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鲁教版英语五四制7年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:41  

目录

Unit 1 Can you come to my party? .............................................................................................. 2

Unit 2 I’m more outgoing than my sister ..................................................................................... 6

Unit 3 How do you make a banana milk shake? ........................................................................ 11

Unit 4 How was your school trip? ................................................................................................ 16

Unit 5 When was he born? ......................................................................................................... 21

Unit 6 What are you doing for vacation? ................................................................................... 26

Unit 7 I’m going to be a basketball player ................................................................................. 31

Unit 8 Could you please clean your room? ................................................................................ 35

Unit 9 What’s the best radio station? ......................................................................................... 41

Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?................................................................................................... 46

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 53

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 54

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 56

Unit 1 Can you come to my party?

单元目标

1.学会情态动词can 的一般疑问句式及其肯定回答和否定回答。

2.会用Can you……?来对别人发出邀请

3.学会拒绝别人的邀请,学会如何问几月/几日/星期几

4.熟练运用文中所提供的短语联系实际回复别人的宴会邀请

5. 能力目标:学会邀请别人以及回答的方式.

6. 情感目标:培养学生礼貌用语的习惯.

要点精讲

1. 重点词汇和短语:

can, can’t, lesson, another, concert, whom, babysit, calendar, weekday, invitation, training, chemistry, American, project, match ,whole, till, free, come over to, the day after tomorrow, have a piano lesson, study for a test, go to the doctor, have fun, on Wednesday, too much homework, study for a test, have a piano lesson, come to the party, the whole day, another time, soccer practice, join sb, try to do, go to the concert, come over, the day after tomorrow, have tennis, training with the school team

2. 重点句型:

Can you come to my party?

I’m sorry, I have to help my mum./Sure, I’d love to .

Can she go to movies?

Sorry , she can’t, she’s playing football.

When is the party?

It’s at ten fifteen.

Can you play tennis with me ?

Thank you for your invitation.

I’m sorry I can’t. I have to ….

What’s today ?

3. 情态动词can 的用法

(1)can 是情态动词,意思是“能、会;可能”。

(2)用法: ①表示能力 He can speak English .

②表示许可,请求等 Can I come to see you ?

③表示可能 Anybody can make mistakes .

(3)can 邀请某人做某事, 当提出请求时,通常用下列句型:

Can you …..? 两种回答:

接受时用“Sure, I’d love to .‖

拒绝时用―Sorry, I have to do sth. ‖ ―I’m going to do sth .‖

(4)提高: ①can 的过去式是could, 在请求许可时,语气更加委婉。如: Could you help me ?

②在表示能力时,可用be able to 来替换。

如:He can speak English 或 He is able to speak English .

4. all 与whole

(1). all与whole 都可用在表示整体的单数名词前,但限定词的位置不同。whole一般用于冠词、物主代词或别的限定词之后,其结构为“限定词+whole +单数名词”;而all 则位于这些词之前,其结构为“all +限定词+单数名词”。例如:all the time=the whole time , all my life=my whole life

(2)all 与whole 后可接复数名词,其结构分别为“all +限定词+复数名词”和“the whole+复数名词”。

(3)whole一般不能修饰不可数名词或物质名词,修饰复数名词时,其前一般有数量词,而all 能用于各种情况。例如:all the water 而不说the whole water。

5. another, other, the other, others与 the others

another 指不定数目中的“另一个;又一个”,用来代替或修饰单数可数名词。如: Would you like another cup of tea? 你想再来一杯茶吗?

other意为“另外的;其他的”,修饰复数名词。如:

We study Chinese, math,English and other lessons. 我们学习语文、数学、英语和其他学科。 the other通常指两个中的“另一个”。如:

She has two daughters. One is a teacher, the other is a doctor.她有两个女儿。一个是教师,另一个是医生。

others泛指“另外的人或物”。如:

Some like swimming, others like boating. 有些人喜欢游泳。另一些人喜欢划船。

the others特指某范围内“其余全部的人或物”。如:

There are forty books in the box. Ten are mine, the others are my father’s.箱子里有四十本书。其中十本是我的,其余的都是我父亲的。

6. must 与have to 的用法区别

(1)两词都是'必须'的意思,have to 表示客观的需要, must 表示说话人主观上的看法,既主观上的必要。

My brother was very ill, so I had to call the doctor in the middle of the night. 我弟弟病得很厉害,我只得半夜里把医生请来。(客观上需要做这件事)

He said that they must work hard. 他说他们必须努力工作。(主观上要做这件事)

(2)have to有人称、数、时态的变化,而must只有一种形式。但must 可用于间接引语中表示过去的必要或义务。

He had to look after his sister yesterday.

