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初三英语下学期代词复习

发布时间:2013-12-15 13:38:29  

陈店镇初级中学

熊永喜 2013-12-15

1.人称代词
2.物主代词 3.反身代词

代词的分类

4.指示代词 5.疑问代词(在宾语从句中 为连接代词) 6.不定代词

1.人称代词
人称

第一人称

第二人称

第三人称 单数 复数

分类 主格
宾格

单数 复数 单数 复数 I me

we
us

you
you

you

he she

it
it

they
them

you him her

用法口诀: 人称代词分两格,主格宾格来分说;

主格定把主语作,宾格作宾不会错。

当堂训练

根据汉语填空:

He 1、_______is new here. him Please look after _____.(他)
She 2、______isn’t here. her What’s wrong with _______?(她)
3、Miss Brown will teach ______ us English next term.(我们)

2.物主 代词
人称 分类
形容词性

第一人称

第二人称

第三人称

单数 复数 单数 复数 my

单数

复数

our your your his her its their

名词性

mine ours yours yours his hers its theirs

用法口诀:物主代词两类型,形容词性、名词性。

形容词性作定语,后面定把名词用。 名词性、独立用,主宾表语它都充。

当堂训练

根据汉语填空:
1、The two little girls are crying. their They can’t find______(她们的)mother.

yours 2、Is the shirt on the bed _______(你的)?
3、This red blouse isn’t Helen’s. Hers blue.(她的) ______is

3. 反身代词
人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 分类 单数 yourself himself herself myself 复数 ourselves yourselves themselves

itself

反身代词用法口诀:

反身代词表自身,句中可作两成分: 表示强调同位语,宾语动作回自身。

当堂训练

根据汉语填空:
1、The man fell off his bike and hurt himself __________(他自己).

myself 2、I teach________(我自己)French. ourselves 3、We___________(我们自己)did it.

yourself 4、Lily! Help __________to some fish.(你自己)

反身代词有以下常见搭配: enjoy oneself, help oneself to, teach oneself, by oneself, for oneself, make oneself at home, lose oneself in , leave one by oneself ,learn … by oneself, dress oneself, hurt oneself….

She 1._____ teaches us English.( She, Her) him 2. Please look after____ .(him, he) Our 3. ______teacher is a young man.( Our, Ours) hers 4. That isn’t my bike. It’s _____(her, hers). 5. We______will build the factory. ( ourselves, us ) himself 6.He teaches ______ English. ( himself, his )
ourselves

选择填空:

B 1.My pen is broken. May I use______? A. you B. yours C. yourself D. your A 2.---Are these____ coats? ---No, they aren’t. ____ are here. A. your, Ours B. your, We C. you, Ours D. you, Our B 3.Don’t lose____ in computer games, boys. A. yourself B. yourselves C. himself D. themselves B 4.Where’s your mother? I can’t find ____ anywhere. A. she B. her C. he D. him A 5.Mike’s words are different from____. We really can’t agree with_____. A. ours, him B. ours, he’s C. us, him D. us, his

选择填空:

A 6.I saw___playing in the st

reet at that time. A. them B. they C. their D. theirs 7The pen is hers. Pass it to____, please. A A. her B. she C. hers D. herself 8.We ____ at the party last Sunday. B A. enjoyed myself B. enjoyed ourselves C. enjoy myself D. enjoyed themselves C 9.Let Tony do it by____. He is no longer a kid. A. him B. his C. himself D. he C 10.Our room is big, but____ is bigger than____. A. their; our B. their; ours C. theirs; ours D. theirs; our

选择填空:

C 11. Only____know it. A. I and he B. he and you C. he and I D. I and you B 12. "Make____at home." he said to his friends. A. yourself B. yourselves C. you D. yours 13.Could you help___with___English? C A. I, my B. me, me C. me, my D. my, I C 14.We can’t leave my grandparents by____. A. they B. them C. themselves D. their D 15. Mary, please show____ your picture. A. my B. mine C. I D, me

4.指示代词
单数 this that 复数 these those 用法 近指 远指

1、This is a map of China. That is a map of the world.
2、These are banana trees. Those are apple trees.

5、疑问代词(连接代词 ) 主格 指人 指物
指人或 物

宾格 whom

所有格 whose whose whose

who what which

选择填空: Which 1)_____ ruler is yours, this one or that one? ( What, Which) Whose 2)_______ bag is this? ( Who, Whose ) 3)______ is she? ( Who, Whom) Who whom 4) About ____ did they talk just now? ( who, whom) 5) Did you understandwhat I said? ( what, that) ____ D 6)---_____ is that man over there? ----He's Mr Green. A. What B. Which C. How D. Who B 7)----____ is your classmate John like? - ---He's very tall. A. How B. What C. Who D. Which

6、不定代词
some, any; each, every; all, both, either; none, neither; many, much, a lot of, lots of; one, ones; another, other(s), the other(s); (a) few, (a) little; 含some, any和no的复合不定代词.
1. many, much的区别 much ①He doesn’t have________ time to finish his work.
( many, much) Many ②________children are reading books. ( many, much)

2. few, a few, little, a little的区别 few ①There are ____ minutes left. Hurry up.( few, a few) a little ②Don’t worry. I have ______ money here.( little, a little)

3. some, any 的区别
some一般用于肯定句中,any 用于否定句、疑问句和 条件句中。 some any ①I have ____ books, but I don’t have ____ pens. any some ②There is not ___ meat in my bowl. There is ____ chicken in it. 提示板:some有时也可用于疑问句中,表示劝告, 请求或建议。any 用于肯定句中,表示“任何一个” ①Would you like some tea? ②May I ask you some questions? ③You can borrow any of the three books.

