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Chapter 1 The Population

发布时间:2013-12-15 12:41:53  

The Population in the U.S.

General Introduction
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Population in U.S: 281,421,906 U.S 3rd; P.R.China 1st; India 2nd 4th: Indonesia; 5th: Brazil; 6th: Pakistan Look at the U.S. population in 3 ways: 1) by race and origin; 2) by geographical distribution(where) 3) by age and sex

By race and origin
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By race: White: 75.1% Black: 12.3%By race and origin Asian: 3% Native American: 1% Mixture of two or more races: 2.4% Of some other race: 5.5%

By race and origin
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By origin: Hispanics: 12.5% White, black and Native Am Born in another country: 31m Of 31m: Mexico: 27.6% Philippines: 4.3%

By geographical distribution
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Five most populous states in the U.S: California: 34 million New York: 21 million Texas: 19 million Florida: 16 million Illinois: 12.5 million

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4 metropolitan cities: Los Angeles, NY, Chicago, Houston ? live in metropolitan areas 20% live in rural areas 3,800,000 live abroad in foreign countries

By age and sex
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By sex: 5m+ Women > men (2000 census) Higher death rate for M 2003 life expectancy: Women: 80.4 Men: 74.5

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By age: Average Age of the population: 33.1 years in 1990 35.3 years in 2000 Decreasing birth rate Increasing life exp.

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Rhetorical cues 1. Introducing a topic / subtopic
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1) Today we’re going to talk about … 2) let’s take a look at the … 3) first of all, let’s … 4) Another way of looking at the … 5) Now let’s get back to the … 6) Did you get all those … down? If not, I’ll give you a chance later to check your … 7) Well, then let’s move on. 8) To finish up this section on … 9) Before we finish today, I want to discuss the … 10) Now, to finish up, let’s look at the …

2. Paraphrasing some information
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1) … by geographical distribution, or by where people live 2) That means that only 20 percent, or 2 out of 10 … 3) … over half, or some 58 percent of the population… 4) …some 3,800,000 U.S. citizens live abroad, that is, in foreign countries.


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