Unit 1 Will people have robots?
will [w?l] modal v. 将 会 要 robot [美] [‘r?uba:t] [英] [‘r?ub?t] n. 机器 人 won’t [w?unt] =will not They’ll=they will everything [‘evriθi?] pron.每件事情 paper [’peip?（r）] n.纸 纸张 few fewer fewest adj.修饰可数名词 少 更少 [‘fju:?（r)] 最少
? pollution [p?‘lu:??n] n.污染 ? tree [tri:] n. 树 树木 ? she’ll =she will ? build [bild] v.建造 n. 体格 ? building [‘bildi?] n.建筑物 楼房 ? astronaut [美] [‘? str?na:t] [英] [‘?str?n?:t] n. 宇航员 航天员 ? rocket [美] [‘rɑ:k?t] [英] [‘r?kit] n. 火 箭 ? space [ speis] n. 太空 空间
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space station 太空站 fly [flai] v.飞行 take took taken v. moon [mu:n] n. 月亮 月球 I‘ll=I will fall [f?:l] fell fallen v.落下 跌落 fall in love with 爱上（某人或某物） alone [?‘l?un] adv. 单独地 孤独地 pet [pet] n. 宠物 parrot [‘p? r?t] n. 鹦鹉 probably [美] [‘prɑ:b?bli] [英] [‘pr?b?bli] adv. 大概 或许 ? go skating 去滑冰 ? suit [美] [su：t] [英] [sju:t] n. 一套衣服
? able [‘eib?l] 能够 be able to 有能力做某事 dress [dres]穿衣 casually [‘k????l?]随意地 which [wit?] 哪个 even [‘i:v?n]甚至 the World Cup 世界杯 wrote [r??t] 动词write的过去式 myself [mai’self] (反身代词)我自己 interview[‘int? （r） vju:] 面试 predict [pri’dikt]预言 prediction [pr?’d?k??n]预测 came [ke?m] 动词come的过去式 come true (希望等)实现 sound [saund]声音 company [‘k?mp?ni]公司
thought[θ?:t] 动词think的过去式 fiction [’fik??n] 小说 unpleasant [?n’plez?nt] 使人不愉快的 scientist [‘sai?ntist] 科学家 in the future 未来 however 可是；然而 hundred n. 一百 hundreds of 好几百；许许多多 already [?:l’redi] 早已；先前 made [me?d] 动词make的过去式 factory [‘f? kt?ri] 工厂 simple [’s?mp?l] 简单的；简易的 such [s?t?] 这样的；这种 bored [b?:d] 厌烦的；厌倦的 everywhere [‘evriw??] 各地；到处 human [’hju:m?n] 人类
? huge [hju:d?]巨大的 ? shape [?eip]外形 earthquake [‘?(r)θkwe?k]地震 snake [sneik]蛇 possible [美] [‘pɑ:s?b?l] [英] [‘p?s?bl] 可能 的 electric [i’lektrik]导电的 toothbrush [‘tu:θbr??]牙刷 seem [si:m]似乎 ? impossible [美] [?m’pɑ:s?b?l] [英] [im‘p?s?bl] 不可能的 housework [’hausw?:(r)k]家务 rating [‘reiti?]级别 Alexis [?’leksis]亚历克西斯(女名)
? Unit1 Will people have robots? 单词用法 ? 1、will将、会、要（1）是将来时的标志，在第一人称可 换为shall ? （2）will表示情态动词后用动词原形 ? （3）will表示意愿eg：I will study hard ? 2、robot机器人，复数加s ? 3、they will=they’ll she’ll= she will ? 4、everything每件事物（1）
everything做主语谓语动 词用单数 ? （2）everything表示全部eg：Money is not everything to me ? 5、paper纸（1）做为纸不可是 a piece of paper一张纸 ? （2）作为试卷、报纸paper可数 ? 6、pollution污染 不可数名词 water pollution水污染 ? 7、building 可数名词复数加s ? build建筑（动词）单三：builds 过去式：built ? be of medium build中等身材
? 8、astronant宇航员 前用冠词：an 复数： 加s ? 9、space太空；空间 （1）（不可数名词） 前面用in 前面绝无冠词 ? （2）被形容词修饰前加the ? 10、fly飞行 单三：flies 过去式：flew ? 11、moon月亮前加the表示世间独一无二 的 ? 12、fall落下（1）fall behind输给谁 ? （2）fall down落下、跌倒 ? （3）fall off高空坠落(从哪里摔下) ? （4）fall in love with爱上某人某物 ? （5）过去式：fell
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13、alone孤独的独自的;lonely寂寞的 14、pet 可数名词a pet/pets keep a pet养一只宠物 15、probably大概也许=maybe（句子中be后实前） 16、go shating去滑冰 go skiing去滑雪 go skatebording去滑滑板 17、suit一套衣服a suit/suits 18、be able to能，可以，会（随时态变化）=can 19、dress穿衣 dress sb给谁穿衣 dress oneself给自 己穿衣服dress up 打扮 装扮 20、casually adv.非正式的，随意的 21、even甚至（副词）（1）be后实前 （2）放在比较级 前 22、FIFA=the world up世界杯 23、oneself（反身代词）: myself myself yourself yourselves ourselves herself himself themselves itself