4、each和every的区别
⑴ every只能作定语, each可以作主语、定语、宾语、同位语.

Each 例如: ①_______of us has a bike. Each(Every) ②_____________teacher is wearing a hat today. each ③We_______have a new schoolbag now. each ④He gave two to______of them.
⑵ every指三者或三者以上中的每一个, each指二者或二者以上中

的每一个.

each 例如: There are many trees on ______side of the road.
⑶ every还有“每(一)”的意思,而each没有此意.

every 例如: They come to see me_______five days.

5、another, other(s), the other(s)的区别
①泛指“另一个” 用another(指三者或三者以上当中) ②一定范围内两人或物,一个用one,另一个用the other

③一定范围内的三者,一个用one,另一个用one (another), 第三个用the other (a third).
④一定范围内除去一部分,剩余的全部用the others. ⑤泛指别的人或物用others; 当在一定范围内除去一 部分后剩余部分但不是指全部时也用others. 常见的搭配有: one…the other…指(两个中)一个…另一个… some…others(=other+复数名词)… 指(许多中的)一些…另一些(但不是全部)… some…the others(=the other+复数名词)… 指(许多中的)一些…另一些(指剩下的全部)…

填空: the other 1.One of the two brothers is a worker,____________ is a teacher. another 2.I don’t like this one, please show me___________.

the others 3.Tom is taller than_____________in his class.
4.There are many people in the park, some are talking, others some are flying kites and________are reading.

6、all, both的区别
all指三者或三者以上 “都”,both指两者“都”

例如:All the Class 3 students have been to BeiJing. Both of the two brothers are workers.
all 的反义词是none(指三者或三者以上一个也不);both的 反义词是neither(指两者都不),both的同义词是either(指两 者中的任何一个)

are 例如:All of us_____interested in English. is All_______going well. are Both of us_____doctors. are/is None of these pictures_________good. is Either of them________able to finish the work. is Neither of the students_______fifteen.

6. 复合不定代词
肯定句

someone somebody

指人 否定或疑问句
通用

anyone
everyone no one something anything everything

anybody
everybody nobody

肯定句

否定或疑问句
指物

通用

nothing

选择填空:
something important to tell you. 1)I have ________

( something, anything) anything 2)I don’t know_________ else about it. ( something, anything) everything 3)Don’t worry,_________ is OK. ( nothing, everything) 4)---You look so happy! ---Jack says I am very beautiful.Nobody _______has ever told me that before. (Everybody, Nobody) nothing 5) The bottle is empty. There is________ in it. (something , nothing )

it, one, that 作代词的区别
①it指上文提到过的事物。 ② one泛指上下文提及的同类事物中的一个。 ③that常用于比较结构中,代替前面提到的名词,避免重复.

例如:

one (1) I have many books. Which____ do you like? It (2) The book is mine. ____ is very interesting. (3)The weather in Beijing is much colder that than____ in Hainan.

it 的几种特殊用法
①有时用来代替小孩或婴儿 Who’s this boy in the picture? It’s me. ②不知姓名或是谁时 Who i

s it at the door? It’s Jim. ③作形式主语或形式宾语 It’s easy to climb the hill. I found it interesting to learn English. C 1. -Look, who is coming? -___ must be our English teacher. A. She B. He C. It D. This B 2. I found ___ not easy to get on with him. A. that B. it C. this D. one B 3. The population of China is much larger than ____ of Canada. A. it B. that C. one D. this A 4. I found ____ important to read English in the morning. A. it B. that C. which D. its A 5. I have some apples here. You can have____. A. one B. it C. that D. those

Exercises(自我检测题)
A 1.Though it rained heavily, ____ were still playing on the playground. A. they B. them C. their D. themselves B 2 . He thought____a little difficult to work out this maths problem. A. there B. it C. this D. that D 3. Sorry I have forgotten ____ telephone number. A. yours B. him C. you D. his A 4-____ is your sister? -She is a nurse. A. What B. Which C. How D. Who B 5. ____ one do you like, the blue one or the red one? A. What B. Which C. That D. This .

B 6. They all lost _____ in the beautiful music. A. them B. themselves C. their D. theirs B 7. Listen to me. I have____ to tell you. A. anything new B. something new C. new something D. nothing new 8. -Are these two books interesting? A -Yes, ____ of them are interesting. A. both B. all C. either D. neither 9. Which would you like, a cup of tea or a glass of milk? B -____, thanks. I think I'll just have a glass of water. A. None B. Neither C. Both D. Either A 10 The film isn't interesting. ___ people like it. A. Few B. A little C. A few D. Little

11.---Wow! What a nice computer! A ---My parents bought it for my sister and me. It’s____. A.ours B. hers C. mine D. theirs 12. The old woman kept one black dog and two white _______. B A. one B. ones C. those D. those 13.---She is too busy to help us finish the work. C ---Let’s do it _____. A. herself B. myself C. ourselves D. itself A 14. The students were all tired, but _______of them stopped to have a rest. A. none B. each C. either D. neither A 15. There are many trees on ____side of the street. A. either B. both C. all D. every


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