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牛津广州版英语8年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:42  

目录

Unit 1 Newspapers ....................................................................................................................... 2

Unit 2 Detectives and crimes ....................................................................................................... 8

Unit 3 Modern machines ............................................................................................................ 16

Unit 4 Historical stories ............................................................................................................. 22

Unit 5 Strange creatures ............................................................................................................. 27

Unit 6 Jobs ................................................................................................................................. 34

Unit 7 Environment .................................................................................................................... 42

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 49

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 51

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 53

Unit 1 Newspapers

单元目标

1. 句子中注意suggest的应用。

2. 掌握spend + 时间/ 钱 + on sth / (in) doing sth.

3. 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的运用。 Part 1

要点精讲

一、 短语

1. hold a meeting 开会

2. decide to do 决定做某事

3. suggest doing sth 建议做某事

4. elect ? to be/as?选举…作为…

5. agree to do sth 同意做某事

6. agree with sb. 同意某人

7. agree on sth. 就某件事达成共识

8. make a decision about…对……作出决定

9. take charge of= be in charge of 主管;掌管

10. vote for / against 投票赞成;投票否决

11. take notes 做记录;做笔记

12. be responsible for 负责;有责任

13. talk … over 详谈某事

14. make a list of 把……列成清单

15. be free for sb. 对(某人)免费

16. pay for 付费(买…)

17. in one week’s time 一周后

18. a copy of 一份

19. for free 免费的

20. from the air 从空中

21. of one’s own 某人自己的

22. in all 总计,合计

23. form a circle 形成一个圈

24. at the stall 在一个摊位

25. in pairs 成双成对

26. belong to 属于

27. in the newspaper 在报纸上

28. have sb. do sth. (=make sb. do sth.) 使某人做某事

29. believe in oneself 相信自己

30. give sb. advice 给某人建议

31. keep fit 保持健康

32. be pleased with 对…满意

33. be interested in 对…..感兴趣

34. have the habit of (doing sth) 有……的习惯

35. try one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事

36. try to do sth 尽力做某事

37. once a week 每周一次

38. have a high fever 发高烧

39. at break 课间休息时

40. get on well (with sb) (和某人)相处好

41. for this reason因为这样

42. keep on doing 继续做某事

43. thanks for doing sth 谢谢做某事

44. be the same as 与…一样

45. be different from 与…不同

46. not a bit = not at all 一点儿都不

47. not a little = very (much) 很、非常

48. leave + sth. + 地点:把…留在…

49. forget + sth. : 忘记…

50. feel sick/lonely 感到不舒服/孤单

51. on one’s/the way (to) 去…...的路上

52. at the end of… 在...末尾

53. in the end= at last 最后,终于

二、 词汇的变化记忆

edit(v.)-editor(n.)-edition(n.) decide(v.)-decision(n.) suggest(v.)-suggestion conclude(v.) – conclusion(n.) consider(v.) – consideration(n.) elect (v) - election

confident-confidence include(v)-including(prep) enjoy(v)- enjoyable(adj)

fun(n) – funny (adj) design(n/v) – designer(n.)

三、重点解析

1. alone / lonely:

alone,“独自一人;单独”不含感情色彩。可当形容词,但只在系动词后作表语:

Jack is alone. 杰克是单身。

The old woman is alone in the house. 那位老妇一个人在屋里。

可当副词,修饰动词:

She lives alone. 她独居。

Can you move the stone alone? 你能独自搬动那块儿石头吗?

Dick is walking on the beach alone. 狄克独自在海滩漫步。

(注意:不可说very alone. 但可说very much alone. 是特例)

lonely“孤独的;寂寞的”带有伤感色彩。只当形容词。可在系动词后作表语:

The old man is lonely.这位老人是孤独的。

He has many relatives, but he feels lonely. 他有很多亲戚,但感到孤独。

(lonely 和心理感受有关,而alone和心理感受无关。)

也可在名词前作定语:

a lonely person一位孤独的人

a lonely village一个偏僻的村庄 (alone不可作定语)

2. I suggest (that) we go out to eat.

(宾语从句的that不充当成分,可省略)。

虚拟语气在宾语从句中的运用。

当suggest作“建议,提议”讲而又表示与现实相反或难以实现时,后面的从句用虚拟语气,即suggest that+(should) do?(should可省略)。

如:We suggested that we (should) have a meeting.

