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湘教版英语8年级上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-17 12:33:09  

目录

Unit 1 Sports and Games .................................................................................................................. 2

Topic 1 Are you going to play basketball? ................................................................................ 2

Topic 2 Would you mind teaching me? ..................................................................................... 6

Topic 3 Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. ......................................................................... 10

Unit 2 Keeping Healthy .................................................................................................................. 15

Topic 1 How are you feeling today ? ...................................................................................... 15

Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking. ........................................................................... 18

Topic 3 What should we do to fight SARS? ........................................................................... 22

Unit 3 Our Hobbies ......................................................................................................................... 27

Topic 1 I love collecting stamps .............................................................................................. 27

Topic 2 It sounds great! ........................................................................................................... 31

Topic 3 What were you doing this time yesterday? ................................................................ 38

Unit 4 Our World ............................................................................................................................ 49

Topic 1 We share the world with plants and animals. ..................................................................... 49

Topic 2 I am sure there are no UFOs. ..................................................................................... 52

Topic 3 The builders used live models, didn’t they? ............................................................... 58

期中测试......................................................................................................................................... 63

期末测试......................................................................................................................................... 65

参考答案......................................................................................................................................... 67

Unit 1 Sports and Games

单元目标

1.一些词语的用法与搭配

2.一些句型的用法

3.一般将来时

Topic 1 Are you going to play basketball?

要点精讲

1.词语

would 想要,将会

cheer 加油,欢呼,喝彩,

team 队,小组

win赢得,获胜

prefer 更喜欢,宁愿(选择)

bit 一点,一些,少量的

quite 许多 大量

join 加入,成为……的一员,连接

club 俱乐部

dream 梦想

dancer 跳舞者

grow 成长,生长,种植

future 将来,未来

against 对着,反对

excited 激动的,兴奋的

leave 离开,把……留下,剩下

shame 羞耻,羞愧,遗憾的事

hour 小时

pretty 相当好

popular 流行的,大众受喜欢的

run跑,奔跑

heart 心脏,心

lung 肺

healthy 健康的

relax 放松

cheer sb. on 为某人加油

cheer up 使振作一点

quite a bit /a lot 大量,许多,不多

grow up 长大成人,成长

in the future 今后

arrive in/at 到达某地

play against 同……比赛

leave for 动身去某地

the day after tomorrow 后天

take part in 参加,加入

pretty well 相当好,几乎,差不多

high jump 跳高

long jump 跳远

all over the world 整个世界

keep fit保持健康

2. see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

(1)表示人看见了事情的全过程。

(2)指经常做的事。补足语的动作已经完成。动词用省略to的不定式形式。I saw Lin Tao enter the office.

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事。表示补足语的动作正在进行,用现在分词。When I came into the room, I saw Lily dancing.

3. prefer 宁可,宁愿,更喜欢,后可跟代词,名词,动词,不定式,复合结构及宾语从句。

I prefer music. I prefer drinking a bottle of water.

prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.宁愿……,而不愿……They preferred to climb the hill rather than swim in the river.

prefer sb. (not) to do sth.宁愿某人(不)做某事 I preferred the students to answer the question in different ways

prefer…to … 与……相比,更喜欢……,后面接代词,名词或动名词,不能接不定式。 I prefer dogs to cats.

4. join 加入,成为……的一员,强调从旁观者或外人的地位成了某党派,团体人群,游戏等中的一员,相当于become a member of。

join+sb.表示加入某人的行列,和某人一起。

join+ 组织,表示加入某个组织。

take part in 也表示参加、加入,指参加某一活动并在其中起积极作用。

in a team (英式英语), on a team (美式英语)在某球队打球

5.arrive in 到达大地方, arrive at 到达小地方 同义词有:get to ,reach

6. spend,花费,其主语是人,句型为:sb.+ spend +金钱/时间+on sth. /(in) doing sth. take,花费,主语是物,句型为:It takes sb. 时间/金钱 to do sth.

pay, 也有花费之意,主语是人,句型为: sb. +pay+金钱 for sth.

