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新目标九年级英语词组短语复习课件

发布时间:2013-12-15 11:41:52  

新目标九年级英语词组短语复习
2006最新版九年级英语词组总结 Unit1-8

Unit 1 Section 1A 1.by介词,“通过…(方式,手段)” by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡 by doing sth 通过…..方式(途径)。 例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止。 例:by October在10月前 ⑤被 例:English is spoken by many people. 2.read the textbook读/看教科书 3.make vocabulary lists 列生词表 4.listen to tapes听磁带 5.ask sb for help向某人求助 6.study for a test为备考学习 7.watch videos观看录像 8.practice sth练习某事;practice doing sth练习做某事 Do you ever practice conversations with friends (与朋友对话)? I have to practice speaking English everyday. 9.read aloud朗读 10.that way=in that way 通过那种方式

11.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技巧 12. too…to…太….而不能… It’s too hard for me to understand the article. = It’s so hard that I can’t understand the article. 13. for example=for instance 例如 14. ask about询问有关…;ask sb about sth向某人询问/ 打听有关…. We asked them about the best ways to learn more English. I want to ask about the use of the new machines. 15. watch/see/hear sb do sth观看/看见/听见某人做过 某事;watch/see/hear sb doing sth 观看/看见/听见某人正在做某事 He can watch actors say the words. Can you hear him singing in the room

16. 辨析:sometime ;sometimes ;some times ;some time ①sometime在将来/过去的某一时间 I’ll speak to him about it sometime. 我会找个时间和他谈谈这事. I met her sometime last year.去年的某个时候我见过她. ② sometimes = at times有时,偶尔It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold here. He sometimes writes to me. ③some time A.一些时间:It will take you some time to walk there. B.在未来的某时 =sometime: Phone me some time next week下个星 期什么时候给我打电话吧. ④some times一些次,几次 I've told him the thing some times. 17. join短语:①join sb加入到某人的活动中去 ②join in+活 动项目"参加…活动" I'd like to join in the game. ③join+ 组织机构"加入到某个组织机构,成为其中的一个成员"join the Party; join the League, The best way to improve your English is to join an English club

18. have fun 玩得高兴 19. not at all 一点也不 20. get excited 高兴、激动 21. end up (vi.) 结束; 告终; 结果 ; 最后 end up doing sth. We end up taking a taxi there .我们结果 乘出租车去了那里. We sometimes end up speaking in Chinese.(以说汉语结束对话) 22. do a survey 做调查;do a survey about针对…做调查 I'm doing a survey about learning English. 我在进行学习英语 的调查。 23. keep an English notebook 记英语笔记

Section 1B 1.spoken English英语口语; written English书面英语

2.make mistakes/make a mistake犯错误 3.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确 4.practice speaking English 练习说英语 5.first of all 首先 6.to begin with 一开始 7.late on 随后 8. be afraid to do因为害怕而不敢做某事 I'm afraid to speak in class. 9. in class 在课堂上 10.laugh at sb嘲笑某人; laugh at sth因为某事而发笑 11.make sentences造句

12.辨析: too , also , either: too, also用于肯定句 ,疑问句;also用于行前 be后,情后助后 ; either用于否定句,置句末 13.decide to do sth决定做某事 14.take notes做笔记 15.have trouble doing sth在…方面有困难 If you have some trouble spelling new words , you can look them up in the dictionary. 16. enjoy doing 喜欢干 17. be impressed 深受感动 impress sth on sb/impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事 18.write down 写下、记下 19.look up(v-adv) “查字典 ” 20. feel+形容词 “感觉起来…” 21. native speakers 说本族话的人 22. make up 组成、构成 23. as当作… Most people speak English as a second language. You can use the book as your textbook. Regard problems as challenges. 24. around the world 全世界

1Reading 1.deal with处置 How do you deal with your problem? 2. unless连词 “除非…否则…” (不用于假想的事) Unless you start at once , you will be late. 除非你马上出发,否则你要迟 到了. Nobody , unless Tom can help you. 除了汤姆别人帮不了你。 3.worry about (be worried about) 担心、担忧 4.be angry with 生某人的气5.stay angry 生气 6.go by 消逝 7. affect (vt.)影响,感动 Worrying about our problem affects how we do at home. 8. have disagreements有分歧 ,意见不同 9. regard…as… 把……当做…… 10.complain about…抱怨… Many students complain about school. He often complains about the weather here. 11.change…into…把…转变为…

