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Unit1_Friendship单词和短语

发布时间:2013-09-21 10:04:49  

1.短语积累 add up get sth done calm down be concerned about go through set down a series of to do with on purpose at dusk face to face no longer take no notice of

把某物加起来 让某事被做 安静下来;让某人安静下来 关心;担心 经历;遭受;检查;讨论;被通过 放下;记下;让某人下车 一系列 处理 故意地;有目的地 黄昏时 面对面 不再 不注意

suffer from get tired of have trouble with at the moment get along with fall in love with make friends with

受某事之折磨 对某事感到厌烦 做某事有麻烦 目前;现在 与某人相处 爱上某人 与某人交朋友

2. 从上面列举的短语中选择适当的,填入下面的空格中 1) When you have got. 【答案】add up 2) Although he is 20 years old now, he still doesn’t know how to wash clothes. living alone. He even these numbers, you will see how many points you

【答案】has trouble
3) Because he should do. 【答案】took no notice of 4) When John and his wife had some arguments, they would sit down of what the teacher said, he didn’t know what he

together and discuss the problem
【答案】face to face 5) Sorry. I didn’t mean to hurt you

.

. I had wanted to throw at

the dog.
【答案】on purpose 6) Our parents of them.  us all the time while we children seldom take care

【答案】are concerned about
7) He was too scared and didn’t know what 【答案】to do with 8) At the first sight the boy know whether she loved him. 【答案】fell in love with 9) You are now. 【答案】no longer 10) I too much bad luck. I don’t care to have one more.
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the accident.

the pretty girl although he didn’t

a little baby. You must learn to look after yourself

【答案】have gone through

必修1

1.upset adj.心烦意乱的;不适的;不舒服的 vt.(upsetting—upset—upset)使苦恼,使不安;搅乱,打 乱;使肠胃不适;弄翻;打翻 归纳拓展 (1)be upset about/over/at sth.为某事烦心

(2)(sth.)upset sb.(某事)使某人心烦意乱
(sb.)upset sth.(某人)打/弄翻某物 upset a plan打乱计划

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upset one's stomach使(肠胃)不适 There's no point getting upset about it.

犯不着为此事难过。
The sudden change of the weather upset our plan. 天气突变打乱了我们的计划。 Eating fish sometimes upsets my stomach. 有时吃鱼让我的胃很不舒服。

It upset him that nobody had bothered to tell him about
it. 让他不高兴的是,谁也没把这件事告诉他。

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【链接训练】 The protesters ________ the meeting by shouting and

throwing stones at the windows.
A.attended C.upset 【解析】 B.held D.Mixed 考查动词辨析。句意为:抗议者们通过大

喊和朝窗户扔石头的方式扰乱了会议。attend“参加”;

hold“举行”;upset“扰乱,打乱”;mix“混合”,根据
句意可知正确

答案为C项。 【答案】 C

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2.ignore vt. 不理睬;不顾;忽视 归纳拓展

(1)ignore sb./sth.不理睬某人/不知道某事
(2)ignorance n. 无知,愚昧;(对某事)缺乏认识 be in ignorance of/about sth.不知道某事

归纳拓展
(3)ignorant adj. 无知的,愚昧的;没有学识的 be ignorant of/about sth.不知道某事/对某事无知 be ignorant that...不知道?? He ignores the doctor's advice and goes on smoking.

他不顾医生的劝告而继续吸烟。

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I tried to tell her but she ignored me.

我打算告诉她,可是她不理我。
He's completely ignorant about modern technology. 他对现代科技一无所知。 He is in ignorance of Latin.=He is ignorant of Latin. 他不懂拉丁文。

必修1

【链接训练】

The best way to deal with an impolite person is to
________ him. A.ignore 【解析】 B.neglect C.omit D.overlook

ignore sb.“不理睬某人”,符合题意。

neglect “忽略”;omit “省略”;overlook “忽略”。

【答案】

A

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3.concern (1)vt.与??有关,涉及;使担心(不能用于进行时,但

可以用于被动语态)
It is hoped that the department concerned must deal with the matter immediately. 希望有关部门立刻处理此事。 (2)n.[U]关心;担忧;[C]关心的人(或)事

The government expressed their concern for the life of
the laid-off workers. 政府表达了他们对下岗工人生活的关心。

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归纳拓展 (1)concern oneself with/in从事,参与,干涉

concern oneself about/for...担忧,关心??
concern sb./sth.与??有关;关系着?? (2)concerned adj.关心的,挂念的;有关的(用作此义时, 不用于名词前) as/so far as...be concerned就??而言,关于,至于

be concerned with/in与??有关的,涉及到
be concerned about/for关心,挂念

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(3)feel/show concern about/for...担心,挂念?? He doesn't concern himself with politics.

