haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

鲁教版英语五四制6年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:44  

目录

Unit 1 Good morning! ....................................................................................................................... 2

Unit 2 What‘s this in English? .......................................................................................................... 6

Unit 3 What color is it? ................................................................................................................... 10

Unit 4 My name‘s Gina. .................................................................................................................. 13

Unit 5 Is this your pencil? ............................................................................................................... 18

Unit 6 This is my sister. .................................................................................................................. 24

Unit 7 Where‘s my backpack? ........................................................................................................ 29

Unit 8 Do you have a soccer ball? .................................................................................................. 32

Unit 9 Do you like bananas? ........................................................................................................... 38

Unit 10 How much are these pants? ................................................................................................ 42

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 46

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 48

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 49

Unit 1 Good morning!

单元目标

1.掌握英文字母Aa --- Hh,能认读其印刷体和手写体字母的大小写等四种形式,书写(大

写和小写,笔顺,笔画)基本合乎要求。

2.学习八个人名:Alice, Bob, Cindy, Dale, Eric, Frank, Grace, Helen。

3.学习打招呼的用语:

Hello! / Good morning! / Good afternoon! / Good evening!

4. 学会问候熟识的朋友和应答:-- How are you?

-- I‘m fine, thanks. How are you?

-- I‘m OK.

要点精讲

1.英语字母的书写

英语字母分大写和小写两种形式。英语字母书写时分为印刷体和手写体两种形式。在书报、刊物、杂志上常用印刷体,平时大家写作业、做练习、考试用手写体。

英语字母的每个字母手写体都要稍向右倾斜,斜度要一致,倾斜度约5度。如Aa,Bb,Cc。

2. Good morning的用法

(1)Good morning “早上好”用于早晨向他人问候。回答仍用Good morning.

(2)问候语后面可以加上称呼语,如人名。这时称呼语放在问候语之后,用逗号隔开。如:

-Good morning, Miss Zhao. 早晨好,赵老师。

-Good morning, Mr. Wang. 早晨好,王校长。

-Good morning, class! 同学们,早上好!

-Good morning, Miss Chen! 陈老师,早上好!

3.hi 的用法

Hi“你好” Hi比Hello更简洁、随便。在年青人中使用更为普遍。如:

-Hi, Bob! 你好,鲍勃!

-Hi, Helen! 你好,海伦!

4.hello的用法

Hello“你好”,是用得最广、最简单的打招呼用语。

(1)作为问候语,hello的回答仍然是hello。如:

-Hello, Frank! 你好,弗兰克!

-Hello, Dale! 你好,戴尔!

(2)Hello作为打电话的招呼语,意为:喂。如:

-Hello,can I speak to Eric, please?喂,请找埃里克接电话好吗?

注:作为电话用语的hello一般不像汉语的“喂,喂”那样连喊几声(即打电话时,英语只说一个hello 就够了)

(3)Hello可以表示惊讶或引起对方的注意。

Hello! What's this?你看! 这是什么?

Hello, may I come in, is anyone there? 喂,我可以进来吗?里面有人吗?

5.thanks 谢谢

相当于thank you,不过比thank you 更随便,是一种不正式的说法。例如:

No, thanks. = No, thank you. 不,谢谢了。

Many thanks. = Thank you very much. 非常感谢。

Thanks for coming. = Thank you for coming. 谢谢光临。

6.文化背景及注意事项

(1)英语口语中多用省略句,如Good morning! 也可以直接说Morning!

(2)相互熟悉的人见面打招呼用How are you?,初次见面一般用How do you do?

(3)和外国人打招呼时,不要用中国式的问候语,如:你吃饭了吗?你上哪儿去?

(4)How are you? 原用于询问对方身体状况,现在逐渐失去原来的涵义,成为日常生活中的寒暄用语。

7. Good morning/afternoon/evening

Good morning! 早上好,答语是:Good morning!

Good afternoon! 下午好,答语是:Good afternoon!

Good evening! 晚上好,答语是:Good evening! 使用时间段:太阳落山后到入睡前。 拓展:Good night! 晚安,答语是:Good night! 注意:Good night 不是见面的问候语,而是晚间分别时的告别用语。

8. how are you

(1)How are you? 你好吗?答语是:I‘m fine ,thanks.或Fine, thank you.或I‘m OK, thanks.等等。一般别人问你how are you? 你在回答时句末常加上thanks, 或thank you以示谢意,并用逗号隔开。

有时回答完后反问一句And you?这时你可以回答,I‘m fine, too.句末加上too,表示“也”很好。如:

-How are you? 你好吗?

