考点一：不定冠词a / an和定冠词the的用法 【考点点拨】 1．不定冠词a或an仅用在单数可数名词前， 泛指某一类人或物； an用于以元音音素开 头的单词前，而a用于以辅音音素开头的单 词前。2．只使用定冠词的情况有： ◆定冠词the和一个名词连用，特指某人或 某物或指谈话双方都知道的人或物。 ◆用在宇宙（独一无二）的天体名词之前。 ◆用在西洋乐器名词前。 ◆用在形容词的最高级或序数词前。 ◆用在姓氏的复数形式前，表示一家人。
【经典练习】 A. 用a, an或the填空, 不填的地方用“/”表示。 a 1. It is ______ useful book. I borrowed it from ______ school library. the 2. ______ story of the little girl brought The an _____ unusual feeling to us all. 3. I’ve had ______ bad headache all day, so a I think I’ll go to ______ bed early. / 4. People like to see films on ______ TV / instead of going to ______ cinema. the
5. Pass me ______ dictionary next to the the radio, and I also need _____ pen to write a something. 6. Look at ______ skirt. I bought it for the Mum on ______ Mother’s Day. / 7. Father’s Day falls on ______ third the / Sunday in ______ June. the 8. I hope we can fly to _____ moon one day. 9. There’s ______ 800-met re-long road an behind ______ hospital. the 10. There isn’t _____ airport near where I an live. _____ nearest one is 110 kilometres The away.
B．单项选择。 11. — I think a rabbit is a good pet for ______ 5-year-old child like Vera. — Really? I don’t think so. A. an B. a C. / D. the 12. Millie has ______ e-dog and its name is Hobo. A. a B. an C. the D. / 13. ______ woman in a purple skir t is Betty’s mother. A. The B. A C. An D. /
14. ______ earth travels around ______ sun. A. The; a B. A; the C. A; a D. The; the 15. Suzhou is ______ most beautiful tourist city and I believe I’ll come for ______ second time. A. the; a B. a; a C. a; the D. the; the 16. — Do you often listen to ______ radio? — No. In fact I don’t have _____ radio at all. A. a; an B. /; the C. the; a D. an; /
17. The old man can play ______ violin very well. In fact, he is a musician. A. the B. a C. / D. an 18. Look! ______ are having lunch at the restaurant. A. The Green B. A Green C. The Greens D. A Greens
考点二：不用冠词的情况 【考点点拨】 不用冠词的情况有以下几种： ◆在三餐、球类、棋类、游戏名词前通常 不用冠词。 ◆名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代 词或名词所有格修饰时，通常不用冠词。 ◆在节假日、星期、月份等名词前通常不 用冠词。 ◆在一些固定词组中不用冠词。如： go to school, in hospital, in bed, by bus等。
【经典练习】 单项选择。 1. After school we usually play ______ basketball for half an hour. A. the B. / C. a D. an 2. This is Tom’s ______ tenth birthday party. Let’s say “Happy birthday” t
o him. A. a B. an C. the D. / 3. It takes us an hour or more to go to my home town by ______ train. A. a B. an C. the D. /
4. What were you doing while I was having ______ lunch at home yesterday? A. a B. an C. the D. / 5. Western people usually get together and have a big dinner on ______ Christmas Day. A. / B. the C. a D. an
【巩固与提高】 I. 用正确的冠词填空。 1. ____ horse runs faster than an elephant. A 2. — How do you go to work? — I usually take ______ bus. a 3. Mary started to work at ________ early an age because her family was very poor. 4. He really likes ______ story book you the lent him yesterday. 5. I had ________ egg and a glass of milk an for breakfast yesterday morning.
Ⅱ. 单项选择。 1. — Excuse me, Ms Wang. Which dress is yours? — ________ yellow one. A. / B. A C. An D. The 2. — What _______ sweet music! Do you know who wrote it? — Sorry, I don’t know. A. a B. an C. / D. the
3. —Which bike is yours? — _______ one under the big tree. A. A B. An C. The D. / 4. There’s _______ 18-metre-wide road behind _______ supermarket. A. a; a B. an; an C. a; the D. an; the 5. It’s not _______ good idea to drive for four hours without _______ break. A. a; a B. an; the C. the; the D. the; a
【中考链接】 1. Avatar (《 阿凡达》 ) is such ______ wonderful science fiction movie that I want to see it ______ second time. A. a; a B. a; the C. /; the D. /; a 2. My sister can play ______ violin very well. A. the B. a C. /
3. Many people think that 2012 is one of ______ most successful films.
A. a B. an C. the D. / 4. — Why do you like Mary? — Because she is ______ honest girl.
A. a B. an C. the 5. I like playing ______ football while my sister likes playing ______ piano.
A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the