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牛津译林版初中英语8年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 11:31:53  

Unit1 Past and Present

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第一课时 Comic strip & Welcome to the unit

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Eg. We saw her no more.= We didn‘t see her any more.

Eg. After the accident, he could walk no more.

= After the accident, he couldn‘t walk any more.

【即时体验】

试着翻译下面的句子:We are a people no longer subject to foreign rule.

答案:我们是一个不再受外国统治的名族。

2. ago/ before

before和ago后面都可以接表示一段时间的名词短语,before还可以单独使用; before 通常用来表示过去或将来的某个时间点之前,通常与过去完成时或过去将来时连用,而ago的时间点是现在或说话的当时,通常与一般过去时连用。

Eg: I have never been to the Great Wall before.

They moved to France two years ago.

He was thinner than he had been 2 years before.

【即时体验】

试着翻译这个句子:He will die before he submits.

答案:他宁死不屈。

3. over 在?期间, 在?过程中

Over the last 50 years, our city has changed a lot.

Will you be home over the summer holiday?

4.过去,往事 past

目前,现在 present

n. 现在,通常与过去、将来相对应。

The past, the present and the future . 过去、现在和将来。

at present. 此刻、现在:

I‘m afraid I can‘t help you just at present. ----- I‘m too busy.

很抱歉,我现在帮不了你,----- 实在太忙了。

adj. 现在的。 the present day当今、现今。

Most young people enjoy listening to popular music the present day.

【即时体验】

试着翻译这个句子:我们从过去中学习,体验现在,展望未来的成功。

答案:We learn from the past, experience the present and hope for success in the future.

一.翻译下列短语:

1.半小时前 2. 在碗里

3. 和---某人在一起玩 4. 不再

5.想干某事 6. 一个来自香港的学生

7. 更多地了解这个地方 8. 进行一个历史课题研究

9. 在过去的100多年里 10. 写一篇报告

11. 收集更多的信息 12. 不同的交通工具

13. 自从1933年

二 根据首字母提示,完成下列单词。

1.I‘m not hungry. I‘ve e_______ enough.

2.Mrs Chen is very k_______. She often helps us.

3.Mr Green is an e_______ teacher from the USA.

4.Last night. O__ 5000 thousand people were at the concert.

5.I didn‘t know it was you. You have c______ a lot.

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6.Uncle Wang has lived in this city s_______ he was bron.

三 根据英文解释,写出单词。

1. a_______, in the past

2. h_________, not full

3. o________, more than

4. s________, from the past till now

5. c________, become different.

四 根据中文完成下列句子。

1. 谁拿走了我的书,刚才在桌子上的。

Who ______ _______ away my book. It _______ on the desk a moment ago.

2. 你吃过早饭吗?是的我刚吃过。

_______ you _______ your breakfast? Yes I‘ve ______ ______it.

3. 我太累了,我不想再打球了。

I‘m very _______. I _____ ______ to play basketball ______ _______.

4. 我饿了,你能给我弄点好吃的吗?

I‘m very ________. Could you give me _______ ______ _______ ________?

5. Jim 是来自美国的交流学生,他想更多的了解中国。

Jim is ______ _______ student _______ the USA. He wants to _____ _____ about China.

五 用所给动词的适当形式填空:

1. ---- Where _____ Jim? (be)

----He ______ (water) the flowers over there.

2. The dog ______(be) here an hour ago.

3. _______ you _____( see) my bike?

No, I haven‘t.

4. They don‘t want _______(learn) Japanese be cause it ?s too hard.

5.They _____ (do) a project on the changes in Nanjing next month.

6. We ____ (know) the place since 1983.

课外拓展提高。

完成下列对话:(A找不到他的英语书,B提到他的英语书)

A: Oh, ____ my book? It ______ on the desk half an hour ago.

B: Is it an English book?

A: Yes._____ you ______ it.

B: Yes. I‘ve just seen it. Is this book yours?

A: Yes. You ______ _______ it?

B: Of course. It‘s very interesting.

A: I don‘t think so. I ______ want to ______ it any more.

B: Why?

A: Because it‘s too hard for me. I can‘t enjoy it.

B: don‘t worry. Let me help you. Let‘s read together.

A: That‘s ________ . You are very __________.

第二课时 Reading

1.for 和 since 的区别。

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for 和表示一段时间的词组连用。eg. for six hours/nine days/ two weeks/thirty years since 和表示过去某一时刻的词或词组连用。

eg. since nine o‘clock this morning / last summer/ three weeks ago/September

since 还可以引导时间状语从句,表示“自从?..以来”。

eg. 自从他出生以来,他就住在这儿。He has lived here since he was born.

自从我离开学校,我给他写过两次信。I have written to him twice since I left school.

【即时体验】

试着翻译下面两个句子,体会差异。

1.她去年五月去伦敦,此后一直在报社工作。

2.我们学英语已经好几年了。

答案:

1. She moved to London last May and has since got a job on a newspaper.

2. We have studied English for years.

2.just 的用法

just 作“刚刚”解时,多和现在完成时连用。

eg. I have just finished lunch. 我刚吃过午饭。

The two visitors have just arrived. 两位来访者刚刚到达。

just now “刚才”, 动词只能用过去时态。

They gave it to me just now. 他们刚才将它给了我。

3.have gone to 去了(没回来)

have been to 去过,到过 (已回来)

eg. He has been to Beijing. 他到过北京。(现在他不在北京)

He has gone to Beijing. 他上北京去了。(现在他不在这里)

4. Lily‘ grandfather, Mr Dong, came to Beijing to visit her.

(! ) visit 作及物动词,其后可接人或地点作宾语。

e.g., He visited China last year.

I often visit my friends on Sunday.

(2) make/pay a visit to 为习惯表达,意为―参观,拜访‖此时它是名词。

(3) on a visit to 为―访问某人,参观某地或在某人家做客‖

【即时体验】

试着翻译下面的句子,体会visit不同词性。

1)那是他第一次去探望岳父岳母。

2)我打算去姑妈家住几天。

答案:

1) It was his first visit to his wife's parents.

2) I'm going to visit my aunt for a few days.

5. He used to live in the kowloon Walled City in Hong Kong.

英语中,used to 后既可接行为动词也可接表示状态的动词原形,主要是同现在相比较,说明过去常常如此,而现在不是这样了。

She used to be a history teacher.

My mother used to get up early when she was young.

used to 的否定形式一般用didn‘t use to, 其疑问形式用Did sb use to。

He didn‘t use to drink beer. = He usedn‘t to drink beer.

Did she use to be an English teacher? =Used she to be an English teacher?

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