇与句型】 1. reply/answer

reply(n.&v.) reply to(sb. /sth. ) answer(n.&vt.) answer (sb. /sth. ) 2. consider

consider 名词/代词/动名词。 consider 从句或“疑问词 不定式”。

consider sb./sth .(as) 形容词/名词。其中,as可以省略。 consider it 形容词/名词 不定式短语。 consider 宾语从句。 3. deal with/do with

固定用法 What to do with sth /How to deal with sth 4. suffer/suffer from 5. offer

offer sb sth =offer sth to sb

【Exercises】

I.用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1.--Remember __________ (tell) him about it before he goes away.

--Sure, I will.

2.All of us know __________ (walk) is good for our health after meals.

3.--Would you like __________ (go) shopping with me?

--Yes, I feel like __________ (do) it.

4.--Would you mind ___________ (wait) a few minutes? -- No, not at all.

5.I am sorry to have kept you _________ (wait) so long.

6.--Would you please _________ (show) me the way to the nearest post office? --I’ll be glad to.

7.--Do you often hear John ___________ (sing) in his room?

--Listen! Now he can hear him ___________ (sing) in his room.

8.--How long did it take you _________ (do) the maths problem?

--About half an hour.

9.The man was often seen ____________ (draw) by the lake.

10. --Can you come out ___________ (play) football with me? --OK. I’ll coming.

II.单项选择。

1.--What kind of music do you like? --All kinds. But now I can’t decide ________.

A. what to listen B. what to listen to

C. which music to listen D. how to listen to

2.How happy everyone ________ each other again!

A. meets B. are meeting C. is to meet D. met

3.The doctor did what he could ________ that child.

A. save B. to save C. saved D. saving

4.He asked me ________ early.

A. whether to start B. whether starting

C. whether we start D. if to start

5.The teacher told Tom __________ be late any more.

A. don’t try to B. not to try C. to try not to D. to try not

【被动语态】

(一)语态:英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。

主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。

例如:Many people speak Chinese.

谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。

被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象。

例如:Chinese is spoken by many people. 主语English是动词

speak的承受者。

(二)被动语态的构成

化是通过be的变化表现出来的。现以speak为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。

一般现在时:am/is/are+spoken

一般过去时:was/were+spoken

一般将来时:will/shall be+spoken

现在进行时:am/is/are being+spoken

过去进行时:was/were being+spoken

现在完成时:have/has been+spoken

过去完成时:had been + spoken

(三)被动语态的用法

(1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。

例如:Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道是谁偷的)

This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。

(2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。

例如:The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。

This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。

Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。

(四)主动语态变被动语态的方法

(1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

(2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。

(3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如: All the people laughed at him. → He was laughed at by all people.

They make the bikes in the factory. → The bikes are made by them in the factory.

He cut down a tree. → A tree was cut down by him.

(五)含有情态动词的被动语态

We can repair this watch in two days.

→This watch can be repaired in two days.

They should do it at once.

→It should be done at once.

(六)特殊情况

1.He made the boy work for two hours yesterday.

→The boy

2.Mother never lets me watch TV .

→I am never let to watch TV by mother.

3.Jack gave Peter a Christmas present just now.

→(1)A Christmas present was given to Peter by Jack just now. →(2)Peter was given a Christmas present by Jack just now.

常见的句型结构:

It is(was)agreed(believed/decided/hoped/thought......)that......大家同意(相信、决定、希望、认为)......

It is(was)well known that......众所周知

It is(was)taken for granted that......被视为当然

It must be remembered that......务必记住......

It mustn’t be forgotten that......千万别忘记......

It is(was)said(reported,heard,told,suggested)that......据说(报道、听说、告知、建议......)

注意:

1.双宾语的被动语态

show ,pass, give sb.sth.=show, pass .give sth. to sb. buy, get, sing sb. sth.=buy, get, sing sth. for sb. My uncle gave me a new dictionary yesterday.

___________________________________________________.

2.复合宾语的被动语态

make/see/hear/watch sb. do sth. =sb. be made/seen/heard/watched to do sth. The boss made her work for sixteen hours a day.

____________________________________________.

二、典型例题

( )1.The Olympic Games ___________every four years.

A are held B were held C.are holding D.will ho1d

( )2. In the art show,a lot of enjoyment _ _to foreign friends by the Chinese paintings.

A. is giving B is given C will give D has given

( )3. Today Chinese is becoming more and more popular. It _________in. many schools around the world.

A. teaches B. is teaching C. has taught D. is taught

( )4. Ba Jin, one of the greatest writers in China, ________as "People's Writer".

A. is regarded B. has regarded C. is regarding D. regards

( )5. Usually computers _________to search the Internet.

A. use B. are using C. are used D. used

( )6.一Did you hear that water in Tai Lake smelt terrible?

一Yes.In fact,it ____.That's all because of the people and the factories around.

A. polluted B was polluted C has polluted D.was po11ute

( )7. ---I feel very happy that I ____to be the host. ---Congratulations!

A. choose B. am chosen C. was chosen D. haven chosen

( )8. Many trees and flowers ______ in our school last year,and they made our school a beautiful garden.

A.plant B.planted C.have planted D.were planted

【现在完成时】

现在完成时

一、基本结构:主语+have/has+过去分词(done)

①肯定句:主语+have/has+过去分词+其他

②否定句:主语+have/has+not+过去分词+其他

③一般疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其他

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句(have/has+主语+过去分词+其他)

二、用法

1) 现在完成时的"完成用法"

现在完成时用来表示现在之前已发生过或完成的动作或状态,但其结果却和现在有联系,也就是说,动作或状态发生在过去但它的影响现在还存在.

