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鲁教版英语五四制7年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:41  

目录

Unit 1 I’m watching TV ............................................................................................................... 2

Unit 2 It’s raining ......................................................................................................................... 6

Unit 3 What does he look like? .................................................................................................. 12

Unit 4 How often do you exercise? .............................................................................................. 16

Unit 5 What’s the matter? .......................................................................................................... 21

Unit 6 How do you get to school? .............................................................................................. 26

Unit 7 How was your weekend? ................................................................................................ 32

Unit 8 Where did you go on vacation? ....................................................................................... 39

Unit 9 What do you think of game shows? ................................................................................ 45

Unit 10 Don’t eat in class! ......................................................................................................... 49

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 55

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 56

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 57

Unit 1 I’m watching TV

单元目标

1. be动词am , is , are的用法

be动词前面我们已经学过,这一单元主要是与分词一起构成现在进行时态,即be (am , is , are)+V-ing,表示正在干什么。它主要是随主语人称的变化而选择不同的。

2. 现在进行时态

上面我们讲be (am , is , are) 时已提及进行时态,其句子的构成情况我们通过

要点精讲

1. 重点词汇和短语:

clean, read, sure, wait, toy, west, camera, activity, shop, bird.talk about, a photo of, thanks for, play soccer, wait for, some of, in the first photo, …

交际用语:

(1)-- What are you doing? --I'm watching TV.

(2)-- Is Nancy doing homework? --No,she isn't. She's writing a letter.

(3) --Do you want to go to the movies? --Yes,I do.

(4) --When do you want to go? --Let's go at 7:00.

语法:现在进行时的用法。

2. 能力目标:学会谈论人们正在做什么,学会写英文信,能就现场发生的事作现场报道。

3. 情感目标:通过合作学习谈论正在发生的事,启发学生思维,培养学生的合作精神。

4. 重点:词汇——学习日常行为的动词和一些场所名词。

语言结构——What am I doing?

What are you doing? What is he / she doing? What are they doing? 及其回答,并注意动词现在分词的变化规则。

5. 难点:初次接触现在进行时,需掌握它的结构。

现在进行时与一般现在时的综合运用。

6. 难点突破:主要单词及动词的现在分词的变化在三课时中完成;采用多种练习,综合运用听、说、读、写等手段掌握并运用语言,让学生在大量的听说中习得,在阅读中巩固,在书写中升华。

7. 谓语动词:be + V-ing

(1) be动词要受主语影响变为am, is, are.

(2) V-ing又叫现在分词。

8. 现在分词的构成规则如下:

(1) 一般动词后直接加-ing.如:

reading, watching, seeing

(2) 以不发音的e结尾的词去掉e再加-ing.如: make—making write—writing

(3) 以重读、闭音、单辅音字母结尾的词,双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing.如: get-getting swim-swimming put-putting run-running

9. 用法:

(1)表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。(不能指状态。)

(2)表示现阶段正在进行,而此刻不一定在进行的动作。(以these days为代表)

(3)表即将发生的动作。这类词有:come, go, leave, arrive等,常与表将来的时间状语连用。

10. 常见标志:

(1) 句中有:now, hear, look等.如:

He is doing his homework now.

Look, what is the girl drawing?

(2) 含现在进行时的问答。如:

--Are you mending your pen? –No, I’m mending my bike.你正在修笔吗? 不,我正在修我的自行车。

(3) 用现在进行时回答表特殊的地点:如:

--Where’s Tom? –He is washing clothes. (即在洗衣服的地方可找到他。)

(4) 前句是―It’s + 时间‖句子。如:

It’s six o’clock now. Jim is having supper.

11. 现在进行时的一般疑问句及回答:一般疑问句把be动词提前;回答用Yes,主语+be或No, 主语+be+not。如:

Are you making the bed? Yes, I am.

Is the girl drawing a picture? No, she isn’t.

12. 现在进行时的否定句:在be动词后加not。如:They are cleaning the classroom. →They aren’t cleaning the classroom.

13. 对现在进行时的谓语动词提问,常用―what…doing‖。

如:He is reading a book.

→What is he doing?

14.用法

(1)可通过上下文显示动作正在进行.

