haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

八年级上册英语Unit8

发布时间:2013-09-21 11:25:27  

八年级上册英语Unit8《How was your school trip》知识点

【应掌握的词组】

1. talk about 谈论,talk over 谈论 2. give a talk 作报告 3. have a talk to (with) sb. 与某人谈话

4. go to the beach 去海滩 5. have ice cream 吃冰淇淋

6. go to the zoo 去动物园

7. go to the aquarium 去水族馆 8. hang out with one's friends 和朋友闲逛

9. take photos = take a photo = take pictures = take a picture 照相

10. buy a souvenir买纪念品

11. have pizza 吃比萨饼 12. a famous actor 著名的演员 13. get one's autograph 得到了某人的亲笔签名

14. win a prize 赢得奖品(奖项) 15. at the aquarium 在水族馆 16. have a great time 玩得高兴,过得愉快

17. on the school trip 在学校的旅游 18. Blue Water Aquarium 蓝色水族馆

19. the Visitors' Center 游客中心

20.a dolphin show 海豚表演 21. after that 后来 22. at the end of… 在……结束的时候,在……的尽头

23. the Gift Shop 礼品店 24. at the beginning of… 在开始的时候 25. a terrible school trip 糟糕的学校旅行

26. that sounds interesting 那听起来很有趣 27. make up a story 编一个故事

28. go for a drive 开车兜风

30. in the rain 在雨中 in the dark 在黑暗中 in the sun 在阳光下 in the snow 在雪中

31. take notes of = write down = copy down 写下,记下

32. have fun doing sth. 很快乐的做某事

33. play computer games 打电脑游戏 34. for sale 供销售

35. see you soon 盼望很快见到你

36. in one's opinion 据某人看来,某人的观点上看 37. win the first prize 获得了一等奖

38.a famous basketball player 著名的篮球运动员 39. in the future 在将来,今后

40. can't help doing sth. 忍不住做某事 41. the story goes that… 据说……

42. a busy day off 繁忙的假日,

in one's off hours 在某人的休息时间 the off season 淡季

43. none of… …当中没有一个

44. a heavy rain 一阵大雨 a light rain 一阵小雨 a fine rain 一阵细雨

44. all day = all day long 整天 all night = all night long 整夜

【应掌握的句子】

1. How was your school trip? 你的学校旅行怎么样?

2. Talk about events in the past. 谈谈过去的事件。

3. Were there any sharks? No, there weren't any sharks, but there were some really smart seals. 有鲨鱼吗?不,没有鲨鱼,但是看见了一些非常伶俐的海豹。

4. What else did you do? 你还做了别的什么事情吗?

5. Finally, they took the school bus back to school. 最后他们乘坐公共汽车返回学校。

6. At the end of the day, the science teacher was very happy because the students cleaned the bus after the trip. 在那天结束的时候,科学老师很高兴,因为学生们在旅游之后把汽车打扫了一遍。

7. The students had a terrible school trip. 学生们度过了一次很糟糕的学校旅行。

8. They took the subway back to school. 他们乘坐地铁回到学校。

9. She lives in California. The weather was beautiful. 她住在加利福尼亚,天气很好。

10. On my next day off, I don't want to go for a drive. That sounds really boring. 在我的下次假日,我不想开车兜风。那听起来真的很烦人。

11. Did you have fun camping? 你的野营过得愉快吗?

12. No one came to the sale because the weather was so bad. 没有人来购买,因为天气是如此的糟糕。

【语法知识】

一般过去时:表示过去发生的动作或出现的状态,以动词的过去式表达,如:

I was at the library yesterday afternoon. 昨天下午我在图书馆。

动词的过去式分为规则动词和不规则动词两种。规则变换如下:

① 一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed. 例:wanted,played

② 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed. 例:hoped,lived

③ 重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加-ed 例:stopped

④ 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed. 例:studied,worried

⑤ 以元音字母+y结尾的动词,直接加-ed. 例: enjoyed

规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后[t], 元浊[d], [t] [d]之后读[Id].

①清辅音后,ed要读[t]. 例:worked,finished

②元音或浊辅音后,ed要读 [d]. 例: lived,called

③[t]或[d]后,ed读[Id]. 例:started,needed

不规则动词有其自己的变化形式,只能分别记忆。不规则变换常见词:

1. go -went 2. take-took 3. have-had 4. buy-bought

5. eat-ate 6. see-saw

7. hang-hung(悬挂) 8. meet-met 9. win-won(赢得) 10. sleep-slept 11. put-put

12. come-came 13. wake-woke(醒) 14. read-read

a. be动词过去式的句式。

否定句是在was/were后面加not, was not (wasn't)/were not (weren't)。

一般疑问句是把was / were提前并放到句首,要求首字母要大写。

b. 实义动词过去式的句式。

①肯定式:主语+动词过去式+其它。

如:They had a good time yesterday.

②否定式:主语+did not(didn't)+动词原形+其它。

如:They didn't watch TV last night.

③一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?

肯定回答:Yes,主语+did.

否定回答:No,主语+didn't.

如:Did they have a meeting two days ago? 两天前他们开了个会吗?

Yes,they did. / No,they didn't.

④特殊疑问句=特殊疑问词+一般疑问句:即特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?

如:What time did you finish your homework? 你什么时候完成作业的?

一般过去时的时间状语都是明显表示过去的,如:yesterday、last night、last week、in 1998、three months ago, three years ago, just now.等。

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com