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中考复习 新目标 Book9のUnit9 要点总结

发布时间:2013-12-17 09:03:13  

Unit 9 When was it invented? 知识点

1. I think the caculator was invented before the computer. 我认为计算器话在电脑之前发明的。(P68)

(1) I think 是主句,后接的一个分句做I think 的宾语,这个分句称叫做宾语从句。这里省略了引导词that。主句 用一般现在时,宾语从句可以根据需要选用时态。例如:

I think you are sleeping. But you are working. 我认为你在睡觉,但是你在工作。

◆在改为否定句时,主句改为否定句,宾从不变化。 例如:I don’t think you are a student. 我认为你不是学生。

【考例】I ______ think you _____ right.

A. don’t;are B. /; aren’t C. doesn’t;are D. do; aren’t

【解析】 A。本句是复合句,主句是I think,宾语从句是You are right.在变为否定句时主句是用I don’t think, 宾语从句还是You are right.但它的意思是“我认为你不是正确的”,汉语意思否定在宾语从句上。

(2) was invented是一般过去时的被动语态,其结构是was/were+过去分词。被动语态表示句子的主语不是动词 所表示的动作的执行者,而是动作的承受者。例如:Were those trees planted yesterday? 那些树是昨天栽的吗?

(3) invent (v.)“发明,创造”。其名词有两种形式:inventor“发明者,发明家”;invention“发明,创造”。 例如:Edison was a great inventor, he invented more than 1,000 inventions in his life.

Your father is a great inventor in our city. 你爸爸在我们的城市是一个了不起的发明家。

【考例】The blackboard ______ just now. Do you know who did it?

A. cleaned B. was cleaning C. has cleaned D. was cleaned

【解析】D。从句子的时间状语just now的意思“刚才”可以判断是过去时,本句的主语blackboard不能执 行后面的动作clean,所以用被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。所以用一般过去时的被动语态。

2. It’s used for scooping really cold ice cream.它是用来舀十分冰冷的冰淇淋的. (P69)

be used for“被用来做??”, 介词for表示目的和用途,后面接名词或动词-ing形式。 例如:

sweater is used for keeping warm.毛衣是用来保暖的。※ The knife is used for cutting.小刀是用来切削东西的。 Wood can be used for making paper.木材可以被用来造纸。This cup is used for watching.这个杯子是用来观赏的。

【知识拓展】 含有be used的常用短语:

◎ be used as“被用作??”,介词as意为“作为”,其后一般接名词,强调使用的工具及手段。例如: This book can be used as a textbook.这本书可以当作教科书来用。

This bag can be used as a pencil-box. 这个袋子可以当作铅笔盒来使用。

◎ be used by“被??使用”,by后接动作的执行者。 例如:

This kind of machine is used by farmers for getting in crops. 农民们用这种机器来收割庄稼。

English is widely spoken by travelers and many others in the world. 世界上旅游者和其他的许多人都讲英语。 ◎ be used to do something“被用来做某事”,和be used for doing是同义词短语。例如:

It is used for learning English.=It is used to learn English.它被用来学习英语的。

◎ be used to doing “习惯于做某事”。例如:I am used to reading in the morning. 我习惯早晨看书。

My father is used to living in the village. 我的爸爸习惯于住在乡村。

3. -What do you think is the most useful invention? 你认为最有用的发明是什么?

-I think the most helpful invention is the light bulb. 我认为最有用的发明是灯泡。(P70)

(1)句中do you think是插入语,可以放在句子的开头,也可以放在句子中间,还可以放在句子后面。例如: Do you know which is the best way to learn English?=Which do you know is the best way to learn English? 你知道哪一个是学习英语的最佳方法? =Which is the best way to learn English, do you know?

(2)the most useful invention“最有用的发明”。

useful (adj.)的最高级是the most useful。一般形容词的最高级是在形容词后加-est,例如:long-longest; big-biggest。多音节的形容词的最高级是用the most+形容词。例如:difficult-the most difficult。

【考例】Many boys think playing computer games is ________ of all games.

