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八年级英语宾语从句讲解_练习

发布时间:2013-12-15 11:41:50  

宾语从句讲解

一、概念

宾语从句的宾语部分中有一个从句充当宾语。

二、可接宾语从句的动词

say 、tell 、think、 know、 see、 hear、 hope、 guess、 find、 feel 等,或由形容词构成的系表结构,如:afraid、 sure、 glad、 sorry等

三、宾语从句的标点符号。

宾语从句的标点符号取决于主句,如果主句是陈述句,句尾用句号;如果主句是疑问句,句尾用问号。

四、引导词。

1、that (从句是陈述句时,引导词用that ,它本身无词义,不充当成分,在口语中可省略,但在正式场合不可省。)

2、if或whether (从句是一般疑问句时用if 或whether ,含义是“是否”。)

if、whether 一般情况下可以互换,但在构成whether…or not 句式只用whether

3、连接代词、连接副词(从句是特殊疑问句时用)

连接代词(what、 which、 who、 whose )

连接副词(when、 where、 how 、why )

4.tell /ask/ order sb.(not) to do sth

The teacher told us to study hard.

五、宾语从句的同义句转换。

在宾语从句中经常会出现“疑问词+动词不定式”的结构,它可与“疑问词+主语+情态动词+动词原形”进行同义句转换。

Can you tell me how I can get to the station?

Can you tell me how to get to the station?

六、宾语从句的语序。

宾语从句的语序都用陈述句语序(即正常的主谓语序)

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He says that Jim will miss a lot of lessons .

He asked whether we should hold a sports meeting .

Do you know what the population of Dalian is ?

七、宾语从句的时态。

1、主句是一般现在时,从句可根据需要选用任何时态。

He says that he is good at English

He says that he has been ill for two days

I don’t know if he will come tomorrow

2、主句是一般过去时,从句可根据需要用相应的过去某种时态。(即一般过去时、过去将来时、过去完成时等)

He asked me where I lived

He said that she had been ill for two days

She said that she would return soon

3、当从句讲述的是客观事实或真理时,从句时态不受主句的影响,都用一般现在时。

The teacher said “light travels faster than sound”

He said that the earth is round

特例:Could you tell me …委婉的语气,常按照一般现在时处理。

Could you tell me where the nearest hospital is ?

八、语从句的从句中不再有助动词。即一般现在时的助动词do ,does ,一般过去时的助动词did. Do you like speaking English ?He wants to know .(改为宾语从句)

He wants to know if you like speaking English

九、如果简单句变成了宾语从句,那么其谓语动词要相应的变化。常见的一般过去时的动词应用过去式;一般现在时的如果主语是第三人称单数的,动词要用单三形式,如果主语不是第三人称单数,动词都用原形;其他时态变成相应的时态的结构即可。

十、宾语从句变否定句。

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如果主句的主语是第一人称I或we 时,并且谓语动词多为think、guess、believe等表示心理活动的词时,变否定句要否定转移,即否定主句。否则,变否定句看从句。

I think chicken can swim (变否定句)I don’t think chicken can swim

He said that he would go shopping(变否定句) ……

He said that he would not go shopping

一、单项选择1. Do you know _______ during the coming summer holiday?

A. what will Tom do B. what did Tom do C. what Tom will do D. what Tom did

2. I want to know_________.

A. what is his name B. what’s his name C. that his name is D. what his name is

3. Jim doesn’t understand ____________.

A. which is the way to the museum B. why his wife always goes shopping

C. what is the way to the museum D. why does she always go shopping

4. Mr. King didn’t know _______ yesterday evening.

A. when does his son come home B. when his son comes home

C. when did his son come home D. when his son came home

5. ---Excuse me, would you please tell me ________?

---Certainly. Go straight along here. It’s next to a hospital.

A. how we can get to the post office B. how can we get to the post office

C. how get to the post office D. how could we get to the post office

6. ---Can I help you?

---Yes. I’d like a ticket to Mount Emei. Can you tell me ______ take to get there?

A. how soon will it B. how soon it will C. how long it will D. how long will it

7. He wanted to know ___________.

A. whether he speaks at the meeting B. when the meeting would start

C. what he’s going to do at the meeting D. where would the meeting be held

8. I want to know ________ you will come back at 8:00 tomorrow.

A. that B. when C. where D. whether

9. ---Could you tell me ____________?

---Sorry, I don’t know. I was not at the meeting.

A. what does he say at the meeting B. what did he say at the meeting

C. what he says at the meeting D. what he said at the meeting

10. It’s up to you to decide _______ you’ll go there, by air or by road.

A. how B. why C. that D. when

二. 根据汉语句子的意思完成下列英语句子

1. 李明说他对玩电脑游戏感兴趣。

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Li Ming says __________ __________ interested in playing computer games.

2. 我认为玛丽不回来了。

I don’t think Mary _________ _________.

3. 山姆给我说他准备去上海。

Sam told me that he __________ __________ for Shanghai.

4. 请你告诉我去钟楼怎麽走吗?

Could you tell me __________ I can get to the Bell Tower?

5. 父亲说他买了一台新电脑。

Father said that he ___________ ___________ a new computer..

6. 我想知道今天晚上还有没有去北京的火车。

I want to know ____________ there is a train to Beijing.

7. 你知道一个双人间多少钱吗?

Do you know _________ __________ a double room _________?

8. 请你告诉我我们外出多长 时间好吗?

Could you tell me ______ ______ we’re going to be away?

9. 叔叔说他正在写一本新小说。

Uncle said that he _________ __________ a new novel.

10. 杰克说他有重要事情要做。

Jack said he __________ something important to do.

1.“I never eat meat.” he said.

He said that _________ never _________ meat.

2. “I have found my wallet.” he said to me.

He _________ me that he _________ _________ _________ wallet.

3. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.”

The teacher said that the sun _________ in the east and _________ down in the west.

4. “You must come here before five.” he said.

He said that I _________ to go _________ before five.

5. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.”

He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there

一、将下面的句子连接成为含有宾语从句的复合句。

1.These flowers are from Guangdong. He said.

He said _______ these flowers _______ from Guangdong.

2. Light travels faster than sound. My teacher told me.

My teacher told me _____ light _______ faster than sound.

3.There will be a meeting in five days. Jack didn’t know.

Jack didn’t know _____ there _____ ____ a meeting in five days.

4.Can they speak French? I want to know.

I want to know ______ _______ _______ _______ French.

5.Are the children playing games? Tell me.

Tell me ______ the children ______ ______ games.

6.Have you finished your homework yet? Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang.

Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang ____ _____ ____ ____ ___ homework yet.

7.How many people can you see in the picture? Who knows?

Who knows ______ _____ _____ ____ _____ ______ in the picture?

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8.Where did she park her car? Do you know? Do you know _____ _____ ____ her car?

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