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鲁教版英语五四制6年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:42  

目录

Unit 1 When is your birthday? .......................................................................................................... 2

Unit 2 Do you want to go to a movie? .............................................................................................. 6

Unit 3 Can you play the guitar? ...................................................................................................... 10

Unit 4 What time do you go to school? ........................................................................................... 14

Unit 5 My favorite subject is science. ............................................................................................. 19

Unit 6 Where is your pen pal from? ................................................................................................ 23

Unit 7 Where‘s the post office? ....................................................................................................... 27

Unit 8 Why do you like koalas? ...................................................................................................... 32

Unit 9 I want to be an actor. ............................................................................................................ 38

Unit 10 I‘d like some noodles. ........................................................................................................ 43

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 48

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 49

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 50

Unit 1 When is your birthday?

单元目标

1.掌握When引导的特殊疑问句

2. 学习月份以及日期的表达方法

3.学习并运用序数词

4.掌握名词所有格的用法

要点精讲

1.基数词变序数词

表示顺序的数词叫序数词。 基数词变序数词的规则是:

(1)一般在基数词后加th:如:

fourth(第四) thirteenth (第十三) hundredth(第一百)

(2)以整十的基数词,变y为ie, 再加th,如:

twentieth 第二十 eightieth第八十

(3)特殊的序数词有:第一first ,第二 second,第三third,第五 fifth,第八 eighth,第

九 ninth ,第十二 twelfth

(4)要把一个―几十几‖,―几百几‖的基数词变成序数词,只需把个位数变成序数词。如: 32---thirty-second 256--- two hundred and fifty-sixth

(5)在表达编号的东西时,可以用基数词表示,也可用序数词表

the first lesson= Lesson First the sixth grade=Grade Six

2.名词所有格

名词的所有格:表示所属关系,即表示某物是―谁的‖。名词所有格常见的结构有两种

(1)' s 所有格

表示有生命的人或动物的名词所有格,单数名词和不以s结尾的复数名词一般在词尾加― ‘s‖,以s结尾的复数名词在词尾只加― ‘‖。如:

Kate‘s cat 凯特的猫, Children‘s Day 儿童节, the girls‘ books 女孩们的书 特殊复数名词后也加‘s 如:

the children‘s , the women‘s

注意:

①如果一样东西为几个人所共有,则只在最后一个名词上加― ‘s ‖。如:

Lucy and Lily‘s father is a teacher.

露茜和莉莉的爸爸是名教师。

②如果所指事物不是两人共有,而是各自所有,则应在每一个名词后加― ?s ‖。如: Lucy‘s and Mary‘s mothers are teachers.

露茜的妈妈和玛丽的妈妈都是医生。

(2)of 所有格

无生命事物名词的所属关系,一般常用―of+名词‖来表示,即of所有格。如: a map of China 一幅中国地图,

the legs of the table 桌子的腿

of 所有格与‘s 所有格有时可以互换,不过要注意它们物主的位置不同。如:

猫的名字是咪咪。

The name of the cat is Mimi. (of 结构,物主the cat在后)

The cat‘s name is Mimi. (‘s 结构,物主the cat 在前 )

3.学习时间的几种表达法:

(1)问星期What day is it today ? 今天星期几?

星期前用on

eg. on Monday , on Tuesday

(2)问日期What‘s the date today ? 今天几号?(几月几日)

某年、某月前用in

eg. in 1999, in 2002, in March , in October

在某年某月: 用 in +月份+年代

eg. in May, 1992

在某月某日: 用 on +日+月份

eg. on April 2th.

在某年某月某日:用 on + 日+月, 年

eg. on June 3th, 2001

具体的一天前用on

eg. on April 1st, on December 9th ,

在早上、晚上、下午用in the

中午、午夜用at

eg. at noon at night

4.重点句型

(1) When is your birthday?

When is your birthday?用来询问对方的生日,回答用My birthday is... / It‘s...。若要了解他人的生日,可用When is his / her birthday?来询问,回答用His / Her birthday is...。其中,日期要用序数词来表示。

句子When is + 名词所有格 + birthday?用来询问某人的生日。名词所有格表示“某人的”,其构成规律为:

① 一般在名词词尾加“?s”。如:

Li Ming‘s book 李明的书

② 如原词已有复数词尾-s,则只在词尾加“‘”。如:boys‘ clothes 男孩们的衣服

③ 表示共同拥有时,只在最后一个名词后加“?s”;表示各自拥有时,每个名词后都加“?s”,被拥有的名词是可数名词时,用其复数形式。如:

Jim and Tom‘s teacher 吉姆和汤姆的老师(共同的,一个老师)

Jim‘s and Tom‘s teachers 吉姆和汤姆的老师(各自的,两个老师)

(2) —How old are you?