A. more interesting B. the most interesting

C. interesting D. more and more interesting

【解析】B。从介词短语of all games是表示“范围”的,在一定的范围内作比较,是用形容词的最高级。本 句子的单词interesting是多音节的形容词,所以它的最高级是用the most interesting。

(3) helpful是由名词help加上-ful后缀构成的形容词,意为“有帮助的”,类似的有:thank—thankful (感谢的, 感激的);grate—grateful(感谢的,感激的);use—useful (有用的);wonder—wonderful(令人惊奇的);forget

—forgetful (健忘的);success—successful(成功的);beauty—beautiful (美丽的);pain—painful(疼痛的)

4. The potato chips were invented by mistake. 土豆条的发明纯属歪打正着。 (P71)

(1) potato chips, 复合名词,其中第一个名词用作定语修饰后一个名词,这样的例子很多,例如:alarm clock, telephone number等。

【知识拓展】复合名词变复数的规则:

◎ 通常只把主体名词变为复数。例如:school boy—school boys(男生);apple tree—apple trees(苹果树); vegetable sandwich—vegetable sandwiches(蔬菜三明治);girl friend—girl friends(女朋友)

◎ 如果没有主体名词,在最后一个名词上用复数。例如:good-for-nothing—good-for-nothings(饭桶、无用的 人);three-year-old—three-year-olds(三岁的孩子)

◎ 由man, woman和另外一个名词构成的复合名词,两个部分都要用复数。例如:

man teacher—men teachers(男教师);gentleman farmer—gentlemen farmers (乡绅)

(2) Mistake (n.)“弄错,误解”。 例如:You have made a foolish mistake. 你犯了一个愚蠢的错误。 的话。 Mistake (v.)“弄错,误解”。She didn’t speak very clearly so I mistook what she said.她讲的不清楚,所以我误解了她

◆ By mistake“错误地,弄错地(因粗心、遗忘等所致)”。【例】I took his backpack by mistake.我错拿了他的书包。 He put salt in her cup of tea by mistake. 他错把盐放进她的茶里。 ◆ mistake ... for “错把??当作??”。.例如:I mistook the house for a hotel.我把这栋房子错当作旅馆了。 They mistook that stick for a snake.他们把这根手杖误当成了一条蛇。 ★ by accident 偶然,意外地。 例如: He put salt into his tea by mistake.

I saw an old friend in the street by accident.

5. The custom said they weren’t salty enough. 这个顾客说菜不够咸。 (P71)

(1) said 后是宾语从句,省略了that.当宾语从句主句用一般过去时, 从句也要用过去的某种时态。例如:

He asked me whom I was waiting for. 他问我在等谁.

(2) 句中enough意为“足够的”,它可以作副词来修饰形容词或者动词,enough放在形容词或者动词的后面。 例如:I am lucky enough to have such a good chance. 有这么好的机会我真是足够幸运了。

The little child was not old enough to go to school.这个小孩太小了,不能去上学.

▲ enough (adj.)“成分的、足够的”,可以作定语修饰后面的n.,enough作adj.时,一般放在n.前面也可放在 名词后面。例如:We have enough money / money enough to buy that car.我们有足够的钱买那辆小汽车。

【考例】That house is not ______ , so we have _______ to buy it.

A. enough big; enough money B.big enough;enough money

C. enough big; money enough D. much big; many money

【解析】B。考查enough的用法。enough作副词修饰形容词的时候,放在形容词的后面;enough作形容词修饰 名词的时候,放在名词的前面。第一个空是用enough修饰形容词big,所以用big enough;第二个空 用enough修饰后面的名词,所以用enough money。

6. The customer was happy in the end. (P71)

▲ in the end“最后,终于”可用于过去时态,也可预测将来。 例如:

We won the match in the end. ※ He will be a teacher in the end.

▲ finally表示事情在长时间之后发生,用法同in the end, 但finally还可用来表示顺序的终结,此时不用at last. 例如:After three hours’ walk, he finally got there.

There are three reasons why I hate him: first, he’s rude; second, he’s a liar; finally he owes me money. ▲ at last指经历长时间或周折,困难,终于向好的方向发展,有了好的结局。 例如:

At last he worked out the problem. ※ Listen and check the answers.

7. George Crum cooked them for a long time until they were crispy. ?将它们做了很长时间,直到它们变脆了。 本句是含有由until引导的时间状语从句。until意为“直到”,常用作介词或连词,用来引导介词短语或从句在 句子中作时间状语。

◎ 在肯定句中,until与延续性、持续性动词或者是表示状态的动词连用,表示“直到??为止”。例如: I worked until late in the afternoon. 我一直干到下午很晚的时候。

I read English until my mother comes back. 我读英语直到我的妈妈回来。

◎ 在否定句中,Until和not连用构成短语not...until...。until常与瞬间动词、短暂性动词连用,表示“直到? 才?”,“不到?不?”。 例如: The rain didn’t stop until midnight. 雨直到半夜才停。

