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湘教版英语9年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 12:33:01  

目录

Unit 1 The Developing World. .......................................................................................................... 2

Topic 1 Our country has developed rapidly............................................................................... 2

Topic 2 What a large population! ............................................................................................ 11

Topic 3 Project Hope has changed my life. ............................................................................. 19

Unit 2 Loving Our Planet. ............................................................................................................... 27

Topic 1 Topic 1 Pollution causes too many problems. ............................................................ 27

Topic 2 All these problems are very serious............................................................................ 33

Topic 3 Would you like to be a greener person? ..................................................................... 39

Unit 3 English around the World ..................................................................................................... 47

Topic 1 English is widely used throughout the world. ............................................................ 47

Topic 2 English is spoken differently in different countries. .................................................. 53

Topic 3 Could you give us some advice on how to learn English well? ............................... 57

Unit 4 Surprising Science. .............................................................................................................. 66

Topic 1 The spaceship is mainly controlled by computers. ..................................................... 66

Topic 2 When was it developed? ............................................................................................. 73

Topic 3 We will live in space one day. .................................................................................... 78

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 86

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 88

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 90

Unit 1 The Developing World.

单元目标

1.一些单词短语的用法

2.语法:现在完成时;直接引语和间接引语

3.学习一些交际用语

Topic 1 Our country has developed rapidly.

要点精讲

1.词语

proper 恰当的,合适的

training 培训,训练

social 社会的

describe 描写,叙述

in detail 详细地

education 教育

support 支持,供养

develop 发展;开发

rapidly 迅速地

search 搜寻,搜查

abroad 到(在)国外

yet 还,仍然

narrow 狭窄的

communication 交流;交往;通讯

quick 快的;敏捷的

keeo in touch with 跟??保持联系

sort 种类

progress 进步;进展

make progress 取得进步

keep up with 赶上,跟上

already 已经

preparation 准备

peaceful 和平的;安宁的

consider 考虑

draw up 拟定;起草

conclusion 结论;结束

thanks to 幸亏;由于

feel sorry for 对??感到抱歉

learn… from … 向??学习

in the past 在过去

give support to… 对??支持

with the development of 随着??的发展

make preparations for 为??做准备

2.Rita, you have just come back from your hometown.

丽塔,你刚刚从你的家乡返回。

此句为现在完成时态。现在完成时由“助动词have/ has+ 动词的过去分词”构成,表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果,可与just,already,ever,never,yet等表示时间的副词连用。如:

She has just told me the news.

她刚刚告诉我那个消息。

I have already finished my homework.

我已经做完作业了。

Have you ever spoken to a foreigner?

你曾和外国人交谈过吗?

My father hasn’t come back yet.

我爸爸还没有回来。

3. In one place I saw children working for a cruel boss. 在一个地方我看到孩子们正为一个残忍的老板干活。

表示感官的动词后接-ing分词作宾语补足语,表示动作正在发生。常用的感官动词有:see,watch,hear,smell,feel等。如:

Do you smell something burning?

你闻到东西烧焦的味了吗?

上述感官动词后还可以接不带to的不定式作宾语补足语,表示动作的完成或存在的事实。如:

I saw her dance on the stage.

我看见她在台上跳舞了。(表示动作完成)

I saw her dancing on the stage.

我看见她正在台上跳舞。(表示动作正在进行)

4. —Where have you been, Jane? 你去过哪里,简?

—I have been to Mount Huang with my parents. 我和我的父母去过黄山。

sb. have/ has been to…某人曾经到过(某地)如:

She has been to Beijing.

她曾经去过北京。

5. There goes the bell. 铃响了。

此句还可以表示为That’s the bell. / The bell is ringing.

6. Though I had no time to travel, I still felt very happy. 虽然我没有时间去旅行,但是我仍然感到很开心。

though/ although/ even though/ even if连词,意思是“虽然,尽管,即使”,引导让步状语从句,通常不与but连用。如:

Though/ Although my daughter is only ten years old, she knows a lot.

虽然我的女儿只有十岁,但她却懂很多事。

Even tough/ Even if the work was hard, they enjoyed themselves.

