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初三英语下学期代词综合复习

发布时间:2013-12-15 13:38:17  



的考查主要集中在:

1、掌握人称代词主格、宾格形式及其主要用法;2、 掌握名词性物主代词与形容词性物主代词 的形式、区别及其主要用法; 3、掌握反身代词的形式、意义及其主要用 4、掌握常见不定代词的一般用法; 5、掌握指示代词的一般用法,并了解其在 上下文中的指代用法; 6、掌握疑问代词的基本用法。



词(Pronoun)

代词:用来代替名词或整个名词短语。 代词分为人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、 疑问代词、指示代词、关系代词和不定代词。

人称代词 (The personal Pronoun)
主格 : I you he she it we you they 宾格: me you him her it us you them 人称代词的主格作主语;宾格作宾语或表语。如: I like English. (主语) Who is it ? It’s me . (表语) We should help them. (宾语) This is for him . (介词宾语)

物主代词(The Possessive Pronoun)
形容词性物主代词:my your his her its our their 名词性物主代词: mine yours his hers its ours theirs

形容词性物主代词在句中作定语;名词性物主代词做主语、 宾语和表语。如: The boys are playing with their football.(定语) Whose book is this ? It’s mine . (表语) Tom is an old friend of mine . (介词宾语) I’ve finished my homework . Have you finished yours ? (宾语)

反身代词(The Reflexive Pronoun)

反身代词:myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves 反身代词可在句中作宾语(表示动作的承受者是主语本身) 和同位语(以便强调主语和宾语)。如: They looked at themselves in the looking glass.(宾语) He himself did not do that . (同位语) The poor boy was himself . (表语) He thinks too much of himself . (介词宾语)

指示代词(The Indicative Pronoun)
指示代词:this that these those it such 指较近的事物: this these 指较远的事物: that those 指上文提到过的事: that this 指下文将要提到过的事情: this This is a pen and that is a pencil. None of us dared to answer , and this/that made him even angrier. What I want to tell you is this : The film will be on at eight. ( this 指“电影将在八点上映”这件事)

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
不定代词:all both each everybody everything none no one nobody neither nothing either another some something any anything 等。 不定代词具有名词和形容词的性质,并有可 数和不可数的区别。

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
1. all both each everybody everything 等
词与否定词连用时通常表示部分否定,若要表 示全部否定用none ,no one , nobody, neither, nothing 等。如: All of them don’t know about it . 并不是他们都不知道此事。 None of them know about it . 他们都不知道此事。

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
2. no one 和 none 的用法 no one 只

能指人,none 既可指人,也可指 物.none 常构成“ none of +复数名词”,在句 中作主语时,后面动词用单复数均可。 如:There is no one in the room. None of the students are /is afraid of difficulties . --How many fish did you catch? --None.

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
3. either 和 neither 的用法 either: 两者中任何一个 neither: 两者都不 Neither of the answer is right. You may take either of the magazines.

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
4. another 和 other 的用法 another : (三者或三者以上的)另一个, 后必须跟单数 。 other: 别人 the others : 其他人 the other : 两者中的另一个 习惯搭配: one ….the other some …..others ……. Some are carrying water, and others are watering the trees . I have got ten pencils. Two of them are red , the others are blue. She held a pen in one hand and his notebook in the other. I have read three stories. I’ll go on to read another.

不定代词(The Indefinite Pronoun)
5. some 和any的用法 两者都可用作定语,都可用来修饰可数与不可数 名词、单数或复数名词.some 用于单数可数名词 前,表示“某一”。Some 用于数词前,表示 “大约”。Some 一般用于肯定句中,any 多用 于疑问、否定句中。如: It’s the artist’s job to create sunshine when there isn’t any. Could you let me have some coffee?(表示请求。 预期答案是肯定的)

few, a few, little, a little的用法:
词\类目 含 义 few 很少几个 语 气 否定 修饰或 代替的 名词 复数可 数名词

a few
little a little

有几个
很少,不多 有一点

肯定
否定 肯定

复数可 数名词
不可数 名词 不可数 名词

疑问代词的基本用法:
? ?
疑问代词是指 5个“wh”,:who(谁), whose(谁 的), whom(谁),what(什么), which(哪个) 1、who在句中通常用作主语和表语,whom作宾语。在 口语中,常用who代替whom,但是若前面有介词,还 是用whom.

? Who is the girl in red? 那个穿红衣服的女孩是谁? ? Whom are you waiting for? 你们在等谁? ? With whom did they play basketball? 他们和谁一起打篮球? ? 2、which常表示在一定范围之内的选择,what则没有 这种限制,如: ? Which do you prefer, orange juice or coke? 橘汁和可乐,你
喜欢哪个? ? Which of them come from Canada? 他们中谁来自加拿大? ? What do you like to do in your spare time? 你在业余时间都 做什么?

疑问代词的基本用法:
? ?
疑问代词是指 5个“wh”,:who(谁), whose(谁 的), whom(谁),what(什么), which(哪个) 1、who在句中通常用作主语和表语,whom作宾语。在 口语中,常用who代替whom,但是若前面有介词,还 是用whom.

? Who is the girl in red? 那个穿红衣服的女孩是谁? ? Whom are you waiting for? 你们在等谁? ? With wh

om did they play basketball? 他们和谁一起打篮球? ? 2、which常表示在一定范围之内的选择,what则没有 这种限制,如: ? Which do you prefer, orange juice or coke? 橘汁和可乐,你
喜欢哪个? ? Which of them come from Canada? 他们中谁来自加拿大? ? What do you like to do in your spare time? 你在业余时间都 做什么?