I won’t leave until you promise to help me. 你不答应帮助我,我不会离开。 I didn’t go home until I finished my homework last night. 昨天晚上我直到完成作业才回家。

【考例】We will not go home _____ it stops raining. A. after B. before C. until D. when

【解析】C。考查until的用法。until和not连用意为“直到...才做某事”。句意为“直到不下雨了我们才回家”。

8. Although tea wasn’t brought to the western world until 1610, this beverage was discovered over three thousand years before that. 虽然,茶直到1610年才传入西方世界,但是这种饮料在三千多年前就被发现了。(P72)

(1) although“虽然,尽管”,连词,引导让步状语从句。我们不能根据汉语习惯,在后面使用but,不过它可与yet, still 连用;若主从句的主语相同,且从句谓语含有动词be,可将从句主语和动词be省略。例如:

Although (it was) snowing, it was not very cold. 虽然在下雪,但是天气不是很冷.

There is air around us, although we can’t see it. 尽管我们看不见,但是我们周围全是空气.

Although (he is) quite young, he knows a lot. 虽然他很年轻,但是他很懂事.

(2) not?until “直到??才”。until 引导一个时间状语从句. 例如:

He didn’t go to bed until his father came home. 直到他爸爸回家时他才睡觉.

We didn’t finish our work until midnight yesterday. 我们昨天午夜才结束工作。

Mr Chen won’t come here to see us until he returns to China. 直到陈先生回到中国才能来看我们。

★ Not until?在句首,主句用倒装。 例如:

Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is. 直到19 世纪初,人类才知道热能是什么。 Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 直到我开始工作,我才认识到了我已蹉跎了 ★ 强调句型:It is not until? that? 几多岁月。 It was not until the early years of the 19th century that man knew what heat is.

It was not until I began to work that I realized how much time I had wasted.

都有“发现”的意思,但各自又有自己的特点。

◎ discover“发现”,指发现的对象是原本就存在的,只是以前不知道。 例如:

Xiao Ming discovered a new star in the sky last night. 小明昨天晚上发现了空中的一颗新星。

◎ invent“发明”,发明的对象是以前从来没有过的新东西。 例如:

Do you know who invented bicycles? 你知道谁发明的自行车吗?

◎ find out 是指 “发现;查明”,强调找出原因,发现情况等。 例如: In the end, the old grandma found out the

number of the children. 老奶奶最后终于弄清了孩子们的数(有多少孩子)。

◆ create“创造;创作;创建”。强调从无到有,表示创造具体的东西,也课表示创造抽象的东西。

9. According to an ancient Chinese legend, the emperor Shen Nong discovered tea when he was boiling drinking water over an open fire. 根据中国古代的一个传说, 神农帝在户外的火上烧饮用水时发现了茶叶. (P72)

(1) 句子中的according 是介词,它的意思是“根据、按照”,它经常用在两个习语中。

◎ according to“根据??;依照??”,短语介词, 后接代词,名词或由疑问词以及whether引出的名词性从句.

例如:According to the radio, it will rain tomorrow. 根据收音机说,明天有雨.

According to my watch, it is five o’clock now. 根据我的手表现在是5点钟。

According to what you said just now, he was right then. 根据你刚才说的,那么他就对了.

◎ according as +that 从句,意为“根据...而...、按照...而...”。例如:

You may go or stay, according as you decide. 是去还是留,根据你自己的决定而定。

(2)the drinking water意为“饮用水”。现在分词作定语修饰后面的名词。例如:the boiling water 沸腾的水。

(3) over,介词,“在??正上方”。而介词above指 “在??的上方”;介词on指 “在??的上面”。

(4)fire“火”,它是名词,也可以作动词用,它的意思是“射击、开火”。

例如:The young man fired at the enemy, but he failed. 这个青年人朝敌人开火,但他失败了。

【考例】We must go there on foot _______ your father’s idea.

A. according to B. as C. for D. by

【解析】A。考查according的用法,从句子的意思“根据你爸爸的主意我们必须步行去那里”理解是用according to+名词idea表示“根据、按照”的意思。

10. Some leaves from a nearby bush fell into the water and remained there for some time.

一些叶子从附近的灌木丛落到水里.并在水里浸泡了一段时间. (P72)

(1) leaf (n.)“树叶”,它的复数形式是leaves。

【考例】There are a lot of yellow ____when autumn comes. A. leaf B. leafs C. leaves D. apple

【解析】C。a lot of“许多”,后用可数n.的复数形式,也可用不可数n.。本句谓语动词是复数形式are,树叶后 面只能用可数n.的复数形式,从句意理解是用leaves表示树叶的意思。

(2)from a nearby bush是介词短语来修饰后面的名词leaves。nearby (adj)“附近的”,它修饰名词的时候可以在 名词的前面也可以在名词的后面。这个形容词没有比较等级。它还可以作副词表示“在附近”,作介词表示

“在——附近”的意思。例如:My father works in a nearby factory.=My father works in a factory nearby.