cost,花费,主语是物,句型为: sth. +cost +sb. +时间/金钱

7. be good at 擅长于……,同义词 do well in,后面接名词或动名词。

be good for 对……有益,后面接名词或动名词。

8. make使成为,其后加名词或代词再加形容词作宾补。It makes me very happy. make sb. do sth. 结构,意为让某人做某事

9. keep fit 保持健康,尤其指人通过经常锻炼而获得的健康。

同义词有:keep healthy

10. how long how often how soon what time what

how long 询问多长时间或某东西有多长,在询问时间时常与延续性动词连用。how long will you play football? How long is this river?

how often 询问频率 ,多久一次。 How often do you play basketball?

how soon 询问多久,常与将来时连用

what time 询问时间,一般要用具体的点数来回答,相当于when

what time /When will you hand in your plan?

what 询问什么/常指事情及物: What are you doing now?

询问职业:What do you do? =What are you? =What’s your job?

11. all over the world=all around the world 全球,全世界

all over adv. 到处,四处

She looked all over for the lost book.

12. a good way to 一个……的好办法

way 在这里意为方法,办法 way有多种含义,请注意下列句子的不同含义: on one’s way to 在去……的路上

on the way 在途中

in the way妨碍

lose one’s way迷路

The rain is on the way. 要下雨了。

Don’t stand in the way. 别挡道。

13. go hiking 去远足

go swimming 去游泳

go shopping 去购物

go boating 去划船

go dancing去跳舞

14. Do you skate much ? 你经常滑冰吗?在肯定、否定或疑问语境中,(very)much常与动词连用,用来描述某个动作发生的频率或与表示情感的动词连用表示情感的深浅程度。I go to movie theaters so much. 电影院我去的次数太多了。

15.一般将来时

一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow ,soon ,later ,next time (week, month, year…),in … minute , (hour, day, week ,month )等。一般将来时由―助动词will+动词原形‖构成。在口语中,will在名词或代词后常缩为’ll, will not 常简缩为won’t。在疑问句中,主语为第一人称(I和we)时,常用助动词shall。

一般将来时的其它用法:

1. 表示立即作出决定,这种意图并未经事先考虑和计划,是临时的一种决定。 —What will Ann do now?

— She will go to play basketball.

2. 用于提供帮助(肯定/否定)

—The math problem may be too difficult for me.

—I will help you.

3. 表示预测。will+动词原形,表示说话人对于将来的看法,假设和推测,通常由be afraid, be/feel sure, hope, know, think等来引导或与副词perhaps, surely, possibly, maybe等连用,但也

可以不用这些副词。

I’m sure our team will win next time.

4. 表示许诺:I’ll visit you next weekend.

5. be going to结构:表示打算或准备好要做的事,或按计划将要发生的事。 What are you going to do this Sunday?

6. be going to形式用于预测,表示说话人确信如此或指某种迹象表明某事即将发生。虽然通常不指出时间,但是暗含预期的动作不久或马上就要发生。

Listen to the wind! There is going to be a storm.

7. 在英语里,也能用一般现在时和现在进行时表示将要发生的动作,但仅限于这些动词:begin, return, arrive ,go ,come, leave ,open, start ,end ,dine等。

The train leaves at 1 p.m. 火车下午1点开。

We are leaving soon. 我们马上就走。

They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们打算离开去日本。 leave在句中以现在进行时的形式出现,表示将来要做的事。

句型:The team will play against China’s national team.

They leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow.

How long does she stay in the gym every day ?

典型例题

1. Lily preferred ___ to ____ a bus.

A walking ; take

B. walk ; take

C. walking ;taking

D. walk ; taking

【答案】C

【解析】prefer的句型:prefer sth to sth; prefer doing sth to doing sth else

2.He ___ the party last year.

A. join B. joined C. take part in D. took part in

【答案】D

【解析】参加某活动;过去时。

针对训练

1.—_____

—I have a sore throat .

A. What’s the matter, Judy?

B. Where are you, Judy?

C. Who are you ?

D. What did you do, Judy?

2. —My mother is ill.

—______

A. Don’t worry. B. No hurry.

C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. OK.

3. The man felt tired ____ he didn’t stop his work and take a rest.

A. so B. that C. but D. and

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