注:当suggest作“表明”讲时,后面不用虚拟语气。

如:All the evidence suggests (that) he stole the money.

(所有证据都表明是他偷了钱)。

值得说的是,注意若that省略了不太容易看出句子结构,很多人就以为suggest sb do是个固定形式,这样记也没什么不可,但记得that 和should通常被隐藏起来的,最主要的是?sb.不是宾格,而是主格,做that引导的后面的从句的主语的?像上面的he千万别写成him.

类似的词有desire insist order request require advice demand等等?

典型例题

【例1】The boy always stays there for _______ .

A. one and half hour B. one and a half hour

C. one and half hours D. one and a half hours

【答案】D

【解析】表示“整数+一半”的时间段有两种方法:① 基数词+a half+名词复数 ② 不定冠词或基数词+名词+a half 如:“一个半小时”可译为:one and a half hours 或 an/one hour and a half。

【例2】The teacher is so kind that he is _________ his pupils.

A.popular by B.welcome by C.welcomed to D.popular with

【答案】D

【解析】sb./sth.be popular with sb.意为“某人或某事深受??的欢迎/某人或某事深为??所喜爱”。

针对训练

1.The tower on the top of the hill_____________. the beauty of the lake.

A.adds up to B.adds to C.adds up D.adds

2.She tried to speed __________ the car, but it was impossible, for it was too old, and it could only run__________ the speed of 20 kilometres an hour.

A.up, at B.up, to C./, by D./, with

3.He stood at the beach, his eyes ___________ the ships and the seagulls on the sea.

A.fixing at B.fixed upon C.fix, on D.to fix, at

4.The artist is said to study in the US in his twenties. ________

5.How beautiful this lake is! I'll sit here, and you, please take a photograph for me.

________

Part 2

要点精讲

一、语法/句型

1. it is adj of sb to do sth & it is adj for sb to do sth

2. try doing sth & try to do sth

3. at the end of, in the end, & by the end

4. leave & forget

5. include & including

6. believe in & believe

7. It’s fun + doing sth.

8. S+V+P 主系表结构

9. pay, take, spend &cost

10. lonely & alone

11. a bit & a little

12. in & after + 时间段

13. take part in, join in & join

14. of one’s own & on one’s own

二、重点精讲

1. take, cost, pay, spend

(1) It + take + sb + some time + to do sth.

It took us half an hour to cut down the tree.

(2) 物+cost+sb+钱:

The bag cost me thirty yuan. (cost, cost, cost)

若cost后无sb, 则译作―价钱是‖:The bag costs 30 Yuan.

(3) 人+ pay +sb + 钱+ for sth:

I paid the seller 200 Yuan for the bike. (pay, paid, paid). (pay后所加内容可视具体情况取舍。)

(4) 人 + spend + 时间/ 钱 + on sth / (in) doing sth.

The girl spent two hours (in) searching the Internet.

The girl always spends much money on her clothes.

2. leave可指“离开”

leave Zhengzhou离开郑州

leave Zhengzhou for Wuhan离开郑州到武汉

leave for Wuhan动身到武汉 (for后接目的地,而不是出发地)

leave留下;忘记

I left my backpack at home.

典型例题

【例1】 Sorry,Miss Wang . I ______ the key to the door of the classroom at home . I have to go back for it .

A. left B. missed C. forgot D. lost

【答案】A

【解析】“leave+sth.+地点状语”表示“把某物忘在了某处”,其中的 leave 不能用 forget。

【例2】How many pages have you ____________ so far? Can you return the book ___________ me tomorrow?

A.looked, for B.seen, with C.covered, to D.turned, /

【答案】C

【解析】此句从题意来看应该是“读了多少页”,而只有cover有此意,第二空“把??还给某人”,应为return sth.to sb.,故选C。cover还有“对??采访”,“报道??”、“占有??(面积)”,走完??(路程)”,“谈到??”等意思。

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