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湘教版英语8年级下册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 12:33:05  

目录

Unit 5 Feeling Happy ........................................................................................................................ 2

Topic 1 Why all the smiling faces? ........................................................................................... 2

Topic 2 I feel better now. ........................................................................................................... 6

Topic 3 Many things can change our feelings. ........................................................................ 11 中考链接 ................................................................................................................................. 13

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 14

Unit 6 Fun Cycling .......................................................................................................................... 16

Topic 1 We’re going on a spring field trip. ............................................................................. 16

Topic 2 How about exploring the Ming Tombs? ..................................................................... 29

Topic 3 Bicycles are popular with people. .............................................................................. 31 中考链接 ................................................................................................................................. 34

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 35

Unit 7 Food Festival ........................................................................................................................ 37

Topic 1 We are preparing for a food festival. .......................................................................... 37

Topic 2 You must cook very carefully. .................................................................................... 42

Topic 3 Welcome to our food festival! .................................................................................... 47 中考链接 ................................................................................................................................. 53

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 54

Unit 8 Beautiful Clothes ................................................................................................................. 56

Topic 1 What a nice coat! ........................................................................................................ 56

Topic 2 Different jobs, different uniforms. ............................................................................. 59

Topic 3 Let’s go to see the fashion show. ................................................................................ 62 中考链接 ................................................................................................................................. 65

单元测试 ................................................................................................................................. 66

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 68

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 69

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 71

Unit 5 Feeling Happy

单元目标

1.掌握一些单词短语的用法

2.语法:句子的类型;状语从句;形容词副词比较级;使役动词make的用法

3.学习一些交际用语

Topic 1 Why all the smiling faces?

要点精讲

一、单词短语

单词:

invite 邀请

upset 难过的

cruel 残忍的

silly 傻的

worried 担心的

smile 微笑

opera 歌剧

none 没有一个

disappointed 失望的

unhappy 不高兴的

unpopular 不受欢迎的

rich 富有的

moving 感动人的

proud 骄傲的

taste 有…味道

smell 发出…气味

set 安置,able 能够

since 因为

surprised 惊奇的

Austria 奥地利

lively 活泼的

play 戏剧

mad 生气的

please 使人高兴

marry 成婚

ever 曾经

frightened 惊吓的

America 美国

main 主要的

role 角色

express 表达

ulture 文化

facial 面部的

gesture 手势

peace 和平

thankful 感谢的,

say thanks to sb. 向…道谢

be proud of 自豪,

set the table 摆放餐具

be able to 有能力做某事

ring up =telephone /call /ring sb.给…打电话

a ticket to /for sth. …的票,入场券

have a temperature=have a fever 发烧

go well 进展顺利

词组:cheer up

使振作起来

at first 开始

get married 和某人结婚

fall into 落入

in the end 最后

come into being 形成

make peace with sb. 与某人和解

care for 照顾

because of 因为

happily ever after 从此一直幸福地(经常用于童话故事的结尾)

what… for=why

be on 上映

be full of

end with 以……结尾

二、语法句型

句子类型

(一)主语+系动词+表语

英语中常见的句子类型之一是―主系表结构‖,即由―主语+系动词+表语‖构成,表示人或事物的性质、状态、特征等。

主语是句子要说明的人或物,是句子的主体,一般放在句首。主语可以由以下形式构成:名词、代词、数词、动名词、不定式、词组或复合结构、从句等。

表语用来说明主语的身份、特征和状态。它的位置在系动词之后。可用作表语的有:名词、代词、形容词、副词和数词,还有介词短语等。

系动词词义不完整,和表语一起做谓语。最常用的系动词是―be‖。另外,下列动词也常作系

动词用:look, feel, sound, taste, smell, get, become, turn等。如:

It feels cold outside. 外面很冷。

This dish tastes great. 这盘菜很好吃。

由主语+系动词+表语组成,主要用以说明主语的特征,类属,状态,身份等。 系动词有

(1)表示特征和存在状态的 be, seem, feel, appear, look, smell, taste, sound.

(2)表示状态延续的 remain, stay, keep, continue, stand.

