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牛津译林版初中英语8年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 11:31:48  

Unit1 Friends

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2

第一课时 Comic strip & Welcome to the unit

1.There is nothing else in the fridge.冰箱里没有别的东西。

(1)这是一个典型的there be…句型,这种句型表示“某地方有某人或某物”。其中be动词根据后面主语的不同而变化。主语是单数名词或不可数名词时,be动词用is;主语是可数名词的复数时,be动词用are.

例如:

There are some apples on the tree.

书上有一些苹果。

There is a lovely girl here.

这儿有一位可爱的女孩。

(2)nothing else 没有其他的东西。

else 修饰nothing要后置,不能做前置定语,else通常修饰不定代词、疑问代词或疑问副词,且都位于它们的后面。

例如:

Who else knows the answer?

还有谁知道答案?

【即时体验】

There is ______ in today‘s newspaper.

A. nothing important B. important nothing

C. else nothing D. nothing other

答案:

形容词修饰不定代词,要后置。Else修饰不定代词也要后置。故选A.

2.Do you talk to him when you have problems? 当你有什么问题的时候你对他讲吗? Take谈论,交谈,其后必须加介词才能接宾语。具体形式有:

(1)talk about sth/sb 谈论某事物/某人

例如:

They are talking about the pictures.

他们正在讨论这些照片。

(2)talk to sb 对某人讲

例如:

I am so busy, and don‘t talk to me.

我很忙,不要对我讲话。

(3)talk with和某人说话

例如:

I would like to talk with my parents.

我想跟我的父母讲话。

3

【即时体验】

After the teacher talked ______ him, he became a good student soon.

A. to B. with C. about D. /

答案:

句意是:老师找他谈完话后,他很快成了一名好学生。

Talk to 意为“对??交谈”,故选A。

3. Can I have something to drink? 我可以喝点什么吗?

What about some milk?

Can I have some more food too?

some 在问句中有希望得到对方肯定答复的含义。

e.g. : I am so hungry. Would you please have some coffee?

Can I borrow some money from you?

【针对训练】

选择填空:

1. Eddie, can I have _________, please?

〖本题考查something用在疑问句中,希望得到对方的肯定答复;动词不定式作定语,后置。〗

A. something drinking B. anything to drink

C. something to drink D. anything drinking

2. I have a friend __________ Millie. 〖本题考查过去分词作定语,修饰a friend〗

A. call B. to call C. called D. calling

3. I have _____________ to tell you.

〖本题考查形容词修饰不定代词后置;肯定句中用something〗

A. anything interesting B. something interesting

C. interesting nothing D. interesting something

4. He is one of my best ______. He always wears a smile _____ his face.

〖本题考查one of 后名词用复数形式;词组wear a smile on one‘s face〗

A. friends, on B. friend, in

C. friends, in D. friend, on

5. I want _______ you _______ my English teacher.

〖本题考查词组want to do sth, tell sb. about sth. 〗

A . to tell, with B. to tell, about C. telling, about D. telling, to

第二课时 Reading

1. She is willing to share things with her friends. be willing to do sth.乐意\自愿做某事 1) 当我们遇到困难时刘老师总是乐于帮助我们。

2) Ma Lu很乐意在周日陪父母去购物。

3)他愿意每天帮我学英语。

share sth. with sb. 与某人分享某物

I share a bedroom with my sister.

4

She shares an apple with her mother.

【即时体验】

Tom is always _______ help the people in need.

A. willing B. ready

C. willing to D. ready for

答案:

Be willing/ ready to do sth. 表示“愿意/乐于做某事”,be ready for后接名词。故选C。

2.She is also helpful and ready to help people any time.

be ready to do sth. /for sth. 准备好做某事

e.g.

1) 你准备好明天的测试了吗?

Are you ready for tomorrow‘s test?

2) 他们准备好把答案给我了吗?

Are they ready to give me their answer?

any time 随时随地,任何时候

1) If you have any problem, call me any time. I‘m waiting for you all the time.

如果你有问题,随时给我打电话。我会一直等着的。

2) 你随时都可以来访

You can come and visit me any time .

【即时体验】

He is a kind man, and he is ready ______ others.

A. help B. helping

C. to help D. helped

答案:be ready to do sth.“乐意做某事”故选C.

3. 然而,他因为夜晚做太多的电脑工作视力不好。

类似点:however与but都有“但是”的含义,

表示语意的转折

区别点:用作语意转折时, however通常用在句首,且要加上逗号;but用作引导转折并列从句时,不要在其后加逗号,而是直接跟句子。如:

她今天病了,但是还是坚持来上学。

She is ill today. However, she still came to school.

She is ill today, but she still came to school.

类似点:表示因果关系,都有“因为”的意思 区别点:because 用来引导因果关系从句,

而because of后面只能跟 n./pron./doing sth.

e.g.

1)Linda因为饿,吃了很多蛋糕。

Linda ate many cakes because she was so hungry.

Linda ate many cakes because of her hunger (n.饥饿).

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