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形容词Doc1

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:43  

形容词

形容词在句中做

定语

那套公寓设计的很合理

The department has a reasonable design.

我们正在把我们的国家建设成为一个强大的社会主义国家 We are building our country into a powerful socialist country. 我有有趣的事情告诉你

I have something interesting to tell you.

我有些重要的事要和你商量

I have something important to discuss with you.

表语

以后两天将是干燥、晴朗的天气

It is going to be dry and sunny for the next two days. 许多进口的水果都很贵

A lot of imported fruit is very expensive.

这座桥又长又宽

This bridge is long and wide.

话剧《茶馆》令人感动又很有意思。

The play Tea-house is both interesting and moving.

天气越来越暖和了

It is getting warm.

宾语补足语

我们必须保持教室清洁

We must keep our classroom clean

这个消息使她高兴

This news made her happy.

我们觉得这篇课文很难。

We found this text very difficult.

我们发现这部电影很有教育意义

We found this film very instructive.

状语

这个男生又冷又饿的上学去

This boy went to school,cold and hungry

他到在地上,死了

He fell down to the ground,dead.

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主语或者宾语

定冠词+形容词=某一类人或者事◆这样一来,形容词就名词化了。 新事物将代替旧事物

The new will replace the old.

人们爱真、善、美、恨假、恶、丑。

Man loves the true,the good, the beautiful and hates the false,the bad,the ugly. 伦敦富人和穷人住在不同的地区。

The rich and the poor live in separate sections of London.

形容词的位置

①多个形容词并列的时候

一个很安静的小镇 A small quite town.

那是一部动人的英语电影。It is a moving English film.

你有一个漂亮的小房间 You have a small beautiful room.

两只又白又肥的小狗 Two little fat white dogs.

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② 形容词与其他短语构成短语作定语时,放在修饰词后面

他是一个值得表扬的工人。

He is a worker worthy of praise.

这是一个难于解决的问题

It is a problem difficult to solve.

汉语是一门不易精通的语言

Chinese is a language difficult to master.

她总是乐于帮助别人。

She is always ready to help others.

③ 通常作表语的形容词,至于中心词后面

只有史密斯先生帮助了我们

Mr Smith alone helped us.

④修饰something everything anything nothing 等不定代词!形容词置于这些词后面 这篇文章有什么重要的东西吗?

Is there anything important in this article?

这课书里有些东西很难

There is something difficult in this lesson.

你的作业里没有错误

There is nothing wrong in your homework.

为了使他高兴,她做了她能做的一切。

She did everything possible to make him happy.

⑤ 形容词原级

主语+谓语(系动词)+as +原级形容词+as…

Xiao Li is as tall as his brother.

Your jacket is as new as mine.

今天和昨天一样冷

It is as cold today as it was yesterday.

表示不对等

主语+谓语(系动词)+not so (as)+原级形容词as…

Xiao Li is not so( as) tall as his brother.

Your jacket is not so (as) new as mine.

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形容词的比较级和最高级

Ⅰ规则变化

Ⅱ不规则变化

Ⅲ形容词比较级的用法

① 事或人进行比较。表示“比??更??一些”,通常与从属连词than引导的状语从句连

用。为了避免重复,从句中的一些成分可以省略。

主语+谓语(系动词)+形容词比较级+than+对比成分

Xiao Li is stronger than his brother.

今天比昨天冷

It is colder today than it was yesterday.

小路比她的姐姐更开朗

Xiao Lu is more outgoing than her sister.

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这里大厅里面的座位比那个大厅里的多。

There are more seats in this hall than in that hall.

他的书法比你的好

His handwriting is more beautiful than yours.

② 比较级前用

Even: An even bigger earthquake will hit this area.这里还会有更大的地震

Much: It is much cheaper to email a long report than to fax it.通过电子邮件发长篇报告比用传真便宜的多。

通过上面的例子可以看出,形容词前面可以用even much a little still yet a bit等等表示程度的状语。

★ as ? as ?和 the same?as 结构一样

③ 形容词比较级特殊情况

ⅰ.too+原级 表示比较级:the coat is a bit too small for me这件衣服太小了,我不适合

原级+for短语 表示比较级:He is brave for his age.对他的年龄来说,他是勇敢的。 He is tall for his age.

ⅱ 他比我大三岁He is three years older than me

He is three years senior to me.

这台计算机在很多方面比那一台要好用

This computer is much better than that one in many respects. This computer is superior in many respects to that one.

由此可见用 superior inferior senior junior prior major minor等等可以表示比较级。

ⅲ 年轻一代 younger generation

高等教育 higher education

老年人 senior citizens

优质 superior quality

由此可见,英语比较级在一些地方也没有比较的含义。

Ⅳ 形容词最高级

① 三个或者三个以上人或事比较用最高级

主语+谓语(系动词)+the +形容词最高级+(名词)+表示范围的短语或者从句

☆有时,最高级后面可以不跟名词。This one is the fastest.

李华是三姐妹中年纪最大的。Li Hua is the eldest among the three sisters. 上海是中国最大的工业中心。Shanghai is the biggest centre of industry in

China.

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人民大会堂是我们首都最宏伟的建筑之一。The Great Hall of the People is one

of the most magnificent buildings

in our capital.

《丝路花雨》是我看过的最优美、最有吸引力和最令人感动的舞剧

Along the Silk Road is the most beautiful,charming and touching dance-drama that I have ever seen.

加拿大是世界上第二大的国家

Canada is the second largest country in the world.

这个大概是中国制造的最早的计算机了

This is about the earliest computer ever manufactured in China.

上海迄今为止是中国最大的工业城市。

Shanghai is by far the largest industrial city in China. 由此可见,有时候,形容词最高级前面可以有序数词或者by far ,about, almost等等之类。

水果新鲜的时候最好。

Fruits are best when they are fresh.

让小孩玩火是很危险的。

It is most dangerous to let children play with fire.

这个地区空气污染最严重

The air pollution was most serious in this area.

由此可见,作表语的形容词最高级前面,在不是相比较的情况下,可以不加the

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