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八上英语短语

发布时间:2013-12-14 14:49:59  

1. a few + pl.n (可数名词复数): 有些...几个,少数...few + pl.n (可数名词复数): 几乎没有的...

a little + un (不可数名词): 有一点点...少数的... little+ un(不可数名词): 几乎没有的...

2. a lot 很非常,常常(放在动词短语后)thanks a lot learn a lot travel a lot

3. a lot of + pl.n =many 大量,许多 a lot of + un =much

4. play the accordion 拉手风琴

5. add...to... 把...加到...上

6. a piece of advice(+ un) 一条建议 a suggestion(可数名词) 一条建议

7.时间段+ago:...以前(过去时的标志)eg: 3 years ago(3年前)

8. all over the world 全世界 all over China 全中国

9. be angry with sb 生某人的气

10. as for 至于,关于

11. at themoment 此时;现在 = now (现在进行时的标志)

12. at the same time 同时

13. A+am/is/are+the same as+B A与B是一样

14. get one’s autograph 得到某人的亲笔签名

15. be away from sp 从…离开 be away to sp 离开去某地 go away 离开

B

16. keep the balance of 保持…均衡 eat a balanced diet 饮食均衡

17. be good at +n/doing 擅长···;在···方面做的好 =do well in +n/doing

18. beat +人 /团体组织 打败某人,战胜某人

win an award 赢得一个奖项 win the match 赢得一场比赛 win first prize 赢得一等奖

19.because of+人/物/代/doing(因为,由于)= because+句子

20.begin=start+to do/doing 开始干···

20. begin with 以…开始 end with 以…结束

21. between…and…在…之间,中间

22. borrow sth from sb从某人那儿借入某物 lend sth to sb: 借给某人某物

23. both A and B +are/were/v原… A和B两个都…

24. brown bread 黑面包

25. go to sp by bike/boat/bus/car 乘坐…去某地

C

26. a boy called·· 一个被叫做…的男孩

27. go camping 去野营

28. take good care of =took after…well 照顾…照管…关心…

29. do chores 做家务杂务

30. go to the cinema 去看电影 = go to the movies = go to a movie = go to the movie

theater

31. 互为反义 A地be close toB地 A地离 B地很近 be far from A地离 B地很远

32. a clothing store 一个衣服店

33. come over to sp /sb 顺便来访···

34. communicate with sb 与某人沟通communicate better with sb 与某人更好地交流、沟通

35. computer science 计算机科学

36. go to the concert 去听音乐会give/have a concert 举行音乐会

37. a cup of… 一杯… two cups of…

38. cut up 切碎

D

have a busy (wonderful) day off: 度过一个···的休息日

see a dentist 看牙医

depend on 视···而定,决定于

decide on 决定在···上

decide to do 决定干···

be different from ···与···不同

be the same as ···与···相同

do chores 处理琐事;干家务

do the dishes 洗餐具

do the laundry 洗衣服

drive to sp 驱车去某地

go for a drive 开车去兜风

E

exchange student 交换生

F

be famous for ···因···而出名

be famous as ···作为···而出名

feed 羊 on 草 用草喂羊

feed 草 to 羊 把草喂给羊

have a fever 发烧;发热

finish doing sth 结束干···;干完···

go fishing 去钓鱼

keep fit = keep healthy = keep in good health 保持健康

fold one's clothes 叠衣服

go to sp on foot=walk to sp 走着去某地

forbid sb (to) do sth 禁止某人干···

forbid doing sth 禁止干···;不允许干···

forget to do 忘记去干···

forget doing 忘记已干过···

remember to do 记着去干···

remember doing 记着只干过···

in future 从今之后

in the future 在将来

G

get+形容词=become+形容词 变得··· get (go) back to sp 回到某地来

play golf 打高尔夫球

get good grades 取得好成绩

green onion(s) 嫩洋葱;葱(带茎叶的) grow up 成长;长大

H

hang(hung) out with sb 和某人一起闲荡、闲逛 hardly ever 几乎不;几乎没有

hate to do sth 不喜欢干···

hate doing sth 不喜欢干···

have a cold 感冒

have a headache 头疼

have a stomachache 胃疼;肚子疼

have a toothache 牙疼

hear sb do sth 听到某人干了···(自始至终) hear sb doing sth 听见某人正在干···

high school (美)中学;(英)中等学校 go hiking 徒步旅行;去远足

hold an exhibition 举办艺术展

host family 寄宿家庭

how far 多远

how long 多久;多长时间

how many(+pl.n可数名词复数) 多少 how much(+un不可数名词) 多少 how often 多久一次

a hundred+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 100个··· two hundred+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 200个··· hundreds of+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 数百个··· I

75.ice skating 滑冰

76.be ill / be sick 病了,身体不适

a sick boy 一个生病的男孩

77.have something in cmmon 在某些方面共有的…

78.play an instrument 演奏一种乐器

79. have / take/ show (an) interest in… 对…感兴趣

=be interested in….