? 24、interview面试 interviewer采访者25、 predict（动词）预言 prediction（名词）预言、 预测 Make a prediction做一个预言26、come ture实现愿望（1）放句末（2）come true后不 加宾语 Eg：My dream will come ture one day.27、sound n.声音（不可数名词） sound v.听起来 28、company公司（可数名 词）复数：y—i ,加es build /run a company 举办一个公司29、strategy 策略（不可数名词） 30、fiction小说（可数名词）复数：加s31、 please使、快乐 pleasant愉快的 unpleasant令 人不愉快的32、science科学 scientist科学家33、 in the future在将来 in future在今后
? 34、already早已、已经（用于完成时，用于肯定句） yet还、仍然（用于否定句、疑问句中）35、factory（可 数名词）复数：y—i ,加es36、simple=easy简单的、容 易的37、bored指人 ; boring指物38、everywhere任何 地方（1）everywhere做主语谓语动词用单数 （2）=here and there39、human人类复数加s40、 shape外形41、huge巨大的（形容词）强调外形42、 possible可能的；不可能的 impossible43、toothbrush 牙刷（可数名词）复数：toothbrushes44、seem好像 （1）seem to be加形容词 （2）seem 形容词 （3）seem+（that）+从句45、so（1）so+形容词 +a/an+名词 （
2）so+many/much/little/few such （1）such+a/an+名词+形容词 （2）such+不可数 名词46、in+一段时间用于将来时 after+一段时间用于 一般过去式 +时间点可用于各种时态47、on computers/on the computer用电脑48、live to be 加数 字 (years old)（表示活到多大岁数）
? 1) coat 是指外套，大衣，(西装的)上衣
2） clothes 指裤子、内衣等，不指一件衣服。 clothes 的前面不能加 a ，this , that 和数词， 但是可以加 many , these , those 等。 要表达"一件衣服"用 a suit of clothes put on ones clothes 穿衣服， She bought a good many clothes . She often wears beautiful clothes . 3）suit 是可数名词，指一套衣服。一套男人的 衣服由上衣、背心和裤子组成。一套女子衣服由 上衣和裙子组成。 suit 也组成有特殊用途的服装，如：a bathing suit 游泳衣，a sports suit 运动服，a space suit 宇航服，a diving suit 潜水服。
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1.在家通过电脑学习 study at home on computers 2.免费的 be free 3.只在电脑上 only on computers 4.活到二百岁 live to be 200 years old 5.一百年以后 in 100 years 6.更少的人 fewer people 7.更少的空闲时间 less free time 8.更少的污染 less pollution 9.从现在起的20年后 20 years from now 10．更多的高楼大厦 more tall buildings 11．更少地用地铁 use the subways less 12．更多地用电脑 use the computers more 13．一个拥挤的城市 a crowded city 14．我同意 I agree. 15．我不同意 I don’t agree/disagree. 16．在中学 in high school
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17．在大学 in college 18．玩… play with. 19．一所公寓 an apartment 20．电脑程序设计师 computer programmer 21．乘火车上学 take the train to school 22．乘火箭去月球 fly rockets to the moon 23．在空间站 on the space station 24．爱上… in college 25．作为一名记者 as a reporter 26．遇见很多有趣的人 meet many interesting people 27．和我最好的朋友住在一所公寓 live in an apartment with 28．一个人住 live alone my best friends 29．养宠物 keep/have pets 30．宠物鹦鹉 a pet parrot 31．去滑冰 go skating 32． 在平日 during the week 33． 显得精明能干 look smart 34． 穿套装 wear suits
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35．在周末 on the weekends 36．能够 be able to 37．穿着随意 dress casually 38．去香港度假 go to Hong Kong on vacation 39. 某天 some day = one day(讲故事时) 40．甚至可能… might even 41．这张纸条说… this paper says 42．哪个国家 which country 43．赢得世界杯 win the World Cup 44．获奖 win awards 45．做某事取乐 do … for fun 46．为自己工作 work for oneself
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47．在我的工作面试中显得精明 look smart for my job inte
