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初中英语时态超好讲解

发布时间:2013-12-15 10:36:25  

初中英语语法(1)
万道凯

动词的时态

动词的时态结构歌谣
一 一般现在时,动词用原型; 般 单数三人称,动词加“s” 。 时
I work. He works. I worked.

一般过去时,动词加“ed”。

现在进行时, 进 am,is,are,-ing。 行 过去进行时, 时 was,were,-ing。
例句:I am working. 例句:I was working.

一般将来时, 将 will加原型。 来 过去将来时, 时 would加原型。
I will work. I would work.

现在完成时, 完 have/has加过分。 成 过去完成时, 时 had 加过分。 I have worked. I had worked.

各种时态的用法
一、一般现在时 1.用法:A.现在经常性的动作或状态 B.客观事实和真理。 2.标志词:always,usually,often, sometimes, never,every day /week /month/year/…
gets 1.The boy usually___(get) to school early. 2.Light travels ______(travel)faster than sound.

二、一般过去时 1.用法:过去的动作或状态。 2.标志词:
yesterday,the day before yesterday, three days ago, last night/week/month…,in the past;just now=a moment ago
点击中考
Li Ming didn’t understand what American people said,_____? (2004北京市中考) A.couldn’t he B.could he C.didn’t he D.did he

三、现在进行时
1.用法: A.现刻动作:目前正在发生的动作。 B.现阶段动作:目前一个时期一直在进 行的动作,此刻不一定在进行。 2.标志词:now,Look! Listen!
中考模拟: --Mike, who____football in the yard? --Let me go and see. (2004顺义) A.has played B.will play C.was playing D.is playing

1.Look!What___the children___ over there? A.are;do B.are;doing C.is;do D.is doing 2.Those workers____here these months. A.are work B.are worked C.work D.are working 3.--How__you___along with your workmates? --Very well. A.do;get B.will;get C.can;get D.are;getting 4.--Must I water the flowers now? --No, you needn’t. Jack_____them.
A.is watering C.waters B.watering D.is watered

注意
1.--Lucy! Would you like to give me a hand? --OK. I____. A.will come B.come C.am coming D.would come

A.有几个瞬间动词可以用现在进行时表将 来,如:begin,start,come,go,leave。

2.--When____you____for Toronto? --Tomorrow. A.do;leave B.are;leaving C.will;leaving D.shall;leave

B.现在进行时和always连用,表示说话 人较强烈的感情色彩。
? The boy ____always ____ us! (夸赞) A.is;helping B.does;help C.can;help D./;help ?You ____ always _____ the same mistake! (责备) A.do;make B.does;make C.is;making D.are;making

四、过去进行时 1.用法:过去某时正在进行的动作。 2.标志词:at that time,this time yesterday,then,when…
1.Father______when I _____yesterday morning.
A.still slept,got up B.was still sleeping,got up C.is sleeping,got up D.sleeps,get up
2.She___apples in her garden when I____to see her yesterday.  A.picked,went C.picked,was going B.was picking, went D.was picking,was going

五、一般将来时 1.

用法:将来的动作或状态。 2.结构:will (第一人称) +V.(原型) shall be going to 3.标志词:tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,in three days,in (the) future,next week/month/term…, from now on

4.shall/will/be going to之间的区别: 1 shall往往用于第一人称疑问句, will可用于任何人称。
2

will常用于表邀请或命令时以及 带有意愿色彩。

3

计划决定要做某事,一般用be going to do 结构。

1.There___two meetings tomorrow afternoon. A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have

2.The twins____to the cinema with their parents tonight. A.will go B.would go C.are go D.went
3.---When____we have the meeting? ---At 8. A.are B.shall C.would D.will 4.--When___you___for London? --Next week. A.will;leaving B.are;leaving C.shall;leave D.have;left

六、过去将来时 1.用法:从过去看将要发生的动作。 2.结构:would +v.(原型) was/were/going to
试题:
1.--What did he say yesterday? --He said he____to Sydney next week. A.goes B.will go C.would go D.are going 2.--Did your son fail his English exam once again? --Yes, but he told me he____hard next term. A.studies B.is studying C.will studyD.would study

七、现在完成时 1.用法:
1 2

影响:作业都
做完了,我能出 去玩会儿吗?

过去的动作对现在的影响。 I have finished my homework. 过去的动作持续到现在。 I have stayed here for an hour! 这该死的!我都等了 一个小时了,他怎么 还不来?

现在完成时

过去

现在

2.标志词:
already, just, yet, ever, never, so far(till now/up to now), recently, in the past 3 years, before, since+时间 点,for+时间段

3.现在完成时和一般过去时的异同点: 1 共同点:动作都在过去。 2 不同点:和现在有无关系。(与现
在有关的过去动作用现在完成,与现在 无关的过去动作用一般过去。)

4.易错点:
1

have gone to+地点,表示“去了某地”。
(人已走,尚未回。只用于第三人称。)

They have gone to Europe. (They are not here.)

2

have been to+地点,表示“去过某 地”。(人已回) I have been to Europe. (I am not in Europe now.)
have been in+地点+时间段,表示“在/ 来某地多久”。 I have been in Europe for three weeks. (I am now still in Europe .)