80. (1) invite sb to do sth = ask sb todo sth 邀请某人干某事

(2)invite sb to sp 邀请某人去某地

J

81.junk food 垃圾食品

K

82. keep+形容词:保持…

L

83. be late for+n: 干什么迟到

be late to do sth: 干什么迟到

84. laugh at: 讥笑某人… 笑话某人…

85. leave for sp 动身出发去某地

86. living room 起居室,客厅

87. look at 朝…看

M

88. major in 主修,专研…..

89. make sb do sth 使/让某人干….

make one’ s / the bed 整理床铺

90. What’the matter with sb? .....怎么了? 出了什么事?

=What’wrong with sb?

91. have 3 meals a day 1天吃3顿饭

have breakfast/ lunch / dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

92. take some medicine 吃药

93. have/take a metting 开会

94. mike shake 奶昔

a banana mike shake 一份香蕉奶昔

95. mix up 混合在一起(代词放中间,名词中后可)

96. more than = over 超出…….

97. Mo 97. move to sp 搬到某地去(当sp为here,there,home等地点副词时省略to)

N

98. it’s necessary to do sth 做…是有必要的

99.(1)North America 北美洲

(2)northern China = the north of China 中国北部

(3) southern China = the south of China 中国南部

O

100. of course 当然,自然

101. once a week 一周一次

twice a year 一年二次

3 or 4 times a week 一周3到4次

P

102. part-time job 兼职工作

103. plan to do sth 计划干某事

104. pour….into…. 把…倒进…里

105. primary school 小学

106. computer programmer 电脑程序设计师

Q

107. have a quick breakfast 快速吃早餐

=have breakfast quickly

R

1. radio station 无线电台

on the radio station 通过无线电台

2. the recipe for… 做…的食谱

3. hold the world record for… 保持…的世界纪录

4. have a good rest 好好休息一下

5. (1) ride(动词)a bike to sp 骑自行车去··· =go to sp by bike/

=go to sp on a/the/one’s bike

(2)10 minutes ‘ bike rides(名词) 10分钟的自行车车S

1. go to sp by sea 坐船去…

=go to sp by ship/boat

2. send sb sth = send sth to sb 把某物寄给某人 send sb to do sth 派遣某人干某事

3. take/have a shower 淋浴

4 .go sightseething 去观光游览

5. go skating 去滑冰

go skateboarding 踏滑板运动

6. sleep late 睡过头; 起的晩

7 .a slice of+un(不可数名词) : 一片…

turkey slices 火鸡片

8 .(1)something interesting 修饰不

(2)anything different 定代词/副词

(3)somewhere interesting 的形容词

(4)anywhere quiet and beautiful 放在其后

9. have a sore back/throat 背痛/咽喉痛

10. stay/get/be+stressed out 有压力的,紧张的

11. have a great sucess 得巨大的成功

a successful man 一个成功的人

12. surf the Internet 网上冲浪

13. sweep the floor 打扫地板

14. swimming pool 游泳池

T

1. table tennis 乓球运动

2. take a vacation =have/go on + a vacation 去度假

3. take out the trash 倒垃圾

4. take part in =join in +活动 参加… 参与…

区别join+人/团体/组织

5. talent show 才艺表演注意: talented为形容词:有天赋的

6. the day after tomorrow 后天

the day before yesteday 前天

7. too…to… 太…以至不能···

=so+形/副+that+否定句

=not+已知道的形/副的反义词+enough to do···

8. tour the U.S. 在美国旅行 (tourist 名词:旅行者;游客)

9. go to sp by train 坐火车去…

= take train to sp = go to sp on the train

10. travel to sp 到某地去旅行

11. have tennis training 进行网球训练

12. try to do sth 设法去努力干…

try doing sth 试着用某一方法去干某事

try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力干

13. turn on/off/up/down 打开/关上/放大/关小

U

1. go to university 去上大学

2 .not…until··· 直到…才…;不到…不

eg:He isn’t going to leave until his friend comes back

直到他的朋友回来,他才打算离开。

W

1. the way to sp 去哪里的路

the way to do sth 干…的方法

2. the whole year = all the year 一整年

3. work on 从事;忙于

4. worry about··· 为···而担心;焦虑

=be worried about···

Y

1. have a yard sale 进行庭院旧货出售

2. I’m not sure yet. 至今我还不确定

补充:修饰形容词.副词.原级的词有:(1)very (2)quite [十分(]3)pretty [相当] (4)really (5)as+形容词原级+as …和…一样 ; not so(as)+形容词原级+as … …不如…

形/副比较级前有用 :much,a little,even,still,a bit,far等修饰

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