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鲁教版英语9年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:45  

目录

Unit 1 What would you do? .............................................................................................................. 4

学习目标 ........................................................................................................................... 4

要点精讲 ........................................................................................................................... 4

典型分析 ........................................................................................................................... 7

中考案例 ........................................................................................................................... 7

针对训练 ........................................................................................................................... 8

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 10

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 11

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 12

Unit 2 It must belong to Carla ...................................................................................................... 17

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 17

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 17

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 19

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 20

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 20

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 22

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 23

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 24

Unit 3 We‘re trying to save the manatees! ...................................................................................... 28

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 28

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 28

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 32

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 32

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 33

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 34

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 35

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 37

Unit 4 When was it invented? ...................................................................................................... 42

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 42

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 42

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 44

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 44

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 45

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 46

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 47

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 48

Unit 5 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? .......................................................... 52

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 52

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 52

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 54

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 55

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 55

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 57

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 58

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 59

Uint 6 By the time I got outside,the bus had already left ............................................................. 64

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 64

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 64

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 65

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 66

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 66

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 68

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 68

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 70

Unit 7 You‘re supposed to shake hands .................................................................................... 74

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 74

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 74

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 75

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 76

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 76

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 77

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 78

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 80

Unit 8 Loud music makes me tense ............................................................................................. 84

学习目标 ......................................................................................................................... 84

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 84

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 86

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 87

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 87

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 88

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 89

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 90

Unit 9 The world‘s highest mountain is 8,844 meters high ......................................................... 95

学习目标 ................................................................................................................................. 95

要点精讲 ......................................................................................................................... 95

典型分析 ......................................................................................................................... 96

中考案例 ......................................................................................................................... 97

针对训练 ......................................................................................................................... 97

扩展知识 ......................................................................................................................... 99

本章小结 ................................................................................................................................. 99 单元测试 ............................................................................................................................... 100 Unit 10 It‘s important to have a healthy lifestyle ....................................................................... 105

学习目标 ............................................................................................................................... 105

要点精讲 ....................................................................................................................... 105 典型分析 ....................................................................................................................... 107

中考案例 ....................................................................................................................... 108 针对训练 ....................................................................................................................... 108 扩展知识 ....................................................................................................................... 109 本章小结 ............................................................................................................................... 110 单元测试 ............................................................................................................................... 111 Unit 11 I‘ve broken my arm ....................................................................................................... 116

学习目标 ....................................................................................................................... 116 要点精讲 ....................................................................................................................... 116 典型分析 ....................................................................................................................... 117 中考案例 ....................................................................................................................... 118 针对训练 ....................................................................................................................... 118 扩展知识 ....................................................................................................................... 119 本章小结 ............................................................................................................................... 120 单元测试 ............................................................................................................................... 121 Unit 12 I remember meeting all of you in Grade 6 .................................................................... 126

学习目标 ....................................................................................................................... 126 要点精讲 ....................................................................................................................... 126 典型分析 ....................................................................................................................... 128 中考案例 ....................................................................................................................... 128 针对训练 ....................................................................................................................... 129 扩展知识 ....................................................................................................................... 130 本章小结 ............................................................................................................................... 131 单元测试 ............................................................................................................................... 132 期中测试....................................................................................................................................... 136 期末测试....................................................................................................................................... 141

Unit 1 What would you do?

学习目标

1. 学会表达与现在情况相反的虚拟语气。

2. 学习使用虚拟语气提出建议。

3. 谈论一些假设的、虚拟的情况。

要点精讲

1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句,即虚拟语气,通过动词形式的变化来表示说话人对发生的动作或存在的状态所持的态度或看法的动词形式称为语气,虚拟语气表示说话人所说的 话不是事实,而是一种祝愿,建议或是与事实相反的假设等。

If 引导的条件状语从句分为真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件句应用虚拟语气。如果要表示与现在或将来事实相反时,则用虚拟语气。

如:If I had time, I would go for a walk.

如果我有时间,我就会去散步。(事实上我现在没有时间)

If I were you, I would take an umbrella.

假如我是你的话,我会带上雨伞。(事实上我不是你)

I would say no if someone asked me to be in a movie.

假如有人请我当电影演员,我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)

2. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 I pretended to sleep just now.

pretend to be doing sth. 假装正在干某事

The students pr etended to be writing when the teacher came in.

pretend +从句 假装… I pretended that I fell asleep.

3. be late for 迟到 如:

I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.

4. a few 与 a little 的区别,few 与 little 的区别

⑴ a few 一些 修饰可数名词

a little 一些 修饰不可数名词 两者表肯定意义

如:He has a few friends. 他有一些朋友。

There is a little sugar in the bottle. 在瓶子里有一些糖。

⑵ few 少数的 修饰可数名词

little 少数的 修饰不可数名词 但两者表否定意义

如:He has few friends. 他没有几个朋友。

There is little sugar in the bottle.在瓶子里没有多少糖。

5. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前面有数词或several一词时要不能加s,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people 几百/千/百万/十亿人 hundreds of trees 上百棵树

8. what if + 从句 如果……怎么办? 要是…… 又怎么样?如: What if she doesn‘t come? 要是她不来怎么办?

What if LiLei knows? 如果李雷知道了怎么办?

9. add sth. to sth. 添加……到……

如: I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。

10. 系动词与形容词连用 get nervous 变得紧张

feel shy 觉得害羞 look friendly 看起来友好

11. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如:

I‘m too tired to stand. 我太累了而不能站。

12. help with sth. 如:They help with this problem.

help sb. do. 如:They help you relax. 他们帮助你放松

13. in public 在公共场所 如:

Don‘t smoke in public. 请不要在公共场所吸烟。

14. energetic adj. 活力的 如:She is a energetic girl. 她是一个活力的女孩。 energy n. 活力 如:She has lots of energies. 她有活力。

15. ask sb. to do 叫……做某事

ask sb. not to do sth.叫……不要做某事

tell sb. to do 告诉……做某事

tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉……不要做某事

如:Teacher asked me to clean the classroom.

Teacher asked me not to clean the classroom.

16. start doing == start to do. 开始做某事 如:

He started speaking/ to speak. 他开始说话。

17. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借来某物 如:

I borrowed a book from Lily. 我从莉莉那里借来一本书。

18.wait for sb.等某人 如:I am wait for him. 我正在等他。

19. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 如:

I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。

20. invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 如:

Lily invited me to go to her home for supper. 莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。

21. have dinner/ supper 吃晚饭

have lunch/ breakfast 吃午餐、吃早餐

22. plenty of 修饰不可数名词,也可以修饰可数名词 许多 如: They have plenty of food/ apples. 他们有许多的食物/苹果。

23. 给某人某物 give sth. to sb. 如: give an apple to me

give sb. sth. g ive me an apple 给我一个苹果

24. get along (with)=get on (with)

①进行,进展

The business is getting along very well. 生意进展的很顺利。

How are you getting along with your English study?

你的英语学习进展的怎么样了?

②相处

Do you get along with your boss?= Do you and your boss get along? 你跟老板合得来吗?

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