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句型转换专题

发布时间:2013-12-14 15:46:28  

? 句型转换题是中考常见题型,它主要用来 考查大家对句子结构的构成、变化的掌握 及在行文中的运用等,类型繁多。在句型 转换中一定要注意时态,记清单词的搭配。 分类介绍如下:

[第一类] 改成否定句
? 1. Open the door, please. ? Don’t open the door, please. ? 2.She can make a paper plane. ? She can’t make a paper plane.

? 3.Kate has lunch at twelve every day. ? Kate doesn’t have lunch at twelve every day.
? 4.They do their homework on Sundays. ? They don’t do their homework on Sundays. ? 5.He did his homework at school yesterday. ? He didn’t do his homework at school yesterday.

? 6. There are some students in the classroom. ? There aren’t any students in the classroom. ? 7. Joy read the story about Lei Feng. ? Joy didn’t read the story about Lei Feng.

? 8. I think Tom is there. ? I don’t think Tom is there.
? 9. There was something new on the newspaper. ? There wasn’t anything new on the newspaper. ? 10. My foot hurt. ? My foot didn’t hurt.

? 归纳:把肯定句改成否定句分以下情况:
? 1.肯定祈使句变否定句,在句首加Don’t;
? 2.句中有be动词或助动词的,在be动词或助动词后加not;

? 3.句中有情态动词的(can,should,must,would, had better, will, shall, could,),在情态动词后面加not;(have to除外)
? 4.句中没有be动词和情态动词的,在动词前加don’t或doesn’t或didn’t ; ? ① 句中动词为原形的,加don’t . ? 如: I like apples. ? don’t like apples. I ? ②句中动词为三单式的,加doesn’t,并将三单式的动词还原成原形。 ? 如:He likes apples.?He doesn’t like apples. ? ③时态为过去时的,要加didn’t, 而且动词过去式要改为原形; ? 5.肯定句中的some, something, somebody...在否定句中应改为any, anything, anybody...

[第二类] 改为疑问句
? <1>变一般疑问句
? 1.His birthday is on the twentieth of November. ? Is his birthday on the twentieth of November? ? 2.Somebody is in the room. ? Is anybody in the room? ? 3.I have to finish my homework first. ? Do you have to finish my homework first? ? 4.His father goes to work by bus. ? Does his father go to work by bus? ? 5.Wei Hua and his good friends read an interesting story. Did Wei Hua and his good friends read an interesting story?

? 6.I’d like to have fish and vegetables for lunch. ? Would you like to have fish and vegetables for lunch? ? 7.Peter had some noodles for lunch today. ? Did Peter have any noodles for lunch today? ? 8.There’s something to eat in the cupboard. ? Is there anything to eat in the cupboard?

? 9.Ann returned the book to the library yesterday. ? Did Ann return the book to the library yesterday?
? 10.He was having breakfast at 7 this morning. ? Was he having breakfast at 7 this morning?

归纳

:变一般疑问句时
? a. 含有be动词、情态动词(have to除外)的句子, 只需将它们移至句首,第一个字母变为大写,句 尾改为问号即可。
? b.含有实义动词的句子,在实义动词前加do, does, did等。变化过程中也要注意某些词语和人 称的变化。

<2>变选择疑问句
? 1.John is an American. (用a Canadian改为选择疑问句) Is John an American or a Canadian? ? 2.Do you want to live in a small town?(用a big city改为选择疑问句)

Do you want to live in a small town or a big city?

归纳:变选择疑问句时,
? 如果该句是疑问句,则在后面直接加“or+另一选择部分” 就行了; ? 若是陈述句,则要先变成一般疑问句。

注意:回答选择疑问句时,一般在所提供的备选对象范围

内选择,有时也要视具体情况作灵活处理,但不能用Yes / No来回答;一般用一个完整的陈述句或其简略形式,主 语和谓语均省略。常用的不定代词有all(三者或三者以上 都), both(二者都), either(二者中任意之一), neither (二者都不), none(三者或三者以上都不)。在运用时 要由上下文的语境来决定使用哪一个不定代词。
1.─ Are you going to borrow a dictionary or a magazine? C ─ ____. A. Yes, a dictionary B. No, a magazine C. A magazine D. Yes, both 2.─Would you like chicken noodles or beef noodles? ─____. I’d like tomato noodles. B A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None 3.─Which do you like best, coffee, water or juice? D ─_____. I only like tea. A. Both B. Either C. Neither D. None

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

[第三类] 单数句与复数句之间的互变
? 1.That is my book. ? Those are our books. ? 2.She is his student. ? They are their students.

? 3.The boy always does his homework in the study. ? The boys always do their homework in the study.
? 4.He is my twin brother. ? They are my twin brothers.

归纳:
转化时,名词和动词的人称和数,人称代词、物主代词、指 示代词的人称和数都要作相应的变化。

[第四类] 变感叹句
? ? ? ? 1. She runs quickly. How quickly she runs! 2. It’s a nice tie. What a nice tie it is!

? ?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

3. This story-book is very interesting. How interesting the story-book is!
4. She dances so well. How well she dances! 5. The students are listening to the teacher carefully. How carefully the students are listening to the teacher! 6. We had a good time in summer holidays. What a good time we had in summer holidays! 7. They are happy to see each other. How happy they are to see each other!