—I‘m fifteen.

句子How old are you?用来询问对方的年龄,意为“你多大了?”。其答语是I‘m... years old,其中years old可以省略。同义的问句是What‘s your age?若要询问他人的年龄,则用How old is sb.?答语是He / she is... (years old)。注意其中表达年龄的数词用基数词。

典型例题

【例1】---_________________ ?

---I'm twelve.

A. What grade are you in

B. How are you

C. How old are you

D. What class are you in

【答案】C

【解析】本题意在考查交际用语的使用。A项译为“你在哪个年级”;B项询问的是身

体状况;C项询问的是年龄;D项译为“你在哪个班”。根据答语“I'm twelve.”可以推断出本题是询问年龄的。英语中常用How old??来询问年龄,意思是“多大年龄或几岁了”,回答是:I'm+数词/I'm+数词+year old.

【例2】---Are these_________ photos?

---No. They are___________.

A. your; my father‘s

B. yours; my fathers'

C. your; of my father

D. yours; of my father

【答案】A

【解析】形容词性物主代词用在名词前,my father为单数名词,其所有格要在后面加‘s。

针对训练

1.下面两个句子哪个是正确的:

我老师的名字叫高慧。

A:My teacher name is Gao Hui.

B:My teacher‘s name is Gao Hui.

改正下列句子中的错误:

2. This is a book. A book is Mary‘s.

3.你多大了?You are how old?

4.你是林涛吗?—是的。

Are you Lin Tao? —Yes, I'm.

5. Is Changjiang River very long?

中考链接

(2010·山东省聊城市,35,1)-Which class won the match in the end?

--I'm not quite sure.Perhaps _________did.

A.Class Third B.Third Class C.Class Three D.Three Class

【答案】C

(2010·湖北省咸宁市,22,1)The World Table Tennis Championship began Moscow, Russia.

A. Fifty; in; in B. Fiftieth; on; in C. Fiftieth; in; on D. Fifty; on; in

【答案】B

(2010·甘肃省兰州市,37,1)I think ______ of the materials I listened to at the beginning

of the exam ______ easy.

A. three fourths, is B. third four, are C. three fourths, are D. three fourth, are

【答案】C

(2010·四川省眉山市,22,1)--- Do you know the boy________ is sitting next to Peter?

--- Yes. He is Peter's friend. They are celebrating his ________ birthday.

A. who; ninth B. that; nineth C. /; nineth D. which; ninth

(2010河北)I don‘t think looking after children is just

A. woman B. woman‘s C. women D. women‘s

【答案】A

(2010黑龙江绥化市) ______ mothers can‘t come to the meeting because they have gone to Dalian.

A. Sally‘s and Jane B. Sally and Jane‘s C. Sally‘s and Jane‘s

【答案】C

单元测试

一、修改病句

1. When is your father birthday?

2. Teachers‘ Day is september 10th.

3. Today is 2008, November 1st.

二、单项选择

4.—When is your birthday?

—My birthday is .

A .April nine B. April ninth C. April fiveth D. April 22th

5.—When is Linda‘s birthday?

—A. Her is May fifth B. May the fifth C. She is on May fifth D. She is five years old.

6.—How old are you?

---- _______________.

A. I‘m fourteen B. I‘m fourteen year old C. I‘m fourteenth D. I‘m fourteen years

7. She is 16 and birthday is on May 5th.

A. she B. her C. hers D. his

8. This is Miss Gao. She____ your new teacher.

A. be B. am C. is D. are

9. _______ new bridge has been built over Huangpu River.

A. The;a B. A;/ C. A;the D. An;the

10. He used to be _______ teacher but later he turned _______ writer.

A. a;a B. a;the C./;a D. a;/

三、阅读短文,判断对错。

A lot of people go to the seaside for their holidays, and the various towns try to organize entertainment for them. In one seaside holiday town in the south of England, arrangements are made for a band to play out doors in public park every evening for a week. Unfortunately it rains the first evening. And although the band performs well, there is only one person in the audience because although the band is under cover, the audiences are not.

The man is sitting in a chair, wearing a waterproof hat and coat. After an hour, the conductor of the band goes to the man and inquires whether he has a special request.

"Yes, I have." says the man, "Please finish as soon as you can. I'm the keeper of this park and I want to lock the gates and go home."

11. A seaside holiday town finds a band to entertain visitors.

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