他不关心政治。
Rescuers were concerned about the safety of the men trapped in the quake-stricken area. 救援者们担心困在地震灾区的人们的安全。 She showed great concern about you.她很为你担心。

必修1
【链接训练】 ①Every Chinese was________the 16th Asian Games

________in Guangzhou.
A.concerning about;to be held B.concerned about;to hold

C.concerning about;to hold
D.concerned about;held 【解析】 空一考查be concerned about “关心??; 挂念??”;空二考查过去分词作定语,广州举办第16届亚 运会是过去发生的事情,因此用held作后臵定语,故选D。

【答案】

D

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4.suffer (1)vi.患……病,受……折磨;受痛苦。常用 suffer from 结 构。 ?cold and hunger遭受着饥寒 ? suffer from?the loss of memory患了失忆症 ?a bad stomachache胃疼 ? (2)vt.遭受、经历、忍受不愉快之事 ?pain/hardship经历痛苦/困难 ? suffer(

=experience)?defeat/loss/punishment ?遭受失败/损失/惩罚 ?

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(3)sufferer n.患病者,受苦者 suffering n.(指肉体或精神上遭受的)痛苦,疼痛

She has been suffering from loss of memory since she
had that car accident.那次车祸后她患了失忆症。 He suffered a great deal from headaches. 他头痛得厉害。 Though he is only 15,he suffers much pain.

尽管他才15岁,却遭受了很多痛苦。

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【链接训练】
①Now there are still some people in the west of China________ poverty. A.suffered C.suffering B.suffered from D.suffering from

【解析】

suffer作及物动词时,意为“遭受,蒙受,

经历”,后常跟pain/loss/defeat及表示疾病的名词。suffer作 不及物动词时,意为“受??折磨”,常与from构成短语。 此处是现在分词短语作定语,意为“在中国的西部仍然有很 多人处于贫困之中”。 【答案】 D

必修1
②The new plant cannot ________ the cold weather,so the researchers are trying to deal with it.

A.suffer for
C.long for 【解析】 痛苦”。

B.suffer
D.suffer from

此处表示“耐受寒冷天气”,故应用 suffer。

long for 意为“盼望”;suffer from意为“忍受来自??的

【答案】

B

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5.disagree v.不同意;不一致 归纳拓展

(1)disagree with sb.about/on sth.与??持不同意见
disagree with sb.(尤指食物)使(某人)不舒服 disagree with (doing) sth.不赞成(做)某事 (2)disagree 的反义词是 agree,二者用法相近。 agree with同意??;(气候、食物等)适合某人 agree to...赞成??;同意计划、建议或条件等 agree on...就??取得一致意见和看法

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(3)disagree 与 agree 的名词形式分别为:disagreement, agreement

arrive at/come to/reach/make/conclude an agreement 达
成协议;取得一致意见 keep to/stick to an agreement 履行、遵守协议 break an agreement 违背协议 I disagree with you about this.

在这一点上我和你意见不一致。
Strawberries disagree with me.我一吃草莓就不舒服。

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I am in total disagreement with you as to the value of your plan.对于你计划的价值我的看法与你的完全两样。

They have agreed to my suggestion about the holiday.
他们已同意了我关于度假的建议。 They have made an agreement about the plan. 他们在这个计划上达成了一致。

必修1
【链接训练】 ①I disagree ________ them ________ most things.

A.with;to
C.不填;on

B.with;on
D.with;to

【解析】
观点不同。

disagree with sb.on sth.意为“在某事上与某

人持不同意见”。句意为:在大多数事情上,我和他们所持

【答案】

B

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②An agreement ________ by the villagers ________ the manager of that company.A new car factory will soon be set

up.
A.has been made;to C.has asked;after 【解析】 B.has been signed;wit

h D.was signed;at

sign an agreement意思是“签署协议”,为

固定搭配。表示“与某人签署协议”,用sign an agreement

with sb.。
【答案】 B

必修1

必修1
归纳拓展 (2)addition n.加法;增加;增添

in addition另外;加之
in addition to此外;除??之外 Please add up and see how much money we can get. 把这些数字加起来,看我们能赚多少钱。 The numbers add up to exactly 100.

