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九种时态及习题

发布时间:2013-12-14 16:44:13  

常 见 的 七 种 时 态

一、一般现在时:

表示经常或习惯性的动作,句子中常有often, always等时间状语; 表示客观规律和永恒真理等。S(撕他的嘴)

动词+s的变化规则:

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

4.以“元音字母+y”结尾的,直接加-s,如:boys

二、现在进行时:

表说话时或目前一段时间内正在进行的活动。Be+动词ing

动词加ing的变化规则:

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

4、以ie结尾的,变ie为y再加ing,如:lie-lying

三、现在完成时:

表示动作发生在过去,完成在过去,但强调与现在情况仍有联系,其结果或影响仍存在。现在完成时有一些标志性的时间状语:for + 时间段;since + 时间点。have\has+动词ed

四、一般过去时:

表在过去某个特定时间发生且完成的动作,或过去习惯性动作,不强调对现在的影响,只说明过去。常跟明确的过去时间连用,如:yesterday。动词ed

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.以“元音字母+y”结尾的,直接加-ed,如:played

6.不规则动词过去式:am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

五、 过去进行时:

表示过去某个时间点或某段时间内正在发生的动作。Be动词过去式+动词ing

六、过去完成时:

表示过去某个时间之前已经完成的动作,即过去完成时的动作发生在“过去的过去”。 had+动词ed

七、 一般将来时:

表在将来某个时间会发生的动作或情况。常和tomorrow, next year, in 2008等表示将来的时间状语连用, 基本结构:①be going to + do;②will+ do.

常 见 的 七 种 时 态

一般现在时:

1.My mother ____(work) in a primary school and I ____ (study) in the same school.

2.I ____ (have) a bike and Ben ____ (have) a bike, too.

3. My sister ____ (be) a pupil. She ____ (study) very hard.

4. Who ___ (cook) breakfast for your family?

5. My father is a teacher. He ____ (teach) Chinese in a primary school.

6. He ____ (be) strong. He can ___ (carry) the heavy box.

7. John ____ (go) to school by bike every day.

8. Kate often ___ (play) table tennis with her friends.

9. My mother often ___ (go) shopping and ___ (buy) some vegetbales in the market.

10. --- Who ____ (study) hardest in your class?

现在进行时:

1. Listen! Who ____ (speak) English in the library?

2. She _____ (like) music. Now she _____ (sing).

3. Don't _____ (run) in the street.

4. _____ you _____ (go) to school every day?

5. Class is over. The pupils ______ (play) games.

6. It's 6:30. I _____(get) up.

7. Look, the pupils ____ (have) an English class.

8. My mother _____ (wash) the bowls in the kitchen now.

9. He ____ (like) art very much. He ____ (draw) a horse now.

10. Let the children go away. They ____ (make) noise here.

一般将来时:

1. We____ (visit) the Great Wall next month.

2. My father _____ (fly) to Beijing tomorrow.

3. You ____ (have) a seven-day holiday soon. What ___ you ____ (do)?

4. Next week David ____ (visit) the new zoo in Panyu.

5. ____ you _____ (borrow) books from the library tomorrow?

6. My pen is broken. I ____ (buy) a new one this Saturday.

7. They ____ (have)a picnic in the park this Sunday.

8. I ____ (write) a letter this evening.

9. He ____ (make) a kite this Saturday.

10. My mother _____ (cook) some delicious food this weekend.

一般过去时:

1、My father ____ (not stay) at home yesterday. He _____ (go) to Guangzhou.

2. _____ they ______ (visit) the zoo last Sunday?

3. ---Who _____ (teach) you maths last year?--- Mr Liu _____ (do).

4. --- When ____ you ____(take) these photos? --- I ____ (take) them last week.

5. Last Saturday my mother _____ (go) shopping and ____ (buy) me a dress.

6. --- When ____ your brother _____ (get) here?--- He ____ (get) here two days ago.

7. --- ____ Mike ____ (play) computer games.--- No, he ____ . He ____ (go) to see a gilm.

8. --- When ____ you ____ (begin) to learn English? I ____ (begin) to learn English three years ago.

9. I didn't know you ___ here. 10. It ___ hotter yesterday than it ___ today.

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