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关系副词定语从句

发布时间:2013-12-17 14:28:17  

Grammar

1. This is the best hotel in the city ___ I know. A. It B. where C. that D. Which 2. Your teacher of Chinese is a young lady ____ comes from Beijing. A. who B. which C. whom D. whose 3. Is there anything else ___ you require? A. which B. that C. who D. what

4. What’s the name of the man ____? A. you borrowed his car

B. which car you borrowed
C. whose car you borrowed

D. his car you borrowed

关系副词where
This is the factory. I worked in the factory ten years ago. This is the factory where I worked ten years ago. The school is near a park. My son studies in this school. The school where my studies is near a park.

We visited the house. Lusun once lived

in the house.
We visited the house where Lusun once

lived.

关系副词when
They’ll never forget July 1. Hong Kong returned to its motherland on July 1. They’ll never forget July 1 when Hong Kong returned to its motherland. The days are gone forever. We used foreign oil during those days. The days when we used foreign oil are gone forever.

There was a time. The businessman lost heart at that time. There was a time when the businessman lost heart.

when引导的定语从句修饰表示时间的名
词, 并在定语从句中作时间状语, 相当于

“介词+关系代词(which)”。 I’ll never forget the day when I joined
the league. on which (=on the day)

=

We still remembered the days when we
travelled together.

in which(=in the days) The time when I first met Nelson ____

Mandela was a very difficult period of
my life.

=

where引导的定语从句修饰表示地点的
名词, 并在定语从句中作地点状语, 相当 于“介词+ 关系代词(which)”。

This is the house where I lived two years
ago.

in which(=in the house)

=

Harvard is a world-famous university. There Wang An got his Doctor’s degree Harvard is a world-famous university where

Wang An got his Doctor degree. The place _________ we visited yesterday is which/that
a school for disabled children.

关系副词why
There are many reasons why people like

traveling.
for the reasons =why

I don’t like the way that you speak.
in the way =that

关系副词实际上是介词+先行词

The relative adverb (关系副词) when (=at / in/ on which) where (=in/ at which) why(= for which)

Referring Function in to the clause time 修饰时间 修饰地点 修饰原因

place
reason

填 when, why & where并连线
The mines (where) we voted was the 5th of August. The reason( why ) I worked was because of my hard work. The time (when) I joined the ANC were 9km from Youth League my house. The building (where) I got a job was late at night. The date ( when ) I arrived was very grand.

先行词在定从中的不同成分, 引导词不同: a. This is the place where he works. This is the place which (that) we visited last year. b. That was the time when he arrived. Do you still remember the days that

(which) we spent together?

c. This is the reason why/for which

he went.
The reas

on that (which) he gave us was quite reasonable.

几种易混的情况

1. I’ll never forget the days
_____________ we worked together. when /in which 2. I’ll never forget the days ______ which ________ we spent together. 及物动词 3. I went to the place ______________ I where/ in which worked ten years ago.

4. I went to the place which 及物动词 I ______________

visited ten years ago.
5. This is the reason why/ for which he _____________

was late.
6. This is the reason that/which

__________________ he gave. 及物动词

1. Is this the factory ____ he worked ten years ago?

A. that
C. which

B. where
D. the one

2. Is this factory ___ some foreign
friends visited last Friday?

A. That
C. which

B. where
D. the one

3. I shall never forget those years __ I live

in the farm __ you visited last week.
A. when; where B. which; which

C. when; which A. for which
which

D. which; where B. for what C.

4. Do you know the reason ___he was late? D. that

5. May the fourth is the day ____ we Chinese people will never forget. A. which B. when C. on which D. about which 6. Is that the reason ___ you are in favor of the proposal? A. which B. what C. why D. for that

7. I like the second football match ____

was held last week.
A. which B. who C. that D. /

8. I will never forget the day____ we
studied together.

A. at which
C. at that

B. on that
D. on which

9. I should like to use the same TV set ___ is used in your classroom. A. which B. who C. as D. whose 10. The Second World War ___ millions of people were killed ended in 1945. A. on which B. where

C. in that

D. during which

11. Who can think of a situation _____ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that 12. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist _____ were in the concert we attended last night. A. which B. whom C. who D. that

13. I have many books, some of ___ are

on chemistry.
A. Them B. that C. which D. those

14. I don’t like ____ you speak to her.
A. the way B. the way in that

C. the way which D. the way of which

15. Can you tell me the name of the factory ___ you visited last week? A. what B. where C. / D. when 16. I can still remember the sitting-room

___ my mother and I used to sit in the
evening.

A. what B. which C. that D. where

17. It was an exciting moment for these

football fans this year, ____ for the first
time in years their team won the World

Cup.
A. that B. while C. which D. when

比较:
定语从句?还是……?
Put the umbrella where it was. 地点状语从句 Put the books where you took them. 地点状语从句

Put the book ____ it is when you have
finished reading.

A. which
C. in which

B. where
D. at the place 地点状语从句

When you read the book, you’d better

make a mark ___ you have any questions.
A. at which B. at where

C. the place where

D. where
定语从句

1. This is the man who wants to see you. ___ 2. A clock is a machine _________ tells which/that people the time. 3. I don’t kn

ow the reason ____ he was why late for the class. 4. He lost my bike, which made me _____ unhappy. A birthday is the date whenone was born. ____

5. Is there anyone whose family is in _____

Beijing?
6. He is doing such work as I am. __

7. Do you know the reason
____________ why/for which no one questioned Aristotle’s theory for about 2,000 years?

下列各句均有一处错误,请找出并改正。

1. I still remember the day that we first met in our school. when / on which 2. I never forget the days when I spent with your family last summer.

when → that / which或去掉when 3. The village which he was born has taken on a new look.
which前加in 或which → where

4. This is the town where we paid a visit to last year.
where → that / which或去掉where 5. Can you tell me the reason which you missed the class this morning.

which 前加for或 which → why 6. Do you believe the reason why Tom gave for his being late for work?
why → that / which 或去掉why

7. The girl got herself into a situation that she was likely to lose control of

her car.
that → where

8. A modern city has been set up in the
place where was a wasteland two

years ago.
where → which / that


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