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00015英语(二)衔接考试 复习提纲 Word 文档

发布时间:2013-12-18 13:35:49  

英语(二)复习提纲

2013-9-10

I. 语法、词汇 从每小题列出的四个备选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

1. The British constitution is ____D_ a large extent a product of the historical events described

above.

A. within B. to C. by D. at

2. ____A___, he has to give it up for make a living.

A. Although much he likes reading B. Much although he likes reading

C. As he likes reading much D. Much as he likes reading

3. Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested ___B____ at the next town.

A. to stop B. stopping C. stop D. having stopped

4. He couldn’t bear seeing the dog _______ by its owner.

A. to be ill—treated B. ill—treated

C. ill—treat D. ill—treated

5. Euthanasia doesn’t take into _____A_____ that there are ways of caring for the dying.

A. account B. amount C. access D. attention

6. The theory of black holes in space is accepted by many _____C____ scientists and astronomers.

A. several B. serious C. series D. severe

7. Time seems to pass more slowly in a room with warm colors _____C____ in a room with cold

colors.

A. that B. but C. than D. and

8. She _______C___ for a very low wage at a tea factory.

A. was used to work B. was used working

C. used to work D. used to working

9. Einstein’s relativity theory is the only one ____C_____ can explain such phenomena.

A. man B. who C. that D. of them

10. The total water area is about three times ___________ the land area.

A. so large for B. of large of C. large than D. as large as

11. The moon is called a satellite because it goes round our earth ________ round the sun.

A. as far as B. as well as C. as fast as D. as much as

12. It is very difficult for us to realize what our earth looks like from _____________ miles away.

A. hundreds of thousands of B. a hundred of thousands

C. hundreds of a thousand D. hundreds of thousands

13. Presidential candidates spend most of their time _______in those states.

A. overwhelming B. volunteering

C. fluctuating D. campaigning

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14. He would rather his child _______ at home helping him run the factory.

A. stay B. stayed C. would stay D. stays

15. ______ she realized it was too late to go home.

A. No sooner it grew dark than B. Hardly did it grow dark that

C. Scarcely had it grown dark than D. It was not until dark that

16. As we can no longer wait for the delivery of our order, we have to _______it.

A. postpone B. refuse C. cancel D. delay

17. You can expect to live nearly _______ of the rest of your life after the age of 60.

A. one the third B. one third C. the one third D. the third one

18. ______ in this way,the situation doesn't seem so disappointing.

A. To look at B. Looking at

C. Looked at D. To be looked at

19. It is essential that these application forms ______ back as early as possible.

A. must be sent B. will be sent C. are sent D. be sent

20. When self-esteem is high, people ______ like they can handle anything.

A. look B. love C. think D. feel

21. The interviewer wants somebody who is hard working with a pleasant personality and a real

______.

A. interest in the job B. interested job C. job of interests D. interesting job 22. The suggestion that the mayor _______ they prizes was accepted by everyone.

A. would present B. present C. presents D. presented

23. The nine planets, together with the sun, _________ what is called our solar system.

A. consist of B. are composed of C. make up D. are made up of 24. _______ water on the moon, astronauts have to take enough water supply with them when

traveling there.

A. there being no B. there be no

C. there would not be D. there was no

25. He always did well at school _______having to do part-time jobs every now and then.

A. in spite B. despite of C. despite D. although

26. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ______ comfortably.

A. is worn B. wears C. wearing D. are worn

27. That young man was witnessed _______ the bomb behind the store.

A. go off B. sets off C. setting off D. to have set off 28. This is the basis _______ self-esteem is built.

A. on which B. which C. in which D. at which 29. _______ you are, you have to observe the law and rules, and behave yourself well.

A. Whatever B. Wherever C. However D. Whenever 30. If this kind of fish becomes _______, future generations may never taste it at all.

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A. minimum B. short C. seldom D. scarce

II. 完形填空 每小题列出的四个备选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

Passage 1

What is intelligence anyway? When I was in the army I an intelligence test that

all soldiers took, and, against of 100, scored 160.

I had an auto-repair man once, who, on these intelligence tests, could not possibly have scored more than 80. , when anything went wrong with my car I hurried to him - and he always fixed it.

Well, then, suppose my auto-repair man questions for some intelligence tests. By every one of them I' d prove myself a . In a world where I have to work with my hangs , I' d do poorly.