归纳:将陈述句变成感叹句,要分以下几步:
? 第一步:“一断”;在陈述句的谓语动词后将句子划断; ? 第二步:“二去”;斜线后的形容词、副词的修饰语要去 掉; ? 第三步:“三添”;

若斜线后部分的中心词是形容词、副 词,则在斜线后部分的前面加how。如果中心词是名词, 就加what。 ? 第四步:“加感叹号”;将陈述句句末的句号改为感叹号。

[第五类] 同义转换
? ? ? ? ? ? 1. Lin Tao is good at physics. Lin Tao does well in physics. 2. It took him two hours to play with computers last night. He spent two hours playing with computers last night. 3. She doesn’t want to drink milk now. She doesn’t ______ ______ _____ feel like drinking milk now.

? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?

4. Don’t worry. I’ll look after your baby carefully. take good care of Don’t worry. I’ll _____ ______ ______ ______ your baby.
5. How sweet her voice is! What sweet voice ______ _____ ______ she has! 6. I bought this dictionary for 58 yuan. paid for I ______ 58 yuan ______ this dictionary. 7. She isn’t free now. She’s at work. busy ______. She is ______ working

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

8. Maths is more difficult than physics. Physics is ______ difficult than maths. less 9. I can help my father with the farm work, or my brother can help him with it. Both and can work ____ my brother ____ I ____ _____ my father with the farm work. 10. What other things would you like? ____ ____ would you like? What else 11. You mustn’t put the plastic bags here and there. throw around You mustn’t ______ the plastic bags ______.

? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?

12. Jim doesn’t know how he can swim. Jim doesn’t know ______ ______ ______. how to swim
13. He lent me a ruler last week. borrowed a ruler from I ________ _____ ____ ______ him 14. He was too tired to walk. He was ___ tired that he ___ so

last week.

____ ____. can’t walk

15. We will have two weeks’ holiday. We will have a two-week holiday..

? 16. His father took a plane to the USA three days ago. flied to ? Three days ago his father ______ ______ the USA. ? 17. To learn a foreign language is not easy. It’s not ___ to ? ____ ____ easy ____ learn a foreign language.

? 18. What do you think of the TV play? ? How ___ ___ ____ the TV play? ___ do you like
? 19. How is the weather in Nanjing? What like ? ______ the weather ____ in Nanjing? ? 20.When she was in the park, she could hear the birds. The birds were singing beautifully. ? When she was in the park, she could hear ____ ______ ______ ______. the birds singing beautifully. ? 21. My father isn’t a history teacher. My mother isn’t a history teacher, either. ? Neither my father nor my mother is a history teacher.

? 22. David was so careless that he didn’t find the mistakes in his test paper. ? David was too careless to find the mistakes in his text paper.

[第六类] 对划线部分提问
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. Lila is studying in the sun. Who is studying in the sun? 2.I come to school by bike. How do you come to school? 3.There is a sheep on the hill. How many sheep are there on the hill? 4.

He never goes to see a film. How often does he go to see a film? 5.He is a 1.65-metre-tall man. How tall is he?

? ?
? ? ? ?

6.The boy close to Tom is Liu Bing. Who is the boy close to Tom?
7.It’s about 4 li from my home to school. How far is it from your home to school? 8.I will stay in Guangzhou for a month. How long will you stay in Guangzhou?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

9.There is one cup of milk on the table. What is there on the table? 10.The weather is too cold. How is the weather? 11.Tom went to Beijing for his holiday last summer. Where did Tom go to for his holiday last summer? 12.I was born in May,1992. When was you born?

? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?

13.It’s eleven a.m. What time is it?
14.He goes shopping once a month. What does he do once a month? 15.She sometimes go hiking on weekends. What does she sometimes do on weekends? 16.I think it’s good for my health. Who think it’s good for my heath?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

17.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 18.A good friend can make me laugh. What can a good friend make me do? 19.Tina got Jack Denis’ autograph. Whose autograph did Tina get?

How long are you going to Tibet?

20.Mozart started writing music when he was four years old. When did Mozart start writing music? 21. I met Jim in the park the day before yesterday. Who and where did you meet the day before yesterday? 22.I’m going to study computer science. What are you going to do?

? ?
? ? ?

23.Mr. Green is teaching them English. What is Mr.Green doing?
24.He was playing basketball at four yesterday afternoon. What was he doing at four yesterday afternoon? 25.Those flowers are red. ?What color are those flowers?

归纳:变特殊疑问句:
? 一、对主语提问:只需选择一个恰当的疑问词代替划线部 分,句子的语序不变,指人用who, 指物用what。 ? 二、对谓语提问:不管后面接宾语与否,疑问词都用what, 并用do的适当形式代替谓语部分。 ? 三、其他:根据划线部分不同意思,选择不同的疑问代词。 指人时一般用who;指时间时用when或what time;指职 业时,用what;指颜色时用what colour; 指距离时用how far;指地点用where, 表示原因用why, 表示程度、方式用 how, 表示频度用how often,表示时间段用how long等。

? 四、对混合成分提问:同时对两个或两个以上的提问时, 可以用and把几个疑问词连起来放在句首。


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