Unit 2 Section 2A 1.used to do过去常常作某事,表示以往的事实或情况 He used to be tall , didn’t he ? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t. 2.Over here! = Come over here! 到这边来!过来! 3.play the piano 弹钢琴 4.be interested in 对…感兴趣. 5. be on a team 加入…队 I'm on a swim team. 6.People sure change.人确实在变 7.be afraid of ⑴害怕,畏惧:be afraid of sth /doing sth 害怕… I used to be afraid of the dark. Fred is afraid of flying. He feels anxious before he gets on the plane. He is afraid of going /to go out alone at night. 他害怕夜 晚独自出去。⑵担忧,忧虑(为某事可能产生的后果而担忧) He is afraid of dying.他怕死。 8.be alone 独自、单独(表状态) live alone单独住,独居

9.in an airplane 坐飞机. 10.go to sleep 入睡、睡着 11. be terrified of 害怕. be terrified of sb/sth 对…感到恐惧,很害怕 12.with the light on开着灯;with the eyes closed闭着眼睛 He often sleeps with the light on.他经常开灯睡觉。 Section 2B 1. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行

去上学 take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘公共汽车去上学 2. gym class 体操课. 3. worry about. 担心. 4. all the time 一直, 总是 5.these days 如今,现在

6. go right home马上回家 ,直接回家 7. spend time/money (in) doing sth 花时间/钱做某事 辨析:pay; take; cost ; spend:① sb pay for sth支付…的费 用;pay money for sth ②It takes (sb) time/money to do sth. ③sth cost (sb) money ④sb spend time/money on sth /in doing sth 8. chat with 与…闲聊 9. hardly ever 几乎从不 hardly“几乎不”,表示否定含义,类似的词有:never,few, little,nothing,nobody等。 I am so tired that I can hardly do anything.我太累了几乎什么事情也干不了了。There is hardly any food left for me.几乎没有给我剩什么吃的东西。

10.the old days 过去的日子 11. in the last (few years) “在过去的(几年)里” 用于现在完成时 My life has changed a lot in the last few years. Reading2 1. cause trouble惹麻烦 2. afford to do sth支付得起…的费用 I can't afford to see the movie. 我看不起这个电影。 3. as well as“不仅…而且…;既…又…” His mother looked after him as well as she could.他的母亲尽可能好好照顾他 Living things need air and light as well as water. 生物不仅需要水,而且还需要空气和阳光。

She helps Tom as well as I. 除了我以外她也帮了汤姆的忙。 4.get into trouble招惹麻烦; get into trouble with sb 惹…的麻烦,与…发生纠缠 He often gets into trouble with the police. 5.in the end 最后, 终于 6.make a decision 做出决定 7.send …to…把…送到… 8.to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 9.even though=even if“即使” Even if I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there. 即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。 I like her even though she can be annoying.尽管有时他 很烦人,但是我还是喜欢她。 10.no longer不再,已不 11.take pride in对…感到自豪

We must learn how to change problems into challenges 12.try one's best to do sth尽力做某事 13.with the help of 在...的帮助下 14.think of (think about) 想起、想到15.compare A to B 把A比作B Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer. 科学家有时将人脑比作电脑。 16. physical problems 身体上的问题 17. face the challenge面对挑战 18. forget about (口语)不要放在心上;忘掉 Did you forget about the meeting ? He forgot about sweeping the floor . 19. break off 中断 break off a friendship断绝友谊;断交 20. in a way用某种方式 ; in a positive way以正面的方式

He would take pride in everything good I do. 12.pay attention to sb 注意某人,仔细听某人的话 13. a top student尖子生 14.give up 放弃 15.not …any more英式 not…anymore美式 (不再,已不) Unit.3 Section 3A 1.语法:被动语态 ①构成:主语+be+过去分词+by短语 ② He likes music.----

- Music is liked by him. I ask him to help her.---He is asked to help her. She makes me go there every day. ----I am made to go there every day by her. They gave me some flowers. ----I was given some flowers by them . Some flowers were given to me by them. ③特殊句型:be made in; be made of; be made from; be made up of; be used /spoken as

I am not allowed to watch TV at home. allow sb to do sth 允许某人干… allow doing sth 允许干… 3. go out with their friends 和朋友一块出去 4.sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子 5.part-time jobs 兼职工作 6.get one’s ears pierced 穿耳孔 get sth +过去分词“使…被…”You must get your coat washed. I couldn't get my car started this morning.今天 早晨我无法把汽车发动起来 7.choose one’s own clothes 选自己的衣服 8. a driver’s license 驾照 9.enough 用法: enough money/books; old enough 10.seem to 好像