3

5.瞬间动词和延续性动词 若句中出现时间段,则必须使用 延续性动词。瞬间动词和延续性动 词转换关系如下:
begin/start
leave

be on
be away

go there
get home

be there
be home

die
join

be dead
be in / be a member of

open
close get to know borrow buy

be open
be closed know keep have

get married be married come here be here

1.The film began 5 minutes ago. The film___ ___ ___ for 5 minutes. has been on

2.They left an hour ago.
3.The man died a week ago.

have been away They____ ____ ____for an hour. The man___ been dead for a week. has ____ ____

4.He joined the club 3 days ago. H

e___ ____ ___the club for 3 days. has been in 5.They got married 10 years ago. They____ ____ _______for 10 years. have been married 6.He came here an hour ago. He___ been here since an hour ago. has ____ has ____home for 2 hours. Jack___ been

7.Jack got home 2 hours ago.

has been 8.Mum opened the door just now.The door___ ____open for a while. 9.They got to know 10 years ago. They____ ______since 10 years ago. have known 10.I borrowed the book a week ago.I____ _____the book for a week. have kept 11.I bought the car a year ago. I____ ____the car since a year ago. have had

1.--What a nice bike! How long____you____it? --Just two weeks.(2004北京市中考) A.will;buy B.did;buy C.are;having D.have;had 2.--How long have you____here? --Since 1997. A.arrived B.moved C.come D.lived 3.--I can’t find my pen.____you____it anywhere? --No.Look!What’s that under your book? A.Have;seen B.Do;see C.Did;see D.Had;seen 4.--I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. --Oh,not at all.I__here for only a few minutes. A.will be B.was C.am D.have been 5.I won’t go to see the film because I____the ticket.(2002河南) A.lost B.have lost C.will lost D.didn’t lost

现在完成时 八、过去完成时 1.用法:发生在 过去的过去的动作。 They had got married when he came back.
got married came back

过去的过去

过去

现在

我来晚了! 没希望了!
终于结婚 了!好幸 福呀!

2.标志词:
注意:
by the end of…,by the time…,when+一般过去时
过去完成时是一种相对存在的时态,判定时必须根据 上下文找到一个可以作为参照点的过去时间,在此参照点 前发生的动作都可以用过去完成时。 1.We____learning 1000 words by the end of last term.
A.finished B.have finished C.had finished 2.The train____when we got to the station. A.leaves B.have left C.were leaving D.had left D.finish

3.By the time he returned,his son____supper.

A.cooks B.had cooked C.has cooked D.was cooking

1.Sorry,I____to help you at ten.I was busy at the moment. A.won't come B.can't come C.didn't come D.shouldn't come 2.He_______this pen for five years.He______it in 1997. A.has bought,bought. B.bought,bought C.has kept,has bought D.has had,bought 3.She_________the flowers in the garden when I_________to see her yesterday. A.watered,went B.was watering, went C.watered,was going D.was watering,was going 4.I don 't know if my friend_________.If he _________,I'll let you know. A.comes,comes B.comes, will come C.will come,comes D.will come,will come 5.John said he_________ supper.He was quite full. A.had had B.was having C.had D.has eaten

6.There_________two parties next week. A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have 7.It______10 years since I______here. A.is,come B.is,have come C.was,came D.is,came 8.--Kate likes eating chocolate. --____. Look, she is eating.(2003十堰市) A.So Lucy does B.So does Lucy C.So they

do D.So do they 9.Kate_________to bed until her mother_________back. A.won't go,come B.hadn't gone, came C.went,came D.didn't go,came 10.His brother_________from home for a long time. A.has left B.has been away C.left D.will leave 11.--Lucy,___you____your ticket? --Not yet. (2003河北省) A.did;find B.have;found C.has;found D.do;find

12.--____to the United States?(2003安徽) --No,never,but I went to Canada a few years ago. A.Have you been B.Have you gone C.Did you go D.Have you went 13.The man who lived on the island thought he___ never____. (2001广州) A.will;found B.would;be found C.is;found B.had;been found 14.--I don’t know if his uncle____. --I think he___if it doesn’t rain. (2003重庆) A.will come; comes B.will come; will come C.comes; comes D.comes; will come 15.--Linda had nothing for breakfast this morning,__? --No,she got up too late.(2003河北) A.had she B.hadn’t she C.did she D.didn’t she
16.The flowers____well if they____.(2002青岛) A.won’t grow; don’t take good care of B.don’t grow; are taken good care of C. won’t grow; are not taken care of D. don’t grow; don’t take care of

17.--Hurry up! It’s time to leave. --OK,____.(2003江西) A.I’m coming B.I’ll come C.I’ve come D.I come 18.There____an English evening next Tuesday.(2002甘肃) A.was B.will be C.will have D.are going to be 19. I must return the camera to Li Lei, I____it for two weeks. A.keep B.borrowed C.have kept D.have lent (2003辽宁) 20.--When__ this kind of computer__? --Last year.(2002天津) A.did; use B.was; used C.is; used D.are; used 21.--Jerry,____you____your lost book? --Not yet. A.did;find B.have;found C.has; found D.do;find 22.--Don’t forget to post this letter for me,please! --No, I____.(2003江西) A.don’t B.won’t C.mustn’t D.can’t 23.Do you know if____back next week? If he____back,please let me know.(2002黑龙江) A.he comes, will come B.will he come; comes C.he will come; comes D.will he come, will come

Many thnks!


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