(3)表示状态变化的 become, get, turn, go, run, fall, come, grow

(二)主谓宾结构

A. 此结构中的谓语动词常常是动词词组,分两种情况:1.及物动词+副词,2.不及物动词+介词。

1. 含有away, out, forward, up 等副词的动词词组是可拆分的。如:

They carried out the plan successfully.我们还可以说,They carried the plan out successfully. 但我们只能说 As the plan was practical, they carried it out successfully.

动副词组都可以这样用,如point out(指出),carry out(执行),put forward(提出), work out(做出,算出), find out(找出), give up(放弃), give away(赠送,分发), pick up(拣起), put up(挂上)等。

2. 而含有介词 at, for, from, into, of, with, to 等的动介词组是不可拆分的。如:

look after(照顾), look at(瞧), look for(寻找), belong to(属于), refer to(参考,提及), think of(考虑,评价), send for(派人去请), care for(喜欢), suffer from(受……之苦), deal with(对付,应付), object to(反对), pay for(付……的钱),等。即我们只能说think of it,不能说think it of.

(1)in在动词词组中用作副词,表示―在里面‖,―往里进‖,―在家‖等意思。如,get in(收割), hand in(提交,交进)。

用作介词,表示―在……地点‖,―在……范围‖,―在……方面‖。 如,persist in(坚持),succeed in (在……成功)。

(2)off在动词词组中用作副词,表示―关闭‖,―隔离,离开‖,―去掉‖等意思。如:turn off(关掉), switch off(关掉), ring off(挂断电话), keep off(远离), take off(脱掉), kick off(踢脱), carry off(运走), put off(推迟), pay off(付清), give off(放出)。 用作介词,表示―从……下来‖。如,get off(下车), fall off(从……掉下来)。

(3)on 在动词词组中用作副词,表示―开‖,―走开‖,―传递‖,―穿戴‖。 如,turn on(开), move on(走开), pass on(传递), put on(穿上), have on(穿着)。

用作介词,表示―在……上‖,―在……方面‖。如:work on(从事于……), operate on(在……上动手术), agree on(同意)。表示―上车,上船,上……‖, 如get on(上车,上船), ride on(骑上)。表示―依靠‖,―以……为基础‖,―按照‖,如,depend on(依靠), base on(以……为基础), feed on(以……为食), live on(以……为生计).

(4)over在动词词组中用作副词,表示―翻转‖,―翻倒‖,如,turn over(打翻,翻倒), push over(推倒). 表示―过一遍‖,―仔细‖,―遍及‖,如,think over(仔细考虑), look over(仔细查看,研究)。

用作介词,表示―从上越过‖,如,fly over(从上飞过), jump over(从上跳过). go over(越过,横过)。 表示―为了‖,―由于‖,如,quarrel over(为……争吵), cry over(因……哭泣). 表示―查看‖,―复习‖,―检查‖,如,go over(检查,复习).

附:许多由及物动词+名词+介词构成的三词动词词组也要跟宾语,如:pay attention to(注意), catch hold of(抓住,握住), catch sight of(看见,发现),do harm to(对……有害), get

rid of(排除,除去), make fun of(取笑,嘲笑), put (one’s)heart into(专心于……), say hello to(打招呼), sing praise for(赞扬,表扬), take care of(照顾), take part in(参加), take pride in(以……自豪,骄傲)。

典型例题

【例1】Oceania is mainly _________ Australia and New Zealand.

A. made up B. made up of

C. made of D. made from

【答案】B

【解析】短语be made up of。

【例2】Your suggestion _________ a reasonable one.

A. sounds like B. sounds as if

C. sounded as D. is sounding like

【答案】A

【解析】sound like+n./sound as if+从句。

针对训练

1. I wish I _________ the book report yesterday. But I was too busy.

A. finished writing

B. could have finished writing

C. could have finished to write

D. might finished writing

2. Can you tell me _________ you feed this kind of cow _________ in winter.

A. that; on B. what; /

C. whether; on D. what; on

3. I _________ playing the piano while my brother _________ playing football.

A. am good at; does well in

B. am good in; does well at

C. does well in; is good at

D. am clever in; does well in

4. Heilongjiang Province is _____ north of Liaoning. Harbin, its capital city, lies _____ the Songhuajiang River.

A. to; on B. in the; in

C. 不填; on D. to the; in

5. To fully understand the writer, we must read not only between the lines, but sometimes _____ the lines.

A. within B. beyond

C. beside D. among

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