11.on weekends 在周末 12.instead of 代替,而不是 辨析:instead (adv.); instead of (prep.) I won’t go there, I’ll go to the park instead. They talk instead of doing homework. I did it instead of him. 13. at that age 在那个年龄段 14.so do we 我们也一样 倒装句: 口诀:前后主语不一样,语序当然用倒装;前后主语一个 样,语序当然要正常(用陈述语序) So + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定) 表示与前面所述 事实一致. Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定) 表示 与前面所述事实一致. 例: He likes oranges. So do we. He doesn’t like oranges. Neither do we. She went to the cinema yesterday. So did I. She didn’t go to the cinema yesterday. Neither did I.

Tom can swim. So can John. Tom can’t swim. Neither can John. So +主语+ be动词/助动词/情态动词 表示对前 面事实的进一步确认. 例: Henry is very tired. So he is.(的确是) He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.(的确是) They will win the game. So they will.(他 们会的) 15.on school nights 在上学期间的每个晚上 16.by 10:00pm 晚上十点前,by不迟于,常 用于将来时的句子中 17.stay up熬夜 ,不睡觉 He is allowed to stay up until 11:00. 18.clean up (v-adv.) 打扫干净, 收拾整洁 They were all busy cleaning up the ground.

Section 3B get to class late . 上课迟到 2.fail (in) sth做某事失败 Do you ever worry that you'll fail (in) a test? fail (in) a test考试不及格; pass a test考试及格; take a test参加考试 3. be strict with 对…要求严格 be strict with+人. be strict in+事物. 4.the other day前几天,不久以前 5.all my classmates 我所有的同学 6.concentrate on…专注于… We would concentrate more on our clothes. 7.辨析:①be good to sb/sth对…好 She is very good to me.② be good to do sth做某事好 例:Why is it good to volunteer? ③be good at擅长;④ be good for对…有益 Swimming is good for our health. 8. be a good way to do 是

…的好方法 9.keep +宾语+形容词 “使…保持…状态”

10.both;neither用法:Both answers are right.---Neither answer is right. Both of the answers are right.---Neither of the answers is right. 11. It’s a good idea for sb. to do 是…的好主意 12. in groups 成群的,按组的 13.get noisy 吵闹(系表结构) 14. learn from 向某人学习 15.at present现在,目前 At present, the holidays are too short. 16. have an opportunity to do sth 有做…的机会 17. be a good/great experience for sb. 对…来说是一次很好的经历 18. English-English dictionary 英英词典 19. at least 至少 20. eight hours’ sleep a night

21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

an old people’s home 敬老院 perform a play for sb为…表演节目 primary schools 小学 newspaper office报社 be sleepy 睏26. after a long week of classes 上完一周课之后27. have…off 放假,休息 28. reply to 回答,答复 Reading3 1.get in the way of妨碍 2 a professional athlete 职业运动员 3.achieve one’s dreams实现某人的梦想 4. have nothing against doing sth不反对…5. think about 思考,考虑 6. in the end 最后,终于 7.make a decision 做决定 Should I be allowed to make my own decisions? 8.be serious about对…感兴趣的/是认真的.

But I'm serious about running. 9. spend…on + n. spend …(in) + v-ing 在…上花费时间/金钱 10.care about关心,留心,重视 I know that my father cares about me. Unit 4 Section 4A 1. give the money to charity 将钱捐献给慈善机构 2. put the money in the bank存钱 3. medical research 医学研究 4.wear a shirt and tie 穿西装打领带 5.What if …… 如果…怎么样? 6.get nervous 紧张 7.get pimples长痘痘 8.take a walk散步 9.take a big exam 参加大考 10.too…to… 太。。。。。。而不能 11. be a lot of trouble很麻烦

Section 4B

1.in public 在公共场合 2.hardly ever 几乎不3. give a speech 演讲 4. the whole school 全校 5. without permission 未经许可 6. be in a movie 演电影 7. be(make) friends with 与…交朋友 8. introduce myself自我介绍 9. introduce…to… 把…介绍给… 10. invite…to do… 邀请…干… 11. social situations 社会环境 12. in the slightest 一点也,根本 not… in the slightest 根本不,一点也不 “Do you mind my opening the window?” “Not in the slightest . Please do it.” 13. plenty of 很多的,足够的 14.get along with 与 … 相处; get along with someone very well 与某人友好相处 15. say something bad about somebody 说某人坏话