(3)在否定结构中: don't have to 表示"不必" mustn't 表示"禁止",

You don't have to tell him about it. 你不一定要把此事告诉他。

You mustn't tell him about it. 你一定不要把这件事告诉他。

7. join 与 take part in 的用法区别

加入某党派、某组织或某社会团体,用join,如:

(1)He will never forget the day when he joined the Party.

他永远也忘不了他入党的那一天。

(2)His brother joined the army three years ago.

他哥哥是三年前参军的。

join还可解释为“连接”。如:

(1)The railway joined the two cities.

铁路把两个城市连接起来了。

(2)The two clauses are joined by a conjunction.

两个分句由一个连词连接起来。

take part in参加(群众性活动、会议等),往往指参加者持积极态度.起一份作用。如:

(1)A great number of students took part in May 4 Movement.

大批学生参加了五四运动。

(2)We are going to have an English evening. Do you want to take part?

我们准备举办一个英语晚会,你想参加吗?

(3)How many of you are going to take part?

你们多少人准备参加?

(4)All the students took an active part in the thorough cleaning.

所有的学生都积极参加了大扫除。

典型例题

【例1】______ you love to join us on Monday?

A. Can B. Will C. Do D. Would

【答案】D

【解析】would love to 意为“很喜欢,很愿意”,用“to”接动词,回答时to不能省略。故选D.

【例2】—Sorry, because I have to look after my brother.

—That’s too ______.May me ______ time.

A. bad; another B. bad; other

C. good; another D. good; other

【答案】A

【解析】第一空内容根据句意需要bad. other 表“其他的,其余的”之意,another表“再一,又一”之意,故应用another.

针对训练

1. The students are having a class. Ask them to keep ________.

A. quiet B. quietly

C. quick D. quickly

2. 用join或take part in填空

(1)May I __________ the sports meeting?

(2)When did your father ________ the Party?

3. He eats ________ food, so he is ________ fat.

A. much too;too much

B. much too;too many

C. too much;much too

D. too much;too many

4. ----Do you have a PE _______ every day?

----No, we have only two PE _______ every week.

5. Tomorrow is Chinese Communist ________ birthday. We will have a tea ________.

A. party, Party B. Party, party

C. Party's, party D. party's, party

中考链接

(2010, 天津)—Can I wear any clothes I like to school?

—No, you can’t. You ___ wear a uniform.

A. might B. must C. will D. would

【答案】B

【解析】情态动词。情态动词的用法在初中更多的是考察含义以及语气的轻重,这也是每年的必考知识点,题中在回答对方不可以穿自己喜欢的衣服上学的同时,就已经表明了自己的立场,那就是―你必须穿校服‖。

(2010,河北省卷) —Do we have to finish our homework this afternoon?

—Yes, you ________.

A. must B. can C. may D. need

【答案】A

(2010,江苏省盐城市) The desk is not dirty.You_______clean it.

A.mustn’t B.shouldn’t C.needn’t C.can’t

【答案】C

单元测试

一、单项选择

1. A:Can you come to my party?

B:_________

A. Of course,I’d like to B.I can’t go there

C. No,I won’t go D.Yes,I will

2. I am going to Shanghai by air_________Monday night.

A. in B.at C.on D.of

3. Mary can’t play with us.She is_________her little brother.

A.babysit B.babysat C.babysitting D.babysiting

4. You can’t find him.He usually________at 4:00.

A. have an English lesson B.is having an English lesson

B. will go to the guitar lesson D.goes to the guitar lesson

5. A:When does the basketball game begin?

B:________

A.at two thirty B.at thirty two C.on two thirty D.on thirty two

6. Thank you ________your letter.

A.of B.for C.with D.to

7. My classmate invited me_________his party on Sunday.

A. for B.come C.come to D.to

8. Can you play tennis________us.

A.and B.with C.together D.join

9. Tomorrow evening he_______my cousin’s birthday party.

A. go to B.going to C.is going to D.goes to

10. Jerry, you look pale. You should _________.

A .go to the movies B.go to see the doctor

B. go to the culture club D.discuss the science report

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