尽管这工作很辛苦,他们还是自得其乐。

even if 和even though带有强调的意味,语气较强;though 和although语气弱,而though比although更口语化。

7. My granny told me that most children had a hard life in the past.

我奶奶告诉我在过去,大多数孩子过着艰苦的生活。

Have / live a …life 过着??样的生活。如:

We live a happy life nowadays.

如今我们过着幸福的生活。

8. Parents couldn’t afford their children’s education. 父母供不起孩子上学。

afford是及物动词,通常与can,could或be able to连用,尤其用于否定句或疑问句,表示买得起或负担得起,(有时间)做,能做。如:

Can we afford a new car?

我们买得起一辆新车吗?

9. The government gives support to poor families, … 政府为贫困家庭提供帮助,?? give support to sb. / give sb. support 为某人提供帮助

support 也可作动词。Support family养家糊口。如:

He helped support his family in the past.

过去他帮助赚钱养家。

10. She has gone to the library. 她去图书馆了。

sb. have/ has gone to…表示“某人已经去某地”,强调某人不在说话地点。如: —Where has your brother gone? 你哥哥去哪里了?

—He has gone to the supermarket. 他去超市了。(强调哥哥不在此处)

11. Why not go and search the Internet for some information?

为什么不上网查找一些相关信息呢?

search…for sth. 搜查(某地)寻找某事。如:

He searched the room for his passport.

为了寻找他的护照,他翻遍了整个房间。

search for sb. /sth. 搜查,查找某人或某物。如:

The police searched for clues in that area.

警方在那一带查找线索。

12. She has seen the changes in Beijing herself. 她亲眼目睹了北京的变化。

see sth. oneself 表示“亲眼所见”。如:

I saw him steal something myself. 我亲眼看见他偷东西了。

13. People kept in touch with their friends and relatives far away mainly by letter and telegram.

人们主要通过信件和电报与远方的亲朋好友保持联系。

keep in touch with…与??保持联系

get in touch with 与??取得联系

lose touch with 与??失去联系

如:

I hope that we’ll keep in touch with each other.

我希望我们会彼此保持联系。

You can get in touch with me at the office if necessary.

如果必要的话,你可以在办公室与我取得联系。

I’ve lost touch with most of my friends from college.

我与大学时代的大多数朋友已经失去联系了。

14. I think it is important to remember the past, live in the present and dream about the future.

我认为记住过去,立足现在,展望未来是非常重要的。

15. What has happened to Beijing’s roads nowadays?

北京现在的道路状况怎么样?

happen是不及物动词,后面不能直接跟宾语,尤指“偶然发生”的意思。

happen to sb. /sth. (事情)发生在??身上,临到??头上。如:

An accident happened to me yesterday. 昨天我出了点意外。

happen to do sth. 碰巧,凑巧做某事。如:

I happened to meet my old friend in the street yesterday.

昨天我在街上碰巧遇见了我的老朋友。

16.Where have you been, Jane?

简,你去哪里了?

I have been to Mount Huang with my parents.

我和我的父母去了黄山。

这是一个含有现在完成时态的疑问句,用于对生活经历的表述。现在完成时的构成“助动词have / has+过去分词”。现在完成时的用法:表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响。

have / has been to表示“曾经到过某地,现在不在那里了”,后面可接去过某地的次数,如once, twice, three times等。

17. have / has gone to与have / has been in…

(1)have / has gone to表示“已经去某地了,现在还没有返回”。

Where’s Jim?

吉姆在哪里?

He has gone to the library.

他去了图书馆。

(2)have / has been in…常与时间段状语连用,表示“在某地待了多长时间”。 How long have you been in Beijing?

你到北京多久了?

I have been here for two years.

我已经在这里两年了。

18.There goes the bell.铃响了。

这是一个完全倒装句,当主语是名词时,要把主语放在谓语或系动词之后。如: Here comes the bus.车来了。

当主语是代词时,就要把主语放在谓语或系动词之前。如:

Here they are.他们在这。

Here they come.

他们来这儿了。

19.Did you spend the whole holiday working there?

你整个假期都在那里工作吗?

(1)sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.

某人花费多少时间做某事。如:

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