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英语八年级下人教新课标Unit 2 Section A 第一课时 课件

发布时间:2013-09-17 16:55:52  

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Unit 2

What should I do?
Section A

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What should I do?

Language Goals: Talk about problems Give advice

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动 单词和词组 画 词 loud, argue, wrong, ticket, surprise, 汇 either, except, fail, until, fit, include, send, freedom, upset; keep out, out of / in style, on the phone, pay for, call sb. up, part-time job, the same as, get on, as ... as possible, all kinds of, on the one / other hand

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句 子 My brother plays his CD too loud.

What should I do?
Why don’t you talk to him about it?

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语 法 掌握情态动词should和could的用法 交流用法 —What’s wrong / the matter? —My clothes are out of style. What should I do? —Maybe you should buy some new clothes.

What’ s wrong with him? What should he do?

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My clothes are out of style. What should I do?
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Maybe you should buy some new clothes.

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I argued with my best friend. What should I do?

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I argued with my best friend. 我与我最好的朋友吵架了。 argue with sb. 意为“与某人争论或争吵”。 如: We argued with them for a long time. 我们和他们争论了好长时间。

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拓展:argue about (doing) sth. 意为“就 (做)某事发生争论或争吵”。如: They are always arguing about money. 他们总是为钱而争吵。 Let us not argue about going out tonight. 我们不要为今晚是否外出而争吵了。
argue with sb. about sth. 意为“与某人为 某事而争论或争吵”。如: He often argues with his wife about his work. 他经常为他的工作与妻子争吵。

1.You should say you are sorry.
You’d better say you’re sorry. Why don’t you say you’re sorry? Why not say you’re sorry?

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2.You could write a letter to her. 3. Maybe you could go to her house and say sorry. 4. Maybe you should call him up and talk about it on the phone. …

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I want to buy a guitar. But I don’t have enough money. What should I do?

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1. Don’t buy a guitar. 2.You could wait until next year.

3. You could get a part time job.
4. You could buy a used guitar.

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What’s the matter?

My clothes are out of style.

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What’s the matter?

My parents want me to stay at home every night.

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What’s the matter?

I don’t have enough money.

What’s the matter?

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My brother plays his CDs too loud. What should I do? Why don’t you talk to him about it? Maybe you should talk to him about your problems.

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What are the serious problems?
?I don’t have enough money. ?I argued with my best friend.

?My clothes are out of style.

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What problems do you have?

教师备课、备考伴侣 too much homework. 《恒谦教育教学资源库》 专注中国基础教育资源建设 have to get up too early too many examinations at school at home have no enough money can’t get good grades have no time to watch TV can’t choose subjects we argument between like parents have to go to school early have an argument with have too much pressure friends

have to wear the school uniform often fail in the exams

There is something wrong with my computer. …

too many rules to obey at

Pair work: Give advice to your 教师备课、备考伴侣 《恒谦教育教学资源库》 专注中国基础教育资源建设 partner’s problems and make dialogues. discuss with teachers to have less exams try to spend less money work harder at school

try to do things quickly and go to bed early
get a part-time job

try to love all the subjects
communicate with other students and your parents ask teachers to balance the homework try to understand others

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1b Listen and circle the problems you hear in activity 1a.

? My parents want me to stay at home every
night.

? My brother plays his stereo too loud.
? I don’t have enough money.

? I argued with my best friend.
? My clothes are out of style.

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What is Peter’s problem?

He argued with his best friend.

1. argue with 与某人争吵

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I don’t want to argue with him. 我不想和他吵架。

2. My clothes are out of style. 我的衣服过时了。
out of style “过时的,落伍的” 3. maybe, may be表示“可能,也许” 表示推测。

maybe一般放在句首,引导句子。may be由情态 动
词may加系动词原形be构成。其后所接词决定于

be,可以是名词、形容词等,一般放在句中。
Maybe he is John’s father. 也许他是约翰的父亲。 He may be a student. 也许他是一名学生。

4. call up…表示“打电话……”可以与名 词、 up之间。

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代词连用。连接代词时,把代词放在call与 Please call me up. Don’t forget to call up your uncle. 5. on the phone 用/通过电话 I want to know the weather on the phone. 我想通过电话查一下天气。 6. ask for 要求,索要,完整形式为ask sb. for sth. 向某人要某物 Please ask him for the book. 请向他要那本书。

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7. be angry with 对……生气, 注意be动词 及介词with
Jim is angry with me. 吉姆生我气了。 与某人相处融洽

get on 相处, get on well 相处融洽
get on well with sb.

have a fight with sb. 与……打架
8. lots of 许多,大量,可修饰可数与不可数 名词。

Tapescript

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Girl 1: You look unhappy. What’s wrong? Girl 2: Oh…my clothes are out of style. I don’t look cool. Girl 1: Well, maybe you should buy some new clothes. Girl 2: Yes, but I don’t have enough money. Girl 1: Huh. Maybe you could get a parttime job in the evenings.

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Girl 2: I can’t, because my parents want me
to stay at home every night. I argued with them about it. Girl 1: Well, you shouldn’t argue with your parents. You should talk about your problems. Girl 2: And guess what else is wrong? Girl 1: What? Girl 2: My brother plays his CDs too loud! I can’t go to sleep.

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2a

Listen. Peter’s friend is giving him advice. Circle the word “could” or “should”.

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1.You could/should write him a letter. 2. You could/should call him up.