-Fine, thank you, and you?很好,谢谢,你呢?

-I‘m fine, too. 我也很好。

I‘m=I am

9.词语辨析:good,fine,ok

good 意为:好。泛指好的事物或人。形容事物指性质好,质地好。形容人指人品好,也可用于问好。但指天气好不用good,用fine或nice。

如:He is a good boy. 他是一个好男孩(人品好)

The book is good.这本书很好。(内容好)

Good morning! 早上好。(问好)

fine 指身体健康、天气晴朗。

I‘m fine, thank you. 我很好谢谢。(身体健康)

It‘s a fine day today.今天天气很好。(天气晴朗)

OK用语口语中。

形容词。意为:好,不错。可以形容身体状况。

如:I‘m OK.我很好(身体状况好)

2)副词:表示征求意见或赞同,“行吗?”,“可以”

如:

Let‘s go, OK? 咱们走吧,好吗?(征求意见)

-Can I use your pen? -OK.-我能用你的钢笔吗? -行。(表示赞同)

2)感叹词:好,行。OK,Let‘s go.好吧,咱们去吧。

典型例题

【例1】—Hello!

—A. Yes B. Hello

C. Good D. Good morning

【答案】B

【解析】Hello!与Good morning!都是问候语,它们的答语就是其本身,故选B。如: —Good morning, Joan. 琼,早上好!

—Good morning, Wen Bo. 闻博,早上好!

【例2】—How are you?

—______

A. How do you do?

B. How are you? 

C. I?m fine, thank you.

D. What do you do?

【答案】B

【解析】―How are you? ‖是熟人之间常用的客套招呼语,答语常用 ―Fine, thank you.‖或―Very well, thank you.‖表示问候的用语还有―Good morning / afternoon / evening. Hello / Hi.‖等,答语重复原话。

针对训练

1. Good morning, ______ Wang.

A. teacher B. Mr. C. /

2. – Good evening, ____________. – Good evening.

A. Dale B. to Dale C. dale

3. -- ____________________ -- Good afternoon, Cindy.

A. Good afternoon, Cindy. B. Good afternoon, Eric. C. How are you?

4. _____________ is a girl‘s name (女孩名).

A. Bob B. Cindy C. Frank

5. -- ___________________ -- I‘m fine.

A. Good morning. B. I‘m fine. C. How are you?

中考链接

(2010江苏省宿迁市)阅读下面对话,从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的选项完成此对话,使其意思完整。

(D=Daniel; L=Linda)

D: Hello, Linda. Nice to meet you.

L: Hello, Daniel. 66. _______________________

D: You see, summer holiday is coming. 67._______________________

L: I‘m going to travel to the Shanghai Expo Garden.

D: 68._______________________ By the way, will you go there alone?

L: 69._______________________ My cousin will go with me.

D: 70._______________________

L: We‘ll start on July 8.

【答案】

单元测试

1.写出下列字母左邻右舍

(1)_____B______ (2)_____c ______ (3)_____f______ (4) ____E_____ (5)_____g _____

2. ---Good evening, Eric. ---_________, Cindy.

A. Good morning B. Good afternoon C. Good evening

3.一Good morning! ---_________

A. Thank you B. Good morning! C. Hello!

4.一Hello! 一_________

A. Hello! B. Thank you C. I‘m fine

5.一Sit down, P1ease. ---_________.

A. I‘m fine B. My name is Li Lei C. Thank you

6.一What‘s your name? --________.

A.Clark B. I‘m OK. C. Thank you

7._____________? --Fine,thank you.

A. How do you do B. How old are you

C. Can you spell it D. How are you

8.早上老师进教室时,同学们应对老师说:―____________ ‖

A. Hello! B. How are you?

C. Good morning, Mr/Miss…! D. Good afternoon

9.当你要向别人打听某事时,你应说:―__________‖

A. Hello B. Sorry C. Excuse me D. Hi

10.当你认错人时,你应说:―___________‖.

A. Excuse me B. I‘m OK C. I‘m sorry D. Thank you

完成对话。

A: Good morning, Bob.

B: Good ______11______, Alice.

A: How ______12______ you?

B: Fine, ______13_______. ________14_______ are you?

A: I‘m _______15_______.

11. A. afternoon B. hello C. morning

12. A. is B. are C. am

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com