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鲁教版英语五四制8年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:33:48  

目录

Unit 1 Will people have robots? ........................................................................................................ 2

Unit 2 What should I do? .................................................................................................................. 7

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? ..................................................................... 13

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working. ................................................................................................ 18

Unit 5 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time! ................................................................... 24

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? ......................................................................... 29

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music? .......................................................................... 35

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf? ............................................................................................ 41

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 47

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 48

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 49

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

单元目标

1.掌握一般将来时:will的用法

2.会用more, less, fewer表达数量的比较

3.掌握下列句型:

What do you think life will be like in 100 years?

Every home will have a robot.

Will kids go to school? No, they won’t.

They will study at home.

There will be fewer trees.

要点精讲

1. Will people have robots? 将来人们会有机器人吗?

will modal v. 其主要用法有:

(1)(用于表示简单将来式) 将;要;会。例如:

I will let you know about it as soon as we come here.

我们一到, 我就会让你知道。

Will you be free tomorrow afternoon?

你明天下午有空吗?

(2)愿意; 准备。例如:

I will help him if he needs.

只要他需要, 我愿意帮助他。

And I will take care of you, I promise.

我保证, 我一定照顾你。

(3)(用于请求某人做某事)好吗;行吗。例如:

You will allow us to set off at once.

请允许我们立刻出发。

Help me with this baggage, will you?

请你帮我搬这件行李好吗?

(4)(用于表示推测, 与must类似)大概, 可能。例如: The man with the umbrella will be the Prime Minister.

拿着雨伞的那个人准是首相。

(5) (表示总是如此) 惯于, 总是。例如:

Oil will float on water.

油总是浮在水面上。

Man will die.

人总是要死的。

2. There will be more/less/fewer cars. 将会有更多/更少/更少汽车。 fewer和less用法辨析:

(1)都是比较级形式,意思都是“较少的;更少的”。但前者主要用于具体的、可数名词

之前,后者主要用于抽象的、不可数名词之前。例如:

There will be less clean water and fewer birds because of pollution.

由于污染,干净的水和鸟儿都将会更少。

(2)fewer than 比??更少;少于。例如:

The students in Class Two are fewer than Class One this year.

今年二班的学生人数比一班的少。

(3)less than 少于;小于。例如:

less than three weeks

少于三个星期

He has less strength than I.

他力气比我小。

3. I might ever keep a pet parrot! 我可能喂养一只宠物鹦鹉!

keep v. 保持;维持;喂养。keep常用在下列结果中:

(1)keep + sb. / sth. +adj. 使某人/某物…。例如:

The job kept us busy for almost a year.

这项工作让我们忙碌了几乎一年。

(2) keep +adj. 保持。例如:

The old man burnt a fire to keep warm.

这位老人升起了炉子取暖。

(3) keep + sb. / sth. doing 让某人/某物继续做某事,例如:

I fee sorry to keep you two waiting for me in the yard for an hour.

对不起,让你们俩在院子里等了我一个小时。

(4) keep + doing 继续做,坚持做。例如:

He kept running after her, trying to catch her.

他不停地在追赶她,试图抓到她。

4. On the weekend, I’ll be able to dress more casually. 周末,我要穿得休闲一些。 dress的主要用法有:

(1)dress v.穿衣;装饰;给??穿衣。例如:

The two young men dresses as students.

这两个年轻人穿得像学生。

Little Mary is too young to dress herself.

小玛丽太小了,还不会自己穿衣服。

(2) dress n.连衣裙;服装。例如:

She wore a coat with a dress underneath.

她穿着一件大衣,里面套着一条连衣裙。

We’ll wear our best dress that day for his birthday party.

那天,我们要穿着最好的衣服出席他的生日晚宴。

(3)dress up 穿上盛装;装饰。例如:

The couple dressed up to attend the wedding.

那对夫妇盛装参加这个婚礼。

They are dressing up the room.

他们正在装饰这个房间。

5. Scientists are now trying to… 科学家们现在正努力??

try构成的主要短语有:

(1)try to do/ try doing 试图;努力。例如:

He tried to solve the math problem, but he couldn’t.

