Unit 4 Person to person
Vocabulary and structure
1 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in the box.
1 This licence does not ________ beyond the end of May.
2 He earns $8,000 a year ________ she gets at least $20,000.
3 Be __________ in putting things into practice and blazing new trails.
4 Don't ___________ with him. He's preparing for the final exams.
5 On another _________ , he landed in a deserted car park.
6 While this letter provoked speculation, it did not _____ any suspicions.
7 Don't ___________ other people in your trouble.
8 Children who do badly in school tests often _____ themselves to be failures.
9 The exhibition has received a positive ______ from visitors.
10 It is the _________ for men to wear suits on formal occasions.
11 ___________ speaking, we hold all disputes should be settled through friendly negotiations.
12 The waiter __________ whether we would like to sit near the window.
13 In the old days the peasants lived a_______ life.
14 It is __________ that our pilots are given the best possible training.
15 Thanks to acupuncture ________ the patient is getting along very well.
2 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the collocations in the box.
1 There are a lot of us who would like to ______ the world, in some way or another. 2 It's dangerous to put the drugs _______ children.
3 Be sure to __________ the light when you leave the room.
4 The diagram __________show the different stages of the process.
5 Now your company will financially _______ in the red.
6 __________ , wind dilutes and scatters air pollutants, and carries pollen.
7 She often buys clothes ________ and never wears them anymore.
8 The food in England is strange at first but you'll soon ____ it.
9 I've been trying to _________ her for days but she's never at home.
10 ___________ with your sewing while I read you a story.
11 For further details, please _______ Page 426.
12 The prospecting team has traversed ______ the land.
13 Scientists are still unable to _______ as to the probable cause of the earthquake. 4 Choose the best word or expression to complete the sentences.
1 A zero rate of inflation is neither a realistic goal nor ____ desirable.
(a) necessarily (b) almost (c) remarkably (d) plainly
2 If you make a ____ it will get into the papers.
(a) fur (b) fog (c) frog (d) fuss
3 One can either hedge or __ in the spot market for foreign exchange.
(a) speculate (b) specify (c) guess (d) presume
4 In that year the pressure upon our country was ____ painful.
(a) doubted (b) doubtful (c) dubiously (d) undoubtedly
5 The purpose of the theory is to account for these experimental _____ .
(a) find (b) founding (c) findings (d) fund
6 It would be unwise to ___ his anger.
(a) arouse (b) rise (b) arise (d) rouse
7 Who's going to ____ them?
(a) check with (b) check in (c) check out (d) check up on
8 The next _____ of this television movie will be shown on Friday.
(a) prelude (b) interlude (c) episode (d) epic
9 Children have a natural ___ about the world around them.
(a) courage (b) curiosity (c) cube (d) critique
10 An important football game is often played in the midst of an immense _______. (a) rival (b) race (c) ritual (d) rack
11 _____ between the races of the world is a must.
(a) Tolerance (b) Temptation (c) Tale (d) Tolerableness
12 We must try to get rid of our blindness and raise the level of our political ________. (a) perception (b) award (c) awe (d) awareness
13 She tripped and went down with a _ ____.
(a) bump (b) crash (c) collision (d) jar
Translate the passage into English, using the words and expressions in the box.
朋友。近年来，随着技术的不断发展，手机的价格下降了。事实上，价格越低买手机的人就越多。但手机也会给人们 生活带来负面影响，比如人们有时过度依赖手机，一旦用手机联系不上，或者出门没有带上手机， 人们往往会大惊小怪或者感到不舒服，甚至引起彼此间的误解。
Reading comprehension (reading in depth)
1 There is a passage with ten blanks. You are requested to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Eye contact is one way of measuring the degree of closeness of relationship between two speakers, although there are cultural variations in the meaning of eye contact. In the Middle East, for example, it is considered extremely (1)________ for a woman to let a man catch her eye, let alone return his gaze. Social psychologist Michael Argyle observes that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than those who are (2)_________ or hostile towards each other. And the longer the (3)_______of the gaze, the more likely it is that the listener is more interested in the person who is speaking, than the actual topic of conversation. Frequently looking down can (4)________submissiveness or embarrassment. Looking away repeatedly may express boredom or dislike. Women tend to (5)_______in more eye contract than men, especially when talking to other women.
But too steady eye contact can make one feel uneasy at times. Most people become uncomfortable under the (6)______gaze of a stare. One scientist suggests that perhaps one reason that man becomes tense under the force of a stare is in his biological ancestors: In apes, a stare (7)_______ aggressiveness and hostility. The person who insistently fixes his eyes on our face is often more successful in (8)________ our dislike than impressing us with his directness and sincerity.
(9) ______ , smile cannot always be interpreted as a sign of friendliness. The person who smiles almost constantly and with little apparent reason makes us uneasy. Even though he may believe that he is expressing friendliness, he may really seem nervous and
(10)________.In other animals, bared teeth are a warning gesture, a danger sign.