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介词

发布时间:2013-09-21 11:25:28  

介词:

考点1:表示时间的介词

(1)in, after, later表示时间的区别

in+时间段,用于将来时,表示“过… …后”。 He will

come back in an hour.

after+一段时间,用于过去时,表示“在… …以后”。

After an hour, he came back.

after+时间点,用于将来时,表示“在… …以后”。 He

will come back after 5 o’clock.

时间段+later, 表示“在… …之后”。 An hour later, he

came back.

练习:1、How soon will the meeting begin?

____ ten minutes.

2、Several days ___, he returned the dictionary to me.

3、He called me back ___ an hour.

(2)in, on, at表示时间的区别

in主要表达周,月,季节,年代;泛指上午、下午、

晚上。

on主要表示具体的某一天,也可表示某一天的某个时

候。

at表示某一时刻。

注意:on the moring of 2009/on a winter afternoon

练习:1、My mother usually gets up ___ six.

2、The little girl was born ___ a cold moring of winter

___ 2008.

3、Can the teacher come back ___ Monday?

(3)for, since表时间的区别

for+一段时间 since+时间点/句子

练习:1、The boy has been in China ___ a week.

=The boy has been in China ___ a week ago.

=The boy has been here ___ he came to China last

week.

2、It’s ten years ___ I first met him.

(4)to, past, pass表时间的区别

to介词,大于30分钟时,表示“差”。 ten to seven 6:50 past介词,小于30分钟时,表示“过”。 ten past six 6:10 pass动词,表示“经过,过去”。 He passed by me. 练习:1、As time ___ , they became friends in the end.

2、Please wake me up at half ___ six.

3、Ten forty-five means a quarter ___ eleven.

考点2:表示地点和方位的介词

(1) above, over, on在… …上面

above在… …上方(与物体表面不接触)

over在… …正上方(与物体表面不接触)

on在… …上面(与物体表面接触)

练习:1、There is a bridge ___ the river.

2、Ther is a picture ___ the wall.

3、The plane is flying ___ the cloud.

4、It’s too hot today. The temperature must be ___

35’C.

(2)through, across, cross穿过

Through介词,纵穿(从中间穿过)。 The soldiers

went through the forest.

across介词,横穿(横过某个平面)。 He is walking

across the street.

cross动词,横穿(横过某个平面)。 He is crossing

the street.

练习:1、Walk ___ the park, you can see a tall building

on the street.

2、Be careful when you go ___ the road.

3、The poor old man was hit by a car when he was

___ the road.

(3)among, between在? ?之间

among在(三者或三者以上)之间; between在(两者)

之间。 常用词组:between? ?and

练习:1、The man who is standing ___ the students is

Lily.

2、I will be back ___ five and six.

3、The pay phone is ___ the hospital and the

library.

(4)in, on, to

in表示在范围之内(属于该范围); on表示与某一地

区接壤; to表示隔海相望。

如:Guangdong is on the south of China.(广东属

于中国)

Gguangdong is on the south of Hunan.(广东不

属于湖南,但与湖南是毗邻关系)

Japan is to the east of China.(日本不属于中

国,而且隔海相望)

练习:1、Taiwan is ___ the east of China.

2、Beijing is ___ the north of China.

3、Haikou is ___ the south of Zhanjiang.

4、Guangxi is ___ the west of Guangdong.

(5)表方位的介词on, in, behind, after

on表示在某人、某物的左边或右边

in表示在第几排

behind用来表示在?之后

after表示顺序

练习:1、I sit ___ the right of Wang Hai. We’re ___

the second row.

2、The naughty boy hided ___ the door. His mother

looked for him everywhere.

3、In the sports meeting, Jim won the 100-meter

race. I was ___ him.

考点3:其他介词的用法

(1) except,besides

except“除去”,表示不包括后面所提到的人或物

在内的。

besides“除? ?以外还有”,表示包括后面所提

到的人或物在内的。

如:All the students went to the park except

Jim.(Jim没有去公园。)

Lucy went to the cimema besides

Lily.(Lily也没去电影院了。)

练习:1、We have to wear uniforms every day ___ weekends.

2、The teacher told us to copy the words ___ two

English diaries. There is too much homework.

(2)with介词,表示“用(工具)”。 We walk with our feet. in介词,表示“用(材料、语言、声音)”。 Can you say

it in English?

use动词,“用”。 May I use your dictionary?

by介词,表示“以? ?方式、方法、手段”,或表示交通

工具。

注意:by car=in a car by bus=on a bus

练习:1、I study English ___ asking the teacher for help.

2、I often go to school ___ bike.

3、He often goes to school ___ his bike.

4、You must write it ___ Japanese.

5、You can write it on the floor ___ a stick.

(3)in front of在? ?的前面(物体外面的前面)。in the

front of在? ?的前部(物体里面的前面)。

练习:1、T here is a tree ___ the classroom.

2、The driver is sitting ___ the bus.

(4)on the wall紧贴在强表面上的,表示“在墙上”。 in

the wall镶嵌在墙里面的,表示“在墙上”。

练习:1、There are some apples ___ the tree.

2、There are two windows ___ the wall.

(5)on the tree长在树上的果,叶等,表示“在树上”。 in

the tree外来的东西,表示“在树上”。

练习:1、We can see some apples ___ the tree.

2、Look, there is a monkey ___ the tree.

(6)with的意思是“有“,表示伴随;without的意思是

“没有”。两个词的后面均接名词或动名词。

练习:1、Lily is a girl ___ long hair.

2、You can’t finish the work ___ his help. 中考链接:

1、It’s time ___ the weather report. Turn on the radio,

please.

A.to B.in C.at D.for

2、Connie arrived ___ the village ___asnowy night.

A.at,on B.at,in C.in,at D.in,on

3、“It’s really kind ___ you to help me with the

housework on Sundays.”said Grandma Huang.

A.of B.with C.for D.from

4、I hear that he will be back ___ two week’s time.

A.at B.in C.after D.for

5、I’d like a cup of coffee ___ some sugar and milk.

A.in B.to C.of D.with

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