Consider my auto-repair man again. He had a habit of telling jokes. One time he said,

"Doc, a deaf-and-dumb (聋哑) man some nails. Having entered a store, he put two fingers together on the counter and made hammering movements with the other hand. The clerk brought him a hammer. He his head and pointed to the two fingers he was hammering. The clerk brought him some nails. He picked out the right size and left. Well, Doc, the next man who came in was blind. He wanted scissors (剪刀). hand and made scissoring movements with my first two fingers. He burst out laughing and said, "Why, you fool, he used his and asked for them. I' ve been trying that on all my customers today, but I knew for sure I'd catch you. "Why is that?” I asked. "Because you are so goddamned ."

And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there.

1. A. received B. wrote C. failed D. chose

2. A. an average B. a total C. an exam D. a number

3. A. Then B. Yet C. Therefore D. Thus

4. A. answered B. practised C. designed D. tried

5. A. teacher B. fool C. winner D. doctor

6. A. bought B. tested C. found D. needed

7. A. nodded B. raised C. shook D. turned

8. A. How B. What C. Who D. Which

9. A. imagination B. hand C. voice D. information

10. A. clear B. silly C. slow D. smart

Passage 2

Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The _11_ you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually _12_ you money or can add to the cost.

Take the _13_ example of a hairdryer. If you are buying a hairdryer, you might think that you 3

are making the best buy if you choose one _14_ look you like and which is also the cheapest _15_ price. But when you get it home you may find that it _16_ twice as long as a more expensive model to dry your hair. The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well _17_ your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.

So what principles should you _18_ when you go out shopping?

If you _19_ your home, your car or any valuable possession in excellent condition, you’ll be saving money in the long _20_.

Before you buy a new appliance, talk to someone who owns one to see if you can use it or borrow it to check it suits your particular purpose.

11. A form C method B way D fashion

12. A raise C save B retain D preserve

13.A single C easy B simple D similar

14.A which C its B whose D what

15.A on C in B for D with

16.A spends C consumes B lasts D takes

17.A make C leave B cause D prove

18.A lay C adopt B stick D adapt

19.A keep C reverse B store D decorate

20.A interval C time B period D run

III. 阅读理解 从每小题列出的四个备选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

In a time of low academic achievement by children in the United States, many Americans are turning to Japan, a country of high academic achievement and economic success, for possible answers. However, the answers provided by Japanese preschools are not the ones Americans expected to find. In most Japanese preschools, surprisingly little emphasis is put on academic instruction. In one investigation, 300 Japanese and 210 Americans preschools teachers, child development specialists, and parents were asked about various aspects of early childhood education. Only 2 percent of the Japanese respondents(答问卷者)listed “to give children a good start academically” as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. In contrast, over half the Americans respondents chose this as one of their top three choices. To prepare children for successful careers in first grade and beyond, Japanese schools do not teach reading, writhing, and mathematics, but rather skills such as persistence, concentration, and the ability to function as a member of a group. The vast majority of young Japanese children are taught to read at home by their parents.

In recent comparison of Japanese and American preschool education, 91 percent of Japanese 4

respondents chose providing children with a group experience as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. Sixty-two percent of the more individually oriented(强调个体发展的) Americans listed group experience as one of their top three reasons. An emphasis on school education.

Like in America, there is diversity in Japanese early childhood education. Some Japanese kindergartens have specific aims, such as early musical training or potential development. In large cities, some kindergartens are attached to universities that have elementary and secondary schools. Some Japanese parents believe that if their young children attend a university-based program, it will increase the children’s chances of eventually being admitted to top-rated schools and universities. Several more progressive programs have introduced free play as a way out for the heavy intellectualizing in some Japanese kindergartens.

1.We learnt from the first paragraph that many Americans believe ___.

A Japanese parents are more involved in preschools education than American parents

B Japan’s economic success is a result of its scientific achievements

C Japanese preschools education emphasizes academic instruction

D Japan’s higher education in superior to theirs

2. Most Americans surveyed believe that preschools should also attach importance to ___.

A problem solving C parental guidance

B group experience D individually-oriented development

3. In Japan’s preschool education, the focus is on ___.

A preparing children academically

B developing children’s artistic interests

C tapping children’s potential

D shaping children’s character

4. Free play has been introduced in some Japanese kindergartens in order to ___.

A broaden children’s horizon C lighten children’s study load

B cultivate children’s creativity D enrich children’s knowledge

5. Why do some Japanese parents send their children to university-based kindergartens?

They can ___.