3. You could/should say you’re sorry.
4. You could/should go to his house. 5. You could/should give him a ticket to a ball game.

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Maybe you should call him up. 也许你应该给 他打电话。 c

all sb. up 意为“打电话给某人”,其中的 up是副词。如果用人称代词作宾语,则人称 代词必须放在副词之前,而不能放在副词之 后;如果用名词作宾语,则名词放在副词之 前或之后均可。如: Will you please call her up now? 你现在给她 打电话好吗? I called my mother up / called up my mother half an hour ago. 半小时前我给我妈妈打了电 话。

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Tapescript
Boy 1: Hey, Peter, what’s wrong?

Boy 2: I had an argument with my best friend.
What should I do? Boy 1: Well, you could write him a letter. Boy 2: I don’t think so. I don’t like writing letters. Boy 1: Maybe you should call him up.

Boy 2: No, I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

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Well, you should say you’re sorry. Yes, I know I should, but it’s not easy. Maybe you could go to his house. I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him. Boy 1: Hey, I know. You could give him a ticket to a ball game. Boy 2: Well, that’s a good idea, but I don’t have enough money. Boy 1: Boy 2: Boy 1: Boy 2:

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2b Listen again. Why doesn’t Peter like his friend’s advice? Draw lines to match the advice with the reasons.

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1. You could write him a letter. 2. Maybe you should call him up. 3. You should say you’re sorry. 4. Maybe you could go to his house. 5. You could give him a ticket to a ball game.

a. It’s not easy. b. I don’t have enough money. c. I don’t want to surprise him. d. I don’t like writing letters. e. I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

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surprise;surprising;surprised

【Explanation】 surprise既可用作动词,也可用作名词。用作 动词时意为“使(某人)惊奇或吃惊”,用作 名词时意为“惊奇;吃惊”。如: The bad news didn’t surprise them. 这个坏消息没使他们吃惊。 (v.) To their surprise, the poor boy didn’t die. 使他们吃惊的是,那个可怜的男孩没有死。 (n.)

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surprising通常用作形容词,意为“令人吃 惊的”,在句中多作定语,后面接名词, 也可作表语,主语是物。如: He told me some surprising news. 他告诉我了一些令人惊讶的消息。 The result is surprising. 结果是令人惊讶的。 surprised通常用作形容词,在句中多作表 语,其后接动词不定式或从句,主语是人。 如: I was surprised to see him there. 在那儿

见到他我很吃惊。

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—— __ _



— __

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I need to get some money to pay for summer camp. 我需要得到一些钱来支付夏令营的费用。 (1) need to do sth. 意为“需要做某事”。 如: We need to tell him the truth. 我们需要告诉他真相。 (2) pay for sth. 意为“为……付款”。如: I have to pay for the lost book. 我不得不为丢失的书赔款。

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拓展:① pay (sb.) ... for sth. 意为“付…… 钱(给某人)买……”。如: I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付给他们20英磅的 房租。 ② pay for sb. 意为“替某人付钱”。如: Don’t worry! I’ll pay for you. 别担心, 我会替你付钱的。 ③ pay ... back意为“还钱”。如: May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I’ll pay it back next week. 你能借给我12元钱吗?我下周还你。

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also;too;as well;either
【Explanation】 also用于肯定句,一般放 在be动词和助动词之后、行为动词之前。如: He is also a teacher. 他也是一名教师。 We would also like to go to the movies. 我们也喜欢去看电影。 too用于肯定句,位于句末,其前常用逗号 隔开。如: They are middle school students, too. 他们也是中学生。

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as well多用于口语,可以和too互换使用, 通常位于句末。如: I can do it as well. 这件事我也能做。 either只用于否定句,位于句末,且其 前常用逗号隔开。如: If you don’t go there, I won’t, either. 如果你不去那里,我也不 去。

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Problem I see some boys playing soccer ball in the street.

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Advice Ask a policeman for help … I left my books at home. Borrow them from your classmates …… There’s something wrong Mend it by yourself with my bike. … I am weak. Do more exercise, eat more food … The boys are too noisy. … Ask them to be quiet …

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Grammar Focus
should和could可用来提建议,表示轻微的 批评或遗憾。和其他情态动词一样,它们 没有人称和数的变化,其后接动词原形。
【建议一】 should意为“应该”,表示劝 告或建议。如: You should stop smoking. 你应该戒烟。 Maybe he should say that he’s sorry. 也许他应该说对不起。


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拓展:(1) should表示“要求;命令”。 如: You shouldn’t talk in class. 你不许在课堂上说话。 (2) should表示“预测;可能”。如: His backpack should be in the classroom. 他的背包可能在教室里。 (3) should有时也表示说话人的感情, 如惊讶、愤怒、失望等。如: Why should I go? 为什么是我去?(不满)

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【建议二】 could意为“可以;不妨”, 表示委婉、客气的建议。如: We could write a letter to the headmaster. 我们不妨给校长写封信。 You could try his home number. 你可以试试(拨打)他家的电话号码。

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拓展: (1) could表示过去的能力。如: Tina could play chess when she was six. 蒂娜6岁时就会下象棋。 (2) could表示推测的可能性。如: He could be in Beijing now. 他现在可能在北京。

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Homework
课后,请同学们分小组讨论自 己周围的事,如“迷路,犯了错误, 面对学习中的困难”等,并给出对 别人的建议,利用“should/could+ 动词原形”这种结构完成,并以书 面的形式向全班同学汇报。

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