rview 48.反复 over and over again 49．著名的预言 famous predictions 50．成真 come true 51．…的总裁 the head of… one 52．最大的电影公司之一 of the biggest movie companies 53．被…所应用 be used by 54. 电动牙刷 electric toothbrushes 55. 刷牙 brush the teeth 56. 在将来 in the future 57. 预测未来 predict the future
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less 1. more反义词________ 2. pollute名词________ te-tion 3. will not 缩写 ________ won’t had 4. has 过去式_________ 5. less 的原级_________ little es 6. bus复数__________ 7. build名词_________ ing dis 8. agree反义词_________ 9. possible反义词_________ im un 10. pleasant反义词___________
will 将，会，要 won’t=will not robot n.机器人 they’ll=they will everything pron.每件事物 she’ll=she will paper n.纸，纸张 a piece of paper fewer adj.较少的，更少的 pollution n.污染 v. pollute tree n.树，树木 building n.建筑物，楼房 v. build 建造
Do you think there will be robots in people’s homes?
Yes, there will. I think every home will have a robot.
Kids won’t go to school. They’ll study at home on computers.
Will kids go to school?
1a. How will the world be different in
the future, 100 years from now?
Read these predictions. Check (√)
A (for agree) or D (for disagree).
___A___D 1.People will have robots in their homes. ___A___D 2.People won’t use money. Everything will be free.
___A___D 3.Books will only be on computers, not on paper. ___A___D 4.Kids won’t go to school. They’ll study at home on computers.
___A___D 5.There will be only one country. ___A___D 6.People will live to be 200 years old.
1b. Listen and circle the predictions you hear in activity 1a.
___A___D 1.People will have robots in their homes.
___A___D 2.People won’t use money. Everything will be free. ___A___D 3.Books will only be on computer,not on paper.
___A___D 4.Kids won’t go to school. They’ll study at
home on computer. ___A___D 5.There will only one country. ___A___D 6.People will live to be 200 years old.
1c. Pair work
Change the predictions into questions and ask each other these questions. A:Will people use money in 100 years? B:No, they won’t. Everything will be free.Will people live to be 200 years old? A:Yes, they will.
The Simple Future Tense
1、定义： ⑴表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态. 我们明天去看他。
We shall go to see him tomorrow.
From now on I shall come every day.
2、结构： 助动词 shall / will + V原形
否定式：shall not = shan’t 缩略形式
will常用于第二、三人称,但在口语中各种人 称都可以用will. 否定式：will not = won’t
4、基本句型： 肯定句 否定句 一般疑
问句 特殊疑问句 简略回答
S. + shall / will +V原形
S. + shall / will +not + V原形 shall / will + S. + V原形 特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句 Yes, I shall. / Yes, I will. No, I shan’t. / No, I won’t.
Jim will be fifteen years old tomorrow.
My grandfather won’t go fishing tomorrow.
Will you come to Changsha next month?
When shall we meet again?
next month 下个月 before 不久
next week 下周
next year 明天 soon 不久
the day after tomorrow 后天 the year after next 后年 the week after next 下下周
2a.Listen and circle the words you
1. There will be more/less/fewer people.
2. There will be more/less/fewer free time. 3. There will be more/less/fewer cars. 4. There will be more/less/fewer pollution. 5. There will be more/less/fewer trees.