① Don't make any noise! Your father is sleeping.

② It's 12 o'clock. My mother is doing some cooking.

(2)现在进行时态与always连用,表示反复出现或习惯性的动作.有强烈的感情色彩. ① He is always asking questions.

② You are always forgetting your homework.

③ The old man is always getting up early.

④ The boy is always making so much noise.

⑤ He is always talking.

⑥ She is always helping people.

(3)一般不用现在进行时态的动词.

一些表示感官,态度,情感,心理状态,继续等的动词,一般不用现在进行时态. 如: hear see notice like love know want hope hate think agree belive have(表拥有) forget remember understand wish等.

① I hear something now.

② I hope you can understand me.

③ Look!He has a lot of money.

(4)一些短暂性动词可以用现在进行时态表示将来.表示一个最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,可代替将来时,此时一定要与表示将来的时间状语连用;这样应用的主要动词如:go come begin start finish stop arrive leave buy borrow lend return become join die catch 等

① I'm going shopping tomorrow.

② He is leaving for Beijing at eight next week.

③ When are you starting?

④ They are coming here this afternoon.

⑤ My mother is buying me a bike soon.

15. 现在进行时态的否定,疑问形式及其回答.

因为现在进行时态有Be动词,所以变否定就给Be动词加-not.变疑问就把Be动词提到句首.回答仍用Be动词。

典型例题

【例1】My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.

A. has lost, don't find B. is missing, don't find

C. has lost, haven't found D. is missing, haven't found.

【答案】D

【解析】前句是一个仍在持续的状态,应用进行时,由于没有找到,其影响仍然存在,应用完成时,瞬间动词用于否定式时可用于完成时。

【例2】Tom and I ______music now.

A.are listening B. are listening to C. listening D. listens

【答案】A

【解析】由now可知,该句为现在进行时。又因主语为"Tom and I",故选A。

针对训练

1. I with my sister ________TV.

A. are watch B. are watching C. am watching D. watches

2.-- Can you see____________________?

--No. Let's go and have a look. Maybe we can help them.

A. what are they doing there . B. what was happening there.

C . what is happening there . D. what are they talking there.

3. Thank you for _______( tell ) me about the weather.

4. Is your sister ______( cook ) supper?

5. Listen, they______ about Harry Potter. let's join them.

A. are talking B. talk C. have talked D. talked

中考链接

(2010,广东省肇庆市)There are several boys _________ football there now.

A. play B. playing C. to play

【答案】A

【解析】由时间状语now可知,本句应用现在进行时,意为"有几个男孩子正在踢足球",故选A.

(2010,山东省菏泽市)-Shall we go out for a walk?

-Sorry, I can't. I _______ my homework.

A. do B. did C. am doing D. was doing

【答案】C

【解析】由语境知此句是现在进行时,意为"我正在做作业",故选C。

单元测试

一、单项填空

1. Charlie can’t go with us because he _______a professor around our company.

A. shows B. was showing C. has shown D. is showing

2. My cousin is very busy with his work. He has ________ time to read newspaper.

A. little B. few C. a little D. a few

3. I don't think that it's true. She's always ______ lies.

A. tell B. tells C. telling D. told

4. How ______ you ______ with the new job?

A. do, do B. do, get along C. are, doing D. are, getting on

5. --- Are these socks yours?

--- No. Mine ______ outside on the clothes line.

A. are hanging B. have hung C. hang D. hung

6. My mother is _____ cakes. She often _____ cakes for us.

A. make;making

B. making;makes

C. do; does

D. doing;does

7. My parents are _____ TV now.

A. reading B. looking C. watching D. making

8. ______ you for ______ me the good news.

A. Thanks; telling B. Thank; telling C. Thanks; tell

9. Lucy is talking ______ her good friend ______ the new teacher.

A. with; to B. with; with C. with; about

10. —What are you doing?

— _______. It is too dirty.

A. I’m doing my homework B. I’m playing computer games

C. I’m cleaning the room

二、阅读理解

We have twenty minutes’ rest between classes. Look! Most of us are playing during the rest time. Some students are on the playground. They are having a basketball game. Oh! A boy is running with a ball. And another is trying(尽力) to stop him. They are so coo1. And there are

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