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Unit 10 第10单元A

发布时间:2013-12-14 16:44:10  

Unit 10
By the time I got outside, the bus had
already left. Section A Period 1

Words & Expressions
(P76)
by the time 到……时候

gotten
oversleep go off

get 的过去分词
睡过头;睡得过久 (闹钟) 闹响

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

brush my teeth

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
take a shower

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
have a breakfast

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

go to school

Have you ever been late for school?
The bell rang
8:00am 8:15

now

I got to school

By the time I got to school, the bell had rung.

Have you ever done some good deeds?
I cleaned up the yard
17:00am 17:15

now

My mom came back
By the time my mom came back home ,I had cleaned up the yard.

Listening (1b: P76)
Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences. 1. By the time I got up, my brother ____ already ______ in the shower. gotten had

2. By the time I got outside, the bus ____ had already ___. left

3. When I got to school, I realized I had ___ left ___ my backpack at home.

Listening (2a, 2b: P77)
Give the pictures correct order.

Fill in the blanks.
got home When I ________ (get home), I realized had left _______ (realize) I ________ (leave) my keys in the backpack. got By the time I ____ (get) back to had rung school, the bell _________ (ring). By the time I walked (walk) into ______ class, the teacher had started (start) __________ teaching already.

Make up an ending for the story and share it with your partner.

The teacher looked at Tina
and …

1. By the time I got up…

When I got to school…
when 和by the time引导的时间状语从句 by the time 到……时候为止,指从过去 某一点到,从句所示的时间为止,这一 时间段。when当……时候,指过去的某 一时间点。从句用一般现在时,主句为 过去完成时。

eg.By the time she got up, her brother had already gone into the bathroom.

辨析:get, arrive 与 reach 这三个词都可以用来表示“到达”,但是 用 法不同。 1)get和arrive都是不及物动词,其后只能 跟表示地点的副词,若是跟名词则须再 加介词,即get to +地点名词,arrive in / at +地点名词(in 之后跟表示大地方 的词,at之后跟表示小地方的词)。若 是只说“到达”,而不指出到达哪里,

2)reach为及物动词,其后既可跟名词 也可跟副词。例如: I reached Beijing the day before yesterday. 我前天到的北京。

We reached here on foot.
我们步行到这儿的。

How did you get / arrive there? 你怎么到那儿的? I got to / arrived in Beijing the day before yesterday. 我前天到的北京。 When do you often get to / arrive at school? 你经常什么时候到校? When will you arrive? 你什么时候到?

Grammar Focus (P77)
1. Past perfect Tense 过去完成时 构成:had+过去分词

2. 过去完成时可以

表示过去某一时刻
或某一动作之前完成的动作或呈现 的状态。也就是说发生在“过去的 过去”。

6:00

7:00

现在

By the time I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.

用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. Father told me that he __________ (write) had written a new book. 2. Mother had had(have) breakfast before ______ seven o’clock that morning. 3. By the end of last week, we had learned _________ (learn) 50 English songs. 4. The teacher said he ___ never _____ made had (make) such a foolish mistake before.

had taught 5. Mr Smith __________ (teach) Japanese at this school since 1999. 6. Li Hong had searched (search) the ___________

Internet for two hours before she
found what she wanted.

Translation
1.我到家时她已经睡了。 By the time I got home, she had already gone to bed. 2.到黄昏时消息已传遍全球。 By dusk the news had spread through the world.

Listen to the listening material repeatedly and get familiar with the expressions used to narrate past events.


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