A do better in their future studies

B accumulate more group experience there

C be individually oriented when they grow up

D have better chances of getting a first-rate education

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worldwide. Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts are causing famine and distress in some areas, and industrial and 5

agricultural by-products are polluting water supplies. Since the world’s population is expected to double in the next 50 years, many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis. But that doesn’t have to be the outcome.

Water shortages do not have to trouble the world—if we start valuing water more than we have in the past. Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises, today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective. We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much as we like in any way we want.

Instead, for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor, governments should price water to reflect its actual value. This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs. Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways. For example, often the cheapest way to provide irrigation water in the dry tropics is through small-scale projects, such as gathering rainfall in depressions (凹地) and pumping it to nearby cropland. No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently, they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water use. Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local, regional, and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use, countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water policy.

6. What is the real cause of the potential water crisis?

A. Only half of the world’s water can be used.

B. The world population is increasing faster and faster.

C. Half of the world’s water resources have been seriously polluted.

D. Humanity has not placed efficient value on water resources.

7. As indicated in the passage, the water problem________ .

A. is already serious in certain parts of the world.

B. Has been exaggerated by some experts in the field

C. Poses a challenge to the technology of building reservoirs

D. Is underestimated by government organizations at different levels

8. According to the author, the water price should ________ .

A. be reduced to the minimum

B. stimulate domestic demand

C. correspond to its real value

D. take into account the occurrences of droughts

9. The author says that in some hot and dry areas it is advisable to________ . .

A. build big lakes to store water

B. construct big pumping stations

C. build small and cheap irrigation systems

D. channel water from nearby rivers to cropland

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10. In order to raise the efficiency of the water supply, measures should be taken to________ .

A. guarantee full protection of the environment

B. centralize the management of water resources

C. increase the sense of responsibility of agencies at all levels

D. encourage local and regional of water resources

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

Exercise is one of the few factors with a positive role in long-term maintenance of body weight. Unfortunately, that message has not gotten through to the average American, who would rather try switching to “light” beer and low-calorie bread than increase physical exertion. The Centers for Disease Control, for example, found that fewer than one-fourth of overweight adults who were trying to shed pounds said they were combining exercise with their diet.

In rejecting exercise, some people may be discouraged too much by caloric-expenditure charts; for example, one would have to briskly walk three miles just to work off 275 calories in one delicious Danish pastry(小甜饼). Even exercise professionals concede half a point here. “Exercise by itself is a very tough way to lose weight,” says York Onnen, program director of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

Still, exercise’s supporting role in weight reduction is vital. A study at the Boston University Medical Center of overweight police officers and other public employees confirmed that those who dieted without exercise regained almost all their old weight, while those who worked exercise into their daily routine maintained their new weight.

If you have been sedentary(极少活动的)and decide to start walking one mile a day, the added exercise could burn an extra 100 calories daily. In a year’s time, assuming no increase in food intake, you could lose ten pounds. By increasing the distance of your walks gradually and making other dietary adjustments, you may lose even more weight.

11.What is said about the average American in the passage?

A. They tend to exaggerate the healthful effect of “light” beer.

B. They usually ignore the effect of exercise on losing weight.

C. They prefer “light” beer and low-calorie bread to other drinks and food.

D. They know the factors that play a positive role in keeping down body weight.

12.Some people dislike exercise because they ___.

A. think it is physically exhausting

B. find it hard to exercise while on a diet

C. don’t think it possible to walk 3 miles every day

D. find consulting caloric-expenditure charts troublesome

13. “Even exercise professionals concede half a point here” (Line 3, Para. 2) means “They ___”.

A. agree that the calories in a small piece of pastry can be difficult to work off by exercise 7

B.partially believe diet plays a supporting role in weight reduction

C. are not fully convinced that dieting can help maintain one’s new weight

D. are not sufficiently informed of the positive role of exercise in losing weight

14. What was confirmed by the Boston University Medical Center’s study?

A. Controlling one’s calorie intake is more important than doing exercise.

B. Even occasional exercise can help reduce weight.

C. Weight reduction is impossible without exercise.

D. One could lose ten pounds in a year’s time if there’s no increase in food intake.

15. What is the author’s purpose in writing this article?

To ___.

A. justify the study of the Boston University Medical Center

B. stress the importance of maintaining proper weight

C. support the statement made by York Onnen

D. show the most effective way to lose weight

Passage 4

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

We can see how the product life cycle works by looking at the introduction of instant coffee. When it was introduced, most people did not like it as well as “regular” coffee and it took several years to gain general acceptance (introduction stage). At one point, though, Instant coffee grew rapidly in popularity and many brands were introduced (stage of rapid growth). After a while people became attached to one brand and sales leveled off (stage of maturity). Sales went into a slight decline (衰退)when freeze-dried coffees were introduced (stage of decline).