(3) fall into“落入,陷入”。 例如:A ripe fruit happened to fall into his hand. 一个熟了的果子碰巧掉在他手里。 He was drunk and fell into the water.他酒醉跌落水中. ※ Some ash fell into my cup.一些灰掉进我的杯子里了。 ◆fall into 也可以作“开始”解。 例如:He fell into conversation with me. 他开始和我谈起话来。

(3) remain (v.)“继续、依然、停留,逗留,保持”,可指人或物逗留在某一场合或者保持原来的形状或者状态。 后面接名词,动词不定式。 例如: How long will you remain here? 你要在此地停留多久?

He remained a prisoner for the rest of his life. 他的余生都在牢中度过。 等以后才能知晓。 It sounds a good idea, but it remains to be seen whether it will succeed.听起来这是个好注意,可是它能否成功,要 ◆ remain还有“剩下、残余”的意思。例如: 作业未做。 I can’t go to the cinema because I have a lot of homework remained undone.我不能去看电影,因为我还有很多 ◆ remain后面也可以接副词或介词短语。例如:

She remains in the house all these days. 她这些天一直呆在那栋房子里。

Three out of four of them remained single. 他们四个人中有三个人还是单身。

11. The emperor noticed ? a pleasant smell. 这个皇帝注意到在水里的叶子产生了一股令人舒服的气味。(P72)

(1)这是一个含有宾语从句的复合句,主句是The emperor noticed,宾语从句是that引导的句子。

(2)notice (v.)“注意到,观察到”。可构成短语notice sb do sth / notice sb doing sth。第一个短语是注意到某人做 某事。(注意到某人作某事的全过程);第二个短语的意思是“注意到某人正在做某事”(表示正在进行的动 作)。 例如:We notice your mother leave the room. 我们注意到你妈妈来看房间。

We notice your mother cooking when we get your home. 当我们到达你的家的时候,注意到你妈妈正在做饭。 ◆ notice sb./ sth. 注意到某人、某物 I didn’t notice you when I came in.

◆ notice sb./ sth. do sth./ doing sth. I notice a thief stealing something.

◆ notice + 宾语从句 He noticed that his car was broken.

【拓展】notice (n.) 布告,通知,注意。

(3)produce (vt.)生产;产;造成;产生。 例如:The sun produces light and heat. 太阳产生光和热。

The century produced few great men.那个世纪没出几个伟人。

(4)句中smell (n.)“气味”。Smell还可以作连系动词,意为“闻、嗅”。它后面用形容词作表语。

例如:The dumplings smell nice. 这些水饺闻起来很好。

【考例】Your brother was noticed ______ other’s homework just now.

A. copy B. to copy C. copying D. copies

【解析】B。本句子是考查动词短语notice somebody do something的被动语态的用法,这个短语是用省略to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语,在被动语态的句子中把省略的to再还原过来。

(5 pleasure (n.)。 please (v.) 使高兴,使同意。

pleasant (adj.) 愉快,高兴。修饰物,指天气、时间、旅行令人高兴愉快; pleased (adj.) 修饰人;表示外部因素引起人发自内心的欣慰和愉快。

12. And in this way, one of the world’s ? was invented.就这样,世界上最受欢迎的一种饮料产生了。 (P72) in the way“就这样”,“以这种方式”。例如:The song was composed in this way. 这首歌就这样被创作出来了。 In this way, you will find the answer to this question. 用这种方法,你可以找到这个问题的答案。

【知识拓展】 way主要有以下几种用法:

◎ 表示“方法”,接不定式,...way to do sth这一结构等于...way of doing sth。例如:

Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent(of preventing) disease. 科学家们正在寻找预防疾病的方法。 There are many ways of traveling(to travel), for example, by air. 旅行有许多方式,例如乘飞机。

◎ 表示“路途”,“路线”,常构成on one’s/the way to...“在??的途中”。在这一结构中,介词to表示方向, 后接名词。如果后面接地点副词如here, there, home时则不用to。

