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代词的讲解

发布时间:2013-12-16 12:31:58  

代词

﹡its(它的) it’s=it is(它是) △主格、宾格 的用法:

①主格+动词 例: likes sports.(他)

②一般动词+宾格 例:The girl loves very much.(他) ③介词+宾格 例:He is looking at _____(她). 2.物主代词(代替物品的主人的词)

b.物主代词的用法:△名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词 例:①Your house is bigger than .(我的房子)

②My bicycles are here and (他的)bicycles are there. 3.反身代词

a.反身代词的形成

第一和第二人称的反身代词=形容词性物主代词 +(self\selves); my + self = myself(我自己)

our + selves = ourselves(我们自己) your + self = yourself (你自己) your + selves = yourselves (你们自己)

第三人称的反身代词=宾格 +(self\selves)

him + self = himself(他自己)

her + self = herself(她自己)

it + self = itself(它自己)

them + selves = themselves(他们自己) b.反身代词的用法:当主语和宾语对象相同时使用反身代词。 例:①You always talk to .(你自己)

②The little girl hurt .(她自己)

③He can do it by .(他自己).

④I saw the singer .(我看到这个歌手本人了)

反身代词的固定搭配:

by oneself (依靠)自己 enjoy oneself过得愉快

help oneself to随便吃 teach oneself自学

talk to oneself自言自语

4.指示代词(指示人或事物的代词)

this-这,这个;these-这些;that-那,那个;those-那些

△一般用法:用于人或者事物,离说话人近用this(these);离说话人远用that(those)

例:①This is my book, and that is Mary’s.

5.疑问代词: 疑问代词在句中起名词词组的作用,用来构成疑问句。疑问代词有下列几个:

指人:who, whom, whose

指物:what

既可指人又可指物:which

What happened next? 后来怎么样了呢?

Whose is better? 谁的好一些?

Which is yours? 哪是你的?

Who is he? 他是谁?

Who(m) are you taking the book to? 你要把这书带给谁?

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