Listen again. Check (√) the predictions you hear. _____ 1. There will be fewer people. _____ 2. There will be less free time. _____ 3. People will use the subways less. _____ 4. There will be more pollution. _____ 5. Cities will be very big and crowded.
fewer vs less
不同点: ⒈fewer是few的比较级,只能修饰可数名词的复数. ⒉less是little的比较级,只能修饰不可数名词的复数.
less ? ①I earn ______ money than my sister. fewer ? ②There are ______ cars parked outside than yesterday. fewer ? ③We have ______ students this year than last year. fewer ? ④You ought to smoke ______ cigarettes and less drink _____ beer .
Few or less?
? ? ? ? ? ? fewer There will be ___________ trees. less There will be ___________ pollution. less There will be ___________ water. fewer There will be ___________ cookies. less There will be ___________ meat. less There will be ___________ orange juice.
Look at activity 2b. Make conversations about the predictions.
A: I think there will be more pollution.
B: Well, I don’t agree. But I think there will be fewer trees. A: I agree.
Free talk: How will the world be different in the future, 100 years from now? Could you make some predictions(作出预言)? Please talk with your partner.
3a. Look at the plctures of Sally.Then fill in the blanks
in the sentences.
1. Five years ago, Sally was in high school _______ ______. 2. She played ______. soccer a cat 3. She had _____.
in college 4. Today Sally is _________. the guitar 5. She plays _______. a pet dog 6. She has _________.
7. In five years, Sally will be a mother / wife ________ ______ 8. She will play ______. tennis a baby 9. She will have _______.
Look at activity 3a.
Make predictions about Sally.
A: What do you think Sally will be in five years?
B: I think she’ll be a doctor. A: What sport will she play? B: She’ll play…
? What/who/how many …do you think +主语 +谓语 ? Eg
1what do you think the city will be like in ten years 2 who do you think he is cooking for 3 how many students do you think there are in our school
3c.Now write about yourself.
Five years ago, I was
I played . I had
Today, I am
I play I will play
. I have . I will have
In five years, I will be
Draw a picture of the city of tomorrow. Then describe it to the class.
A: I think there will be more tall buildings. And there will be fewer cars and more buses.
1.活到200 岁 2.在将来 3.做预言 4.在你的家里有机 器人 5.5 年后 6.在家里通过电脑学习 7.用纸币 8. 更少的污染 9 .你认为100年后的生活是怎样的 10.一 年后你将会住在同一个屋子里 ? 1 .live to be 200 years old 2. in the future ? 3. make predictions 4 .have robot in your home ? 5. In five years 6 .study at home on computer
? 7. use paper money 8. less pollution
? 9 .what do you think life will be in 100years?
? 10 .Will you live in the same house in a year?
Finish the exercise
2人们将会不用钱.所有的东西都是免费的. 3书只会在电脑上，而不会在纸上. 4孩子们将不上学.他们在家用电脑学习. 6世界上将只有一个国家. 7人们将会活到200岁.
Write each word in the correct column below.
astronaut house apartment
Places to live space station
Think of other words and write them in the chart.
Jobs Transportation Places to live
Listen to Alexis and Joe. Number the pictures .
Listen again. Fill in the blanks with the correct verbs.
live 1. I ________in an apartment. work 2. I ________near here. am 3. I ________a computer programmer. lived 4. We_______ in a house. took 5. I _________ the train to school. 6. I _________ an astronaut. ’ll be ’ll fly 7. I _________ rockets to the moon and Mars. 8. I ’ll live _________ on a space station. ll live ’ll fly work lived am took ’ll be live
Role play the conversation between Alexis and Joe. Talk about Joe’s life now, ten years ago, and ten years from now.
A: Where does Joe live now? B: He lives in an apartment.
A: Where do you live?
B: I live in an apartment.
What will Ming’s life be like in ten years?
In ten years, I think I’ll be a reporter. I’ll live Shanghai, because I went to Shanghai last year and
fell in love with it. I think it’s really a beautiful city.
As a reporter, I think I will meet lots of interesting people. I think I’ll live in an apartment with my best
friends, because I don’t like living alone. I’ll have pe I can’t have any pets now because
my mother hates
them, and our apartment is too small.
