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直接引语变间接引语讲解课件

发布时间:2013-12-16 14:42:35  

直接引语变间接引语

一、如何变人称: 口诀:一随主。二随宾,第三不变。
? “一随主”是指在直接引语变间接引语时,如果从 句中的主语是第一人称或被第一人称所修饰。从 句中的人称要按照主句中主语的人称变化如: ? She said. "My brother wants to go shopping with me. ” ? →She said her brother wanted to go shopping with her.

“二随宾”是指直接引语变间接引语时 ,若从句中的主语及宾语是第二人称或 被第二人你所修饰。从句中的人称要跟 引号外的主句的宾语一致。如果引号外 的主句没有宾语。也可以用第一人称, 如:
He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?” →He asked Kate how her sister was then。

“第三人称不更新”是指直接引语变间 接引语时。如果从句中的主语及宾语是 第三人称或被第三人称所修饰从句中的 人称一般不需要变化如: Mr. Smith said, “Jack is a good boy.” →Mr. Smith said Jack was a good boy.

“What are you doing?”

She asked me

what

I was doing.

“Why do you like English?”

He asked me

why

I liked English

“How does she go to school?”

She asked me

how

She went to school.

“Do you know my name?”

She asked me

是否 Whether / if

I knew her name.

“Can you help me?”

She asked me

Whether / if

I could help her.

“Are you at home yesterday?”

She asked me

Whether / if I was at home

the day before.

“Are you ready?”

She asked me

Whether / if I was ready.

Summary(总结)
When do you have math? ( They asked him )
1.特殊疑问句直接引语变间接引语

you have math
They asked him when

you have math. he had

They asked him when he had math.

2.一般疑问句直接引语变间接引语

Do you have math? ( They asked him )

you have math
They asked him Whether/if you have math.

he had They asked him whether/if he had math.

Can you play the piano? ( They asked him )

You can play the piano
They asked him Whether/if you can play the piano.

he could They asked him whether/if he could play the piano.

Are you a teacher? ( They asked him )

you are a teacher
They asked him Whether/if you are a teacher.

he was They asked him whether he was a teacher.

Exercises:
1. She said to me “ Why are you interested in science?”
She asked me _____ _____ ______interested in science. why I was 2. He asked him “when will you buy the red coat?” He asked him when ______would buy the red coat. ____ he _______ 3. Shirley asked me “Where were you born?”

where I was Shirley asked me ________ _____ _____ born.
4. “ What’s wrong with you?” Lily asked me.

what was wrong me Lily asked me ______ _____ _______ with _____.
5. The girl asked me “What happened?” The girl asked me _______ ___________. what happened

注意:以下几种情况时态 不变 ①直接引语是客观真理。 The teacher said "The earth moves around the sun .” → The teach

er said me the earth moves around the sun earth. ②直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。 Jack said. “I was doing chores when Tom came to see me” Jack said he was doing chores when Tom came to see him. ③直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语, 变为间接引语时,时态不变。如: Jack said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980." →Jack said he was born on April 21, 1980.

④直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或 习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。如: He said, “I get up at six every morning。” →He said he gets up at six every morning.

⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式不再 变 (例:could, should, would, might) The doctor said, “You should stay in bed for 2 days.” → The doctor said I should stay in bed for 2 days.” 和已经是过去时的形式时, 例: ought to, had better, used to Peter said. "You had better come here today."
→Peter said I had better go there that day.

1. “Where is she from?”

He asked where she was from.
2. “How old are they?”

He asked how old they were.
3. “What’s the weather like today?” He asked what the weather was like that day.

4. “How do you go to school?.”
He asked how you went to school. 5. “Who is singing?” He asked who was singing. 6. “When do you get up?”

He wanted to know when I got up.

1. 直接引语中的时间状语转换规则:

now----------------------------then yesterday---------------------the day before today--------------------------that day tomorrow—------------------the next day last week/year---------------the week/year before this week/ year--------------that week/year next week/year--------------the next week/ year

a week/ year ago------------a week/ year before

this 2、直接引语中的指示代词转换规则: these
3、直接引语中动词come在间接引语中用go:

that
those

4、直接引语中副词here在间接引语中用there: 5、如果是在当天或在原地转达,则上述时间状语 或地点状语一律不变:

1. 直接引语是陈述句变为间接引语的方法 引导词为: that (that可省略) 语序: 不变

1. She said “ I’ll come this evening.” She said (that) she would go that evening. 2. My sister said to me, “I’m leaving tomorrow.” My sister told me (that) she was leaving the next (following) day. 3.He said, “My mother is not here now.” He said (that) his mother was not there then. 4.Nancy said,” I am very happy today.” Nancy said (that) she was very happy that day. 5. He said, “ The earth goes round the sun.” He said (that) the earth goes round the sun.

2. 直接引语是特殊疑问句变为间接引语的方法 引导词为: 特殊疑问词wh语序: 陈述(即主语在前,谓语在后)

1.“What do you want?” he asked me. He asked me what I wanted. 2. The teacher asked, “Why do you want to do that?” The teacher asked

us why I wanted to do that. 3. She said, “Where have you been?” She asked me where I had been. 4. He asked me, “Which is the best?” He asked me which was the best.

3. 直接引语是一般疑问句变为间接引语的方法 引导词为: if 或 whether 语序: 陈述(即主语在前,谓语在后) 1. He said, “Are you interested in it?” He asked (me) if/whether I was interested in it. 2. He said, “Do you like this film?” He asked if/whether I liked that film. 3. He said to me, “Will you be free tomorrow?” He asked me if/whether I would be free the next day. 4. “Do you like English or not?” he asked me. He asked me whether I liked English or not.
注意:与or或 or not连用时,不用if,要用whether.

4. 直接引语是祈使句变为间接引语的方法 间接引语应改为 “tell (ask, order等) sb (not) to do sth.”句型。 She said, “ Don’t talk.” She asked the children not to talk.
She said, “Be quiet.” She asked me to be quiet. She said, “Put up you hands if you have any questions. She told us to put up our hands if we had any questions.


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