他试图解答这个数学题,但未能成功。

The tiger tried climbing the tall tree.

那只老虎试着爬上那棵大树。

(2)try on 试穿(戴);测验或试用。例如:

Please try on the slippers I gave you.

请试穿一下我送给你的那双拖鞋。

He bought me a pair of gloves and let me try them on.

他给我买了一双手套,让我试戴一下。

(3)try one’s hand at 尝试。例如:

I tried my hand at playing the violin, but found it too difficult to learn.

我试着拉小提琴,但认为拉小提琴太难学了。

6. Japanese companies have already made robots walk and dance. 日本的很多公司都可以使机器人走路和跳舞了。

make作为及物动词,有一种特殊用法,即“使役用法”,在表示“使(要)某人(事物)做什么(怎么样)”时,它除了要有一个“宾语”之外,还需要宾语后面带上一个宾语补足语,这样,整个句子的意思才能完整。

可作宾语补足语的词或词组有:

(1)动词原形,即不带to的动词不定式。例如:

They made the machine go faster.

他们使机器运转得更快。

Li Li makes the baby stop crying with a toy.

李丽用玩具使婴儿停止啼哭。

(2)形容词(词组)。例如:

How did you make all the street as light as day?

你是怎样使整条街道亮如白昼的?

She made the shoes ready when I got there.

当我到那里的时候,她已经把鞋准备好了。

(3)名词(词组)。例如:

Birds make the trees their nests.

鸟儿把树做为它们的巢穴。

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

只有工作没有娱乐使杰克脑子极为迟纯。(只工作不学习,聪明的孩子也变傻)。

(4)介词短语。例如:

Please make yourselves at home, kids.

孩子们,请不要拘束。

典型例题

【例1】例:我正努力学习,准备参加英语考试。

误:I am studying hard and I will try for my English exams.

正:I am studying hard and I am going to try for my English exams.

【解析】 “be going to” 表示计划、打算要做某事。E.g. He is going to visit his friends. 还表示某种迹象表明会发生某事.e.g. Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain. 而“Will+动词原形 ”

指对将来事物的预见、表示意愿、决心。E.g. I will wait for you until you come. 在单纯预测未来时,二者可以互换,但在此题中只能用be going to,而不能用will。

【例2】We can do _____ work with _____ money and _____ people.

A. more, more, less B. more, less, fewer

C. less, less, more D. less, fewer, fewer

【答案】B

【解析】句意是“用较少的人和钱做较多的事”。people 是可数名词,money是不可数名词,首先排除A 和D。根据句意排除C。

针对训练

1.不要太疲劳,不然会使你生病的。

Don't ______ too tired. Or it will _________ you sick.

2.The experiment was____ easier than we had expected.

A. more B. much more C. much D. more much

3. I’m going _______(go) school by bike tomorrow.

A to will go B. to go to C. go to D. to go

4. The class ____ on everything they have learnt this year.

A. is going to be examining B. are going to examine

C. is going to be examined D. are going to be examined

5. My cousin is very busy with his work. He has _____ time to read newspaper.

A. little B. few C. a little D. a few

中考链接

(2010河南省)Rebuilding in Yushu began soon alter the earthquake, long into the future.

A. reach B. keep C. stop D. last

【答案】D

(2010山东聊城市)---- A single room, please.

---- OK. Will you please ______ me your ID card?

----Here you are.

A. tell B. serve C. send D. show

【答案】D

(2010 .河北省卷,38. 1) This term over. The summer vacation is coming in two weeks.

A. is B. was C. has been D. will be

【答案】D

(2010.江苏省盐城市7. 1)I'm sorry I left the book at home. I______it here tomorrow, I promise.

A. bring B. will bring C. brought D. have brought

【答案】B

(2010·湖北省黄冈市,44,1)-Could you tell me when Mr. Li ______in Huanggang? --Sure. When he_______, I'll call you.

A. arrives; will arrive B. will arrive; arrives

C. arrives; arrives D. will arrive; will arrive

【答案】B

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