例如:I’m on my way home.我正在回家的路上。

She’s on her way to see the film.她正在去看电影的路上。

◎ 表示“方向”。 例如:Look this way.看这边。 ※ Go that way.往那边走。

◎ 表示“距离”,“路程”。 例如:Beijing is a long way from here.北京离这里很远。

13. This much-loved and active sport is enjoyed by many for fun and exercise.

这种活跃的、受众人喜爱的运动被许多人作为娱乐和锻炼而欣赏。 (P74)

(1)much-loved 复合形容词,它是由much+过去分词构成的。表示“众人喜爱”的意思。复合形容词还有

kind-hearted 善良的、热心肠的;well-loved 深受爱戴的。

(2)active(adj.) 活动的,活泼的,活跃的;积极地,起作用的;灵活的。 例如:

Ms. Brown is active in the party. 布朗女士在晚会上很活跃。

He is an active member of the school's stamp club. 他是学校集邮俱乐部的一名活跃会员。

Vesuvius is an active volcano. 维苏威山是一座活火山。

◆ actively (adv.)积极地;活跃地;勤奋的。 例如:

You must work every day, actively managing trades. 你必须每天工作,积极地管理好交易。

One of my roommates was courageous enough to join them actively. 我有一个室友很勇敢,积极地加入到他们 The bourgeoisie participates actively in this process. 资产阶级活跃地参加了这个过程。 当中去。 ◆ activity (n.) 活动;活跃。 例如:The volcano is in activity. 这火山正活跃著。

We love outdoor activity. 我们热爱户外活动。

We plan to expand our business activities in East Africa. 我们打算在东非扩展我们的商业活动。

(3)is enjoyed是一般现在时的被动语态,表示句子的主语是后面动词的承受者。

例如:The flowers are watered every day. 这些花每天都被浇。

(4)介词短语for fun and exercise表示被喜爱的目的。介词for的意思是“为了”。

例如:They came here for some books. 它们来这里是为了一些书。

【考例】Your father is a _____ man. So many people like him.

A. kind-heart B. twenty-eight years old C. kind-hearted D. long-hair

【解析】C。本句子是用复合形容词kind-hearted表示“你父亲是一个热心肠的人”,所以大家都喜欢他。

14. The sport of basketball is a little over a hundred years old. 篮球这种运动已经有一百年的历史了。(P74)

a little表示“一点”的时候修饰不可数名词,和a few是同义词短语,a few修饰可数名词的复数形式。经常 用a little,a lot,much, far,even,a bit来修饰形容词的比较级表示“更加”的意思。

例如:My shoes are a little bigger than yours. 我的鞋子比你的更加大一点。

【考例】The house is ______ than I thought.

A. very cheaper B. much expensive C. much cheaper D.very expensive

【解析】C。本句有连词than可以判断是用形容词的比较级,修饰adj.比较级用much,a little,不能用very修饰。

15. Knocking into players and falling down would be dangerous. 队员相互碰撞和跌倒都将是很危险的。 (P74)

Knock ? (v.) 敲击;互撞;攻击。例如:Someone is knocking at the door有人在敲门。

He knocked a big hole in the wall. 他把墙撞出了一个大洞。 I am so hurried as to knock into my teacher. 我如此匆忙以至于撞到老师身上。

The man is knock down by the bicycle. 这个男人被自行车撞倒了。

? (n.) 敲;敲门;敲打。例如:There was a knock at the window. 有人敲了一下窗户。

I heard footsteps, then a knock on the door. 我听到脚步声,随后是敲门的声音。

There was no answer to my knock, so I went away. 我敲门没人应,所以就走开了。

She took a bad knock when her husband died. 丈夫的死,使她受到沉重的打击。

【短语】knock at, knock on 敲敲(门),敲敲(窗)。knock over, knockdown 打翻(杯子),推倒(墙 )。 knock against 撞或碰,knock into 撞上谁

16. he aim of basketball is for players to get a ball into the“basket”:a net hanging from a metal hoop. 篮球运动 的目标是让运动员把球投入篮筐:一个悬挂在金属圈下的网。 (P74)

(1)aim的用法: 项竞赛以鼓励新的年轻作家为目的。 ◎ the aim of … …的目标:The competition was started with the aim of encouraging young writers. 我们开展此 ◎ aim at 力求达到:We aim at success in the examination.我们目的在于在考试中成功。

