1. during the summer holidays 在暑假期间 2. see sb do sth 看见某人做某事
see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事 3. have a basketball game against
Class Three和三班进行一场篮球比赛 4.cheer sb. on 为某人加油
5. prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事 6. quite a bit/a lot 很多
7. join the school rowing team加入学校划船队8. play for a team 为某队效力
9. grow up 长大成人 10. in the future 在将来，今后
11. go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking 去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足
12. twice a week 一周两次 13. exercise in the gym 在体育馆里锻炼
14. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事 15. take part in 参加
16. be good for 对……有益 17. make sb. strong 使某人强壮
18. . all over the world 全世界 19. the day after tomorrow 后天
20. keep fit/healthy 保持健康 21. play against 和 比赛
22. a good way to 一种好方法 23. arrive in 到达
24. leave for… 动身去…
25. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什
26. Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运
I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.
27. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗?
28. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在体
29. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping.
30. What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动?
31. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程,常与every day; often
see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行.
如: I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays.
I often see him draw pictures near the river. 我常看见她在河边画画.
I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路
I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路.
32. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起”
join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”
take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动”
如: Will you join us?
I will join the skiing club.
She is planning to take part in the high jump.
33. arrive in + 大地点
arrive at + 小地点
get to + 地点 = reach + 地点
如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.
I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall.
注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home
34. leave… 离开……
leave for… 动身去…/离开到…
如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京.
They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本.
35. a few “几个;一些” ，few “很少”,修饰可数名词；a little “一点点”，little”几乎没有” 修饰不数名词
如: There are a few eggs in the basket.
There is a little water in the bottle. 3
36. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.
how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率.
如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing?
He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball?
37.be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事 如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.
38.make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态
keep ?sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态
如: Playing soccer can make your body strong.
Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.
（一）be going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思，因此通常认为用be going to表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。
如：I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.
She is going to buy a sweater for her mother.
如：Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云！快要下雨了！
（二） will + 动词原形：表示单纯的将来事实，常与表将来的时间状语
如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year?)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll.
表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划，是临时的一种决定。 如：a. ----Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆，把你的东西收拾好。 ----I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。 b. ----Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶？
----I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。
c. Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。
如： I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。 Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。
表示许诺。如： I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。 I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。 句式：肯定句：I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon.
否定句：I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon.
一般疑问句：Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon?
回答：Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t.
（三）动词plan, come, go, leave, fly等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事. 如： I’m coming. 我就来。
He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。
We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。