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鲁教版英语五四制8年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:46  

目录

Unit 1 Have you ever been to an amusement park? .......................................................................... 2

Unit 2 How do you study for a test? ................................................................................................. 6

Unit 3 I used to be afraid of the dark. ............................................................................................. 10

Unit 4 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes. .................................................. 14

Unit 5 I like music that I can dance to. ........................................................................................... 19

Unit 6 Where would you like to visit? ............................................................................................ 25

Unit 7 I’ll help clean up the city parks. ........................................................................................... 29

Unit 8 Have you packed yet? .......................................................................................................... 35

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 40

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 41

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 43

Unit 1 Have you ever been to an amusement

park?

单元目标

1.能够使用目标语言谈论过去的事情和经历及其感受。

2.用have/has been to…谈论自己或别人曾经到过的地方。

3.掌握一般过去时,现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别。

要点精讲

1. hear of, hear from 和hear的区别

(1)hear of 意思是“听说‖, 后面接人或者物。例如:

Have you heard of him before? He is the well-known in the world now. 你以前听说过他吗?他现在时闻名于世。

Have you heard of the Great Wall? 你听说过长城吗?

(2)hear from 意思是“收到……的来信”,相当于get/receive a letter from。例如: I heard from my sister last week. 上周,我收到了我姐姐的来信。

(3) hear 是及物动词,意思是“听到;听见;听说”,作“听说”讲时,后接宾语从句。例如:

I hear that he was caught that night. 我听说那天晚上他被抓了。

Do you hear somebody singing in the next door? 你听到隔壁有人在唱歌吗?

The little girl is often heard to play the violin in the morning. 早上,经常听到那个小女孩拉小提琴。

2. end up 的意思是“结束; 最终成为(变得)”。如:

How does the story end up? 这篇故事是怎么结尾的?

If you don't work hard, you'll end up nowhere. 如不努力工作, 你就一事无成。 He finally ended up his speech. 最后他结束了自己的讲话。

You will end up in debt if you keep on spending money like that. 你要是老这样花钱,总有一天要负债。

3. all 作代词的用法

(1)作主语时,谓语动词的单复数要由它所指代的名词的单复数来定。如: All goes well. 一切进展顺利。

All were silent. 大家都不吭声。

All of us were disappointed by him. 他使我们大家都失望了。

(2)作先行词引导定语从句时,后只能用关系代词that,而不能用which, 且that 可以省去。all that相当于what。例如:

All I ever wanted to do was travel. =What I ever wanted to do was travel. 我曾经想做的事就是旅游。

In fact, it’s all I have ever wanted to do. = In fact, it’s what I have ever wanted to do. 事实上,这就是我曾经想做的事。

3. have problems 意思是―遇到困难或麻烦‖,相当于 have trouble / difficulty,其后可接in

+动名词‖(介词in 可省略)或与介词with 连用再加宾语。例如:

He had problems with his math. 他学习数学遇到了麻烦。

They had many problems in getting here. 他们在来这里的途中遇到了很多困难。

You won’t have any problems finding the place. 你们找到这个地方不会有困难的。

4. 过去分词作后置定语含有含有被动的意义。如:

a night zoo called …一个被叫做….的夜间动物园

a boy named / called Tom 一个名字见汤姆的男孩

Have you heard of a place named Qingmian? 你听说过一个叫清绵的地方吗?

5. 一般过去时,现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别

(1)一般过去时和现在完成时的区别:

①现在完成时和一般过去时都是说过去的事情,但现在完成时注意的不是事情本身,而是强调事情与现在保持的某种密切联系(如现在的结果,影响,一直延续到现在等);而一般过去时,则只表示发生在过去的动作和事情与现在没有关系。现在完成时是用一个过去的动作说明现在的情况。如:

He has bought an English-Chinese dictionary. 他已经买了一本英汉字典。

He bought an English-Chinese dictionary. 他曾买过一本英汉字典。

He lived in Beijing in 2000. 只说明他2000年住在北京,他目前住在哪里并不清楚。 He has lived in Beijing since 2000. 说明他自从2000年就住在北京,他目前还住在北京。 ②当有一个表示过去某一特定时间的状语时,不用现在完成时,而用一般过去时。常与一般过去时连用的典型的表示过去时间的状语:yesterday(昨天),the other day (前两天),just now(刚才),时间+ ago, last +时间。

③常与现在完成时连用的表示到现在为止这段时间的词、短语或从句: so far (到现在为止),up to (till, until)now直到现在,lately(最近),yet , since+过去时间或叙述过去事情的从句。

(2)现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别:

现在完成时和现在完成进行时都可以表示―从过去开始一直持续到现在‖这一概念,有时两者可以互相代用,但前者多用于口语。在含义上如着重表示动作的结果时,多用现在完成时;如着重表示动作一直在进行,即动作的延续性或者动作仍然继续下去时,则多用现在完成进行时。

现在完成进行时表示一个持续了一段时间,刚刚结束或仍在继续进行的动作。与现在完成时有所不同的是现在完成进行时强调动作本身或动作的持续性、持久性。

I have written six letters since breakfast. 从吃早饭到现在我写了六封信。

I have been writing letters since breakfast. 从吃早饭到现在我一直在写信。

I have read this book. 我读过这本书。

I have been reading this book. 我一直在读这本书。

典型例题

【例1】Mary isn’t here. She has ____ the shop.