So in ten years, I’ll have many different pets. I might even keep a pet parrot! I’ll probably go
skating and swimming every day. During the week
I’ll look smart, and probably will wear a suit. On the 看起来时髦 weekend, I’ll be able to dress more casually. I think I’ll go to Hong Kong on vacation, and one day I might even visit Australia.
1. fall in love with sb./sth. 爱上… fall v.落下，跌落 (过)
常用搭配：fall asleep 熟睡 fall down 跌倒
2. alone adv. 单独地，独自地 adj. 单独的 (近) lonely （内心）孤独
eg. 他总是一个人，但他并不感到孤独。 He’s always alone, but he never feels lonely.
3. be able to do sth.可以用各种时态 eg. She will be able to swim after class. can只有现在时和过去时（could）两种时态。 4. dress, put on 和wear 的区别： dress oneself 某人自己穿衣服 eg. He is too young to dress himself. put on“穿上…”,强调动作。 wear“穿着，戴着”，强调状态。 eg. He put on a coat and went out. He is wearing a hat.
keep: v. 保持；维持；喂养 1. keep + sb. / sth. +形容词 使某人/某物… The job kept them busy for a year. 这项工作让他们忙碌了一年。 2. keep +形容词 保持 The man ran up and down to keep warm. 这个人来来回回地跑着取暖。 3. keep + sb. / sth. doing 让某人/某物继续做某事 She kept us waiting for her at the station for an hour. 她让我们在车站等了一个小时。 4. keep + doing 继续做，坚持做 He kept running after her, trying to catch her. 他不停地在追赶她，试图抓到她。
Fill in the chart.
Ming in ten years Job Pets reporter
Shanghai apartment, Hong Kong, Australia
smart clothes, casual clothes
On a piece of paper, write about your life in ten years. Don’t write your name on the paper. Put all the students’ papers together. Take turns reading the papers. Then guess who wrote them. A: This paper says “I’ll be an engineer in ten years.”
B: I think Lin Wei wrote that.
C: Yes, I wrote it.
Answer the questions below. Then ask your partner for his or her ideas. Questions Which country will win the next World Cup? What will the weather be like tomorrow? Which movies will win award next year? What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now? You Your partner
A: I think that France will win the next World Cup. B: I disagree. I think that Brazil will win next time.
Fill in the blanks with the words given. Then make your own sentences with the words.
1. I want to work
look fly keep
for myself when I’m older.
2. My friends
3. I need to
keep look wear
a pet pig in their house.
smart for my job interview.
4. We have to
a uniform to school. 5. One day people will fly to the moon for vacations.
the passage and circle the inventions on the right.
Predicting the future can be difficult. There are many famous predictions that never came true. Before 1929, there was no sound in movies. The head of one of the biggest movie companies in the United States predicted that no one would want to see actors talk. Of course, he was wrong! In 1977, the head of the largest computer company in the United States said, “No one will want to have a computer in his or her home.” He thought that computers would never be used by most people.
predict v. 预言
prediction n.预言 come true 实现；达到 come---came company n.公司 (复数companies) think---thought
see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事( hear, watch)
3.Find these words from this unit. 1. A place to live in space station space:________________ 2. Something kids will use to study at computers home:________ 3. These will be in every robots home:_________________ 4. Yang Liwei is a famous Chinese astronaut .
Do you think you will have your own robot?
Before You Read
Tell your partner what you know about robots. Describe your idea of a robot. Say what it looks like and what it can do.
Read the title of the passage. Then circle the words and phrases you think you will read. Compare your predictions with your partner.
cars will buildings possible
years ago was less work America backpack
koalas swimming doctor
While You Read
Do you think you will have your own robot? 小说
In some science fiction movies, people in the future have their own robots.
These robots are just like humans. They
help with the housework, and do the most unpleasant jobs.
使人不愉快的 help sb. with sth. / help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
Some scientists believe that there will be such robots in
the future. However, they agree it may take hundreds
of years. Scientists are now trying to make robots look like people, and do the same things as us. Japanese companies have already made robots walk and dance.
This kind of robot will also be fun to watch. try to do sth.
