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连词

发布时间:2013-09-21 11:25:28  

七、连词

课前预习

选择恰当的连词填空:

and, or, but, so, because, through, since, if, when, after, before, not…until, so, …that, as…as, neither..nor, either…or, not only…but also

1、 Hurry up, pleause! ___ you’ll be late for school.

2、 She ___ go to bed ___ her mother came back.

3、 Yesterday Jim didn’t go to see the film, ___ he had to

study for his lessons.

4、 The students were talking about the sports meeting ___ the

teacher came in.

5、 I was ___ tired ___ I couldn’t walk any farther.

6、 This coat is ___ cheap ___ that one.

7、 Tom was ill yesterday, ___ he still went to school as usual.

8、 He asked me ___ I would go swimming with him next

weekend.

9、 We have studied here ___ 1994.

10、 The child had studied English for two years ___ he went to

middle school.

11、 ___ the boy finished his homework, he went to bed.

12、 Study hard, ___ you’ll do well in the exam.

13、 If you don’t finish your homework, you can ___ play

football ___ watch TV.

14、 ___ it rained heavily, the workers were still working

outside.

15、 The boy is so clever. He could ___ write ___ read when

he was only 2.

课堂优化

连词是用来连接单词与单词,短语与短语,以及句子与句子的词。主要分为并列连词和从属连词。

考点1:并列连词的基本用法

并列连词用来连接具有并列关系的词,短语和句子。

(1) 表示并列成分的词有:and(和,又,而),both…and(两

者。。。都),not only…but also(不仅。。。而且),

neither…nor(既不。。。也不),as well as(也,而且)

如:The boy is not only naughty but also clever.=The

boy is nuaghty as well as clever.

(2) 表示选择的词有:or(或者,否则),either…or(不是。。。

就是;要么。。。要么)

如:You should do some housework. You can either

clean the room or wash the dishes.

(3) 表示转折关系的词有:but(但是),yet(然而),

while(而),however(然而)

如:I like English, but he doesn’t.

(4) 表示因果关系的词:so(所以)

注意:not only…but also, neither..nor, either…or的谓

语动词要遵循主语邻近原则。

考点2:从属连词的基本用法

从属连词用来连接从句(宾语从句,状语从句)的

连词。

(1) 引导时间状语从句的词有:when(当。。。时候),

while(当。。。时候),after(在。。。时候),before(在。。。

之前),as soon as(一。。。就),until(直到),since(自

从),as(一边。。。一边),till/until(直到。。。才)

注意:区别when(当。。。时候)和while(当。。。时候):

如:I was doing my homework when my mother came

back.

=While I was doing my homework, my mother came

back.

(2) 引导条件状语从句的词有:if(如果),unless(除非)

如:If you don’t get up early, you won’t catch the early

bus.

=Unless you get up early, you won’t catch the early bus.

(3) 引导原因状语从句的词有:because, since, for, as

Because(因为),表示直接原因,回答why的提问。

Since(由于,既然),表示对方已经知道的,既成事

实的理由,语气较弱。

如:Since you have a bad cold, you needn’t go to school

today.

As(由于,鉴于),从句说明原因,主句说明结果。 如:

As it was late, I had to go.

For(因为),表示补充或说明的原因,只能放在主句后

表示原因和理由的分句。

如:She didn’t go there, for she was ill.

(4) 引导目的状语从句的词有:so(因此,为了,方便),

so that(以便),in order that(为了)

如:Jim sat in front so that he could hear the teacher

clearly.

(5) 引导结果状语从句的词有:so+形容词/副词

+that…(如此。。。以致);such+(a/an)+形容词+名词

+that…(如此。。。以致)

注意:当名词前面有many, much, few, little修饰时,

则用“so”,不用“such”。

如:Tom is so clever that he learns Chinese very well.

He has so little money that he can’ by the bike.

(6) 引导让步状语从句的词有:though/although(虽然),

even if(即使),however(然而)

如:Though he is very tired, he is still practising the piano. 注意:because与so, though/although与but不能同时出

现在一个句子里。

(7) 引导比较状语从句的词有:as…as(和。。。一样),not

as/so…as(和。。。不一样),than(比)

(8) 引导宾语从句的词有:that, if/whether(是否),what,

when(什么时候),why, who, where, how等。

考点3:在if(如果), as soon as, when(当。。。时候),before, after,

until, unless, even if等引导的主从复合句中,当主句

是一般将来时态的时候,从句要用一般现在时。

如:I will tell you if Tom comes back.

中考链接

1、I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read magazines

___ I test him myself.

A.if B.when C.after D.until

2、___ you ___ your brother can join us. We want one of you.

A.Both…and B.Neither…nor C.Either…or D.Not only…but also

3、The film “Kung Fu Panda” is ___ interesting ___ I would like to see it again.

A.such, that B.too, to C.as, as D.so, that

4、I’m afraid I can’t go to the party tomorrow.

___ you told me you would. What happened?

A.And B.So C.Or D.But

5、You won’t pass the exams ___ you work harder.

A.when B.if C.unless D.after

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