1. The young man is very clever. He may be D _____________ Edison. A. other B. the other C. others D. another C 2. The boy is too young to look after ______. A. him B. her C. himself D. his own A 3. I met _______ in the cinema yesterday. A. a friend of mine B. a friend of my C. a my friend D. a mine friend D 4. We often ask ______ questions ______. A. each other; English B. to each other; English C, to each other ; in English D. each other; in English A 5. Miss Smith is a friend of ______. A. Mary's mother's B. Mary's mother C. mother's of Mary D. Mary mother's

B 6. Lei Feng never thought of ______, but only thought of ______. A. him; other B. himself; others C. himself; the other D. him; the others B 7. “They invited three of_______: Joe, Bob and ______. A. ours; I B. us; me C. we; me D. them; me D 8. Who's that at the door? ______ is the postman. A. She B. He C. This D. It D 9. Everything now has been said, hasn't ______? A. this B. that C. they D. it A 10. ______ is no use talking with her about ______. A. It; it B. She; him C. This ; this D. That; that

B 11. We found ______ very difficult to learn Japanese. A. this B. it C. that D. him A 12. If you have no dictionary here, you can use ______. A. hers B. him C. it D. my C 13. I hope to have a room of ______. A. myself B. own C. my own D. my C 14. The bird built ______ nest in the tree A. it's B. hers C. its D. him D 15. Her parents went there with a friend of ______. A. they B. themselves C. them D. theirs 16. "I have forgotten my bread." "Never mind, you can A have ______.“ A. ours B. my C. him D. us

B 17. We had plenty of paper but _______ ink. A. a little B. not much C. some D. few A 18. One should do ______ work well. A. one's own B. oneself C. their D. oneself s 19. "Do you like these pictures?" "I like A _____________." A. them all B. all them C. anyone D. all these A 20. ______ is all I wanted to say. A. That B. This C. It D. So C 21. One of the students hasn't prepared ______ lessons well. A. one's B. his C. its D. this A 22. The maths problem ______ is wrong. A. itself B. it C. his D. it's

C 23. The children seemed to enjoy ______. A. they B. them C. themselves D. theirs C 24. The police hid ______ behind the building. A. herself B. himself C. itself D. themselves D 25. After he finished middle school, he taught ______ Japanese. A. our B. his C. he D. himself A 26. Mr Smith is said to teach ______ English next term. A.us B. we C. our D. ours B 27. ______ are in the classroom, studying their lessons. A. Whole the children B. All the children C. All children D. The all children A 28. There are t

wo windows in the room. They ______ face south. A. both B. all C. each D. either D 29. He has one blue pen and two red ______. A. one's B. those C. one D. ones

B 30. ______ he said is true. A. That B. What C. Whether D. Which 31. Some people like to stay at home on Sundays, but D ______ like to go to the cinema. A. other B. another C. the others D. others B 32. I asked him for some oil, but he hadn't ______. A. some B. any C. anything D. no B 33. In 1980 Mary and Kate live in ______ house. A. a same B. the same C. same a D. same 34. "Did you see Li Ping and Wei Fang?" "No, I saw B ______ of them.“ A. none B. neither C. both D. either A 35. There is ______ water left. Let's fetch some A. no B. a little C. few D. a few

36. Li Ping's schoolbag is quite new. It is not necessary A to buy ______, A. another B. other C. any D. it B 37. Sorry, but ______ of us can speak Russian. A. little B. few C. a little D. a few A 38. ______ of the four roads will take you to the hospital. A. None B. Either C. Both D. Any A 39. Would you lend me ______ of your money? A. some B. any C. little D. few 40. I have five color pencils, one is red, another is blue C and ______ three are green. A. the other B. other C. the others D. others A 41 . I'm sorry to say ______ of your answers is correct. A. neither B. both C. some D. either

B 42. You can find a tower at ______ end of the bridge. A. any B. either C. every D. both 43. Have you any books on radio? I'd like to D borrow______. A. those B. some C. them D. it B 44. "______ is the boy standing there?" "He is my brother. " A. Which B. Who C. How D. Whom A 45."______ is your sister?" "She is a doctor, " A. What B. Who C. Which D. How D 46. ______ of you would like to go with me? A. Which B. What C. Any D. Who C 47. "______ color are your new shoes?" ' They are brown. A. Any B. Whose C. What D. Which

B 48. "______ is your classmate John like?" "He is very tall." A. How B. What C. Who D. Which C 49. Is this story as interesting as ______? A. the one B. some ones C. that one D. one C 50. ______ of us would agree with you. A. Someone B. No one C. None D. Nobody D 51. He and she are exactly as tall as ______. A. themselves B. them C. their D. each other C 52. ______ has passed the examination. A. Every of us B. All of us C. Everyone of us D. Each of us D 53. There is a line of trees on ______ side of the street. A. every B. both C. any D. either B 54. Did you break_________ windows? A. both of B. both the C. either of D. the both

B 55. His answer is like ______. "One should never be too sure of oneself.” A. this B. that C. it D. here 56. The weight of an elephant is much greater than B ______ of a horse. A. this B. that C. one D. it B 57. _______ is too difficult if you put your heart into it. A. Everything B. Nothing C. Anything D. Something C 58. ______ is knocking at the door? A. Whom B. What C. Who D. Who's A 59. ______ takes me two hours to finish my homework every day. A. It B. That C. This D. Its B 60. He boug

ht two shirts yesterday, but ______ of them is beautiful. A. both B. neither C. everyone D. all


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