He has turned off the light.他已把灯关了。(动作结束于过去,但说明的是现在的情况--灯现在不亮了。)

I have spent all of my money.(含义是:现在我没有钱花了.)

Jane has laid the table.(含义是:现在桌子已经摆好了.)

2) 现在完成时的"未完成用法"

指的是动作开始于过去某一时刻,一直延续到现在,或可能还要继续下去。

这里的动词要用持续性动词。常与for(+时间段),since(+时间点)连用.

Mary has been ill for three days.

Mary has been ill since three days ago.

三.现在完成时多与下列时间状语连用:

1) 用于“过去发生的事,对现在造成的影响或结果”的时间状语有:

already(已经→肯定句) yet(还;尚未→否/疑问句)

never(从未) ever(曾经→疑问句)

just(刚刚) before(以前)

2) 用于“过去发生的事,一直延续到现在”的时间状语有:

for + 时间段(for two years) since two years ago

since + 时间点 since 2008

since he came here.

so far(目前;迄今为止) up to now=till now=by now到现在为止;直到现在

by the end of this year 到今年年末 【by the end of…到…末/结束】

by the end of this month到本月末

during the last (past) few years 在过去的几年中

in the last (past) months 在过去的几个月中

all the time 总是;一直 recently 最近 these days 近几天

【注意】

1.have been(to)与have gone( to)的区别:

have been(to)表示“去过某地(现在已经回来了)”,可用于各人称;

have gone(to)表示“去某地了(说话时某人不在当地)”,常用于第三人称,

前者可与once ,never,several times等连用,后者则不能。

如: They have been to Beijing twice.他们去过北京两次。

He has gone to Beijing . 他去北京了。

2.短暂性动词不能和表一段时间的时间状语连用。如:come, go, arrive, reach, hear, close, leave, begin, start, lose, buy, fall, join, die, get up等。但如果要保留表一段时间的时间状语,必须将动词改为延续性动词。

由非延续性动词到延续性动词的转换

如: fall asleep (ill) →be asleep (ill) get to know→ know

begin,(start)→ be on open →be open buy→ have get up→ be up die→ be dead go out→ be out come→ be in close→be closed arrive→be here join→be in, be a +名词 finish( end )→be over

leave, move →be away borrow →keep

go to school→be a student catch(a cold)→ have(a cold)

begin to study→study come back→be back

put on→wear 或be on

如:He has been a soldier for three years.他参军三年了。

His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世二年了。

The film has been on for 5 minutes.电影已开始五分钟了。

We have studied English for three years. 我们(开始)学英语已三年了。

【小试牛刀】

1、Both his parents look sad. Maybe they _______what’s happened to him .

A. knew B. have known C. must know D. will know

2、He has _______ been to Shanghai, has he?

A. already B. never C. ever D. still

3、Have you met Mr. Li ______?

A. just B. ago C.before D.a moment ago

4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year .

A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written

5、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .

A. was; studying B. will; study

C. has; studied D. are; studying

6.—Our country ______ a lot so far .

—Yes. I hope it will be even ______.

A. has changed ; well B. changed; good

C. has changed ; better D. changed; better

二.句型转换

1、He has never surfed, (改成反意疑问句)

2、 (对划线部分提问)

have they been here?

3、The old man _________ last year.

He for a year. (die) (动词填空)

4、This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换)

This factory ________ for twenty years.

5、Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

Miss Gao ________ _______ ________ ________ an hour.

6、Her mother has been a Party member for three years .(同义句)

Her mother _______ the Party three years ________.

7、The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换)

_______ two years ________ the Green family moved to France.

【能力提升】

完型填空

Once there was a king who offered a prize to the artist who would paint the best picture of peace. Many artists The king looked at all the pictures. But there

were only two he really liked, and he had to choose them.

One picture was of a lake. The lake was a perfect mirror for peaceful high mountains all around it. Overhead was a blue sky with white soft clouds. All that saw this picture it was a perfect picture of peace.

The other picture had , too. But these were rugged (崎岖的) and bare (光秃的). Above was an angry sky, from which rain fell and in which lightning played. Down the side of the mountain was a waterfall This did not look peaceful . But when the king looked closely, he saw behind the waterfall a bush in the crack (裂缝) in the rock. In the bush a mother bird had built her nest (鸟窝). She sat on her nest, watching the running water.

After the king compared the two pictures he chose the second picture explained, "Peace does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble, or hard work. Peace means when facing unhappy situations, you can still be calm in your 1. A. argued B. invited C. tried D. invented

2. A. between B. except C. within D. through

3. A. calm B. round C. small D. deep

4. A. announced B. thought C. doubted D. promised

5. A. lakes B. clouds C. mirrors D. mountains

6. A. at all B. at last C. at once D. at present

7. A. lying B. growing C. dying D. moving

8. A. actively B. carefully C. angrily D. widely

9. A. so B. but C. or D. And

10. A. voice B. world C. heart D. view

【作文】 . There are some differences between a Chinese class and an American class.Let’s have a look.In China,students call their teachers with “Mr” or “Miss”. In class they always listen to teachers and take notes carefully.If they want to give their own ideas,they put up their hands first. However,in America ,students sit around the desks,face to face.They have pretty relaxed classes.They can even drink coffee or

juice during classes.Also,they can speak up in classroom freely.Different countries have different cultures.But I think Chinese class is better.We should be strict in our s

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