say 、tell 、think、 know、 see、 hear、 hope、 guess、 find、 feel 等，或由形容词构成的系表结构，如：afraid、 sure、 glad、 sorry等
1、that （从句是陈述句时，引导词用that ，它本身无词义，不充当成分，在口语中可省略，但在正式场合不可省。）
2、if或whether （从句是一般疑问句时用if 或whether ，含义是“是否”。）
if、whether 一般情况下可以互换，但在构成whether…or not 句式只用whether
连接代词（what、 which、 who、 whose ）
连接副词（when、 where、 how 、why ）
4.tell /ask/ order sb.(not) to do sth
The teacher told us to study hard.
Can you tell me how I can get to the station？
Can you tell me how to get to the station？
- 1 -
He says that Jim will miss a lot of lessons .
He asked whether we should hold a sports meeting .
Do you know what the population of Dalian is ？
He says that he is good at English
He says that he has been ill for two days
I don’t know if he will come tomorrow
He asked me where I lived
He said that she had been ill for two days
She said that she would return soon
The teacher said “light travels faster than sound”
He said that the earth is round
特例：Could you tell me …委婉的语气，常按照一般现在时处理。
Could you tell me where the nearest hospital is ？
八、语从句的从句中不再有助动词。即一般现在时的助动词do ，does ，一般过去时的助动词did. Do you like speaking English ？He wants to know .（改为宾语从句）
He wants to know if you like speaking English
- 2 -
I think chicken can swim （变否定句）I don’t think chicken can swim
He said that he would go shopping（变否定句） ……
He said that he would not go shopping
一、单项选择1. Do you know _______ during the coming summer holiday?
A. what will Tom do B. what did Tom do C. what Tom will do D. what Tom did
2. I want to know_________.
A. what is his name B. what’s his name C. that his name is D. what his name is
3. Jim doesn’t understand ____________.
A. which is the way to the museum B. why his wife always goes shopping
C. what is the way to the museum D. why does she always go shopping
4. Mr. King didn’t know _______ yesterday evening.
A. when does his son come home B. when his son comes home
C. when did his son come home D. when his son came home
5. ---Excuse me, would you please tell me ________?
---Certainly. Go straight along here. It’s next to a hospital.
A. how we can get to the post office B. how can we get to the post office
C. how get to the post office D. how could we get to the post office
6. ---Can I help you?
---Yes. I’d like a ticket to Mount Emei. Can you tell me ______ take to get there?
A. how soon will it B. how soon it will C. how long it will D. how long will it
7. He wanted to know ___________.
A. whether he speaks at the meeting B. when the meeting would start
C. what he’s going to do at the meeting D. where would the meeting be held
8. I want to know ________ you will come back at 8:00 tomorrow.
A. that B. when C. where D. whether
9. ---Could you tell me ____________?
---Sorry, I don’t know. I was not at the meeting.
A. what does he say at the meeting B. what did he say at the meeting
C. what he says at the meeting D. what he said at the meeting
10. It’s up to you to decide _______ you’ll go there, by air or by road.
A. how B. why C. that D. when
- 3 -
Li Ming says __________ __________ interested in playing computer games.
I don’t think Mary _________ _________.
Sam told me that he __________ __________ for Shanghai.
Could you tell me __________ I can get to the Bell Tower?
Father said that he ___________ ___________ a new computer..
I want to know ____________ there is a train to Beijing.
Do you know _________ __________ a double room _________?
8. 请你告诉我我们外出多长 时间好吗？
Could you tell me ______ ______ we’re going to be away?
Uncle said that he _________ __________ a new novel.
Jack said he __________ something important to do.
1．“I never eat meat.” he said.
He said that _________ never _________ meat.
2. “I have found my wallet.” he said to me.
He _________ me that he _________ _________ _________ wallet.
3. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.”
The teacher said that the sun _________ in the east and _________ down in the west.
4. “You must come here before five.” he said.
He said that I _________ to go _________ before five.
5. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.”
He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there
1．These flowers are from Guangdong. He said.
He said _______ these flowers _______ from Guangdong.
2. Light travels faster than sound. My teacher told me.
My teacher told me _____ light _______ faster than sound.
3．There will be a meeting in five days. Jack didn’t know.
Jack didn’t know _____ there _____ ____ a meeting in five days.
4．Can they speak French? I want to know.
I want to know ______ _______ _______ _______ French.
5．Are the children playing games? Tell me.
Tell me ______ the children ______ ______ games.
6．Have you finished your homework yet? Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang.
Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang ____ _____ ____ ____ ___ homework yet.
7．How many people can you see in the picture? Who knows?
Who knows ______ _____ _____ ____ _____ ______ in the picture?
- 4 -
8．Where did she park her car? Do you know? Do you know _____ _____ ____ her car?
- 5 -