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牛津译林版初中英语9年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 11:31:51  

Unit 1 Life on Mars

第一课时 Comic strip & Welcome to the unit

1.How do you like life on Mars? I hate it. 你觉得火星上的生活怎么样?我讨厌它。

①How do you like? 你觉得??怎么样? 主要用来询问对方对某事的印象,也可以改为“What do you think of …”这一句型。

Eg. How do you like this book? I think it‘s a good book.

How do you like China? I like it very much.

What do you think of China?

②hate 讨厌,不喜欢,后可跟名词、代词、动名词或动词不定式。

Eg. I hate Monday morning.

He hates her because she always plays tricks on him.

I hate watching TV, I prefer to read.

She hates to drive at night.

hate 的同义词是dislike, 反义词是like/enjoy。

【即时体验】

How do you like the TV play?——

A. It‘s wonderful. B. What about you?

C. Yes, I like it. D. No, I don‘t like it at all.

答案:A。翻译为“你觉得这个电视节目怎么样?”

2. I thought you liked Mars. 我原以为你喜欢火星。

I thought …“我原以为?”,是指过去曾有这样想法,但事实却不是这样。

I think …是指现在这样认为,往往与事实是相符的。

Eg. I think he is a thief.

I thought he was a thief.

3. Help Daniel compare living on Mars to living to Earth at present. 帮助Daniel把住在火星上与现在住在地球上作个比较。

compare “比为”、“比作”,常与to连用,意为“比喻”、“把??比作”,有时也表示“将??同??作比较”。

Eg. We may compare the world to a stage.

Life is often compared to voyage.

?表示―把……与……比较‖,通常用 compare……with……,但在现代英语中,也可用 compare……to……,或者用 compare……and……。如:

If you compare his work with hers, you‘ll find hers is much better.

要是把他俩的工作比较一下,就会发现她的好得多。

Having compared the new dictionary with [to] the old one, he found the new one more helpful. 将新旧词典比较之后,他发现新词典更有用。

Compared with [to] many women, she was indeed very fortunate.

和许多女人相比,她的确算是很幸运的了。

? 表示―把……比作……‖,通常用 compare……to……。如:来源:www.examda.com Shakespare compared the world to a stage. 莎士比亚把世界比作舞台。

The poet compares the woman he loves to a rose. 诗人把他所爱的女人比作玫瑰。

? 表示―比得上‖、―能与……比美‖,通常用 compare with, 多与情态动词 can 连用,且主要用于否定句或疑问句中。如(from www.yywords.com):

My English can‘t compare with his. 我的英语不能与他比。

Nothing can compare with wool for warmth. 没有比羊毛更暖和的东西了。

【即时体验】

____ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.

A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared

答案:D。

4. We will be cared for by robots. 我们将由机器人来照顾。

care for 照顾、照料,相当于look after / take care of

Eg. The sick must be cared for.

We care for one another here.

care for 还可表示“喜欢”、“愿意”。

Eg. She doesn‘t care for skating.

【即时体验】

她照顾她的孩子。

答案: She cares for her children.

5. Food will be in the form of pills. 食物将是药丸的形状。

in the form of … 呈现?形状,处于某种形式,form形状,形态。

Eg. The cakes are all in the form of stars.

He saw a strange form in the fog.

6. Make people feel very ill. 使人们感到很不舒服。

ill ?adj.不适的;不健康的。一般作表语

?adj.邪恶的;坏的。此时可以做定语。

【即时体验】

He is an ill man.

他是一个坏人。

一、英汉词组互译。

1. 呈……的形状___________________ 6.virtual reality___________________

2.越来越拥挤___________________ 7.many different designs___________________

3.将来___________________ 8.the public transport system___________________

4.飘走___________________ 9. power pack___________________

5.电子狗___________________ 10.space food___________________

二、根据所给提示,完成下列句子。

1. People must wear space________(宇航帽) to go outside on Mars.

2. Before the Project of Sanxia, many ________ (移民)left their hometown.

3. There are nine ________(行星)in the universe.

4. On October 12th,2005, two ________(宇航员) went into space by Shenzhou VI.

5. They will ________(大概) give us the correct answers.

三、改写句子

1. I‘m too short to be an astronaut.(改为同义句)

I‘m ________ ________ ________ ________ be an astronaut.

2. It is too cold for us to go out at night on Mars. (改为同义句)

It is ________ ________ ________ ________ can‘t go out at night on Mars.

3. I don‘t think she is our new teacher, ________ ________?(改为反义疑问句)

第二课时 Reading

1. moving to Mars 移居、适居到月球上。

move

①搬,移动

We need more space for the fridge.

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