做某事 尽力去做某事 try doing sth. 尝试
make robots look like…使机器人看起来像…一样 make sb. / sth. do…
But robot scientist James White disagrees.He
thinks that it will be difficult for a robot to do the
same things as a person. For example, it’s easy for a
child to wake up and know where they are. Mr
White thinks that robots won’t be able to do this.
But other scientists disagree. They think that robots
will be able to talk to people in 25 to 50 years. it + be +adj.+ (for sb.) + to do sth. (对某人来说)做某事怎么样 It is not easy for me to get up early on Sunday morning. the same…as… 同…一样
I don’t like to wear the same clothes as you do every day.
sts are not just trying to
make robots look like people. For example,
there are already robots working in factories.
These robots look more like huge arms. They
do simple jobs over and over again. People
would not like to do such jobs and would get bored. But robots will never get bored. factory----factories 工厂 simple over and over again 一遍又一遍地 such+n. 这样的…；这种… get + adj
In the future, there will be more robots everywhere,
and humans will have less work to do. New robots will
have many different shapes. Some will look like
humans, and others might look like snakes. After an
earthquake, a snake robot could help look for people
under buildings. That may not seem possible now, but
computers, space rockets and even electric
toothbrushes seemed impossible a hundred years ago. We never know what will happen in the future!
1. help oneself to sth. 自取，随便吃
eg.请随便吃些水果。 Help yourself to some fruit.
2. with sb.’s help 在某人的帮助下
With his help, I learn English better than before.
3. hundreds of 数百的，成百上千的 thousands of 数千的，成千上万的
eg. He helped hundreds of poor people.
4. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
make sb. adj.
eg. He made him cry. Friendship makes me happy.
5. wake up 醒来 叫醒某人
eg. I usually wake up at 5 in the morning.
wake sb. up
eg. My mother wakes me up in the morning.
adj. 某人似乎/好像… + n. sb. seem to do sth. 他似乎病得很严重。 He seems very ill. =He seems to be very ill. 看来那件事是没可能的。 That thing seemed impossible. to be _______. =That thing seemed ___ ____ impossible.
* It seems/seemed that + 句子 看来天要下雪了。 It seems that it will rain.
1. The robots help people do the most pleasant jobs. ( ) 2. Scientists try to make robots look different from people. ( ) 3. Robots in Japanese companies can walk and dance. ( ) 4. Robots will never get bored to do simple jobs over and over. ( ) 5. Humans will have more work to do in the future. ( ) 6. Space rockets seemed possible a hundred years ago. ( )
1.What’re scientists trying to do?
They are trying to make robots look like people and do
the same things as us. 2. Will the robots get bored by doing the same thing over and over again? No, they won’t.
3.What could a snake robot do after an earthquake?
They could help look for people under buildings. 4. Do we know what will happen in the future? No, we don’t.
After You Read
Go through the reading again. How many words in 1b did you correctly predict?
Find examples of the following structures in the reading. Then make your own sentences.
… the same as… … to take…(period of time)
… to help with…
What things can robots do? Make a list. Are they useful or not? Discuss with your partner and give each item a rating from 1 (not useful at all) to 5 (very useful).
help with the housework 家务；家务事
Go For It！
What ways do you think a robot will help you and your family in the future? Write your ideas.
I think we will need robots for:
cleaning the house
用一般将来时填空。 will visit ? 1. I ________ (visit) my uncle tomorrow. will be ? 2. There _______ (be) a football match in our school next week. will help ? 3. He ________ (help) you with your English this evening.
will play 4. They ________ (play) soccer if it doesn’t rain. will have ? 5. We _________ (have) a meeting tomorrow.
? 翻译句子 ? 1. 你认为人们的家里会有机器人吗？ you think ? Do ___ _____ there will be robots __ at people’s _______ homes? ? 2. 人们将活到150岁。 will live to be ? People ___ ___ __ __ 150 years old.
? 3. 我认为她会当医生。 will be ? I think she ___ __ a doctor. ? 4. 你住哪儿？ 我住在北京。 Where do you live ? ______ ___ ___ ____? ? I live in Beijing. ? 5. 他反复看她的来信。 over and over ? He read her letter ____ ____ ____ again _____.
写作 发挥你的想象, 写一篇作文。 I think we will need robots for cleaning the house… …