16. right away 立刻,马上 17. think about考虑18. all day 全天 19. be friendly to 对…友好 20. at lunch time 在午饭时间 21. a bit shy 有点害羞 22. English speech contest 英语演讲比赛 23. represent the class代表班级 24. come top in… 在 … 中取得第一 25. let…down让某人失望 26. come up with: =to think of ( a plan, answer, reply,etc.)针对问题提出,想出(解决方法) 27. the rest

of the students 其余的学生 4Reading 1.have a lot of experience (in) doing sth 在做某事方面有经验 2.deal with 对付,处理 3.come out 出版

4.give advice on… 在…方面提出意见、建议 5.by accident 偶然地,无意之中 6.hurry to do sth 匆匆忙忙干… 7.an internet friend 网友Unit 5 Section 5A 1.belong to…属于…的;是…的一员 The book belongs to him.那本书属于他的。 I belong to the tennis club.我是网 球俱乐部的一员。 What party do you belong to?你是哪个 党的党员? 2.表示肯定推测:must一定,肯定; can/could可能; may/might 也许,或许;表示否定推测:can’t 不可能 例句:The French book must be Li Ying’s , she is the only one who’s studying French. The homework can’t be Carol’s. She wasn’t at school today. The ticket might be my aunt’s or my uncle’s. They are both going to the concert.

3.toy car 玩具汽车 4.favorite author 最喜欢的作家 5.at the picnic 在野餐中 6.listen to classical music听古典音乐 7.a hair band 一个发带 8.at school上学、求学、在学校 9.they both 他们两个 10.go to the concert去听音乐会 11.have any/some idea知道 have no idea不知道 12.during the concert 在音乐会中 13.in the symphony hall 在交响乐大厅 14.try to do sth. 设法做某事 15.a math test on algebra 数学的代数考试 16.count 30% to… 百分之三十计入…… 17.the final exam 期末考试 18. because of sth./doing sth. 因为…… 辨析:because; because of: because of +代词/名词 是“因为”的意思,而because后加从句

She didn’t know yesterday’s homework, because she didn’t come yesterday.

She is worried because of her test. Because of these, he failed. 19.a present for… 给某人的礼物 Section 5B 1.chase追赶=run after;赶走,追捕 The Johnsons' cat likes to chase the mice as if it were playing with them. 约翰逊家的猫喜欢追逐老鼠,好象它在跟它们闹着玩似的。 The alien is chasing the boy. The cat chased the mouse but could not catch them. 2.run for exercise跑步锻炼 He could be running for exercise. 3. in the sky 在天空中 4. a strange creature 一个奇怪的生物 5. a woman with a camera 带着照相机的妇女 6. wear a suit 穿西服

7. catch a bus 赶公共汽车 8.used to … 过去常常…… 9.these days 近来 10.in our neighborhood 在我们社区 11.the local school/newspaper/zoo 地方的学校/报社/动物园 12strange noises 奇怪的声音 13.outside our window 在窗户外 14.have fun 娱乐 15.next door neighbor 隔壁邻居 16.at first 开始 17.be worried 焦虑的 18.his or her own idea她(他)自己的看法19.there must b 一定有 20.late night深夜21.in the hallway 在走廊 22.get in the window 进入窗户 23.in front of 在……的前面 24.escape from 从……逃出 25.in an ocean 在海洋里 an ocean of许许多多、无穷无尽的 an ocean of paper题海 I was swimming in an ocea of paper last

night.

26.too much 太多. 27.be care of=look out当心、小心 28.be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做…… 29.get on the plane 上飞机 30.be worried about…担心…… 31.a strange smell 一种奇怪的味道 32.句型: It is + 形容词/名词 + to do sth It is the best time to swim. It is my greatest happiness to help others.帮助别人是我 最大的快乐. 33.pretend to do sth假装做某事 He pretended to be reading.他假装在看书. pretend to be ill装病 34.use up用光,用完,耗尽 Yesterday I used up all my money.