A. been to B. went to C. gone to D. /

【答案】C

【解析】have been (to) 指―到过某地‖, 说话时此人很可能不在那里,已经回来,侧重指经历。have gone to表示―去了某处‖,―到某处去了‖,现在已不在说话的地点了。因此从本题句意来看应该选择C。

【例2】My husband doesn’t want to see a movie tonight, and _______.

A. neither do I B. Neither have I C. do neither I D. I don’t do

【答案】A

【解析】neither用于否定句后表示―也不‖,neither后要倒装。

针对训练

1.____ of my parents enjoys music.

A. Both B. Neither C. All D.Every

2. Digital cameras are becoming more and more popular , but some

still _____ too much.

A. pay B. spend C. take D. cost

3. -- Why is your mother’s English so good?--Because she__New York for six years.

A. has gone to B.has been in C. has come to D.has been to

4. -- Have you ever ____ Lin Tong to see the Terra Cotta Warriors?

-- Yes, I have.

A. went to B. gone to C. been in D. been to

5. He is so careless that he always ___ his school things at hone.

A. leave B. left C. leaves D. forgets

中考链接

(2010江苏无锡市)---Mr Smith must have been to your home this morning.

--- No, he ________, because he didn’t know my address.

A. couldn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. may not

【答案】B

(2010江苏淮安)Mr Li _____ Britain several times. Tomorrow he will give us a talk about British culture.

A. has gone to B. have gone to C. has been to D. have been to

【答案】C

(2010贵州铜仁)---Hello! Is that Mr Jiang?

---No, he _____ Gui yang .He will be back in more than two weeks.

A. goes B. went C. has gone to D. has been to

【答案】C

(2010兰州市)We have ______ up early in order to catch the early bus.

A. used to get B. been used to get

C. used for getting D. been used to getting

【答案】D

单元测试

一、单项选择

1. Kate’s never seen Chinese films, _____ ?

A. hasn’t she B. has she C. isn’t she D. is she

2. --______ Do you write to your pen-friend? --Once a week .

A. How long B. How soon C. How far D. How often

3. It was in the factory__ produced TV sets __our friend was murdered.

A. which;which B. that;which C. that;that D. where;that

4. ________the earth is actually a bit nearer to the sun during our winter.

A. actually B. in fact C. real D. /

5. It_______ me half an hour to do my homework in the evening.

A. take B. took C. takes D. /

6. The story sounds____.

A. to be true B. as true C. being true D. true

7. ----How did you find your visit to the museum?

----I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was ____ than I expected.

A. far more interesting B. even much interesting

C. so more interesting D. a lot much interesting

8. The doctor will be free ____.

A. 10 minutes later B. after 10 minutes

C. in 10 minutes D. 10 minutes after

9. Did you have trouble ____ the post office?

A. to have found B. with finding

C. to find D. in finding

10. Alexander Graham Bell invented ________ telephone in 1876.

A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one

11. After watching ____ TV, she played _____ violin for an hour.

A. 不填,不填 B. the, the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,the

二、阅读理解

Let children learn to judge (判断) their own work. When children learn to speak, other people do not correct (纠正) their mistakes all the time. If we correct too much, they will stop speaking. Let themselves understand the difference between the language they speak and the language other people around them speak. Day after day, they will make some changes to make their language like other people's language. In the same way, children can learn to do many other things without others' help. For example, to walk, run, climb, and ride a bike-make themselves understand how they should do it. Slowly they can make some changes they need.

But in school we never let a child himself find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We usually think he never knows his mistakes if we do not tell him or he never corrects them if we do not make him do it. We should try to let him find out the answers to the problems, and the good ways of working them out with the help of other children if he wants.

Can teachers give the students answer books if they do maths problems? Let them correct their homework all by themselves. When the students tell their teachers that they can't find the ways to get the right answers, the teachers should help them. Let the students know what they must learn, how to judge their own understanding (理解力), how to know what they know or what they do not know. These are the most important.

12. The text tells us that the children should learn things by(通过) _______.

A. listening to other people

B. doing what other people do

C. making mistakes and then correcting them

D. asking other people many questions

13. Which of the following is right? The teachers _______.

A. never give the students answers

B. don't let the students make mistakes

C. don't always correct the students' mistakes when they make mistakes

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