这些数字的总数恰好是100。

必修1
The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather added to the helplessness of the crew at sea. 轮船的引擎失灵了,糟糕的天气更增加了海上船员的 无助。 Remember to add in the cost of drinks. 记得把饮料费加进去。

必修1
【链接训练】 ①Now there is no time left for ________ new stories

because the time for printing has come.
A.adding C.adding up to 【解析】 B.adding up D.adding to

考查动词add及其相关短语。句意为:现在

没有时间再添加新故事了,因为到印刷的时间了。add“增

加,增添”,符合题意。短语add to也是“增添,增加”之
意,但后面常接抽象名词,如difficulty,pleasure等。 【答案】 A

必修1
②I can't believe it!The money John spent within a month ________ more than 10,000 dollars. A.added C.added up to 【解析】 【答案】 B.added to D.was added up

add up to意为“共计,总计”,符合题意。 C

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2.get along with与??相处;进展(=get on with) get along/on with sb.同某人相处

get along/on with sth.某事进展/进行??
All the students in this class are getting along/on with each other very well.这个班级的同学们相处很融洽。 How is he getting along/on with his French? 他的法语进展如何?

注意:当表示相处融洽、进展顺利时,可以在along或
on后面加上well,nicely,fine等副词来修饰。

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归纳拓展 get across使通过,使??理解/明白

get around/about(消息)传开;旅行
get away from摆脱;离开 get down to开始着手做 get in收割;到达 get on上车 get over克服,摆脱 get off下车 get rid of除去

get together聚会,联欢

必修1
【链接训练】 ①Mr.Wang is a person who is easy ________.

A.to get along with
C.to be gotten along 【解析】

B.to get along
D.getting along with

考查get along with的用法。在定语从句中,

介词with和主语构成介宾关系,此处用动词不定式的主动形 式表示被动意义。

【答案】

A

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②With her help I can ________ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. A.get over C.get along 【解析】 【答案】 B.get in D.get through

get along/on其后加well,nicely,badly等表

示同某人相处得(不)好;某事进展得(不)顺利。 C

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3.go through (1)=experience 经历,经受 (2)=study or examine closely 仔细检查 (3)=

use up or get through 用完;做完 (4)=read through 浏览,查阅

(5)=pass(through)/get through 通过;经过
归纳拓展 get through 穿过,(被)通过;完成;(电话)接通 pass through 走过,路过 live through 经历

必修1
look through 浏览;仔细查看,看穿 pull through(大病,手术后)康复

注意:与 through 有关的短语都有“从开始到结束,从
头至尾”的含义。 They went through one hardship after another. 他们经历了一个又一个的磨难。 In less than 6 months,he went through his savings of a

lifetime.不到6个月他就把一生的积蓄花光了。
I am used to going through newspapers after supper. 我习惯晚饭后看会儿报纸。

必修1
【链接训练】 ①Those who have________floods and sandstorms know

the importance of environmental protection.
A.gone through C.gone across 【解析】 B.gone over D.gone down

考查动词短语辨析。句意为:那些经历过

洪水和沙尘暴的人们知道环境保护的重要性。go through 此

处表示“经历,经受”,符合语境。go over “复习”;没
有go across这一搭配;go down “下去,下沉”。 【答案】 A

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②He was disappointed that his plan did not ________ at the meeting. A.go on C.go through 【解析】 B.go off D.go out

go on“继续进行”;go off“离开;爆炸”;

go through“经历,经过”,在此句中是“(法律、议案、建 议等)被通过”。go out“出去;熄灭”。 【答案】 C

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4.join in参加,加入 同类辨析

join,join in,take part in,attend与participate
(1)join表示“加入党派、组织、社团、俱乐部”等某一 组织或团体并成为其中一员,如join the army/club参军/加入 俱乐部。 (2)join in表示“参加正进行的某项活动”,亦可说join

sb.in (doing) sth.,表示“加入某人一起做某事”。

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(3)take part in表示“参加会议或者群众性活动”,侧 重说明主语参加并发挥一定作用,part前若有修饰语,则要 加 不 定 冠 词 , 如 take (an active) part in a party/school activities (积极)参加聚会/学校活动。 (4)attend表示“出席或参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、

典礼;上课、上学、听报告”,为正式用语。
(5)participate为正式用语,和介词in连用,表示积极地 参与。 My brother joined the army three years ago. 三年前,我弟弟参军了。

必修1
I invite him to join us in the argument between us. 我邀请他参加我们的辩论。

How many countries took part in the 16th Asian Games
in Guangzhou? 有多少国家参加了第16届广州亚运会? We'll attend an important meeting tomorrow. 我们明天将参加一个重要会议。

We want to encourage students to participate fully in
the running of the college. 我们想鼓励学生完全参与学院的管理工作。

必修1
【链接训练】
用 join,join in

,take part in,attend 填空 ①At the age of eight,he ________ a group of child dancers. ②The children ________ the English Evening and had a

good time.
③He didn't ________ school yesterday because of illness. ④Zhou Enlai ________ the student movements actively when he was at school.

【答案】①joined ②joined in ③attend ④took part in


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