Unit 6 1.dance to the music跟着音乐跳舞 I like the music that I can dance to. 2.prefer=like better更喜欢; ⑴prefer sth更喜欢…; I prefer summer to winter.和冬 季相比我更喜欢夏季. I prefer music that has great lyrics.我更喜欢有抒情词句的音乐. ⑵prefer doing to doing…与…相比更喜欢…;I prefer swimming to skating.与滑冰相比我更喜欢游泳. ⑶prefer to do rather than (to) do宁可/宁愿…而不… I prefer to die rather (to) steal.我宁死也不愿偷窃. I prefer to stay home rather than go out to play.我宁 可呆在家里也不愿出去玩。 ⑷prefer doing/to do sth更喜欢做某事 I prefer singing/to sing.我喜欢唱歌。 3.quiet and gentle music轻柔的音乐 4.remind“提醒;使记起,使想起”: ⑴ remind + of sth/sb;

⑵remind + that从句 ; ⑶ remind sb.of sth. The pictures remind me of my school days. 这些照片使我想起了我 的学生时代. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music. ⑷remind sb.that+宾语从句 I remind him that he must go home before dark.我提醒他 天黑前必须回家. ⑸remind sb.to do sth. Can you remind me to wake me up at 6 o’clock? 5.动名词作宾语句型:enjoy doing喜欢做;finish doing做完;give up doing放弃做;practice doing练习做;mind doing介意做;miss doing错 过做;feel like doing想要做 6.along with和…一道,连同… 一起I love music that I can sing along with.我喜欢能够 一起唱歌的音乐.

7.call的用法:I like the CD called Heart Strings. (被叫做) This is the boy called Tom.(被叫做) The boy called Mary.(给…打电话) We can call him Xiao Ming.(叫作,称作) 8.What do you think of… ? 你认为…怎么样? --What do you think of it? ---I enjoy it a lot. 9.next door neighbor隔壁邻居 10.there be sb doing There must be something visiting the homes in our neighborhood.一定有什么东西在拜访我们小区里的 家园。 There are many boys playing soccer on the playground. 11.It is less of a problem to be poor than to be dishonest.和不诚实相比,贫穷不是个问题。 Parking is less of a problem with a small car. 对于小汽车来说,停车场地不会有问题。 12.go through的意思是“仔细讨论,仔细查看,全面 研究”。Go through your plan before you make

12.go through的意思是“仔细讨论,仔细查看,全面研究”。 Go through your plan before you make a decision.在 决定之

前先仔细看一下你的计划。 Unit 7 1.go on vacation 去度假 2.trek through the jungle 徒步穿越丛林 3.some day 有朝一日 4.one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一 5.be supposed to do sth. 应该干。 6.pack light clothes 穿薄衣服 7.take a trip 去旅行 8.provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb 为了某人提 供某物 9.be away 离开,远离 10.the answer to the question 问题的答案 11.according to 根据。按照。 12.work as tour guides 做导游的工作 13.dream of 梦想,想到

14.less realistic dreams 不现实的梦想 15.be willing to do sth. 愿意干。 16.achieve one’s dreams 实现梦想 17.sail across the pacific 横渡太平洋 18.hold on to 保持,不要放弃(卖掉) 19.take it easy 从容 轻松 不紧张 20.Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉大瀑布 21.Eiffel Tower 艾菲尔铁塔 22.Notre Dame Cathedral 巴黎圣母院 23.this time of year 一年中的这个时候 24.in general 通常 ,大体上, 一般而言 Unit 8 1.clean up 清扫 2.give out 分发,发放 3.cheer up=make…happier 使...高兴,使...振作 4.after school study program 课外学习班 5.come up with=think up 提出,想出 6.put off 推迟 7.write down 写下,记下 8.put up 张贴

9.hand out 分发,发放 10.call up 打电话 11.ser up=establish 建立 12.be home to sb 是某人的家园 13.volunteer one’s time to do sth 自愿花时间干... 14.put…to use… 把...投入使用 15.elementary scho 16.plan to do sth 计划干...打算干 17.coach a football team for kids 训练少年足球队 18.start a Chinese History club 开办一个中国史俱乐部 19.run out of 用完,耗尽 20.take after 在性格或长相方面与父母相象 21.fix up 修理 22.give away 捐赠 23.be similar to 与...相似 24.ask for 索要 25.a call-in center for parents 家长热线 26.hang out 闲荡

27.put up signs asking for singing jobs 张贴寻求唱歌 工作的广告 28.run out of money for singing lessons 学唱歌的钱用 完了 29.disabled people 残疾人 30.for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 31.fill…with... 用...填充...be full of 装满了... 32.help...out 帮助...做事,解决难题(摆脱困境) 33.a specially trained dog 一只经过特殊训练的狗 34.train sb to do sth 训练某人干... 35.fetch my book 把我的书拿来 36.part of speech 词性


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