We are aiming at a higher production level.我们旨在提高生产水平。

◎ aim to do sth. 力求做某事:She aims to gain the Nobel Prize. 她的目标是获得诺贝尔奖金。

We aim to perfect ourselves in English. 我们的目的在于使自己精通英语。 Mary aimed to please her customers. 玛丽的目的是取悦于自己的顾客。

◎ be aimed at 目的是,旨在:These measures are aimed at protecting wildlife. 这些措施旨在保护野生生物。

(2)hang: ◎ 垂下;悬挂(hung,hung): Her hair hung long in the back. 她的头发长长地披在身后。 You may hang your coat on the hook. 你可以把外套挂在钩子上。

I'll hang the pictures as high as I can. 我将尽可能把这些画挂得高。

◎ 绞死,施以绞刑(hanged,hanged):He was hanged for murder. 他因犯谋杀罪而被处以绞刑。 She was condemned to hang for killing her husband. 她因杀害亲夫被处以绞刑。

17. Players shoot from below the basket and may use the “backboard” for guiding the ball into the basket. 运动 员从蓝下他投球,可以利用“篮板”指引球进入篮筐。 (P74)

Shoot:? (v.)发射;开枪;疾驰;拍照。 例如:He shot the bird with his gun. 他用枪打鸟。

This is just a toy gun; it doesn't shoot. 这只是玩具枪, 不能发射子弹。

The sports car shot past us. 赛车从我们前面飞驰而过。

The scene was shot on location. 这个景是实地拍摄的。

? (n.)发射;嫩枝。 例如:The enemies made shoots at us. 敌人向我们发起射击。

Two weeks after we'd planted the seeds, little green shoots started to appear.

我们播种后两周,绿色的小嫩芽就开始长出了。

【短语】◎ shoot at sb.朝某人开枪: A man with a gun is shooting at the crowds. 有一持枪男子向人群射击。 The hunter took a shot at the birds as they flew over. 鸟群从头顶飞过时,猎人举枪向它们射击。 ◎ go shooting 打猎: They went shooting outdoors yeaterday. .他们昨天去户外打猎了。

指一物的位置低于另一物,但不一定在正下方;还可以用于计量单位或刻度。 而under 指两事物的空间立体性,且多指垂直;还表示“少于”。 例如:

His income is well below the average.他的收入大大低于平均水平。

The class has dropped below ten students this year.今年这个班的学生降到了10人以下。

Please do not write below this line.请不要写到这条线下面。 巢。 She sat very still under the tree.她在树底下静静地坐着。The swallows nested under the eaves.燕子在屋檐下筑 The watch cannot be sold for under 100 yuan. 这块表低于100元不卖。

Many children under five go to nursery school. 5岁以下的许多儿童都上幼儿园。

18. It is believed that on December 21st, 1891, the first basketball game in history was played.

人们认为1891年12月21日是历史上的第一次篮球比赛的日子。(P74)

(1) 本句中的It is believed that... 相当于people believe that...是“人们相信/认为”的意思,that引导的是主语从句。

例如:It is believed that by the year 2010, the population of the world will be seven billion.

= People believe that by the year 2010, the population of the world will be seven billion.

人们都认为到2010年,世界人口将达到七十亿。

★ It is believed是一个固定搭配的句型,it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的that从句。意为“人们相信”。 另外的类似的句型:It is said that (据说),It is reported that(据报道),It is supposed that (据猜测)。 例如:It is said that movie is not really interesting. 据说那部电影并不是确实有趣。

(2) believe“相信”,“认为”,一般表示相信某人是诚实的或某事是真实的,后面可以接名词、代词、从句或复合 结构作宾语。 例如: I just could not believe my eyes. 我简直不敢相信我的眼睛。

Scientists believe that whales can live for twenty to thirty years. 科学家们认为鲸可以活二十到三十年。 ◆believe可用于被动语态。【例】They are believed to have discussed this problem.据说,这个他们已经讨论过了。

【提示】 believe与believe in的含义不同。believe in意为“信奉、信仰”,后面常接表示真理或宗教一类的名 词,也可作“信任、信赖”解。 例如:My grandpa believes in Buddhism. 我爷爷信奉佛教。 I can’t believe in his honesty. 我不相信他诚实。

(3)在具体到某一天用介词on。例如:I was born on July 6. 我出生于七月六日。

【考例】It __ that your new teacher is a professor. A. knows B. says C. is said D. is saying

【解析】C。从句子意思“据说你的新老师是个教授”,所以用固定搭配的句型It is said表示“据说”的意思。

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