The importance of the product life cycle to marketers is this: Different stages in the product life cycle call for different strategies. The goal is to extend product life so that sales and profits do not decline. One strategy is called market modification. It means that marketing managers look for new users and market sections. Did you know, for example, that the backpacks that so many students carry today were originally designed for the military? Market modification also means searching for increased usage among present customers or going for a different market, such as senior citizens. A marketer may re-position the product to appeal to new market sections.

Another product extension strategy is called product modification. It involves changing product quality, features, or style to attract new users or more usage from present users. American auto manufacturers are using quality improvement as one way to recapture world markets. Note, also, how auto manufacturers once changed styles dramatically from year to year to keep demand from falling.

16. According to the passage, when people grow fond of one particular brand of a product, its sales will ___ .

A. decrease gradually C. improve enormously

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B. become unstable D. remain at the same level

17. The first paragraph tells us that a new product is ___ .

A. usually introduced to satisfy different tastes

B. often more expensive than old ones

C often inferior to old ones at first

D. not easily accepted by the public

18. Marketers need to know which of the four stages a product is in so as to ___ .

A. work out marketing policies C. promote its production

B. increase its popularity D. speed up its life cycle

19. The author mentions the example of “backpacks”(Line 4, Para.2 ) to show the importance of ___ .

A. increasing usage among students C. pleasing the young as well as the old

B. exploring new market sections D.serving both military and civil needs

20. In order to recover their share of the world market, U.S. auto makers are ___.

A. improving product quality C. re-positioning their product in the market

B. modernizing product style D. increasing product features

IV. 词形转换 将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形。

(cause) a lot of damage to this area .

of fifteen.

3. He must (complete ) his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by the

seaside.

4. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise

5.completed in time, we’ll work two more hours a day.

6. Wearing sunglasses can help protect your eyes from _____ (expose) to strong sunshine.

7. But for your help, we ______ (not complete) the task in time.

8. Daydreaming is highly ____(benefit) to your physical and mental well-being.

9. Father (leave) for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him. 10. He was hoping to go abroad but his parents decide) that they won’t support him 2. He (learn) more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age

unless he can borrow money from the bank.

V. 翻译

Part A: Translate the following into Chinese

1. There is a great difference between the amounts of energy consumed in developed and developing countries. The average energy consumed per head of population in the United States, the world's number one energy user, is over 100 times that of the world's most underdeveloped countries. Other industrialized countries use between 30 and 50 times as much energy per head of 9

population as the most underdeveloped countries.

Obviously, it is the amount of energy used by industrialized countries that has caused the present shortage of fossil fuels. These countries' could make certain savings right away. Private motor cars are wasteful compared with well-organized public transport. The equivalent of millions of tons of coal is wasted every year because lights are needlessly left burning in offices, factories, ships and homes.

2. We live in a world with limited natural resources. Human resources, however, can be greatly increased. The brain is humanity's greatest resource. Its potential is enormous. Even the smartest person uses only a small part of her or his brain.

Physical health is an important resource. Mental health, or a feeling of well-being can make any task seem easy to do. When one has the good fortune to be healthy in body and mind, it seems that any goal can be reached. Many physically disabled people have reached their goals because they used their abilities and overcame their disabilities. Mental abilities, skills, and personal qualities can help you reach your goals.

Part B: Translate the following into English

1 计算机在工业领域的应用使生产率发生巨大变化。

2.很遗憾他不能区分知识与智慧的不同。

3.诗人善于表达普遍性,而专家只能表达特殊性。

4.一件活是劳动还是工作取决于干这个活的人的喜好。

5.他把保持身体健康看成是目的而不是手段。

6.据说她是第一个给劳动和工作下定义的人。

VI. 短文写作

1. Directions: For this part, you are allowed twenty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should We Take Care of Our behaviors in Public Places? You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1. 很多人在公共场合表现很不得体,比如…。

2. 分析其原因。

3. 提出解决办法。

2.Directions: For this part, you are allowed twenty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should We Believe in Rumors Online? You should write at least 100 words, and base your 10

composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

Should We Believe in Rumors Online?

1. 很多人相信网络谣言,比如…。

2. 分析其原因。

3. 提出解决办法。

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